Before Hitchcock became a world-famous director, he was an art director and a collection designer. Due to these experience, he made huge effort in the design of the set of Rear Home window. The group of design in Back Window can be defined as theatrical, exhibiting only few sets: Jeff's apartment, the courtyard, the complicated building, and the securely street from Jeff's apartment view. Essentially, all of them haven't any interconnection but Hitchcock used the cinematic technology to connect Jeff's history and his neighbor. Besides the cinematic technology, Jeff's neurotic or psychotic tendencies connects the neighbor in the storyline of the movie. There are two varieties of narrations - Jeff and Hitchcock. The narrative story is about Jeff and Hitchcock factors of view and perspective of the neighbor. In a few level, this means the representation of Jeff's sense and the exploration of the partnership between omniscient (Hitchcock) and subjective (Jeff) narrators. From Rear Window, both of the narrators (i. e. Hitchcock and Jeff) shows Jeff internal conditions such as stress and anxiety because of job and relationship from the neighbor's life through the cinematic technology such as camera movement, framing and editing.
The collection from 2:25-3:32 shows Jeff's anxiety, ambivalence and desire mainly about his job through the camera reduces to various home windows of neighbor. The sequence starts off when Jeff is sleeping; therefore the camera movements is Hitchcock's possible. Compare to Jeff's perspective pictures in the movie, the camera movement of Hitchcock narration is more mobile. Jeff's narration is shot response shot, it demonstrates his immobility because of his cracked leg. Alternatively, Hitchcock as omniscient narrator narrates through the camera activity to engage us in the reason and effect logic to put together Jeff's story and background; so the audience can understand why Jeff attemptedto do later of the movies. Hitchcock simply unveiled Jeff's neighbor to the audience about the courtyard. Actually he's telling the storyplot of Jeff to the audience. First, the camera slashes to the studio room of songwriter who turned off the air. He converts it off because the announcer's question struck the songwriter's nervousness. At the same time, the question about the relationship of Lisa causes anxiousness to Jeff. He doubts if he's not the right man for Lisa. The photos in her apartment proved that he loves freedom and adventure. More importantly, they are not as abundant as Lisa. Therefore he cannot provide the quality of that Lisa is utilized to be. He's no longer young and he does not have a studio room. Both of these evade their problems. The songwriter changes off the radio because he doesn't want to handle his problem. He feels there is no way to solve the problem. At the same time, Jeff has no confidence on taking care Lisa as a photographer. It really is one of why he refused Lisa's proposal later.
Miss Torso confirmed when the camera is constantly on the pan left following the songwriter, and the childless couples. It is a long shot of her dancing practice in the apartment. The camera centered on her leg that reflected Jeff's desire of physical freedom and his destroyed leg. He's compelled to be immobile; therefore he cannot follow his goal. He issues about being able to renew his creative capabilities as a shooter after his recovery. Jeff admires the dancer due to huge attempts she exerted while dancing. He also needs to apply as hard as the dancer. Like a photographer, it is shame that he can't take photo in front of the attractive lady; therefore he chose to voyeur.
Furthermore, the attractive dancer contains the interest of both Jeff and viewers. Oftentimes, female characters will be the visible pleasure of males in many Hollywood films. Voyeurism in Back Window is largely a masculine activity. Jeff realizes that unlike the partnership, there is absolutely no responsibility after his voyeur. He'd rather watch Neglect Torso than touch the women next to him. It shows how he tries to flee the marriage and the love of Lisa. Also, Rear end Window shown the subconscious obsession of the contemporary society. Besides that, Laura Mulvey intensively examined the serious voyeurism of Jeff and even Hitchcock in her article called The Oppositional Gaze where she discloses that whenever Lisa across to the salesman apartment from Jeff apartment, their marriage changed dramatically. It is the first time he uses the lens to voyeur Lisa in distant which is comparable to his voyeurism to Pass up Torso. Nevertheless, Mulvey says that voyeurism is an optimistic practice. She lent Freud's idea to describe that the audience projects the repressed need to the female or female persona through the idea of view editing and enhancing and identifying the spectator. Most part of the movie are in Jeff's and Hitchcock's point of view. It completely clarifies how the unconscious patriarchal contemporary society constructed much of the happenings in the film.
According to Woolrich, the movie is focused on women and violence. The scholar Anthony J. Mazzella remarks that "In addition to the murder sufferer, the mistress, the forerunner of Pass up Lonelyhearts, and the newlywed partner, there are no major women personas in the storyline. There is absolutely no Neglect Torso no Lisa Carol Fremont. " (63) The role of women play in the movie is perfect for the male gaze and gratifying the audience's voyeurism. Mazzella informs that in the movie, Mrs. Thorwald was sliced and dispersed in the East River. On the other hand, Mr. Thorwald buried her whole body apartment building. The storyline of film is more appealing to the audience when Jeff's storyline links with an increase of violence, women then Woolrich's story only links back to you to violence.
