Analysis of Women Characters in Victorian Literature

The common type of criticism made on Anne and Emily Bronte's works reflects the common belief that the female individuals are victims of male cruelty. Critics of the Bronte books have outlined a routine of male dominance and feminine oppression. For instance, Arlene Jackson, in "The Question of Reliability in Anne Bronte's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, " elaborates on women's powerlessness and male selfishness inside the Tenant of Wildfell Hall. Within the same vein, Juliet McMaster, in her article "'Imbecile Laughter' and 'Desperate Earnest' in The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, " criticizes the male oppression of the girl in the novel which, she argues, is emblematic of the general treatment of women as they were given no voice in society. Furthermore, in ""Hapless Dependants", Women and Animals in Anne Bronte's Agnes Grey" Gray, Maggie Berg has equated the treatment of women to the treatment of animals by which women are relegated to a second position where they can form no true sense of the do it yourself.

This tendency of viewing women as the victims of male hegemony makes it challenging to advertise the idea that these female heroes do, in reality, have enormous ability that they utilize in their romantic relationships with men. Therefore this research proposal uses Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights and Anne Bronte's Agnes Grey and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall to issues pertaining to female patterns and male response that will indicate the extent of the female electricity. Through their strong wills, purposes, and wishes, women character types in these books often form men's character types, and explain their behaviors. For instance, in Wuthering Levels, Catherine's headstrong and rebellious ways are partly responsible for Heathcliff's antisocial patterns, which is through Catherine's ideas of how men should respond and react to her needs that Heathcliff's personality is formed and that leads him to his madness at her loss of life. In Agnes Grey, Neglect Murray manipulatively portrays women in a manner which makes Mr. Hatfield view women as helpless creatures in their dependence on rescue, protection, and provision.

In light of this argument, so how exactly does the girl figuration of the patriarchal male figure affect both the man and the woman, ? Does this power result in ramifications for the woman as well? Are women alert to the energy that they wield, and if they're, why do they blame the man for relationship problems? In my dissertation, I take advantage of data from the Bronte books to show that it's women's unwillingness to engage in self-awareness and accountability that contributes to variant male patterns and perceptual outcomes. Compared to that end, I argue that women have a lot more influence and power than is recognized by critics and this power and influence consistently plays a part in the formation of male thinking and tendencies.


Women have natural electricity in them. This vitality is not something sensational or supernatural; it is part of these femininity. Women have intrinsic power by virtue to be women. In other words, a woman's femininity is her powerful tool. Once used, this inherent electric power may constitute a solid weapon that affects men's lives either favorably or adversely. An in-depth study of the introduction, construction, and final result of female effect on men within myriad contexts is a sure way of vindicating the existence of this feminine power. Making use of this theory to three English novels compiled by Emily and Anne Bronte - Wuthering Heights, Agnes Grey, plus the Tenant of Wildfell Hall- this research will attract important correlations between female capabilities, capacities, and innate abilities and the utilization of the elements to improve or supersede male potentialities.

For example, Catherine's misuse of her natural female strengths and abilities is used to override Heathcliff's reticence against and prefer to withdraw from her controlling manipulation, culminating in tragedy for both heroes. On top of that, in Agnes Gray, the protagonist's yearning for self-reliance and electric power has effect on both men and women. Similarly, female vitality and control inside the Tenant of Wildfell Hall is measured through Helen Graham's interactions with the men in her life. In this novel, Bronte uncovers this electricity and manipulative consciousness in her protagonist, but the theme remains intact: women often have inordinate levels of electricity and control over men in myriad realms of their lives.

In light of this argument, the goal of this dissertation is to explore these three novels to show the results of the immense vitality possessed by women. These forces possessed by females are mainly subconscious. Quite simply, they affect the intellectual, spiritual, emotional and social world of men with different final results for both genders.

Introductory Declaration of Background, Goal and Thesis

I will review The Tenant of Wildfell Hall and Agnes Gray by Anne Bronte and Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights with the aim of showing that they developed female heroes whose power impact the men around them. The analysis will prove that female vitality and influence affects the intellectual, spiritual, emotional and social world of men with different outcomes for both genders.

