Posted at 10.29.2018
Stylistics identifies stylistic research specially. The purpose of the stylistic analysis is to interpret the literary interpretation and aesthetic aftereffect of literature text messages linguistically. There are many explanations on the stylistics. Leech and Short described that "Compared with many other studies, literary stylistics is a new knowledge, a linguistic approach towards literature works. It is applicable ideas of modern linguistics to the study of literature and tries to connect the critic's concern with aesthetic understanding and the viewers' intuition with the linguist's concern with linguistic description". This thesis mainly depends upon Xu Youzhi's take on stylistics. He said(2005: 1). The stylistics we are discussing here's modern stylistics, a willpower that applies principles and techniques of modern linguistics to the analysis of styles of language use. It has two subdivisions: basic stylistics and literary stylistics, with the second option concentrating entirely on unique features of various literary works, and the previous on the general features of various types of terminology use. " That is to say, stylistics should go beyond the linguistic information of the literature texts; its last goal is to associate literary results to relevant linguistic triggers. It's the most explored section in the stylistic domain name.
The style is a routine of linguistic features distinguishing one piece of writing from another or one group of writing from another. A writer's style often ranges from work to work; you can find usually enough uniformity in one's article to allow the readers to observe that this overall style differs from the other's style.
In the analysis of stylistics, the matter is principally on the utilization of stylistics, which really is a self-control that studies the total of stylistic top features of the different varieties of language, the words, areas of the talk event, language kinds and function, stylistic analysis and other spheres of study. "Stylistic research concerns itself with the situational features that affect variations in terminology use, the criterion for the classification of vocabulary variety, and the explanation and interpretation of the linguistic features and functions of the main varieties (both literary and non-literary) of any terms. "Xu Youzhi (2005: 7)
Oscar Wilde, known for his acerbic and urbane nonfiction, was also a grasp of story book. Although some of his inimitable irony remains, Wilde created lovely stories filled up with princes and nightingales mermaids, giants, and kings. Actually, all of his fairy stories are written in an erudite, aesthetic words. Among the associates of Aestheticism, his fairy tales are examined as a model of Aestheticism in conditions of style. Wilde demonstrated the particular selling point of language to the viewers and made the literaturethe skill of dialect more captivating. His fairy stories is characteristic of making use of rhetoric means and ironic laughter to convey its theme, such as love or art work and the heart of self-sacrifice just as The Nightingale and the Rose.
The Nightingale and the Rose was posted in 1888. Within the story, students fell deeply in love with a professor's daughter who wouldn't want to dance with him in the prince's ball, unless he can find a red rose for her to wear. Due to winter, it is hard for the university student to discover a red rose for the lady, "the need of your red rose made his life wretched". Once the nightingale heard of his sorrow, he was shifted by the girl's enthusiasm and "true love". The bird decided to sacrifice himself simply for exchanging a red rose. Tragically, the red increased ended up under the steering wheel of any cart, because the professor's princess really required was ascendancy and riches.
Oscar Wilde has great enthusiasm for love and has been persistently pursuing it for his complete short life. Inside the famous fairy tale The Nightingale and The Rose, the nightingale became his tongue and oral cavity. She sang to death with a thorn in her heart and soul for the enthusiasm which she thought was the most treasured thing in the whole world. Her enthusiasm is pure love, and she doesn't want anything in return except that the learner should be a true lover.
All he published in this tale like an sick omen in his later life. The love of nightingale displays the profound theme Art is made for Art's Sake. In addition, it shows Wilde's aestheticism in its ongoing discord with utilitarianism. What he performed for his love is similar to the actual nightingale have for the pupil. However, all she does was at vain, because however the student listened, he couldn't know very well what the nightingale was stating to him, for he only recognized the things that are written down in books. And the red rose- -the berries of great love - - was disposed of in to the gutter for something unworthy.
In the explanation of The Nightingale and the RoseWilde can be applied onomatopoeia to help make the vivid and exciting description. It is very helpful to summarize the different character types' inner mental activities completely and show the precise feelings, respectively. (Zou Tao, 2003) For example:
"The prince gives a ball to-morrow night time, " murmured the young Learner.
In this phrase, it is just by using the word"murmur"showing the student's feelings of grievance and helplessness. Giving an answer to the word murmurthe phrase "tomorrow" may be twisted as to-morrow and the normal pronunciation of it is altered into/tu:mo rou/. As the vowel sound/ u:/and the diphthong are usually connected with the words blue and low respectively, obviously we can see right now the student's feelings of anxiousness, fret as well as his low spirits.
The words used in the fairy history are accurate, stunning, expressive and plentiful. There is a sentence the following to illustrate the lexical features.
Her hand will be clasped in mine.
Here, "clasp" methods to hold securely. But why does not the author use the word "grip" or "grasp"? This phrase is powerful enough to express the student's best passion and like to the Professor's child. Along with the action of the word clasp is also capable of uncovering the student's eagerness as well as his beautiful daydreaming.
The syntactic features of the story are that the brief but elliptical phrases are applied frequently. The language is very clear and easy to be comprehended, making the story more close to the readers. It really is presented by the colloquial style. Matching to Wang Shouyuan (1990:52), ellipsis is the omission from a phrase of words needed to complete a construction. Ellipsis in spoken English and normal everyday written discourse is usually a grammatical device for current economic climate of words. In literature, ellipsis is not merely a grammatical methods to make the work compact, but a stylistic device to express this is or message of the work. For example:
"No red increased in all my garden!" He cried.
"Why, indeed?" said a Butterfly.
