Posted at 11.27.2018
, , A fundamental problem for fine art photographers is to distinguish themselves out of this morras of photographic folklore, somehow to separate themselves from all these common men who know how to make pictures with surveillance cameras, and to encourage people that what they do is "special. " (Christopherson, 1974) The purpose of this rationale is to situate my professional practice within the historical and theoretical contexts explored within my college or university studies. This essay will offer with establishing the actual fact that fashion photography does not have to be nearly fashion by emphasizing the fine art in my portions and consequently creating artwork photography. The first part of the analysis will take a look at the nature of photography which includes become the medium of my practice. Second part consists of consequent research on fashion picture taking and sequent research and discussion. In order to link it with skill, the backdrop of Surrealism will be quickly outlined. The final analysis will consider key top features of my practice. Could be a fashion photography considered as a true talent? What theories, quotations or articles are in agreement with this subject matter? What exactly are characteristics of art photography?
Research shows that photography was born in eighteen thirty nine and is undoubtedly day-to-day medium that communicates concept visually. Roland Barthes (1980) defined photograph as help that assist us to be informed about the planet. Furthermore, one should remember the Susan Sontag's theory - take pictures as you travel - what shows that collecting the images means collecting the entire world. (Susan Sonntag, 1977) Charles Baudelaire (1859) suggests that picture taking depict the stupidity of public, whereas P. H. Emerson said that "photography was an independent and possibly great art work from capable of expressing thoughts and emotions beyond the scope of the other and more mature art varieties. " (P. H. Emerson, 1975) In contract with Emerson, this modern day medium embodies just how of expressing ideas, expressing myself within my practice. " Picture taking is more than a medium for factual communication of ideas. It is a creative artwork ". (Ansell Adams, 1952) The question whether picture taking can be viewed as as an art has been talked about especially in sixties and seventies. It's been found out that in nineteen sixty eight was born the relationship between photography and art. Inside a Grunderg's opinion, they have all started when photographers deemed photography as an art and simultaneously designers have accepted camera in their practice. (Grundberg, 1987) On the one hand, there have been musicians and artists who thought that camera is repressing creativeness. Alternatively, a few of them believe picture is purely metaphoric. In agreement with the next statement, it's been discovered that images symbolize the metaphor for artist's experience. Quite simply, it serves the goal of visualizing artist's ideas. In a very view of the facts, it is most probably that if the artwork is about self-expression than the photograph which can be used for expressing feelings, ideas or behaviour, must be regarded as an art. The first person in history who published about photography as artwork was P. H. Emerson, British photographer and writer. He preferred cosmetic and emotional area of the image rather than the subject. Perhaps we should point out the actual fact that between nineteen seventy and nineteen ninety photos has been equipollent with other modern arts. Which art movement has influenced the development of a photograph and is also significant within my practice? It's been Surrealism, art activity that happened in nineteen twenty four in Paris with leader Andre Breton. It might be true that surrealist group was the most questionable but on the other hand their expressions were positive and positive. To explore the speech of their interior selves, they focus on creativity, mysticism, dreams and mediation. This "unreal" art work movement and photo as a medium of realism seem to be to be completely different. Man Ray, American artist who may have been regarded as representative surrealist professional photographer had been thinking about photography because of personal development. His theory which implies that photography emphasizes aesthetic sphere between varieties is could be in contract with considering photography as art form. He has also contributed by invention of photographic technique of solarisation. Although it could be true that Surrealism has had impact on a photograph, the most crucial point made up to now is that it has significantly inspirited the development and nature of fashion photography. It might be unfair not forgetting the actual fact that Man Ray's surreal photos breathed new life into fashion photography. What is the nature of fashion picture taking and what's its reference to art? History of fashion is connected with photographs by Baron Adolph de Meyer who publicized them in nineteen nine for magazine Vogue; nevertheless the relationship between art and fashion is known from renaissance. Anne Hollander (1994) claimed that fashion is art work because it is with the capacity of creating complete figural images psychologically real and modern. She also says that as artists use fashion, cloth creator decide on the fine art to be able to explore the bond between fine and applied skill, a sense of clean form and a sense of design to make use of. In a booklet entitled ґFashion Theoryґ, Rosetta Brookes makes the idea that "You could say a painting is designed to go on the wall membrane, but if it was made as fresco, where it was part of the wall, would you say it had not been art since it was functional?" (Rosetta Brookes, 1992) The question whether fashion can be consider as artwork is doubtful and criticised, however these quarrels seem to verify that idea. "Fashion does not have to be something people wear, fashion is also an image. " (Viktor and Rolf, 1999) Some critics claim that fashion photography is just about depicting garments or models with no context behind it. It is questionable whether all types of fashion photographs will be the same, or if there are performers whose images are portraying art work with strong creative context behind it. In cases like this it is important to highlight and analyse work