The purpose of this study calls for comparing three British novels, compiled by sisters, whose female characters benefit masculine changes, habits, and affect the outcomes of varied situations. Demonstrating the application of feminine electricity in relationship dyads will support the hypothesis that ladies can change, control, and harm men and, through them, socio-political constructs which affect everyone. In addressing the research problem, an intensive review of the preferred works, combined with a thorough books review of existing studies will serve to show how this use of ability manipulates or affects final results. My research issue is intended to be a significant contribution to socio-cultural, gender-based, and psychological awareness of issue source and resolution. In other words, it will donate to understanding the origins or beginnings of difficult relationships between men and women, and suggest how these problems can be fixed.

While the books is rife with extensively diverse discourse and review on feminism, your body of knowledge is critically deficient in taking into consideration the research problem. That is because this issue requires a major paradigmatic change since the major final results of feminism have tended to reject female restrictions while creating male-opposition toward many of its tenets. Signe Arnfred exposes a functional sense of feminine electricity in a non-western setting up in her article entitled "Gender, Food and Female Power: Conversation of Data Material from Northern Mozambique. " In this article, she shows how women in a certain part of the world harness their mastery of womanly chores in both duplication and family into a saw that demands respect from men (141).

It is essential to notice that what the characters in the Bronte books do is not so much removed from what Arnfred attempts to show in her article. The setting up and tool might vary, however the game is the same. Arnfred's and the two Brontes' women play on one critical point; namely the man's need. Man is need for women's domestic obligations and reproductive work as well as their mental interest. As the women in Arnfred's article use this need to get electric power, the Brontes' women make use of the men's psychological dependence on to them as powerful tool. Abstaining from performing the chores (Arnfred's women) or paying attention (Brontes' women) can have serious effect on the man. For example, in Wuthering Heights, Catherine leaves Heathcliff for Edgar, a move that creates confusion and antagonism between Edgar, Heathcliff and Isabella and finally brings about Heathcliff's madness. Experienced Catherine not chosen to withdraw her attention from Heathcliff, he'd not need experienced the mental turmoil that he experienced. The question which may arises then is, was it within Catherine's power to control the situations through steering clear of any connection with Edgar? The response to this is in the affirmative, and therefore she searched for to motivate Heathcliff's emotions to the border of a cliff.

In reality, male dominance was common in Victorian times, as was feminine servility; But it is this servility that reinforced the dominance. Critics of the Bronte novels have found the male dominance in these books, and determined the role women play in perpetuating this dominance. The female role in the progression of male dominance is a electric power alone, which, if withdrawn, can have a regulatory results on male action. In the article "The Question of Trustworthiness in Anne Bronte's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, " Arlene Jackson points out that,

Anne Bronte also answers a question that other books of her time do not ask: what goes on to a relationship and the innocent partner when one partner (specifically, the male) leads a solipsistic life, where personal pleasures are seen as deserved, where maleness and the role of man is linked with the freedom to do as one desires, and femaleness and the role of better half is associated with providing service and pleasure not necessarily intimate, but including daily compliment and ego-boosting and, quite simply, continuous attention (203).

On the surface, Jackson is asserting that powerlessness is another way of talking about women. This is one way she decodes the meaning that Anne Bronte is mailing to modern culture through her publication. Obviously, numerous people trust this position, considering the female to be the victim, suffering silently with out a means of get away from the cruel clutches of the man. But this isn't the case because in the process of praising someone, there exists the data that the compliment can be withheld. There is also the data that the reward can lead to dependency as well as other undesired manifestations of identity which may be harmful to both person lavishing praise, who's the girl, as well as the man, who's the recipient of the compliment.

An objective research of the meaning from Jackson shows that men have a certain amount of dependency on the lavish compliment they can be showered with by women. Around Jackson's work might have been an attempt to show the reliability of Anne Bronte's literary skills, she assists with the recognition of regions of female ability that may also be wrongly interpreted to enhance feminine servitude and perpetuate male dominance. In the Bronte books, it is not only reward that men get from women that induce an atmosphere of dependency. As shown by Helen Graham, men may become dependent on the love they get from women. For example, under the section entitled "Miniature", Anne Bronte shows how after showering Mr. Huntingdon with attention, she withdraws it, an take action that upsets him.

