Posted at 11.17.2018
" It had been my ambition" said Tagora " I'd make the children happy and free. Circumstances of joyous independence inevitably lade to spontaneous home manifestation. Though multitudinous creative activities. In a full time income system of education to-day. Therefore, oreative soul should be fostered, to the fullest magnitude by providing a field because of its unobstructed self appearance. "
Adolesones is the sprit of life. The hobbies and interests of adolescent children are different and various. Their interests and interested are indicative of their desire, needs, aptitudes and their different fasts. So far as my knowledge runs no work has been made up to now to review and explore this most significant and interesting facet of girls. Life and education at least in vidurbha areas. Today's work in its own ares, is a humble make an effort in this field.
No modern university to day is undoubtedly progressive unless it makes suitable procedures for the reactive, and secretive solidities and pastimes of the adolescent. India is lagging behind in this respect. The abject of the present study is to put light upon this facet of the adolescents females reading in the extra schools. To learn to what scope there activities of ladies can be viewed as a necessary and integer part of the school game and to suggest ways and means to make interests far better and popular in the existing situations.
The actual analysis prevent such more complicated than was expected and could reach today's level only with the eager co-operation of all the Teachers, brain mistress, women students and their guardians. In virtually any quarters, uncertainties were reised, the investigator is now able to definitely say that the labour included is apply rewarded. The investigator must un hesitatingly confess that the valuable perception gained here has been extremely beneficial to her and have given her a great satisfaction.
It has been a privilege for the prospect to work under the assistance of shri. R. S. Muely M. A. M. ED. of Colleges Training College NAGPUR who kept no rock unturned to enable the investigator to complete this work. The writer wishes to offer her Sincere because of him acknowledging his encouraging and sympathetic instruction with deep appreciation.
I wish to express my thanks to all the Head-Mistresses, guardians, teachers and young girls etc. Without whose whole hearten co-operation the job would not reach the stage designed to.
BHANDARA ( Lecturer, Authorities College
of Education BHANDARA)
III Importance of the problem
IV Method and procedure
V Data Research and interpretation.
VI Conclusions and Ideas.
I A List of young ladies Secondary Schools Nagpur
II B Get ranking order of pastimes according to the
Preference of young girls, parents and Head mistresses.
III C Questionnaire for women students
IV D Questionnaire for parents.
V E --- for Head-Mistresses
VI F. Bibliography.
With the dawn of freedom in India several reforms are loing launched in the field of education. Most of us realize that this can be a sacred responsibility of the institution, government bodies to help the institution going children develop as valuable resident of Democratic republic. "The brand new Education endeavours through the working rules of freedom, creativity, to bring joy and delight into colleges and into the life of children which method schooling has tended to cramp unduly" remarks Shri K. G. Saiyidan in his book. The high school is one of the key agencies of education for children. The attempted towards enhancing extra education should be made in keeping because the interests, behaviour and aptitudes and creative activities of the children. Adolescente is so important in one's life so it can't be relegated into the background. It is quite, an favourable period from the point of view of education obviously that it is very important to understand this era for devising ways and means for launching reforms in neuro-scientific education of children. The educational activities carry no fruits unless they are larged on needs and passions of the aducand. It is righting stated by Elisabeth Hurlock. "In review of adolescents, a study of their hobbies is valuable approach to an understanding of them as individuals. "
This can be achieved it the children are with proper activities, suited to their passions. The/So provided to toss some light on understanding of such present analysis was created (above see from to toss)
Activities of adolescents, especially the adolescent females.
One of the gravest problems of our own educational system today is that there is no provision in it for keeping the adolescent usefully or rather properly engaged during the hours when he is not at institution or occupied in his studies, at home. More regularly than no their leisure time are either thrown away or misutillged. Enough time at the disposal of the -----kids or girls continues to be greater on vacations and half ----- holiday seasons.
In overseas countries, many colleges are of domestic type plus they have comprehensive and well -chalked out programs of free time activities. These activities keep of the adolescent involved during his leisure time. May it's the interests and interests which after proper opportunities to the adolescent to display the various talents and faculties that the may be gifted with which is through these he gets proper training and true lessons of lie.
Taking under consideration such need for activities during free time, several significant studies have been reported in this field wgueg are pointed out at relevant places in the present work. Many of these studies are quite intensive and predicated on scientific investigation. In these studies we not find a clear picture of Indian adolescent and their pursuits and hobbies pursued in free time.