of surrealist fashion photography enthusiasts and related ideas of critics. Rosetta Brookes (1992) has mentioned that fashion professional photographers have to fully capture the moment where in fact the real world reproduced itself. She wrote on fashion photographer Helmut Newton that his fashion images are embodied in the dualism o the entire world itself. Judith Clarke (1998) discussed work of surrealist fashion shooter Erwin Blumenfeld who certainly removed fashion photograph from commercial form to its origins art. To aid mentioned quarrels it will probably be worth proclaiming that "Metaphor and so this means of fashion were at the heart of surrealist visible terminology. " (Richard Martin, 1987) It has additionally been found out that fashion represents for surrealist get away from ordinary to outstanding. The radical change within fashion photography took place when Adolf de Meyer add shimmer into his images which embodied imaginative photographs. This process has removed the display of garment. Consequently it offers evoked expressing of feelings. Martin Mukacsi (1933), Hungarian photographer who has altered the course of fashion photo when he blurred his picture. The aim of picture was to affect female and let her apply it on her life. Corresponding to Roland Barthes (1983), three fashion styles are present. While the first one is objective, second one is more loving with dream-like elements. The past one is represented as caricature. In agreement with Barthes, many of these specific fashion styles signified unreal. After some consideration, it seems more accurate to state that we now have lots of facts and theories underpinning the topic matter. The actual fact, that photo is medium befitting expressing ideas and that for artists inspired by surrealism it embodies the get away from from simple fact, is important affirmation not only for the subject matter but also for my professional practice.
What are the top features of Surrealism and other key aspects which are crucial within the context of my work? The first thing that should be said is work of surrealists consist of dream-like elements. On top of that, the lecture on psychoanalysis i want to to analyze Sigmund Freud and consequently his publication Interpretation of Dreams. Within this book he shows that all dreams derive from our experience and that's the reason why they are reproduced in our dreams. He is also describing the bond between content of dreams and waking life where he suggests that waking thoughts come in dreams only when they are pressed to one side by pondering activity of the day. (Sigmund Freud, 1913) It's important to add that components of dream-like representations are abounding in paintings of David Schell. In my practice, there's been noticeable desire for interpretation of dreams in general. To illustrate this point, here are some types of dream quotations that contain inspirited my creating. "There may be nothing beats a dream to generate the near future. " (Victor Hugo, 1802-1885) "To perform great things, we should not only work, but also fantasy: not only plan, but also consider. " (Anatole France, 1884-1924) "You might say I'm a dreamer, but I'm not the only person, I hope someday you will sign up for us, and the globe will live as you. " (John Lennon, 1940-1980) Another quality feature of surrealistic motion is unreal illusion world. At this point is necessary to emphasize the affect of theorist Jean Baudrillard and his book called Simulacra and Simulations. Fundamentally, he negates the truth even as we usually understand it and claim that world we live in have been substituted by simulations of the real-a copy world. Corresponding to Baudrillard, the false simple fact of Disneyland is provided as imaginary to make people consider all area are real. The very best example to comprehend the theory is watching the news headlines on television set of two people having an accident. He states that experience of the person and woman who were directly involved with the affair are the only ones to experience the reality also to other people it is just simulation. (Jean Baudrillard, 1981) Inspirited by his theory, the main topic of might work is to produce the hyper real life for visitors while acting in my own photograph - exceptional real world. In other words, the main topic of might work which might not exactly be noticed is to have the audience beyond simple fact. The argument being put forward here is comparable to quote of Bert P. Krages (2005) "Knowing abut your subject pays to even if that knowledge will not seem to associate directly to the visual aspects of what you want to picture. " It worthy of stating at this time that there surely is another aspect of my work emerging. It is a well-known fact that the woman as an subject has been representing by many artists, especially surrealists and fashion professional photographers. Women embodied muse for musicians and artists as Man Ray or Edgar Degas. Research shows that Edgar Degas was French impressionist who's celebrated as the expert of pulling the human amount in movement. His preferred theme was women who were captured in their activities. Man Ray also found his determination in women and is best-known for his avant-garde photography. His images supply the viewer a lot more dissimilarities than similarities of original model. Besides these performers it is essential to say the affect of lecture called BODY in Painting and Picture where this subject matter has been talked about and analysed. After two years of creating, this subject matter within my practice has been altered into performance. Performance skill came into being in nineteen sixty in USA and has been representing visual music artists. By nineteen seventy it had been known as global term and thought to be art. There is plenty of performance performers it is therefore compulsory to give attention to artist with the best impact. It has been Marina Abramovic who's thought to be grandmother of performance and also Jemima Stehli who creates self-portraits by utilizing a mirror. However, the most influential artist furthermore issue is Cindy Sherman. Her personality has had important effect on picture taking as well as by myself self-directed practice. Her personality is celebrated among the most important and well known American photographers in the twentieth hundred years. Using custom cloths she was