This paper is for a presentation about how Brecht's adaptation of Antigone could be pave method for proto-Marxists behaviour and idea in the long run of the World Warfare II. The presentation would shed light how Sophocles' original play about divine involvement and early regulations in early times could have led to passivity in conditions of oppression, and how Brecht tried to raise the suppression in his method of adapting Antigone.
Bertolt Brecht was a man of great accomplishments in neuro-scientific Arts. He has helped designed the world of theatre acting as it is known today with his differing styles and strategies. Throughout his career, he has helped convert lives and the creative industry.
When it boils down to it, it could be said that Brecht is among those who are responsible for beginning the sight of the individuals for their power to revolt and protect their stands against their betters. Since the Elizabethan era employs the whims of monarchs and the decrees of royalty and their superiors, those who find themselves poor are still left without a tone to be listened to. They will pay high fees if it was asked of these, they will march on to warfare if their landlord orders them to do so.
Following this reasoning, it is no think about that Bertolt Brecht labeling Old Greeks and Englishmen of that time as barbarians. They may be categorized as barbarians in such a way they are embracing the feelings indicated by the heroes of Sophocles and Shakespeare. Though very the dialogue might be, there sits a hidden fact in each accusation that the audience are barbarians in the sense they are lapping the tragedies and misfortune of other folks and with them as their own gauge of how beautiful their lives are. In case it so happens that the barbarians could actually catch a glimpse of how horrid certainty was to those who find themselves less lucky than their high statures, they would continue steadily to dismiss it and carry on in their daily lives without striving to make a difference.
Perhaps to be able to shed light and distress these 'barbarians' as Brecht refers to the upper class, he adapted a favorite play by Sophocles entitled Antigone. Sophocoles' original play was about earthly laws and the energy of the divine and heaven's wrath. However, Brecht's aptly called The Antigone of Sophocles revealed a political play which illustrated what sort of divided country could be devastated after a pointless warfare. Brecht's version of Antigone reflects how familial tragedy could be converted into a politics pawn in a timely manner wherein the Germans are ripe for understanding and changes.
Yet prior to the presenter brings the listeners much deeper into the mind of this abnormal mind, it would be most preferable to introduce Brecht's qualifications and who he was. This can help the audience understand the framework of Brecht's works, which will thus enable those to relate more on how his works could be used to go relative to Sophoclean tragedy.
The yr 1898 brought to life Bertolt Brecht to a modest family, wherein he was exiled in 1933 when Nazis occupied Germany. He left Germany and disembarked to a voyage heading to Austria, and found himself in the Switzerland and the soils of France. He established premature roots in Denmark, and got to leave after six years when the battle was its earnest. Brecht in those days eluded it with his family members by going to Sweden, and finding refuge in Finland, and by travelling along the space of the Soviet Union. Finally, he found a boat which required him all the way to the land of the free, which is in Los Angeles, California, in the United States in the year 1941.
In the safeness of Los Angels, California, Brecht published his masterpieces entitled Mother Courage, The Caucasian Chalk Circle, The Good Person of Setzuan, and the famed THE LIFE SPAN of Galileo. The past part was previewed in Hollywood which stared a big name in theatre of that time: Charles Laughton, who helped Brecht in penning the English text. The Life of Galileo was proven to be so beautiful that it was showed in Broadway for a season.
During this time around, Brecht was already planning to return to European countries, but it was not fated to be. The House Committee on Un-American Activities as a branch of the US Congress subpoenaed designers, directors, and authors who had been allegedly known as having leftist sympathies. There have been ten writers and directors who were sent to prison because these were uncooperative and insisted on their rights to Liberty of Religion and Political Idea. Because of this, these were dubbed as the Unfriendly Ten, and were sentenced to contempt.
Brecht was the eleventh person to be subpoenaed by the Committee. On October 30th, Committee Chairman J. Parnell Thomas tried out Brecht and questioned him about the play Die Massnahme that was set in the Japanese Noh and was released in a left-wing publication in the United States. Brecht rejected allegiance to any left-wing motions, and was hereby released by the Committee to follow his writing.
Antigone was written from March 30 to Dec 12, 1947. Brecht was in Zјrich, Switzerland along with his family when the play was completed. It was first shown in Chur Stadttheater in Feb 1948.
From its beginning nighttime, theatergoers have talked about how Brecht's The Antigone of Sophocles is shrouded in enigma. Perhaps this may be attributed to the unavailable English translation, that was only offered during 1984. From 1948 to the launch of the British translation, the audience was required to make do with Brecht's adaptation of the initial Sophoclean tragedy.
The original play portrays Brecht's loose translation of Friedrich H¶lderlin's previous interpretation from Sophocles' original play. A member of the audience notes how an argument between Creon and Antigone becomes politics when Antigone berates Creon, yet Creon retorts in anger and demands Antigone's silence. Though it was clear that Creon was in the wrong, contemporary society still dictates that a woman cannot keep such strong opinions against her betters. Another controversial reality about the play is how despite the fact that less than five calendar months prior the play's opening nighttime, Brecht was questioned by the Committee about his loyalty to the country, and yet he had written such a questionable landscape wherein Creon was urging the audience to condemn Antigone for her lack of patrionism.