There is no such provision for leisure time activities or program of parsing pastimes in Indian institutions if there be any, it is wry often of she with nearly no intrinsic value to the students. The teacher whole a key point directly influencing the child is the staru enough to take profile of such activities. He thinks that his role is for instructing only those studies which are booking and academic. Thinking in this manner. Teacher naturally ignore the value of understanding the individual carefully. Which a impressive attribute of new education of today. The article of the training commission rate 1964-66 while speaking about the importance of creative activities. Pursuits and arts in education. expresses, " In this which values finding and invention, education for creative expression acquires added value. However the fine arts and are productive activities thought to be "frills" added to the real education and neglected because they're not examination subjects.
Similarly the kid at home, frequently become a problem to parents and guardians during leisure time. The young orate being ted and defended by its parents has more energy than it needs for maintenance and expansion.
This extra energy of the child consequently is prolonged in activities without any ulterior aim. Such activities of children at home are deemed simply as creating nuisance to family, father or mother who have no idea the paychologicla value of these activities take a look at them as trifling.
This study may be beneficial to the guardians who tend to be fould complaining against their wards. In what of Dr. Run shakal Pandey, an eminent Indian investigator in field of hobbies of the Indian guys. "No doubt, the adolescente are often enable to make reasonable adjustment. But this isn't all. The guardians also cannot excoriate themselves totally. The actual fact remains whether such guardians have ever cared to bother to adjust even themselves fairly to the wants, desires and behaviour and interests of the wards. In the ultimate analysis it has been discovered that lots of of them aren't fully alive with their responsibility in this area. " It really is beleved that this study can help them to understand their responsibilities in relation to their adolescent wards. "Reacreation is essential in order to keep good mental health. To almost all of our boysand girls, adolescence is an an happy years. Offering the recreational facilities in shape of pastimes for adolescent is significant in instruction program No councelor can be successful in his work unless he acquaints himself with passions and aptitudes of his clients.
The purpose of today's inveatigation is to toss light on this facet of adolscent life in the wish that it might be useful to both teachere and parents. In this research proper and aystematic review of hobbies is manufactured. This night help in planning the currioulumtieme desk and then for providing special apportunities adolescents. In what of Hr. R. Douglas, " all youths need opportunities to develop their interests to understand beauty in books, art work, music, and character, consequently children should get range for beautiful books, attracting and painting, ethic and dramatic activities. "
A rigid curriculum emphasizing mere intellecnal experience is likely to cause for better harm to the adoleacents if it engenders a keep aprit of comperition. Extra Education Commission article 1952. 53 reffered to the various defects of present curriculum and pointed out that, " our education is too bookish, mechanical, stereotyped, rigidly uniform and didn't cater with different aptitudes of the pupil. Before, our schools have gone whole regions of the pupils personality untouched and unquickened, their psychological life, their social impulses. That clarifies why most them emerge without inner resources of interests which is often cultivated and parsued as pleasurable and useful pastimes. " In view of the serious brief cowing in the educational program it furt he suggested in the section of curriculum that a host to honour should be given to content like art, craft, music dance, and development of different interests. "A conversation of the deficition of a spare time activity might not exactly be out of place here, webster's third new international dictionary defines a hobby as". A specialized parsuit as stamp collecting, painting, wood working, gardening, that has gone out side oass occupation and that one finds especially interesting and revel in doing usually in non-professional way as a way to obtain leisure time leisure. "Oxford English Dictionary gives definition of hobby as, " A well liked occupation ortopic parsued for enjoyment or an individual pursuit to which a person unduly committed. " This we may defind a hoppy as a pleasurable it gives during leisure time. It signifies both activity and interest. It really is a reliable and systematic parsuit of an activity which one looks forward to engaging in and that provides relaxation from serious parsuit definable by the word work. " Hobbies and interests are manifestation of play trend of youth expressed in parsuit of home chosen activity. Pastimes stand for spontaneous interest of individuals in which they engage during leisure time with great pleasure and sometimes with a complete andon. In its field a person's abilities are given free play providing him chance to express his internal and truer do it yourself. It helps him to enrich his potential creative power making his life richer and valuable for himself and contemporary society.
A hobby always have a tendency to words some kind of specialization and skill. It preaches enthusiasms and curiosity about parsuit or a particular activity.
It gives training that emphasis manual skill, and co-ordianted action of eyes and relationship, and heart. It refines individuals head. Fasters active, producing a rich psychological experience, joy and therefore an riches his personality.
