Posted at 10.29.2018
In Fareed Zakaria's The Rise of Illiberal Democracy, we can see his viewpoint on the difference between a liberal and illiberal democracy and how an illiberal democracy can and can cause civil conflict. He also speaks of how the two types of democracy go together with this constitution and the formation of our US federal. Additionally liberalism and democracy can be seen to have influenced each other in regards to the Civil Rights Movement and Women's Suffrage. Finally, Zakaria's work can be employed to the present status of Iraq even as can conclude what US amendments should be contained in the Iraqi constitution to aid to their administration and stop any civil war.
To start off, Zakaria starts his article speaking of many democratic governments including the United States over the years and of other countries and regimes as well. His main concern is dealing with illiberal democracy which is nearly all all democracies until this day. He clarifies the differentiation between a liberal and illiberal democracy. Being that a democracy is promoted as being 'for the people'; both liberal and illiberal democracies give their people some type of freedom of speech along with free and reasonable rights. Zakaria commences with illiberal democracy which contains a Federal government Republic with a presidential system including the one found in america. Illiberal democracy were only available in Western Europe and the US, thus creating privileges and freedoms ensuring citizens complete safety through the government. In the US we have our privileges and liberties protected, along with competitive multiparty elections with free and fair public involvement, and a government that has an even parting of powers comprising checks and balances. While illiberal democracy is free and fair as any democracy should be, there are actually more constraints on certain freedoms such as faith. Also illiberal governments are not as focused on their procedures, somewhat on the government's overall goals. Despite the fact that voting is free and reasonable, voters elect to bypass their own constitutional protections and civil liberties. This is done so as the individuals are cut off from any situational knowledge of their country's government because of the insufficient civil liberties.
Zakaria makes a spot that illiberalism is the most severe form of government because citizens haven't any rights or civil liberties; thus taking away almost all their individualism which will inevitably cause chaos, rebellion and finally a civil war. As seen during the world, a big concern in many countries is cultural variety which can and can divide a culture. The minority will up-rise and cause a rebellion against their federal government for having no compliance with their protection under the law and liberties. "Political competition that is so divisive can quickly degenerate into assault. Opposition movements, armed rebellions, and coupes in Africa have often been aimed against ethnically based regimes, a lot of which came up to force through elections. (Zakaria 35)" This is just among the many examples in which a country's illiberal administration can be the cause of genocide and war.
I trust Zakaria that liberalism and democracy indeed proceeded to go together with the development of our American constitution, as it upholds the values of a fair and free federal providing civil rights and everything which constitutional liberalism stands for. Between the United States, democracy, and liberalism, I think that democracy arrived first, then liberalism and finally the United States. To begin with, democracy was initially released by Plato, a Greek political philosopher who said that democracy was a "rule by the governed" compared to other styles of federal government such as monarchy. As seen as time passes many countries followed these ways by having assemblies and something of voting which included more of the population's vote through time. Once their was a feeling of specific liberty, Western European countries and places such as THE UK in 1830 acquired developed a democratic land and, "by the overdue 1840s, the majority of them had implemented important areas of constitutional liberalism - the rule of legislations, private property privileges, and increasingly, segregated power and free speech and assembly" (Zakaria 27). Along with the West, East Asia maintains a liberal, semi-democracy. Finally, after the Age of Enlightenment, American and French Revolutions; america undertook liberal morals and principals which evolved into what is now the liberal democracy of the United States today.
Over time liberalism and democracy have influenced one another and can be considered to be quite unconstitutional in many occurrences. Two prime samples are through the Civil Rights Movements and Women's Suffrage. The Civil Privileges Movement dated from 1954 starting with the Brown v. Mother board of Education case until Chief executive Johnson signs and symptoms the Civil Rights Action of 1968. Happenings such as the Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott lead by Reverend Martin Luther Ruler, which resulted in the U. S. Supreme court docket ruling that the segregation law in Montgomery was unconstitutional. Despite having this segregation, beatings and bombings including the bus of the Independence Riders still persisted. In 1964 The 24th Amendment was agreed upon to abolish the poll duty, which at first was instituted in 11 southern says, making it difficult for poor blacks to vote. Finally in 1964 the first Civil Privileges Act was signed by Chief executive Johnson, which prohibited all forms of discrimination based on race, color, religious beliefs, or national source. Regulations also provided the government with the power of enforcing desegregation. Also in 1965 Congress approved the Voting Privileges Act; making voting easier for Southern blacks with literacy lab tests, poll fees, and other requirements that made all voting constraints illegal. The final Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson, prohibited all types of discrimination in sales, local rental, and financing of houses. Being that it took the government too long to recognize the lack of liberalism and democracy within the Civil Privileges movement, we can easily see precisely how undemocratic and unconstitutional our authorities was toward minorities.