Maggie Berg, in her ""Hapless Dependants", Women and Animals in Anne Bronte's Agnes Grey" argues that, in a patriarchal society where women are faced with challenges of identity, expression and reputation- the general treatment of women is implied to end up like the treatment of animals. This position is also distributed by another critic of Anne Bronte's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, Juliet McMaster, who can take the positioning that the Victorian period was seen as a a huge electricity imbalance that tilted heavily and only men. In her article entitled "'Imbecile Laughter' and 'Desperate Earnest' inside the Tenant of Wildfell Hall, " McMaster discussions of the Victorian power framework that did not allow women to have a say in contemporary society. All things were done in line with the rules established by men for everyone (368).

However Berg and McMaster's view is harsh and seems to suggest that women haven't any place in their society. To get the positioning that goes against this perception, several written and published works that have a stand on women's electricity in relation to men will be evaluated too. For example Naomi Wolf's critically acclaimed booklet entitled Fire with Fire: The New Female Electricity and How exactly to Utilize it deconstructs McMaster and Jackson's positions on female victimhood. Wolf believes that girls have always had more power than men. The biggest problem relating to her is the fact women never have mastered the skill of utilizing this electric power for their advantage (23-25). She further disagrees with women whose time is put in agonizing on the male dominated society where every woman is a victim (56).

Evidently, Wolf is not prepared to agree with the ideas of Jackson and McMaster. The areas where the last mentioned two see oppression and injustice, the former sees opportunity and freedom that is not seized by women. Wolf provides stable examples of women who have managed to live happily through the realization that female power is enough to overcome what has become known as male dominance. She points out that politics, business, and family life are all potential areas of female superiority if women meet fire with fire and learn to use a few of the methods men use to control affairs in modern culture (34). This is the basis of her saying, "fire with fire. " Applied to Bronte's books, Wolf's key points would appeal to female people to not only be aware of how powerful they are, but also how to productively utilize these powers. Wolf's opinion in the lifetime of feminine electricity greatly plays a part in my thesis. Agnes, Helen, and Catherine, in addition to other feminine character types in the books, aren't the weak victims some critics view them to be. They can be women who enjoy a great level of power that they use to affect their environment.

Another girl scholar who did research on the issue of female electric power and impact is Margaret Beetham. In an article entitled "Thinking Back again Through our Mother's Publications: Feminism's Inheritance from Nineteenth-Century Periodicals for Moms, " Beetham, whose main purpose is to study the motherhood focused magazines that been around in the nineteenth century, makes a refreshingly different assertion based on what she discovers in the publications she reads. Approximately there is injustice in modern culture during a higher part of the Victorian period, there is the acceptance that ladies were equal to men, but different.

The entrance of equality in these newspapers that were shared for mothers demonstrates the empowering component for ladies was present. What lacked was the will to pursue the path of equality through the elimination of obstacles that managed to get problematic for women to enjoy the trappings of a free life. It helps to indicate that the writers and publishers of the mags that Margaret Beetham analyzes in her work were both men and women, with most of them being in the hands of women. The importance of this is the fact women had usage of the tools for empowerment as early as the Victorian time, an interval that is attacked as highly paternalistic and patriarchal. This aspect is shared by Lisa Duggan and Nan Hunter. In Gender Wars: Sexual Dissent and Political Culture, the authors poignantly state that man and woman have always tried out to live as a united pair, nevertheless, you that all is attracting a different course. The struggle is purely electricity based and is basically to blame for much of the fighting that continues on in contemporary society (19-21).