It is no out of spot to talk about what prompted the candidate to select a problem on her behalf research, arts, exhibition in women universities and in other places offered her an opportunity to see meticulously what young girls do in their free time. The growth to gether different specimen of embroidery, kintting, painting, attracting, leather work dolls, therefore many creative samples of art to display in such exhibitions. This be wildering productive and creative work was the creation of these free time activities parsued in the shape or hobbies and interests. As the applicant was greatly interested in such interests, of ladies she required an opportunity to study pastimes of girls systemtionally and need for the situation in the educational program.
In our Indian preparing certain facts cannot be ignored. One of these is the fact that always the home is the first school in order of your time and it must always remain first to be able worth focusing on. The parents, largely the mother, who is the natural instructor, must be endowed specially with fraining fit for proper education of her children. "Obviously in the formative amount of the chilled, it is the not her who ounts for all those. These fore, mother who has boan well been trained in other ways becomes essential in education " remarked Nehruji in his famous speech at men school at madras.
More over while dad may sped less amount of time in home, the child is olely in charge of mother. The ther should under stand the orces that are participating in after unfolding lives of her children and environment into that they may joining order that she may wisly preside over their physical mental and moral up delivering. A study of hobbies of girls may be valuable to moms as it could enable them to keep balance between scholastic and other creative and recreative activities also to provide time and apportunities to her children.
"Within the transitional phase in which we are at present certain subconscious differences between men and women should be accepted us matter of fact as a sensible bear is good for building up to curriculum for boys and girls" refer to the supplementary education commission statement 1964-66. While fraining the curriculum for girls " Significance of the training of girls can't be ove emphasized. For everyone development of juman resources, the improvement of hones as well as for moulding the character of children through the most impression many years of infancy, the training of women is of own great importance.
In shaping the training of women therefore, the institution should target at the introduction of future moms and home designers. These will adopt not only working out.
In the home fine art but deliberate formative seeking to wards the no there functive as an educator of children. In the words of Desai. Furthermore females need some special preparation can include such as cooking food, as wing, has decoration, child development, some fine arts such as painting, music, attracting, embroidery etc. This "basic center of education" should be targeted at promoting in the person an intelligent knowing of her environment and her role in it and paring her a reliable housewife.
Girls are by natural means future mothers. They can be natural educators of these children too. Development of hobbies and interests such as performing knitting, dancing, decorating, gardening etc. give opportunities to self appearance they can as their leisure profitably in adornment of home, participate them solves in local arts, in pursuit of books, and intellectual and moral hobbies, to make has more happy and the preferred place to live in such considering such importance of leisure from activities and hobbies an humble make an effort image by the prospect in the, field. It'll easeful both professors and guardians both who would like to improve the Childs personality directly.
Importance of the trouble.
A hobby, "a favorite subject or job that is not one's main business, " said by S. G. Hedges, "is obviously important for three main reasions, you can find more leisure, there is the tyranny of machine, there are the economic circumstances which will make it difficult for individuals to choose congenial career. "
The attractive feature of the twentieth century is the machine age. Every population is transferring through rapid change. At the a while, it cannot be deviled that all the conditions of life are changing. With increasing mechanizations, the hours of labour are being reduced whilst work is now less intelligent and less interesting. In many sectors diquity of labour no longer exists. Thus leisure will certainly become the greater portion of man's life, for the unemployed it is already the complete. "It is urged by Dark brown in the educational sociology. . that". Education must deliberately be aimed towards permitting men to make use of the leisure dright. The actual fact becomes so imp that it requires specific concern in this program of countrywide education.
Hobbies cultivate individuale affinity for come activities and thus make the leisure time fruitful. At specific finde himself free during a part of his lifestyle from demands, of regular getting in touch with and can enter after any line of activity within his selection of interests. To one, who is rolling out no interests beyond his vocation, leisure becomes bore done and become is often lured to find rest from it in the thrills of drink in playing resulting in specific unhappiness and aggravation thus making loss of individual's contribution to sociable riches. Besides it is a great damage to culture, civilization and human being values.
Thus education for leisure is of vital importance. Fedder expresses in pratical instruction methods for cousellors educators and supervision that "moral and social tone of population depends upon the perfect solution is of the condition of leisure times. " Rangane than just as remarks, " change the type of nation's leisure and corresponding change in its culture an of efficiency will follow, Cyril in his statistical research of juvenile delequancy demonstrates, " majority of juvenile oftences occur during free time hours. " A well-balanced program of free time activities will action both prophylaxis and a there by. It will ansure a proper integrated personality, build both physical and mental health, conduce psychological development and develop special expertise, skills and hobbies. " Remarks B. D. (*) Bhatia in his philosoply and education while discussing Education for leisure education.