The next camera views the children learning, dancing and laughing about the block- cleaning pick up truck wherein the kids can cool-down by the spray of the truck. Hitchcock is revealing through this shot that Jeff is longing. Jeff desires to be like the children who is able to cool-down by the pick up truck in the hot and damp weather. The function of this shot is a wish- a manifestation of Jeff's desire. Jeff is forced at home already six weeks. He looks like the bird in the cage which proved in the camera before moving back into Jeff's apartment and providing the potential from Hitchcock to Jeff. These images function like a mirror to job desires and doubts from Jeff's psyche
After Hitchcock's potential of Jeff's sense, it is indicate another arena of Jeff. Now, it is Jeff's decide on tell his psyche about relationship to the audience echo from his neighbor. Inside the dialogue with the visiting nurse, Stella; Jeff mentioned again that Lisa wouldn't normally be able to adapt his exciting life, but the truth is that he is reluctant that he cannot conform himself to her needs since he is the exact contrary in her love of fashion, comfort and prosperity. It shown on the newlyweds on the left. Although Jeff seems good about the relationship from the newlyweds in the very first time; he slowly realized that the young wife's intimate demands raises and the hubby find it difficult to satisfy. Within this movie, almost all of the female character types like the young partner, Mrs. Thorwald, Neglect Lonelyhearts and Lisa rely on the guy and asking something from man. The young wife increasing sexual needs, Mrs. Thorwald's continuous need for attention from Mr. Thorwald, Neglect Lonelyhearts's desire of love, and Lisa's desire of secure marriage are proved and threatened Jeff.
In the point of view editing links Jeff and the Thorwalds through the phone discussion with Gunnison, his editor at the magazine. It's the first-time in the movie that the dialogue and the visible action coincide. As they talk off- display about matrimony, the camera shows Mr. Thorwald and Mrs. Thorwald are arguing. The bad relationship and estrangement romance also shows in the adornment of the Thorwalds' apartment. They take up independent rooms- Mr. Thorwald, the living room; Mrs. Thorwald, the bedroom. Additionally, the colors of the wall surfaces of these rooms will vary wherein Mrs. Thorwald's bedroom was coated in a cool color while Mr. Thorwald's living room is painted with warm color. This means Mrs. Thorwald feels hurting and depressing on the invalid and the disloyalty of herhusband. Although Mr. Thorwald suffers the nagging from his partner, he has a mistress; therefore, the colour is at warm build. In Jeff's notion of the Thorwalds' matrimony is a kind of prison or such as a bird captured inside the cage. Jeff and Thorwalds are refused of the freedom to go. It relates not only his present immobility of his busted knee but also to his possible matrimony to Lisa.
The mirroring of photographs of meal with Lisa is more complex than the dialog between Jeff and Gunnison. The evening meal shot was built around a structure of alternation from report- space to tale- space or from Jeff as "actor" to Jeff as "spectator". The editing and enhancing here is identical to other point of view shots to establish Jeff's voyeuristic involvement in his neighbor. As Lisa prepares supper for Jeff, Jeff pieces Neglect Lonelyhearts and web links the implicit similarity between her and Lisa who are setting up dinner for a guy who is not necessarily here for them. Furthermore when Lisa begins to create the table for supper, Jeff also looks at Thorwalds who's having supper. Jeff and Mrs. Thorwald have the implicit similarity that they rebuffed their partner's meal preparing. It shows the relationship of Jeff and Lisa is really as most detrimental as the Thorwalds. The Thorwalds' matrimony made Jeff not to believe in matrimony. He doesn't want his matrimony look be the same as the Thorwalds; therefore, he refused it to Lisa. Jeff identifies himself and Mr. Thorwald as unpredictable men. Jeff loves to take adventure to get the skill and Mr. Thorwald just desires to fool around.
Hitchcock's great achievement in the period of his job was proved by Rear Windows. From the narration of Hitchcock and Jeff, the audience realizes Jeff's changing. Before, he likes to put himself in risk and experience as revealed in the images in the apartment. Jeff advances the narration of Hitchcock by his research of the murder circumstance. Finally, Jeff paid the price tag on voyeur which his two lower limbs are damaged. He makes a decision not voyeur and sleeping peacefully. In the ultimate shot about the neighbor is the newlywed wife nagging the husband by Hitchcock's narration. It instructs us although Thorwalds' storyline is end (the new point cover on the bloodstained wall structure), the issues in marriage will not end and appears to be a repetition of situation between the Thorwalds. These different narrative voices produced a split narration. Hitchcock provides different mediating firms to tell account which audience can classify the narrators between omniscient (Hitchcock) and subjective (Jeff). Work Cited
Raubicheck, Walter. , and Srebnick Walter, ed. Hitchcock's Rereleased Films. Detroit:
Wayne State College or university Press, 1991. Print out.
Mulvey, Laura. Visual Pleasure and Narrative Theatre. Oxford College or university Press, 1975.