My analysis will be unique in the sense that it will depart from the traditional feminist readings and exegeses like this of Jackson and McMaster and make use of the arguments of the kind proposed by Wolf among others cited above. The dissertation will verify the presence of female ability and impact in Victorian culture, a culture that is normally known as simply chauvinistic. Even in this evaluation, my study will also exceed the stress on the feminine vitality in the politics and economical spheres as perpetuated by Arnfred, Wolf and Beetham. In contrast, I will concentrate on the psychological and personal sizing of feminine electricity. From the critical examination of the Bronte novels, I am going to show that the power and influence kept by women is not the literal political or physical ability that society is utilized to, but instead the mental health one. It really is partially the psychological dependency that men have on women that provides women the ability to change circumstances and conditions with techniques that can all together hurt and repair both parties.

I use feminist theory to deconstruct the myth it perpetuates about the hegemony of man and the victimhood of girl. I am going to also use psychoanalytic theory to point out the psychological electric power and impact women have on men. Through studying the three books and borrowing from the other available materials and the theoretical platform, my analysis will purposefully prove that women have natural vitality and expertise. When these innate characteristics are put on the intellectual, religious, emotional and interpersonal world of men, this ability can control and determine the opposite gender, with various results for both genders.

The Design - Chapter Summaries


The launch will placed the pace of the dissertation giving the backdrop to my thesis. In this particular sense, the release will give attention to reviewing the prevailing critical views that I am going to challenge in my own dissertation. Desire to will be to set up the idea that the dominating critical perspective views women as subjects who are mistreated by men, a posture that will be deconstructed in the later chapters of my dissertation. Such critical claims includes Arlene Jackson's "The Question of Trustworthiness in Anne Bronte's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, " Juliet McMaster's "'Imbecile Laughter' and 'Desperate Earnest' in The Tenant of Wildfell Hal, " and Maggie Berg's ""Hapless Dependants", Women and Animals in Anne Bronte's Agnes Grey" among others. Equally important, the advantages will review some critical views that support the thesis. These include, Marilyn Graman and Maureen Walsh's THE FEMININE Power Within: A Guide to Living a Gentler, More Important Life and Dan Abrams's Man Down: Proof Beyond a Reasonable Doubt THAT GIRLS Are Better Cops, Drivers, Gamblers, Spies, World Market leaders, Beer Tasters, Hedge Fund Managers, and ALMOST EVERYTHING Else. In addition, Laura Donaldson's Decolonizing Feminisms: Competition, Gender & Empire Building will be used to bolster the thesis.

The rationale behind this books review is to set the parameters that my research departs from and obstacles. This departure will be illustrated in the chapters that follow.

Chapter 1: The Bronte Women: The Dominant View

This is the opening chapter of the dissertation. The goal of this chapter is to set the build and place the argument that'll be refuted in later chapters. Thus, the emphasis will be on the picture coated in the three books as far as women are concerned. The three sisters' catalogs present women as the abused and mistreated customers of the society. For example, in Wuthering Levels, Catherine is depicted as a victim of Heathcliff's needs. Likewise, in Agnes Grey, the protagonist's mom is portrayed as the soothing, loving female who offers up her high life for the love of an unhealthy man, Agnes's daddy. INSIDE THE Tenant of Wildfell Hall, Helen is shown as a victim not only of Arthur but also Gilbert, who's shown as the angry and irrational man who whips Lawrence and hurts Helen emotions on mere suspicion that she would be allowing Lawrence to court docket her while realizing that Markham is already into her.

The section will review such depiction of women in the three novels in details. However, the point that'll be highlighted is that a careful examination of a few of the occurrences in the catalogs enables the willing reader and analyst to truly have a more profound view of women, a view that shows they are not the submissive women supposed or viewed to be.

Since the dissertation is approximately the provision of proof towards the position that women aren't the victims of male hegemony because they are thought to be, this first section will be critical in establishing the issue which will be compared by use of examination of both these key sources as well as other credible secondary options. In this regard, the hyperlink between this first chapter and the rest of the dissertation is the fact it will lay the building blocks for the whole dissertation through the establishment of the contested point of view, which the rest of the dissertation will tear down, while building the choice view.