striving to indicate modern day problems of modern day and investigate ideas and images of feminine in media, society and dynamics of the conception of art work. Andrew Sargus Klein (2006) claimed that Sherman endeavour to erase the idea of the voyeuristic photographer- instead, the observer is the viewers. Although some critics assume that her images are just self-portraits, however her quotation is at disagreement with this assertion "I am endeavoring to make other folks realize something of themselves rather than me. " (Cindy Sherman, 1982) Patty Chang (2000) expresses that performance skill and photography are opposites, but both explain a non-ordinary space by building guidelines on it- a space that is determined by the observer to make it stand out. To conclude this part, it is myself doing in my photos. Desire to is never to present myself, but to provide my ideas through photographic medium. The performance feature provides me the sense of liberty in what I really do and what I want to depict. It symbolizes the real pleasure of playing, behaving by using my body as non-commercial silhouette. The purpose of the performance element is to express myself, my ideas and become the one who is manipulating the viewers and who's trying to talk to audience. However, affected by Cindy Sherman's thinking, the endeavour of might work is never to realize something about myself, but to let people discover something about them. Not only has performance art work originated in nineteen sixty, but also Psychedelic art. It is undeniable that hallucinations, illusions and imagination illustrate key top features of surrealists. Edmund Critchley (1987) shows that hallucinations are evident in psychical illnesses but may also be experienced by normal people and became way to obtain inspiration for fine art. It is generally known that Salvador Dali, the most surrealist from other surrealists, has applied in his art work making hallucinatory features what triggered the fact that his art work was difficult to understand. Not only hallucinatory features are important for my practice, but also illusions and imagination. Matching to Edmund Critchely (1987) illusions, the conscious and unconscious of the form of stimuli provide much of unexpected in fine art. An alternative strategy might be quotation of Sigmund Freud (1927) "Illusions commented themselves to us because they save us pain and allow us enjoy pleasure instead. We should therefore recognize it without issue when they sometimes collide with a bit of reality against that they are dashed to pieces. " Aside from hallucinations and illusions, creativeness is also important within the subject matter and my practice. It really is a well-known reality surrealist's style uses aesthetic imagery from unconscious mind to create art without the intention of reasonable comprehensibility. An alternative solution justification might be that they have somewhat used their thoughts. We would even go as far as to say that Albert Einstein's (1879-1955) quotation "Logic are certain to get you from A to B. Thoughts will need you everywhere"- in other words, creativeness is more important than knowledge- is arrangement with this argument. To sum up information mentioned above, the purpose of using hallucinatory feature and illusions is simple- the goal is to provide a pleasure to viewer and experience something scrupulously honest. As stated above, psychedelic skill came into being in nineteen sixty and presents attitudes of underground sub-culture. Steven Heller (2010) claimed that psychedelic art "was language used as a code for a ground-breaking technology. " The features of this art work are mainly glowing vivid colorings and surreal sense which were manifested within art, fashion and music. One of the most essential truth contextualizing my practice is using contrasting beautiful colorings for purpose of transporting the audience into illusion world. Furthermore to colours, color theory and specific subconscious meaning of sole colour. It's been found out that coloring is sensed by attention, however the notion of it takes place at heart and it assists sense of illusion and distance. Through the use of different colours and tones at different images, the purpose of the color is to evoke feelings while looking at piece of work. Therefore I agree with quotation of Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) "Colours, like features, follow the changes of the thoughts. " Which other features are significant for surrealistic creating? In addition to illusion, it has been found out that many surrealist but also fashion photography lovers have used mirrors or reflection effects in order to mystify the viewers. My early affect originated from pieces of Gilbert and George, contemporary controversial artists. The result of mirroring is consequence of digital manipulation of the image. Works of the most contemporary fashion professional photographer, David LaChapelle has astonished me because of undetectable manipulation. He's also making use of surreal feature and narrative within his creating. However, the digital manipulation is not really the only aspect within existing process of my works. Firstly, there is a need of finding a location which seems appropriate and to begin with, interesting. More often than not, ruined and messy localities are looking into in order to use their complex structure when making unreal world and changing them into dream landscape. Important reality to highlight is that the area is never staged; nonetheless it is often in its natural-found condition. Second, the correct dress, accessories, entire appearance, create and mood need to be chosen. Finally, there may be another facet of composing the eventual blast and also handling the right angels and camera adjustments. With the help of tripod or an assistant is the picture used and therefore edited. Although picture is taken, it isn't the end of an activity by any means. Certainly, it can be said that might work is process centered. The other part of the coin is, however, it may also be argued that it's predicated on digital manipulation of an image. Nevertheless, the manipulation consists of changing colours marginally and sometimes it includes the utilization of mirror result. These arguments claim that the work is processed structured where the digital manipulation of image is becoming a part of the procedure.