Posted at 12.01.2018
Although almost all of the earth's surface is covered with water, water shortage is a significant hazard to the survival of humanity at present and in future. There is a water problems which encounters many parts of the world which is a risk to success of human beings since humans are mainly dependent on drinking water. Shortage in drinking water is a major problem facing producing countries that have not taken drastic steps to harvest drinking water and purify it to make it safe for human consumption. However, this issue is also being progressively more experienced in developed countries where the population expansion has strained available water resources and stretched the ability of government authorities and private companies to provide safe normal water to the population. There are various conflicts around the world where folks have perished or have been harmed therefore of clashes on the water resource. Many of these conflicts have took place in Asia and Africa where most developing countries can be found (Gleick 17-22). When humans clash over resources, this underscores the seriousness of the problem and demands drastic measures to be taken to solve the situation.
Shortage of drinking water is therefore a concern which must be looked into at length and alternatives developed to curb this problem. There are many causes of shortage of drinking water and the majority of these are attributable to human activities. These include such activities as deforestation and pollution which donate to global warming, misuse of this particular source of information and groundwater contaminants among others. It's important to develop solutions to this problem if future generations are to endure. This paper is aimed at analyzing the shortage in drinking water resource, its triggers and solutions which should be implemented to resolve the trouble. The discussed issues will be summarized at the end.
It has been mentioned that there surely is shortage of drinking water in various regions around the world. In many increasing countries, people do not have access to normal water credited to various reasons. In some instances, drinking water resources have dried up while in others, they can be polluted. As a result, there populations especially in Africa face many water-borne diseases due mainly to pollution of drinking water resources. Real human activities such as human population growth and professional activities have further strained drinking water resources and induced a lack of drinking water. Because of this, there are extensive issues over pastures or drinking water resources and these business lead to injury or fatalities (Gleick 17-22). As mentioned prior, this underscores the importance of finding a solution to the situation of scarcity of this inflatable water resource.
In america, there is certainly pressure on available normal water resources since 50 % of water collected is usually used in electricity generation, leaving the population to share the little still left. There are already calls for charging water resources in order to increase efficiency useful (CQ Researcher 531-550). Although water security has been executed for a long time, there continues to be water pollution developing within america. Following the Civil warfare, America strived to provide its inhabitants with clean water and its drinking water treatment system was and is still is among the best globally. However, industrial revolution resulted in the pollution of normal water resources, leading to shortage of clean drinking water. Other external factors such as ramifications of global warming also have put a pressure on available drinking water resources. It's important to understand how scarcity of drinking water occurs and its triggers. These will be talked about in the section below;
There are various real human activities and styles which are mainly responsible for the situation of scarcity of drinking water. These activities affect the environment, contaminate water options or put pressure on drinking water resources resulting in a scarcity of drinking water. A few of these will be talked about below;
Environmental pollution is one of the significant reasons of insufficient drinking water. Air pollution contaminates available drinking water sources, making water available unsafe for human consumption. Air pollution also damages the environment and causes adverse effects which cause drying up of water options (Levy 62-67). You can find three major types of air pollution which is discussed in this section and they are water and air pollution as well as contaminants of ground water sources. Polluting of the environment occurs through real human activities such as using up of petrol, release of hazardous gases by market sectors or products such as vehicles, release of greenhouse gases amongst others. Air pollution is a major reason behind global warming since gases released in to the atmosphere allow more warmth to be trapped within the earth's surface leading to global warming.
Water air pollution results from discharging throw away into water sources and this is common in expanding countries which do not strong lawful restrictions which deter such forms of pollution. Contamination of ground water sources occurs after the use of certain chemicals including fertilizers which contaminate floor drinking water after use, making such drinking water harmful to humans (Upmanu et. al. 1-17). These varieties of pollution reduce the amount of drinking water resource which may be used by humans leading to a scarcity in normal water resources.
There is an extremely high population expansion rate in many countries across the world. The average world population growth rate has ended 1% plus some countries especially in Africa and Asia have expansion rates of over 2% per annum. A large growth rate puts pressure on available resources and triggers a shortage. Humans depend on drinking water to have and the top population progress rate has put pressure on available drinking water resources. Since drinking water infrastructure and source has generally continued to be constant over the years, population development rate strains the water tool and creates a shortage in normal water for populations around the world.
Global warming can be related to a large proportion of the increased loss of water resources. It really is triggered by the emission of certain gases such as carbon dioxide into the atmosphere resulting in retention of high temperature by the earth's surface. This boosts the average temperature ranges and causes undesireable effects such as warmth waves and melting of glaciers. Global warming causes higher evaporation of drinking water resources due to higher temps on the earth's surface. This ends up with the drop of availability of fresh water sources. It also causes the drying up of drinking water resources such as rivers and lakes due to higher temps. Global warming should be dealt with if humans are to have fresh drinking water over time.
Agricultural activities are a significant part of several countries' economies. Many people count indirectly or directly from agriculture. Agricultural activities greatly rely on drinking water for sustenance. In lots of countries, fresh water resources are used for irrigation of crops and feeding of family pets. The use of freshwater resources for irrigation strains the reference and creates shortages in particular when agriculture is used in large scale (Buchanan & Horwitz 67-69). In growing countries, areas which have large scale agricultural activities especially in normal water intense agricultural activities such as horticulture usually experience normal water shortages because of the amount of water found in agriculture. It is important that alternative water sources are being used for agriculture is there is to be clean drinking water for people around the world.
