The eternal principle behind modern Islamic structures is about the storyline that evolves from old times of Islam architecture and move towards modernism. Modernism started to slowly increase since Industrial trend started. Because the period, they have turn Islamic architecture to explore in depth with the use of mass production. At the same time, carrying on the richness of Islamic architecture elements and varieties with affects from Euro and exactly how it brought to Singapore, which may be one of the top notch modern countries. The spread through trend is rapid and challenges take place in Islamic architecture to keep up with the present day times and also embracing its social identity.
The contrast between Euro and Singapore Islamic architecture for spiritual building holds the same aspect of projecting modernism as spiritual spaces. Aswell as modification of few components of Islamic form into simplistic manner that fits in the population that lives in.
Academic building as modern Islamic structures unveils representation of different materials and colors to interpret Islamic perspective. The variations in the application use by Egypt and Singapore were selective yet portray the aspect of Islamic structures.
Commercial building in Islamic and Singapore as multi-cultural country packages different challenges. The application of the elements are achievable, yet, in site context, attraction as identification and carrying the type may be difficult because of the modern culture that lives in, and exactly how they understand it in a different way.
The variety of artistic developments in the current Islamic Architecture is inspired by both traditional forms and by modernism. There is a greater openness of Islamic structures to European styles, also varied and distinctive new methods to the research of their own tradition. If it amounts from secular to religious, Islamic architecture carry the same element of style such as the geometric styles and repetitive fine art.
Standing still in this modern period, Islamic structures has been famous for its traditional varieties. Including the concept of skill rests on a basic base of calligraphy, geometry and, in structures, the repetition and multiplication of elements based on the arch. Usually there are allied and parallel floral and figural motifs. Other element like the drinking water and light are also important for Islamic architecture adornment as they contribute in generating tiers of style for surface beautification. With these floors, they could change space. Since surface is articulated by decor, there can be an intimate connection in Islamic structures between space and deco.
Modernism in Islamic structures will be protected in three aspects such as religious architecture, educational as well as commercial places. To begin with, the aspect of modern Islamic architecture of religious areas such as the Mosque shows a great departure from traditional to futuristic look. Resulting in hybrid properties where traditional facades of arches and domes are grafted onto modern high-rises.
2. 1 To be a research study of Euro-Islamic architecture, the Penzberg Islamic Centre built in a tiny German town between Munich and Alps, boldly demonstrates the compatibility of mosques and modernism. minarets are shortened and provide no goal unlike minaret of traditional Islamic Mosque that is tall in height are usually use as a means call people for prayers.
However, The building in nighttime scene. The minaret acts its purpose as light which illuminates the ornamental adornment wrapped around. The idea shows the model notions of enlightened Islam. In addition to the shortened minaret, whose colorings sets it in addition to the course being sandstone facade, the centre is not obviously marked out as a typical religious building. The surface already hints at the contemplative atmosphere of the prayer hall inside.
The main access that is made to stand out by slanted concrete slabs symbolizing the web pages of a book, which words from the Koran can be read. Whereas on the right, the inside has shows the modernist notion of working with the easiest means by having no huge chandeliers and no exuberant ornaments.
Adding vibrant quality to the architecture is by using lights. A similar key factor uses often in Islamic architecture. What sort of light falls attracts focus on the ceiling and wall panels, where ornaments are applied to the unclad concrete that can be read as expressions of divine boundlessness. The abstracted star motifs support the 99 Brands of God - such as "BY FAR THE MOST Merciful" and "The Utterly Just" - in calligraphy.
Modern Islamic Architecture can exist anywhere in Europe since European countries society can keep with constantly growing innovation and the thought of understanding faith however, not tradition that is set in rock. In Europe, the mosque of today must signify a distinct type that reveals the 20th century that is when it fits the appropriate choice for future years.
Modern Islamic structures may took over in Europe, going back to local context, Euro-Islamic architecture are also influencing Singapore. Singapore established fact for 'here and now' architecture building that surrounds the whole city. Modernity is what Singapore comes under. Overshadowing the historical sites, modern Islamic structures in Singapore is now more dominant.
The second circumstance studies in local context for religious building are the Assyafaah mosque located at Admiralty street in Singapore.
The Assyafaah Mosque
The Assyafah Mosque uses a modern interpretation of the arabesque, a universally recognizable mark of Islamic Skill and Architecture, to build an original individuality for the present day mosque. The usage of the positive arabesque, a double arabesque to help make the notions of overlapping geometries more explicit and negative arabesques are seamlessly incorporated in the design of the mosque. The architects state that "the use of the arabesque patterns to symbolize the Quran's characteristics provides a hyperlink to days gone by. "
The minarets were done in modernist way. It is comparable to Penzberg Islamic centre minaret which is performed in a simple form. The minaret of Assyafaah mosque is a symbol of 'alif' which is the first notice expression of Arab terminology. The thought of integrating letters as minarets further emphasize Islamic architecture elements somewhat than using complex calligraphy form.
The column free prayer hall framed by its ribbed and arched fairfaced concrete framework rising from the floor and beginning upwards into the quadruple volume before the mihrab wall
The three-dimensional arches, which serve the goal of moving the structural plenty of top of the three storeys help give a column free period in the lower prayer space. The concrete arches are a great prove of how the architect explores consumption of material which look as organic yet end up being aesthetically pleasing. At the same time, they serve to steer the eye of an individual on the four-storey high marble clad mihrab wall membrane, bathed in natural light.