Chapter 2: The Bronte Women: The Hidden Face

As chapter 1 illustrates the traditional examination of the Bronte women, chapter 2 will provide a dissenting examination to that suggested in the first section. Hence this section comes to form the crux of the dissertation as it elaborates on the thesis. The three Bronte novels will be critically examined in order to portray the often unseen capabilities of women. Areas where in fact the female power shows up in these books will be highlighted to substantiate the assertion that women are not victims of male domination and maltreatment, but powerful customers of the world whose forces, though not physical, may bring either unimaginable destruction or ultimate redemption.

A careful evaluation of the events and character types will be conducted to helps this assertion. For instance, in Emily Bronte's Wuthering Levels, Catherine's misuse of her natural girl strengths and abilities is utilized to override Heathcliff's reticence against and aspire to withdraw from her handling manipulation, culminating in tragedy for both people. In Anne Bronte's The Tenant of Windfell Hall, Mrs. Helen uses her female power to emotionally abuse Mr. Huntingdon through the withdrawal of her love, which leaves him mad and furious. Another example of the powerful nature of women is shown by Miss Murray who is determined to work with her feminine power to ensnare Mr. Weston into slipping for her before she gets married to Mr. Hatfield, to whom she actually is already employed. Agnes aptly identifies Mr. Weston as Pass up. Murray's "victim" (Bronte 212).

Susan McKernan's article entitled "Feminist Literary Theory and Women's Literary Background: Contradictory Jobs, " will be utilized to make a critical dialogue in this section. This article illustrates how some women have desired to absolve females from everything goes wrong in relationships specifically and society generally. My discussion in this chapter goes from this contention and demonstrates that ladies are active members in relationship management. Another powerful supplementary source that'll be used in this chapter is Laura Donaldson's Decolonizing Feminisms: Race, Gender & Empire Building. This carefully written book will reinforce the thesis by demonstrating how female power has more potential that most people in population are willing to accept. It will therefore support the theory that women can only just be victims of men domination willingly or unknowingly, but usually, they need to have the potential to stand up for themselves.

In connection to the whole dissertation, this chapter brings up the theme of the newspaper. It agrees with the thesis and validates the argument.

Chapter 3: Feminine Ability: When Women Admit It

This chapter will support the theme of the dissertation through the utilization of female voices in demonstrating the living of female electric power. The goal is to show that the lay claim manufactured in the dissertation is basically distributed by women themselves, and for that reason has credence to it. There is absolutely no better way to verify that someone is at possession of something than see your face coming out and admitting it himself or herself. This is what this chapter will by allowing feminine voices to turn out and assert that women are indeed powerful in their own right.

The use of the female voices will be targeted towards demonstrating the thesis with regards to the major key sources. Samples on the secondary options include Signe Arnfred's article entitled "Intimacy, Food and Woman Power: Dialogue of Data Material from Northern Mozambique. " As illustrated elsewhere in the proposal, this research will be utilized to prove how the Bronte women may take benefit of the man's need to exercise their ability. Another extra source that will found in this section is Margaret Beetham's "Thinking Back again Through our Mother's Magazines: Feminism's Inheritance from Nineteenth-Century Magazines for Moms. " Her article is a definite admittance that girl had usage of the tools for empowerment in the Victorian period. Evenly important is Naomi Wolf's booklet, Fire with Flames: The New Female Ability and How to Use it. Along with Beetham's analysis, Wolf's discussion greatly contributes to my thesis. As mentioned above, it substantiates the theory that Agnes, Helen, and Catherine, in addition to other feminine individuals in the books, aren't the vulnerable victims some critics view those to be. They may be women who like a great degree of electricity that they use to effect their surroundings.

Further careful evaluation of the principal sources will be achieved in this chapter to substantiate this point. For instance, in Wuthering Levels, Catherine's headstrong and rebellious ways are partially in charge of Heathcliff's antisocial patterns, and it is through Catherine's ideas of how men should respond and react to her requirements that Heathcliff's personality is produced and that leads him to his madness at her loss of life. In Agnes Gray, Pass up Murray manipulatively portrays women in a manner that makes Mr. Hatfield view women as helpless creatures in their need for rescue, safeguard, and provision.

