Posted at 11.23.2018
Sophocles' (442 BC) play Antigone, includes many characters fighting decisions that concern civil laws as well as spiritual laws and moral benchmarks. The play takes place in Athens and will involve Antigone's civil disobedience and the ensuing final result. Antigone has lost both of her brothers, only 1 of whom has passed on an honorable loss of life. Antigone is currently faced with making the decision that can only have a poor end result, but through her use of pathos she is in a position to gain compassion from the audience. Antigone can gain the sympathy of her audience through her sense of selflessness, devotion, and courage. She actually is able to hook up with the audience on a personal level making her discussion effective.
The first part of the play, entails Antigone requesting her sister, Ismene, to disregard the laws of the state and aid her in burying their dishonorable sibling, Polyneices. Antigone starts by making the audience know that her father, Oedipus, and mother are already deceased and now she has lost both of her brothers. In the first landscape, there is an instant sense of empathy experienced towards Antigone as she express her troubled thoughts to Ismene. "The horror, the disgrace, the hurting that Oedipus possessed known have ripened out into fullness in our lives" (p. 61). Antigone's use of pathos allows the audience to feel empathetic towards pain that plagues her life since she was created the daughter of the doomed man. She actually is successful in the debate because she sets the audience in a spot where they feel compelled to feel empathetic. She is seen with sympathetic understanding, which allows her activities to be considered realistic. The audience stocks Antigone's heartache and feels pity for her.
Antigone uses mental appeal once more when making your choice to disobey the Ruler, Creon. By using the selling point of pathos, Antigone is able to make her point stronger and present the audience an improved understanding of the challenging decision ahead of her. Creon offered the order that no one is to provide Polyneices an honorable burial, but Antigone in the end selects to defy his purchases and make her decision based on the commitment she seems towards her family. Her decision to concern the state and honor her sibling creates a sense of compassion alone. She is exhibiting how truly selfless she is and that she's no concern with consequence. She says her sister, Ismene, her "first allegiance must be to the dead. don't fear for me-look after your own life" (p. 63). This assertion shows her courage and makes her excellent in the eyes of the audience. This is also displaying the audience that she is a loving sister who is justified in her disobedience.
With her use of pathos, Antigone is also in a position to make a strong discussion against Creon. Creon confronts Antigone and asks her if she actually is the main one who buried Polyneices. After she explains to him she has, he asks her if she was aware of his requests and chose to defy him anyhow. Once again she answers yes, but brings "it is an increase for me to perish before my time, if your daily life like mine was shared with misfortune, fatality would be good" (p. 71). She restates the actual fact that she originates from a family group of misfortune to keep carefully the empathy invoked from the audience. She is attractive to the audience by exhibiting them that she actually is a loyal and compassionate sister. Her courage is shown again when she admits that she has defied Creon's purchases and will take the abuse of death without argument. In addition, she instructs Creon that everyone in attendance will abide by her decision, however they are afraid to speak from the Ruler, "terror has covered their mouths" (p. 72). Her assertion not only reiterates the tremendous amount of bravery she owns, but it addittionally appeals to the audience by letting them know it is appropriate to agree with her.
After Antigone has officially been sentenced, her use of emotional appeal becomes even more robust. It is not that she automatically fears the consequence, but rather is simply looking to get Creon to start to see the mistake in his ways. She engages the audience by sharing with them what she'll never have anticipated to an early death, "No marriage-feast, no wedding song, my bride-groom is fatality" (p. 79). By stating this, she actually is able to get the sympathy from mothers, fathers, husbands and wives. The audience can relate and thus this makes Antigone's discussion strong. She continues to use this approach to argument throughout the others play. She uses many phrases and words to keep carefully the audience sympathetic of her fate. She pleads to her deceased family, "I hope you will welcome me, father, and you also my mother, and my buddy, for I washed and dressed up your body with these hands" (p. 80). Her strong use of feelings is very effective in portraying her commitment and love on her behalf family. The audience can once again relate with her, as all have either had or have young families. The audience can clearly see the decision is inhumane and unjust.
Antigone's use of psychological charm makes her argument strong and successful. Since she shows a feeling of selflessness, devotion, and courage she actually is able to gain the audience's sympathy.