The light filtering through, very much a-like to Tadao Ando design of playing with equipment and lighting.
Again, the nature of keeping elements of Islamic structures by using day light to seep through the calligraphy patterned frames which act as light filtering, making the facade to look more lacy by trapping some light and diffuse it with most delicate gradations. The uses of geometrical facade assure the Islamic architectural method of using optical effect shows how different thicknesses of frame define the complex effect.
2. 2 Apart from religious building, academics complexes in Islamic architecture are as well influence with modern modern architecture.
The third case studies for educational buildings are the Bibliotheca Alexandrina in Egypt. The framework illustrates the wealthy historical and immediate modern progression of the Islamic history. The look portrays the idea of openness, containment and everything encompassing knowledge in its main geometric form, the circle. Partially, Islamic elements like the geometric patterns allowed an interrelationship between your parts and the complete building complex.
The Bibliotheca Alexandrina Outside facade
The stone walls of the library
The idea of openness with the integration of normal water. As an affect of Islamic architecture, water reflects architecture and also will serve its means by emphasizing the visual axes. Just like the mirror, they give fluidity, powerful yet show the static structures.
Besides having literal water elements, another way to represents Earth element reflected in another of the Modern Islamic academic structures in Singapore which is Al-Mukminin Madrasah situated in Jurong East.
Exterior building of Al-Mukminin
For the fourth research study is approximately the building as total modernization of Islamic architecture. Arabesque style is not apparent in this building, however, the building play with colorings despite no stunning traditional form. The underlying exploration of the facade is the use of Islamic colours to represent drinking water, sky and floor. The multi-shade shades also gives an optical illusion impact from far, creating dematerialisation which is one of the technique element that from Islamic structures usually use within traditional times.
2. 3 The last aspect besides Religious and academics building are the commercial building. Among the illustrations for commercial building for Islamic structures could be the museum of Islamic Art work in Qatar by I. M Pei. He uses geometrical forms and symmetry requested the design concept. Clearly, it is not a hybrid futuristic building which often uses material and glass cladding as the facade. Instead, he uses limestone marble gives the smooth touch against the sound form building. As compared to traditional times of using dirt brick development, the limestone marble produces the modernistic look and also the way the block are arranged in sequence manner in parallel.
Museum of Islamic Artwork Exterior Entrance and Interior
The front view of the museum shows two pillar which look like the modern minarets. Traditional domes are not seen evidently, yet, in the interior, large arches are not seen instead walls slanted in symmetrical path toward the ceiling in geometrical varieties that creates spherical domes made up of geometric figures. The dome also provides hint of natural light to feed. Elements of Islamic principle remain suitable to commercial spots. The aim to enhance space through habits shows dynamically interesting for today's Islamic building. The solidity of the forms made up is at repetition route along with different proportions which then allows the eternal guidelines of Islamic structures of rhythmical motion.
The last case study for Commercial buildings as modern Islamic structures is the Haniffa, a famous textile company comes from India, the building is located by Keng Lee street, Singapore. The building shows strong effect of Euro-Islamic architecture.
In bottom line, the desire to have rapid development has brought in influences from Western architecture to Islamic structures due to the Industries revolution that pushes the Islamic architecture to move frontward by understanding the fact Islamic guidelines in architecture and then allows modern building technology to be the tool in the expression. Tool of manifestation in conditions of the mass development of materials has become an edge for designers to explore with the options of transforming varieties by leaving traditional techniques into modern ways. Such software is strongly mirrored on Singapore framework for Islamic architecture. Most Islamic architecture complexes in Singapore were made in modern ways. However, the challenge that is set for Singapore is how it may stand apart from other non-Islamic architecture tall buildings that contain been the best id of Singapore. In order to create modern Islamic architecture identity should be more noticeable, and the relevance to eternal theory of Islam is important. This can be achieve by creating varieties in relationship with traditional Islamic elements that evolves through modern procedure and at the same time carry its own feature. Hence, the local identification of Islamic structures will then become an progression to modern Islamic period.
List of references
- James Steele  Architecture for Islamic Societies Today, Academy Editions / The Aga Khan Award For Structures, St. Martins Pr, United Kingdom
- Cristian Welzbacher  EURO-ISLAM Architecture (The New Mosques in the Western world), Sunshine Publisher, Saudi Arabia
- Renata Holo, Hasan Uddin Khan  The Mosque & TODAY'S WORLD, Thames & Hudson Publisher, Australia
- Markus Hattstein, Peter Delius  ISLAM Skill & Structures, Konemann, New York
- Richard Ettinghausen, Oleg Grabar  The Fine art and Structures Of Islam 650-1250, Yale University or college Press, Connecticut
- Phillipa Baker  Architecture & Polyphony Building in the Islamic World Today, Thames & Hudson Publisher, Yemen
http://www. miesarch. com/index2. php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10&Itemid=16&obraid=251
http://www. architecture-page. com/go/projects/assyafaah-mosque-singapore__all
http://www. bibalex. org/english/aboutus/building/architecture. htm
http://www. fivefootway. com/2009/06/30/forum-architects-madrasah-addition-to-al-mukminin-mosque-blends-traditional-values-with-contemporary-colour/