The reference to the primary sources and connection to the overarching theme will provide the necessary circulation and linkage because of this chapter to the rest of the newspaper. In more exact terms, the ladies voices used to reinforce the thesis provide a connection to the next chapter which endeavors showing that women aren't victims but powerful individuals. In addition, it supplies the groundwork for the following chapter which research the impact of the women's realization or lack thereof of female power.

Chapter 4: Feminine Electricity: Realization by Women or Shortage Thereof

This chapter research the consequences that emanate from the discovery by some women they are in possession of immense power. It also examines what happens when some women fail to recognize that they indeed have these female powers that the dissertation seeks to demonstrate that they indeed can be found. Again, Naomi Wolf's reserve, Fire with Flame: THE BRAND NEW Female Vitality and How exactly to Use it will be of great value to this section as she argues that the realization of the power offers a solution for the supposed male dominance. In addition, "The Least 'Angelical' Poem in the Language": Politics Overall economy, Gender, and the Heritage of Aurora Leigh" by L. Dalley may also be used. Dalley's article provides insight into the Victorian women's electricity and so annuls any contention for the lack of this electric power in women even in the supposedly most patriarchal population.

Once again, this will be achieved with reference to Bronte novels. The emphasis will be on how the Bronte females' realization of their potential or lack thereof creates a great difference for themselves as well as for the men touching them. The circumstances where women have understood how powerful they are really and used this knowledge to accomplish certain activities will be dealt with. For instance, Helen's realization of her creative talent stimulates her to leave her man as it constitutes a income source. In the same vein, Agnes's perception in her prospect of leading an independent life make her start her opportunity as a governess, which adds to her experience and potential.

In regards to the other chapters, this section is a final verdict that indeed women have powers as it'll demonstrate what happens when these powers, which chapters two and three will show exist, are placed into use by those who know of their presence, or not used, by women whose ignorance insulates them from knowing the powers at their removal. To a big extent, this section legitimizes the dissertation as it requires the discussion to the amount of observing the outcome of what the thesis claims. At this stage, the argument is not about whether women have capabilities or not, but about what happens when these power are or are not used.


The bottom line will restate the thesis as has been validated through the argument in the preceding chapters. The major ideas that are brought up to get the thesis and some of the readings, both major and secondary, which may have supported or opposed the discussion will be briefly revisited. Overall, the final outcome will stress the validation of the thesis as logically put through the dissertation chapters.

Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources

Bronte, A. The Tenant of Wildfell Hall. NY: Harper & Brothers. 1999.

Bront, C. , Bront, E. , & Bront, A. The Bront Sisters: Three Books. New York: Penguin Literature. (2009).

Secondary Sources

Abrams, Dan. Man Down: Proof Beyond a Reasonable Doubt That Women Are Better Cops, Drivers, Gamblers, Spies, World Leaders, Beer Tasters, Hedge Fund Managers, and ALMOST EVERYTHING Else. New York: Abrams Image. 2011.

Based on proof borrowed from the sociable and business world, Dan Abrams presents a powerful narrative of how women are better players in different video games of life. This concept resonates well with the thesis whereby it facilitates the claim that women have power that may be a force once and for all or evil, depending on the usage. This is in opposition to the view that ladies are victims in society, whose anguish in the hands of men is visible throughout history.

Berg, M. "Hapless Dependents": Women and Animals in Anne Bronte's Agnes

Grey. " Studies in the Book, 34(2), 177+. (2002).

Comparing animals to the oppressed characteristics of women under a patriarchal contemporary society, Berg offers a viable compare to Grey's perceived 'fall season' from a moral governess to one who commoditizes connections as she involves see animals in romantic relationship to food. This point of view will provide catalysts to the thesis since Agnes Gray is largely considered a non-philosophical text message but has profound undercurrents to feminine vitality and control.

Beetham, Margaret. "Thinking Back again Through our Mother's Magazines: Feminism's Inheritance from Nineteenth-Century Newspapers for Moms. " Nineteenth Century Gender Studies. Issue 6. 2, Summer season 2010. Web. March 18, 2011.

This article provides picture of how moms resided in the 19th century. These details is largely based on periodicals, and the overarching message is the fact women weren't under the apron strings of men with limited expert. Therefore, this article is area of the proof that the is needed to validate the thesis.

