The economic globalization leads to the linguistic globalization. The variables which make the terminology globalized are the number of languages, migration of people, spanish learning, tourism, internet languages, and international medical publications. Because of the dominant ethnic status of the UK and the USA, British has been developed as a lingua franca. The reasons to create global British are its geographical-historical and socio-cultural origins, which is also the people's natural needs with their real social life, whose complete forces created from the history and practice make the get spread around of English unstoppable on earth.
Nowadays, due to impact of globalization and modernization, minority or indigenous languages worldwide are endangered or the progressive disappearance has become a universal phenomenon. The success of the world's linguistic variety is also facing a severe threat. Concerned about the injury to the world's linguistic and ethnic diversity, the pattern of globalization of English, and as quickly as possible to take countermeasures, how to protect the individuals linguistic variety has aroused great concern.
Only half of a century in the past, any idea of British as a true global terminology was but a dim, shadowy, theoretical probability, encircled by the political, social and inexpensive uncertainties of this time, and lacking any clear meaning or sense of way. Fifty years on, the situation of English is becoming peculiar in that perhaps no other words has have you ever been so important on a global scale. Now nobody would ever argue that English is the common language of our world.
In today's world, global terminology is a expression that repeats itself at such a higher occurrence that few others can outmatch. You can bear in his / her head the question of what exactly are the properties which could justify a vocabulary with such a name. Why a words becomes a global dialect has little regarding the number of people who speak it. They have much more to do with who those audio system are. They must have huge electricity in economy, armed forces, politics, etc.
The globalization of British swallows and replaces the languages of the fragile and small countries of the world, and the languages and civilizations of the weak nations are faced with the possible devastation and the threat. People should protect the long-term individual deposition and living treasures of the dialects and cultures, and build a much better multi-language and multi-cultural harmonious international environment.
The climb of British as a global terminology has much regarding, besides its traits, Britain's words expansion policies over British colonial period, the surge of America and other English-speaking countries in the 20th century and the acceleration of globalization, etc. (Xu 1-2) English has become an important communication tool for folks throughout the world. On the other hand, the hegemony of British has serious outcomes, among other activities; it has speed up the increased loss of traditional civilizations for non-English-speaking countries and become a risk to world's cultural diversity and terminology ecology.
Some freelance writers (e. g. Phillpson, Skuttnab-Kangeas) declare that with the world-wide pass on and the establishment of prominent status, English is undoubtedly a 'killer vocabulary', (Skuttnab-Kangeas 1996:33), which endangers other languages and disrupts language ecology.
The English gradual globalization brings the next several questions:
First, People maybe your investment conventions, to be Westernized or Americanized. The large British words and expressions, the expressional ways invade other countries, so that the chastity of languages comes under the impact. What's more, people's thoughts have been very seriously twisted.
Second, following the English coming, american culture in the foundation of the traditional western value system invades the globe, and affects the countrywide culture's ethnic and linguistic diversity.
Third, about the special emphasis on the English research, it has the impact to the mother tongue study, concurrently creates folks mother tongue's commitment drop. Therefore, it poses a significant danger to indigenous people and languages.
Fourth, the one English motion encroaches on the training of mother language. The child British education outset time ahead of time. English education charge is huge. In Beijing, 240, 000 the only0-6 year-old cities child cost of up to 140, 000, 000 to 280 million Yuan for English study every year.
In view of the looks of today's phenomena, the "English invasion" can create our country's the terms problems and the ethnical crisis. That is a new colonialism. The dialect is the carrier of culture. The maintenance of language chastity and the independence, regarding maintains social system of our country, safeguards development of the countries play the extremely vital role.
However, some individuals hold different thoughts. They think that:
Compared to many other European dialects, such as German or People from france, English has a minimal grammar, that can be easily used and discovered by non-English audio system. However, relating to Spain and Smith, it can be objected that any Western european vocabulary will be difficult for audio system of oriental dialects, but this isn't necessarily true. JAPAN, for occasion, do not experience such issues with Italian and Spanish pronunciation. These examples include that the indigenous audio system of the world's only other major wide-spread terminology (Spanish, with around 360 million audio speakers), all find English pronunciation difficult to at least some extent. (36)
Also, in a few key regions of global communication, the English is working terms. Since British is the most broadly spoken terms, it also acts as the state language in some organizations, such as the U. N. , the Olympic Games, the General Assembly, or other significant international configurations. Besides, although British is not spoken by the largest number of people, it's found in communication in the most extensively multiply areas. Thus, increasing numbers of people have to use language at the job, for instances, the Chinese language people in Singapore, Malaysia, etc. English allows China, as an associate of this community, to talk about the achievements of civilizations the world over, but the spread of British in China also brings with it linguistic imperialism. (Liu, Yunfei. Lei, Qing 3-4) All in all, it is just a trend toward globalization, which can not avoid or get rid of.
Certainly, as an official and the most popular language, British has been used almost everywhere by many people. However, it cannot be neglected it's damaging the variety of languages and causing ethnical crisis all over the world. Many people have to speak British at work which means that English proficiency is just about the entail condition of employment the promotion which situation forces visitors to learn English at all cost. In some important international situations, people use British to speak or have a discussion. However, actually not English can be an official words, French or even Chinese language can also create the conferences or events end successfully.
People across the world commence to learn English is also a big reason for the wide consumption of British. China, for example, with a huge inhabitants, has too much emphasized the foreign language teaching. The populace of the study English increases year by yr, some experts forecast that again many years later in China the populace of English study will surpass the full total population number in English mother tongue country. Besides, the bilingual education triggers English substitution Chinese language to be the teaching terminology.
If things continue this way, the nationwide language specialist and the nationwide sovereignty will maintain danger. The nationwide sovereignty does not allow vacillating; often it'll be able to present the threat to the nationwide security. Maintenance of nation's characteristic cultural system is the basis of nation's development. The maintenance of terms chastity and self-reliance can strengthen the national emotion, and countrywide cohesive force, to understand the reunification of the motherland essential role.
On the basis of the above analysis, the conclusion is that somewhat. English does have an impact on language variety, which manifests in different forms regarding to different framework. In the core English-speaking countries, it seriously causes the endangerment of several indigenous languages. In some periphery-English countries, British deprives those status languages of the right of intellectualization. Certainly, we are unable to avoid British globalization, but we ought to also see English invasion will be able to create some social problems. First, "English hot" causes the people's mother tongue commitment drop; Second, the English vigorously advertising massively invades specific study energy and the national education resources; Third, British invasion leads to the legal status, the public position gliding down; Fourth is more serious that "British hot" threaten security of country culture, brings about the sovereignty burning off of national terminology culture. Given this situation, people can adopt some methods: first, comprehensively review the risk of "English invasion", research status of English and other dialects in international population and the near future development propensity; second on the basis of practical situation and the forecast effect we should choose the strategy suits each country's development.