Posted at 11.16.2018
Two of the very most successful poets of the 19th century, specifically between 1830 and 1900, were Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Alfred Lord Tennyson. The poems being analyzed throughout this article are Aurora Leigh and 'The Cry of the Children' by Elizabeth Browning, and 'The Sweetheart of Shallot', 'In Memoriam' and 'The Lotus-Eaters' by Alfred Tennyson. Many of these poems show how poets of the Victorian period dealt with the concept of morality in their own modern worlds. In detail, this essay will concentrate on 'Elizabeth Browning's feminist mother nature in her poems. Browning also creates about the modern day issues during her life-time, like the conflicts women faced as regards their house and work lives. That is shown on 'Aurora Leigh' in great details. She also creates about the have difficulties of young children and this is visible in the poem 'The Cry of the Children'. This article will also discuss Alfred Lord Tennyson and the different styles that he used throughout his writings, such as reduction, relationship and loneliness. His poetry is situated a great deal on emotions. It is sometimes suggested that he based his poetry by himself life and his psychological state at different times in his life. Both these poets give opportunities to the reader to see deeper into the life of population back in the 19th century.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning was one of the very most famous poets in England in the Victorian time for several reasons. Her womanly position aided her poems in getting seen and in getting read. In the majority of her poems she shows an interest or at least a view in to the world around at the time. Her poem 'Aurora Leigh' (1857) is written by means of a novel - poem. At that time that she composed this it wasn't know for girls to write book or epic poems, if they were to write it could only be brief verses, or sometimes like Browning they would also write sonnets. The poem has a modern day environment and it shows issues of the modern society, especially in relation to the discord between gender and genre in poetry. In Victorian world, there was a lot more emphasis placed on the purity of women and also there is the sense that women would be seemed down upon if indeed they didn't uphold these ideals. Elizabeth Browning wrote in ways, against society, so to a spot she was a typical Victorian poet. She was, in a sense, feeding into modernism, moving away from your typical modern culture ways. We can see this too in her poem 'Aurora Leigh' when she says "Their single work is to stand for the age, how old they are, not Charlemagne's, - this live, throbbing time" (ll. 202-203). In an article by Joyce Zanona on Elizabeth Browning there's a lot of dialogue throughout the feminist characteristics of 'Aurora Leigh'. She undergoes how Aurora talks of the treating women, and hoe women to Aurora were being treated as "offal". In The Norton Anthology of British literature it explains to us of how there were many contemporary musicians and artists at the moment, such as Emily Dickinson or John Ruskin that admired her work for her "moral and emotional ardour and her lively engagement with the problems of her day". Her poetry is noted to have a basic sense of morality running right through, in both her early works and her later works after her matrimony to Robert Browning, in poems like 'The Cry of the Children' and in her sonnets.
In 'The Cry of the Children' Elizabeth Browning gives an information into gender jobs in society in the 1800s, the commercial revolution and also into the system of morality that some say failed during the Victorian period. In the poem, Browning represents the life of little children in the 1800s, before the Industrial Revolution. In the low classes they were designed to work from a very early age, whether it is at the workhouses or on farms or everywhere. A whole lot of Victorian writers wrote for the cause that was the life of these little kids, and the cultural life mainly of the poorer classes and the interpersonal challenges. In 'The Cry of the Children' Browning say "They may be weeping bitterly! They can be weeping in the playtime of others, in the country of the free" (ll. 10-12). A lot of poets sensed like it was the lives of the youngsters that would have to be protected through the hard times of the revolution and the 19th century in general. Her poem, even from the first lines, advises the sorrow of the kids in the 19th century plus they unfortunate times that they were faced with. She paints the picture of a good picturesque place to live with "The young lambs are bleating in the meadows, the young birds are chirping in the nest" (ll. 5-6). She also wonders if the small children ask yourself why they weep much. The images of the lifeless trees and shrubs and dying anticipation also suggests that at that time that Browning had written the poem there was a great deal of troubles and hardships in world. The damaged images may represent the damaged modern culture that was around then, for the reason that that they had a lot of guidelines and ideals which Browning and other poets believed needed to be forgotten.