Braithwaite, W. S. The Bewitched Parsonage: THE STORYPLOT of the Brontes. NY: Coward-McCann. (1950).

Braithwaite provides germane insights in to the lives of the Bronte sisters which informs their writing and belief of the world around them as well as their own influence and ability (or shortage thereof) in their lives. This work will contribute valuable insights into the sisters' defenses, perceptions, and perception systems among an unusually tragic set of circumstances.

Bump, J. "The Family Dynamics of the Reception of Artwork. " Style, 31(2), 328+. (1997).

Bump's article has been decided on because of this work due to his exploration of the home as it pertains to understanding and applying the work of the Bronte sisters. A "socially isolated and individualistic view of the personal that precludes the likelihood of enduring accessories or responsibilities to another" (328) completely informs the thesis after which this work is grounded.

Coontz, Stephanie. A Bizarre Stirring: The Female Mystique and American Women at the Dawn of the 1960s. NY: Basic Catalogs. 2011.

Stephanie Coontz is responding to the task of Betty Friedan, The Female Mystique. She agrees with Friedan that girls may have undergone suffering in society, but they had the powers to alter these circumstances. Therefore, this reserve is good assertion manufactured in the thesis.

Dalley, L. L. "The Least 'Angelical' Poem in the Language": Political Overall economy, Gender, and the Traditions of Aurora Leigh. " Victorian Poetry, 44(4), 525+. (2006).

A decidedly extra, maybe even tertiary source to the work, Dalley's understanding into Victorian women's electric power and political results is critical to understanding the view women presented of themselves in this era and further lends scholarship to the hypothesis that such unchecked vitality can be quite destructive.

Donaldson, Laura. E. Decolonizing Feminisms: Contest, Gender & Empire Building. Chapel Hill, NC: College or university of NEW YORK Press. (1992).

Donaldson's e book was selected to lend a specific psychological and ethnical mis-recognition of gender vitality and influence among women across many cultures and eras. This work will improve the thesis by providing a compass for where you can begin knowing the subtleties of womanly power and control.

Duggan, Lisa & Hunter, Nan. Love-making Wars: Intimate Dissent and Politics Culture. NY: Routledge, 2006.

This book is the task of two deeply informed women whose understanding of public issues is beyond question. Jointly, they present a picture of how women and men have each vied for communal supremacy. The effectiveness of each gender is valued, with the emphasis that both have the to advance world. The book acts to discount the theme of victimhood among ladies in both Bronte novels and other works.

Ermarth, E. D. The English Novel in History, 1840-1895. London: Routledge. (1997).

Ermarth's publication was selected because of its contribution to just how "community common denominator" develop toward "public problems commercial order and personal individuality" (vii) form a basis for feminist thinking in Victorian times and the methods by which the Bronte sisters overrode masculine capacity to achieve their goals. The importance will be within applying these authors' personal impetus of their literature with the hypothesis of the study.

Flynn, E. A. Feminism beyond Modernism. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois School Press. (2002).

This book is essential as a second source since it will serve to support the debunking of several feminist myths which prevent women from recognizing both their innate ability and ultimate responsibility in using that electricity over men. As Flynn separates and identifies the politics, intellectual, and sociable perspectives of feminism beyond the present day build, this work will serve as an essential text to aid the thesis of women's ultimate electric power over their environment, generally speaking and men, in particular.

Friedan, Betty & Quindlen. The Feminine Mystique. New York:W. W. Norton & Company, 2001.

Written by an established feminist, this booklet marked the go up of feminism when it first made an appearance in the 1960s in the United States. It details the various views that existed in society during publication and recognizes the fact proven fact that women had but still do have the potential to consider the lead in identifying their lives. This publication is an optimistic endorsement of the thesis.

Graman, Marilyn & Walsh, Maureen. THE FEMININE Power Within: HELPFUL INFORMATION to Living a Gentler, More Meaningful Life (1sted. ). NY: Life Works Literature. 2002. Print.