Willet (1959) mentions how despite the script being compiled by H¶lderlin, Brecht has evolved the lines to fit his communication. His style was carefully interwoven with H¶lderlin's that is become impossible to distinguish which lines where compiled by which article writer. Therefore Sophocles' tragedy was given an completely different so this means from what it was at first designed for. Brecht was also famed for using the Chorus to lead the audience in their responses.
In series with Brecht's changes to the script, it became noticeable that Antigone became worried about the privileges and needs of a person, against the energy and needs of their state, which is the problem during its showing in Switzerland. Though Sophocles' initial script suggested how individuals should submit blindly to Destiny and decision of gods no matter what, Brecht's interpretation of Antigone exhibited how it could be possible that 'man's fate is man himself'.
Perhaps it could be said that Brecht released post-Marxist ideals in the play, and the way the original beautiful tragedy was translated into a political ploy. Brecht demonstrated the means of a post-war, defeated Eastern Germany, and exactly how he improved Sophocles' purpose about divine laws and regulations upon the truth of condition terror following the war.
In Brecht's The Antigone of Sophocles, it was portrayed the way the Berlin of 1945 was at utter disarray. Throughout the story of Antigone, Breech could show how two sisters who may have a brother who kept his obligations and deserted the German force by clinging himself would fare. You will discover two selections: would they associated risk being found by the specialists, or as long as they leave him? Brecht proved how Creon was an extremely brutal tyrant, and how the system is smothering the individuals.
Brecht showed uniformity in his works when he repeated how unaggressive approval could be ruined people. He mentioned this in Kleines Orpnon as well as in Antigone.
The political meaning of Antigone is basically. When it was rewritten by Brecht, European countries was still adjusting after the turmoil induced by World Battle II, and the writer had personally witnessed the changes as a result of the devastation and disability of leaders to confess they're incorrect. This goes together with the communication in Brecht's Antigone, wherein assault feeds after itself, and entices those encompassing the violence to a vicious circuit of wars and conflicts that will continue after the people involved are dead, and are smashed for almost all their supports.
At the beginning of the play, Creon launched Thebes in an exceedingly aggressive and fatal conflict against Argos. This is comparable to Berlin's air-raids during the World Warfare II. Creon consistently brings damage and violence, and takes down his whole country into devastation, instead of surrendering in order to salvage a few of their house. The people of the play have said that is comparable to Hitler's dark-colored motives against Antigone's white actions to try to give her brother a reliable burial. Hitler tried to move down all individuals, and Brecht was trying to inform the German individuals to improve against Hitler - as Antigone argued with Creon - to have the ability to bring calmness and harmony within the country.
There were others who pointed out that Antigone was the symbol of hope and everything that is good. Creon was the tyrant whom Antigone was resisting to follow his wicked deeds. She was the angelic tone of voice of reason and conscience, and that goodness comes the useful lesson of obtaining practical wisdom against adversity.
With the Chorus which symbolizes the masses in accordance to Creon's announcements and military success, they are simply leading the audience into thinking that war is the proper answer to their problems instead of peace. However, in the long run of Brecht's written script, the Chorus transforms against Creon, and disorders him for releasing the unnecessary battle. This may be said to be an eye-opener for the audience, as they believed the energy of the people and exactly how they could promote their views for the betterment of the group.
Yet relating to background, the death of Stalin brought about the trend of East Berlin's staff. This uprising was smashed by Soviet tanks, and Brecht was thought to have supported the repression. There have been speculations about how precisely Brecht was rewarded for his attempts insurance firms his pieces premiered and performed, and the way the Stalin Peace Prize which he was given during 1955 was another emblem of how he backed Marxists behaviors. Nevertheless, after he passed on in 1956, the world all mourned for the fantastic writer.
This presentation shows how Bertolt Brecht was able to change the point of view of people in the turbulent times of World War II. In comparison to Sophocles' original piece, Antigone and Creon received the opportunity to discuss their defensible boasts before the tirades of the battle went on. In the original story, Polynices was not allowed to be buried for he was regarded as a traitor. Antigone then goes contrary to the decree and buries Polynices, which angers Creon. Thus proceeds Sophocles' tragedy wherein Antigone argues that she was following the divine directions of gods to bury the useless, and Creon was insisting that Antigone travelled from the State's wants.
Sophocles' thesis is simple: Antigone shouldn't have buried Polynices because this is up against the State's purchases. Yet with Brecht's version, Antigone was the main one in the righteous position because she was checking the sight of the state of hawaii and the individuals who to deprieve the dead of burial is unjust and unfavoured by gods.
In the end the question to be responded to is how much the folks is willing to improve up against the country. The Antigone of Sophocles' in Brecht's version opens the opportunity of a politics play which displays the horrors inflicted by the conflict and the concerns of modernity. Is the power of their state so great that even inactive men cannot receive justice? Brecht was able to show the various part of the battle: conflict wherein the families of deserters were battling for not being able to pay themselves proper respect, and how to swallow their morality with regard to not enraging the gods.
The speaker strongly thinks that in Brecht's adaptation of Antigone was presented with the proper justice it deserves by today's mediums and forms of communication. The Sophoclean tragedy could step up and become in accordance to Brechtian Epic Theatre which relieves days gone by and makes the audience have the impact of the battle. Clearly, this can be a matter of handling which position should the audience play in terms of identifying their freedom, and the probability of controlling a man's own fate, instead of permitting the heavens be the judge of the future.