He further mentions, "Education for leisure must start, however in schools. " Right attitudes can be more easily made in institutions then later in life. Provision in the colleges programe of free and creatives activities by way crafts and hobbies and interests, given path to qouthful enthysiam and training for healthy profession. This will save the adult lateron, from emptiness of idleness and help him to enrich, ennoble and recreate his life, go to gether.
The selection of possible leisure activities is big many people prefer to get productive participates other may be more apectatorasame enjoy reading, video games, or one of the collection pastimes such as stamps, coius, others choose one or more of the arts, music, pulling and painting, dance or photography. Still, find recreation in doing useful or constructive tasks as carpentary or sewing.
Litery type of pastimes, such as reading writing have always been kept in high esteem because of their socializing value. From these the kids learn to admire and also to imitate their favorite hereoes. They come to understand value that the painter, musician, poet, sculpture, the arihitect, confer on mankind. They realize that those who labour for materials gain by themselves sow the seeds of discord and inflame the passions of greed and previous and are apt to be followed by curses of their fellowmen while those who labour for higher things of life secure cleassings and leave behind them memory that remains benediction to all or any mankind.
The caltivation of hobby like singing and music, yields immediate pleasure and reach favourably on the house. Angela patri in her "Home and studyguide. " Says that, "Musicachieves twofold goal, It given pleasure to us and allows us to provide pleasure to others, music plays a vital role in everyday living, "
The modern education is aimed at training of the individual for a new order of culture based on love, justice and peace. Thee eternal volues of love, justice and calmness are essentially moral in figure. Music can greatly help the mental training of center and nature which is greatly helpful to the cultural well-being.
Creative sort of hobbies that are creative, manual, intellechial, public till the vacant time enlarging one's imaginat inventiveness, resourcefulness and field of expertise. Trained in them offers, embassies manual skill, and co-ordinated achive of hard, mind and heart and soul. It refives the individual's mind producing rich mental experiences and pleasure. What of peskett, are worth to say here, "India has full and abundant history of artists. " And craft men's work it is pity that this fact has been sufficiently exploited by secondary schools a wealthy past deserves abundant future "hobbies can be utilized for the sublimation of instincts. Intuition, though innate, are not totally developed at labor and birth. Each shows up in eveitably at its proper time. Teachers can redirect them from biological geal to one that is useful to both specific and culture. The instinct for acquisition for example, if not properly redirected might tent to make the child a miser. The professor and guardian should utilizes the hobbies of collection i. e. stamp coin, signatures etc. for growing his acquisitive instinct. So also combat instinct can be aimed as play pastimes. Constructive intuition. Should cave in through hobbies of development viz. Making gadgets solid wood carving, sculpturing. " the self-confidence that construction offers extends further them manual work. Power to do anything boosts self respect and for that reason his value, . To himself yet others.
Hobbies can bring about a powerful changes of social behavior and can encourage healthy cultural adjustment which is the most important feature of modern education. Healthy cultural modification requives that child should develop necessary frame of mind habit's and skill to permit him to take part in and enjoy grump life.
Social hobbies like participating in, felling ? hearing testimonies, etc, provide apportunities through which every child increases experience of planned public life and learns to make and test good friend ship, to handle and meet competition, to try out and work as a member of a team and recognize responsibilities and willpower. They help remove poor sociable modification like extreme shyness, solitariness, overdependence, bulging, cruelty and aversion towards apposite gender.
Hobbies generally signify the received sentiment or behaviour to words a topic. Mostly they are simply learned "They do not grow as independent entifies that can be plucked like apples from free remarks * Jersild in this famous look on child psychology. A educator of understanding will charm to the hobbies and interests of his pupils, skillfully weaving his teaching around there strong passions. He should build-up and faster sentiments of love for various subject matter. A tutor for mathematics, for example, will seek to engender in his pupil a live for mathematics, getting him to look on his work much less a task but as an enjoyable intellectual parsuit.
Hobbies tend to bring about deeper co-operation between school and home. The professor must recognize the program for use of leisure which the child gets at home. This involves a teacher to determine direct contact with parents and so know the equipment and facilities offered by parents to children.
This they try to bring the home and university nearer by introducing household profession in the school program. "Preadolscence and adolescence agreement parents truly puzzling problem. The youngster is getting close "adulthood now. Turbulent in themselves, these are further darkened by the shadow of future. These condition generate a dependence on home school marriage for the correct advice of there adolescence * remarks Hymes in his book effective home institution relations.
Asystematic study of hobbies of our school going adolescents, may help the guardian and professors to understood special interest of the kid by viewing their passions sympathetically and assisting to provide opportunities for then instructors and parents can win child's self-assurance and secure his understanding.