This is a e book by accepted feminists who've unshakeable self-assurance in the power that women have to find out their lives' route instead of crying of victimhood. Evidently, the discussion improves the thesis of the dissertation.

Hymowitz, Kay. Manning Up: How the Climb of Women Has Turned Men into Kids. New York: Basic Literature. 2011. Print.

Like Naomi Wolf, Kay portrays women as powerful and able to meet their commitments without complaining. She uses funny examples to show how men become powerless when women utilize their powers in society, especially within the family setting as well as the place of work. Towards the dissertation, this publication supports the thesis by showing that women are indeed powerful.

Jackson, Arlene M. "The Question of Trustworthiness in Anne Bronte's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall. " British Studies 63:3 (1982): 198-206. Print.

In a well crafted article, Arlene Jackson makes an in depth commentary in the Tenant of Wildfell Hall. At some point, she acknowledges the declare that women were put through suffering through the Victorian period. This acts to enhance the view of victimhood on the part of women. This is actually the position that the dissertation looks for to tear down by use of facts from the Bronte novels and also other sources like the Female Electric power Within: HELPFUL INFORMATION to Living a Gentler, More Significant Life by Marilyn Graman and Maureen Walsh.

Joshi, P. "Masculinity and Gossip in Anne Bronte's Tenant. " Studies in English Books, 1500-1900, 49(4), 907+. (2009).

Joshi's work could almost be considered a source of primary literature support for the thesis; relegated to a secondary one, however, provides equally important substantiation for the hypothesis of the study. Comparing feminine influence and Bronte's novel, Joshi endeavors to find middle floor between "repudiation of women's culture" and "aggrandizement of women's influence" (908) through modern debates about them.

Langland, E. "The Angel out of the House: Philanthropy and Gender in Nineteenth-Century England. " CLIO, 32(3), 351+. (2003).

In this secondary source, women's roles as philanthropists are analyzed for the inherent power in school and gender-based activities. Through Langland's findings, the subtle electric power and control viewed through this lens is insightful and lends themselves to this hypothesis.

Levy, E. P. "The Psychology of Loneliness in 'Wuthering Heights. :. Studies in the Book, 28(2), 158+. (1996).

Exploring the construct of loneliness in Wuthering Levels subsequently lends a mental depth to the knowledge of this hypothesis' premise of womanly control and ability in interrelationships with men. This article was selected because of this contribution to a well-balanced review that offers most visitors a platform which to stand.

McKernan, Susan. "Feminist Literary Theory and Women's Literary Record: Contradictory Jobs. " Hecate, 17(1), 150+. (1991).

Although McKernan writes to a mainly Australian readership, the concepts of feminism and literature's record provides valuable insights into the movement and its own determined rejection of women as an accountable force in romance management. This article will provide an accurate backdrop and compare to the hypothesis and can essentially compare to the remaining literature found in this review.

McMaster, Juliet. "'Imbecile Laughter' and 'Desperate Earnest' inside the Tenant of Wildfell Hall. " Modern Language Quarterly 43:4 (1982), 352-68.

In this highly critical analysis on the Tenant of Wildfell Hall, McMaster addresses several issues like the trustworthiness of the novel as well as the message. A very important factor she acknowledges that is relevant to the dissertation is that the novel shows electric power structures that favored men. This is a posture that the thesis of the dissertation looks for to depart from.

Steinem, Gloria. Revolution from Within: A Reserve of Self-Esteem. NY: Little, Brown and Company. 1993. Print.

Gloria Steinem recognizes that ladies have vitality in themselves, if well used, they can eliminate all the suffering each goes through in modern culture. This book assists as an endorsement of the thesis that women have powers instead of the view they are powerless sufferers who are always at the mercy of men.

Wolf, Naomi. Fire with Fire: The New Female Vitality and How to Use it. NY: Ballantine Catalogs. 1994. Print.

Written by a female with enormous know how in female thought, this reserve is meant for ladies who would like to empower themselves for success in a society that is perceived to be tilted and only men. It is suitable for the dissertation as it acknowledges that girls indeed have electric power, and the sooner they discover this, the better.

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