Wastage of drinking water is common in practically all countries scheduled to ignorance on potential great things about conserving water. There are plenty of ways in which water is wasted and these include letting normal water run within households when it's not used, lack of drinking water recycling and insufficient water harvesting among other means. When normal water within households is allowed to run you should definitely in use, it may appear to be a little quantity, but when compared against numerous households, it becomes clear how much normal water is lost. When normal water is also not recycled like for instance purified and used for other sources, this is wastage of this inflatable water source. Poor harvesting of water or lack of water harvesting bonuses allows normal water which could have been used to be squandered. This creates a situation where people do not have access to normal water as is the truth in many countries.
There are various alternatives which should be implemented to solve the challenge of scarcity of drinking water. Some of them will be quickly discussed below;
This is one of the very most effective solutions needed to conserve water reference. As has been talked about, one of the biggest risks to the availability of drinking water is global warming. Global warming increases temperatures and induces evaporation of drinking water resources. Carbon dioxide emission is one of the significant reasons of global warming. It is therefore essential that emission of skin tightening and in to the atmosphere is reduced. Greenhouses are some of the largest emitters of skin tightening and and reduced amount of greenhouse gases will certainly reduce the quantity of skin tightening and emitted. The Kyoto Standard protocol is a global agreement by countries to lessen the quantity of greenhouse emissions. More countries should join such agreements plus they should create a global way in reducing skin tightening and emissions (Glennon 33-38). Other procedures such as planting of trees and shrubs should be urged since trees are important in removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Afforestation and re-afforestation are two effective techniques in conserving this inflatable water resource. Afforestation requires planting trees and shrubs where there have been none while re-afforestation consists of plating trees that have been decrease. The planting of trees is useful in conserving this resource for two main reasons. The foremost is that trees use carbon dioxide and give out oxygen in doing so purifying the environment. Carbon dioxide emission has been discussed as a reason behind global warming and depletion of clean drinking water scheduled to high temperature. Planting of trees reduces the carbon dioxide levels in air and stops adverse effects of global warming (Solomon 46-52). The second reason is that planting of trees and shrubs draws in rainfall through water cycle which involves transpiration. Transpiration by trees and shrubs allows wetness to evaporate and form clouds which eventually fall down as rainfall. Availability of rainfall increases normal water resources and ensures that humans have access to clean normal water.
Harvesting of drinking water is one form of drinking water conservation and it involves collecting waste drinking water and purifying it to make it safe for taking in (The Economist 14-16). Normal water harvesting should mainly be done whenever there are heavy rains and water should be aimed towards reservoirs where it could be stored and purified for real human use. This form of drinking water conservation ensures that there is nominal water wastage which human beings have access to clean drinking water. It also means that there will do water to maintain individual activities such as agriculture.
It is very important to governments and the private sector to educate the public on importance of water conservation and avoidance of drinking water wastage. Avoiding normal water wastage ensures that the water source of information is conserved and that there surely is enough drinking water to meet all individual activities. Normal water wastage through simple methods, such as making water run you should definitely in use or using surplus water to execute various home functions, is very effective in conserving water source of information if done in large scale. When the general public at large is advised about these simple procedures, more drinking water will be gathered, purified and stored for utilization by humans.
In order to enforce these solutions, it is important to criminalize any activities which donate to the depletion of this resource. Human activities such as deforestation, pollution and contamination of ground drinking water resources should be discouraged through the passing of tough lawful restrictions which act as deterrent to such activities. Harsh sentences and fines should be imposed on folks who are captured polluting or destroying the environment. This will likely discourage others from committing the same and it'll encourage modern culture to protect various resources like the water source of information.
Shortage of normal water resources has been seen to be a serious problem which threatens the success of mankind. Drinking water is an essential part of the lives of humans who need water for survival. However, there are many real human activities which either pollute drinking water resources or which pollute the surroundings resulting in the drying up of the water resources. Some of these activities include air pollution which occurs through human activities such as using up of gas, release of harmful gases by companies or products such as vehicles, release of greenhouse gases among others. Water pollution occurs through discharging throw away into water resources while contamination of ground normal water sources occurs after the use of certain chemicals including fertilizers which contaminate surface water after use, making such water dangerous to humans. Other real human activities such as deforestation and agriculture also donate to the shortage of clean drinking water. Population growth puts pressure on water resources so that it is difficult to gratify individual needs.
There are various steps that ought to be taken to be able to address the situation of water lack. Afforestation and re-afforestation are two effective techniques in conserving water resource given that they help in appealing to rainfall and purifying the atmosphere. Harvesting of normal water is a kind of drinking water conservation and it ensures that there is minimal normal water wastage. Finally, string lawful restrictions which discourage environmental pollution should be transferred in order to ensure that the surroundings is conserved and that there are enough drinking water resources for all. This will likely ensure that future populations endure on current normal water resources available.