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, was mostly known for his brief poems, a lot of which acquired themes of any mythological character, like 'Ulysses'. Split to these however was 'In Memoriam', that was written in storage area of his fellow poet and best ally Arthur Hallam, written in 1850 and being one of the primary successes he produced throughout his profession. In his poetry Tennyson can be seen to have reflected over a common concern that was also apparent among other poets of this era, the conflict that was developing between the growth of knowledge in the technological world and the religious trust. In his poem 'In Memoriam' he doesn't really put focus on one way of thinking or a particular religion, yet, in his poem 'Ulysses' Tennyson creates about how it is better to live in the present than dwell on the past, how you will need to anticipate the near future and progress with knowledge and experience. Inside the poem he says that the mind serves "to strive, to seek, to find, and not to produce" (l. 70), so he's leaning towards the side of knowledge, that if you have knowledge you can progress and become happy, faith isn't a need. In 'In Memoriam' Tennyson challenges a little because of his trust, how it started to disappear following the fatality of his friend. As the poem goes on, the tone changes to a brighter, more nice feeling since it seems he has come to the final outcome that his trust cannot be ruined, especially not by knowledge or science.
'The Woman of Shallot' was formerly written in 1832 but it was later modified by Tennyson and finally it was printed ten years later, in 1842. 'The Woman of Shallot' can be viewed as being like the tale of the Maid of Astolat, however Tennyson always said that it was actually based on an individual experience, on an old Italian Romantic face. In Flavia Alaya's e book it says "Interpretations of 'The Girl of Shallot' symbolize it as you of Tennyson's many unresolved expressions of his peculiar problem: artistic determination vs. Public responsibility, failing woefully to make an important variation between disposition and activity whereby his interpretation becomes less paradoxical". He struggled with trying to choose whether or not writing about things that mattered to him, like politics history and standard humanitarian issues would take away from his poetry what he worked well so hard that will put involved with it, magic.
'The Lotus-Eaters' is a poem which details a couple of mariners who after eating lotus' are isolated from the earth. In 'The Lotus-Eaters' there is the theme of whether or not a poet should create work to enjoy the planet, or whether they should just enjoy the world simply by residing in it. The poem suggests that by giving into the electric power that the rose conveys, the mariners are misleading themselves. Within the poem Tennyson says "meadow, place with slender galingale; a land where all things always appeared the same!" (ll. 23-24). It really is almost as if by consuming the lotus's that the mariners were leaving reality and they instead were going into a world where thing appeared to be unique of they actually were. The poem 'The Lotus Eaters' considers the variations between living in a community and living on one's own in isolation.
Unlike in 'The Lotus Eaters', in his poem 'The Female of Shallot', the woman is isolated however in a different way than the mariners. The difference in their isolation being that she doesn't genuinely have a selection in the situation, she cannot leave whereas the mariners could leave the island. She's no choice in her isolated point out. The Lady is lured away and gleam curse involved. You can make the argument that Tennyson was authoring his own life, the have difficulty from being isolated and torn between it and the public eyes because of his poetry.
In both Elizabeth Barrett Browning's and Alfred Lord Tennyson's writings, the issue of women's sexuality and their put in place the Victorian age is noticeable. The societal status of ladies in the Victorian time proved problems in the countrywide power of Great britain with appalling social conditions. Challenges grew more and more for women because there is this notion where there was the 'ideal female'. This is at that time when there is gender inequality in both politics and society. Women were seen to truly have a domestic purpose and also to maybe do work in the workhouses if they were poor, but in the poem 'Aurora Leigh', Elizabeth Browning writes about Aurora's success in both her professional and home lives, and this too poses the question of the particular role was for ladies in the Victorian era was. Browning appears to of put some of her own encounters as a woman article writer in this age into Aurora Leigh, almost as though she actually is completely writing about herself under a disguised name, her problems as a woman.
This essay shows how in their own different ways, both these poets handled the issue of morality and world in their own way and in their own lives. In addition, it showed different ways that poets and writers in the Victorian era tried to deal with social issues, like Elizabeth Browning and child labour and feminist activity or Alfred Lord Tennyson and the thoughts people had to deal with along with problems et cetera. It showed plainly how there was a lot of problems facing freelance writers in the 19th century and it showed the different mental states that they all went through and how they portrayed these in their poetry. It confirmed their way of dealing with the moral function of poetry in the modern world.