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Authority As Reflected In Antigone British Literature Essay

In assessing the classical plays 'Antigone' and 'The Inspector - Standard' I propose to look at the idea of 'specialist' so this means 'sovereign', 'arbiter' in relation to a, or in conflict with a figure representing legislation of natural justice personifying moral specialist in the two different periods and societies of human civilization, the historic City of Thebes and an average provincial Russian town. Both plays are usually more than two millennia apart; is a tragedy while the other is comical. Both plays, in their unique ways echo the ruling 'authority' and the moral order of their times.

Antigone - true to her name as "the one who will go against" defies the specialist of your despotic ruler Creon. She operates based on her conviction that the laws of right and wrong are to be obeyed above the specialist of the sovereign. "If in defiance of the law we cross a monarch's will? - Vulnerable women, think of this, not framed by nature to contend with men. Keep in mind this is too that the more powerful rules; we must obey orders. " - says Ismene, the response of Antigone is, "I will abide forever the eternal regulations of Heaven. " Ismene and Antigone represent diametrically opposed characters, one of passive distribution and the other of courage. Creon is obsessive in his matter for 'order' and defense of the town of Thebes, persuaded that utter and unchallenged electric power alone can protect his kingdom and its regulations. In his world little or nothing and nobody is above the Talk about. The issue of natural justice and moral key points do not exist in his rulebook. Inside the quest for his capacity to enforce the laws and regulations of the kingdom he is merciless and dictatorial. The obsessive matter for the regulations of Thebes to be observed by everyone for its survival makes him highly insecure; he's frightened by any kind of problem to his power - real or imaginary. "My guards have been bribed, men in the town have been muttering against me. " Sophocles dexterously uses the chorus in the play 'Antigone' partly as a narrator.

On the other submit Gogol's play the wide scenery of the nineteenth century Russia, radically different from a little city - talk about of Thebes, is explained through the life span of an anonymous provincial town. If, for Creon bribes were the worst evil, in 'The Inspector - Basic' bribery is a way of life, "Don't graft greater than your list" appears like a declaration of virtue. The Russian Tsar presiding on the major landlocked kingdom on Earth wielded unchallenged and definite ability. His dictatorial writ in the great land of Russia is put in place through an intricate bureaucratic structure where a town's governor is the despotic authority, ruling his fief in collaboration with other equally corrupt functionaries such as a judge, police, medical center mind and even 'charitable organizations' in the city are in sync with the corrupt system.

If Creon talks with contempt for a woman, "Speak, lady, with head bent low and downcast eye, does indeed thou plead guilty or refuse the deed?" Gogol's governor is a vulgar and funny caricature, though tragic for the culture. "In those two weeks I have flogged the partner of an non - commissioned officer, the prisoners were not given their rations, the roadways are dirty as a pothouse - a scandal, a disgrace!" - exclaims the governor in a unusual minute of silent introspection. While Creon is scared of any task to his expert, more so if it comes from a female, the governor of Gogol is a female - beater, disdainful of ladies in general, "To say women and enough's said. Everything is froth and bubble for you. The worst you'll get would be a flogging; but this means ruination to the husband. " Creon's sentry shows wisdom higher than his master. He says a wrong judgment by a person in vitality is devastating for the world. Such a sentry's equivalents for the Russian Governor are Dobchinsky and Bobchinsky. These are totally servile and spineless creatures, even more stupid than the Governor himself. Their very best ambition is to be mentioned to the Tsar, "I beg your highness or your Excellency most worshipfully, when you get back to St. Petersburg, please tell all the high personages there, should you happen to speak to the Tsar, then tell him too, Piotr Ivanovich Bobchinsky lives in this town. "

Creon is convinced that consequence for disobeying his expert should be severe and exemplary - "You can find nothing worse than disobedience to power. " In Gogol's world of the 'power' each standard, be it the governor or the postmaster lives in eternal fear of the central expert in the administrative centre of Russia. At exactly the same time the power delegated under the Tsarist overall guideline are manipulated and misused by them for his or her own individual benefits. Their apathy is tragically comic. The caricature and tragedy of the absolute ability is mirrored in the personages of the governor and his team on the main one hand and Khlestakov on the other. Khlestakov boastfully holds forth to his frightened audience of the all powerful town authority, "Even the Imperial Council is scared of me. I don't free anybody. I am all over the place, everywhere. " The great authority trembles at his empty words.

The eternal conflict between your right and wrong is reflected broadly in every great common of the World whether it be, 'Antigone' with its highly dramatic issue between the rules of the state of hawaii on the main one hand and the guts of moral authority on the other as mirrored in the powerful figure of a vulnerable young girl who throws an effort to the king's orders - "Whoe'er transgresses shall be stoned to fatality. " However, Antigone's conviction is mightier than Creon's specialist - "The immutable unwritten regulations of Heaven. They were not born today nor yesterday; they pass away not; and nothing knoweth whence they sprang. I had not been like, who feared no mortal's frown to disobey these laws and so provoke the wrath of Heaven. I understood that I must die. " The impotent anger of the sovereign Creon - the greatest expert in the kingdom is expressed in his a reaction to Antigone's revolt - "Now if she thus can flout power, unpunished, I am girl, she the person. "

Gogol was a supporter of the Tsarist order. "It's the monarch who creates love towards himself and he alone can reconcile all classes and flip the country into a harmonious orchestra. Thus, the Tsar is God's earthly image and agent. " - published Gogol. How he described the life span of Russia under the Tsarist order, in effect is in contradiction along with his opinion in the Tsar's power. His 'Governor' is definately not being God's image on the planet earth who guidelines with total contempt, not only for women, but for all citizens. He is corrupt to the marrow of his bones and his dread ends up with stupidity. The conditions in the judge, school and clinic underline moral bankruptcy of the Tsarist power. The insecurity of the forces that be leads them to become subservient to a young twenty three year old crook, Khlestakov. That is in deep compare with the issue depicted by Sophocles. Both has not only belong to different age ranges and civilizations, you are a tragedy in form, while the other is a wonderful satire. No civil modern culture can do without an active guideline of law and authority, at the same time, a dictatorial rule destroys the foundation of an civil world. The ruler of Thebes lives in fear of his power being sabotaged. Whereas in the great Russian empire, the Governor of the city, exercising dictatorial powers lives in morbid fear of exposure in his corrupt ways and burning off his specialist. In Gogol's 'The Inspector - General' there is no Antigone to issue the expert of the state and assert moral expert. Gogol uses satire and achieves the same lead to depicting bankruptcy of immoral Express power as Sophocles do though depicting a tragic discord.

Word Count 1, 308 Words

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