Along with the dark minority, another unconstitutional feature of the government is during the Woman's Suffrage period. This were only available in the 1820s and needed flight after the demand for the enfranchisement of American women was prepared at the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848. After the Civil War, girl protested following the proposal of the Fifteenth Amendment allowing dark-colored men to vote. The Country wide Woman Suffrage Relationship was over a federal level requesting leniencies such as allowing wedded woman to possess their own property. In addition there was the American Female Suffrage Association, that was toward state legislation aiming to secure ballots. In 1890 both groups united getting in touch with themselves the Country wide American Female Suffrage Association (NAWSA). After mass marches and appetite strikes; the perseverance of both organizations lead American women to victory and equality in 1920, with the Nineteenth Amendment granting the ballot to all or any American women. The undemocratic suffrage is shown as the voting protection under the law of women, African and Local Americans were not constitutionally protected. This is seen chronologically starting in 1870 when the Fifteenth Amendment prohibited denial of suffrage due to race, in 1920, the Nineteenth Amendment prohibited denial of suffrage due to gender, in 1964, the Twenty-Fourth Amendment prohibited poll taxes, which in a few claims were indirectly used to discriminate against blacks.
Lastly, Zakaria's work can be implied toward the existing state of Iraq as it includes held elections and has been developing its own constitution. I believe a few of the rights in america constitution should be considered to be implemented by the Iraqi federal government. I think that to be able to ensure an effective form of any liberal democracy they have to use the first amendment, having liberty of religion, conversation, and the press, as well as the right to assemble and petition the federal government. Next they should have the eighth amendment which prohibits extreme fines and unnecessary bail, as well as cruel and strange consequence, thus keeping their country clean of criminals and cruel habit. The tenth amendment should be utilized to limit the National government's powers, protecting the privileges of people through Congress, which ensures any means of unfair logical by the ruler and authorities. Finally I really believe the fifteenth and nineteenth amendment should be upheld in order to ensure serenity and equality. With these privileges I believe that there will be a proper sense of order with the guarantee of protected rights and liberties of people so that you will see no possibility of your civil warfare or uprising of the people or government. Furthermore I believe that Iraq cannot endure without liberalism due to the risk that the country would be putting itself in by firmly taking away liberties and rights of the residents which really is a known reason behind revolt and civil battle. It is not a risk value taking for Iraq, for the sake of their federal government and of other surrounding nations which can be vulnerable if anything were to happen due for an overly illiberal Iraqi administration. I feel that democracy is "good" since it is the ultimate way to protect citizen protection under the law and liberties, which in the long run is the ultimate way to protect a country, its government and its residents.
To conclude, Fareed Zakaria's article The Climb of Illiberal Democracy proves the clear distinction between democracy, liberalism and illiberalism. He clarifies in great details how illiberal democracy causes civil conflict and in many happenings in which it offers occurred. I have given my view on my contract with Zakaria that liberalism and democracy do go together with the writing of the constitution. I then described how liberalism and democracy affected each other during the Civil Rights activity and amount of Woman's Suffrage and exactly how minorities received their right to vote once liberalism and democracy finally came up in to play with these issues. Finally, I provided my opinion on which US amendments should be followed by the new Iraqi administration which has been formed today, and exactly how these elements can prevent civil warfare. As I have stated before, I believe that a solid form of federal is the one that consists of a sense of liberal democracy, to be able to maintain a sophisticated and compliant administration like the one we reside in the united states.