The complete sentence should be "There is no red rose in every my garden". While "Why, indeed?" should be "How come he weeping, indeed?" These elliptical sentences have the same expressive effect all together. The ellipsis here, from a stylistic perspectiveseems to be multifunctional
Moreover, in this tale, Oscar Wilde also used inversion devices to help make the languages rich and colorful. Below are a few syntactic parallel constructions to show the inversion. For example:
louder and louder grew her song,
bitter and bitter was the painwilder and wilder grew her song
. fainter and fainter grew her music.
The above phrases are inverted, nevertheless they are definitely more important in view of parallelism. When we read, the shade is up and down with strong tempo. It gives us a musical impact to the viewers.
In the story, Oscar Wilde uses many results of speech to perform the semantic expressions. Personification is a typical rhetorical device in fairy tales. In the fairy tale, the Nightingale just symbolizes Oscar Wilde himself, and the Rose means the true love and the real skill. Furthermore, this tale also applied similemetaphorand antithesiswhich make the vocabulary varied and beautiful. Here lists a few examples excerpted from this tale to illustrate the semantic features in the tale.
1) She sang to begin the beginning of love in the center of a boy and a girl.
2) She sang of the birth of interest in the heart of a man and a maid.
3) She sang of the Love is perfected by Death of the Love that dies not in the tomb.
These three sentences run through the complete procedure for the tale, in which the Nightingale fostered the red rose by center and blood, followed with her unfortunate and moving tunes. The visitors are relocated not by birthneither love nor loss of life, but by the persistence and devotion to foster the true love perfected by fatality. (Zou Tao, 2003)
The style of the language that Oscar Wilde applied is tactful inside the Nightingale and the Rose. Oscar Wilde has established an excellent example of obtaining the delicate harmony between the terminology and his own artistic view. For Oscar Wildethe purest art is worth his life and is also the best in modern culture. This newspaper mainly adopts the structure for stylistic research in Xu Youzhi's e book English Stylistics, to demonstrate this tale which may give readers a new angle to learn better about Oscar Wilde's fairy tale.
THE NIGHTINGALE AS WELL AS THE ROSE
"She said that she would dance with me if I brought her red roses, " cried the young Student; "however in all my garden there is no red rose. "
From her nest in the holm-oak tree the Nightingale observed him, ands he appeared away through the leaves, and wondered.
"No red increased in all my garden!" he cried, and his beautiful eye filled with tears. "Ah, on what little things does happiness depend! I have read all that the smart men have written, and all the secrets of idea are mine, yet for want of a red rose is my entire life made wretched. "
"Here at last is a true enthusiast, " said the Nightingale. "Night after evening have I sung of him, though I knew him not: night after nights have I told his history to the celebrities, and now I see him. His mane is dark as the hyacinth-blossom, and his lip area are red as the rose of his desire; but passion has made his face like pale ivory, and sorrow has set her seal after his brow. "
"The Prince gives a ball to-morrow night, " murmured the young Scholar, "and my love will be of the business. EASILY bring her a red increased she will boogie with me till dawn. If I bring her a red rose, I will hold her in my own arms, and she'll lean her brain upon my shoulder, and her palm will be clasped in mine. But there is no red rose in my garden, therefore i shall sit lonesome, and she will move me by. She'll have no heed of me, and my center will break. "
"Here indeed is the true fan, " said the Nightingale. "What I sing of, he suffers--what is delight if you ask me, to him is pain. Surely Love is an excellent thing. It really is more precious than emeralds, and dearer than fine opals. Pearls and pomegranates cannot buy it, neither is it set forth in the marketplace. It might not be purchased of the retailers, nor can it be weighed out in the total amount for gold. "
"The musicians will stay in their gallery, " said the young Student, "and play upon their stringed devices, and my love will dance to the sound of the harp and the violin. She'll dance so gently that her legs won't touch the floor, and the courtiers in their homosexual dresses will throng around her. But with me she'll not dance, for I've no red increased to provide her"; and he flung himself down on the grass, and buried his face in his hands, and wept.
"Why is he weeping?" asked just a little Green Lizard, as he ran past him along with his tail in the air.
"Why, indeed?" said a Butterfly, who was fluttering about after having a sunbeam.
"Why, indeed?" whispered a Daisy to his neighbor, in a very soft, low voice.
"He is weeping for a red rose, " said the Nightingale.
"For any red rose?" they cried; "how very ridiculous!" and the little Lizard, who was simply something of your cynic, laughed outright.
But the Nightingale grasped the secret of the Student's sorrow, and she sat silent in the oak-tree, and thought about the mystery of Love.
Suddenly she propagate her darkish wings for air travel, and soared in to the air. She handed through the grove like a shadow, and just like a shadow she sailed across the garden.
In the centre of the grass-plot was located a lovely Rose-tree, and when she observed it she flew to it, and lit upon a spray.
"Give me a red rose, " she cried, "and I will sing you my sweetest melody. "
But the Tree shook its brain.
"My roses are white, " it solved; "as white as the foam of the sea, and whiter than the snow upon the pile. But go to my buddy who grows round the old sun-dial, and perhaps he will offer you what you would like. "
So the Nightingale flew over to the Rose-tree that was growing round the old sun-dial.
"Give me a red rose, " she cried, "and I'll sing you my sweetest
But the Tree shook its brain.
"My roses are yellowish, " it responded; "as yellow as the locks of the mermaiden who rests upon an amber throne, and yellower than the daffodil that blooms in the meadow prior to the mower comes with his scythe. But go to my brother who grows beneath the Student's window, as well as perhaps he will give you what you would like. "
So the Nightingale flew to the Rose-tree that was growing under the Student's windowpane.
"Give me a red rose, " she cried, "and I will sing you my sweetest music. "
But the Tree shook its mind.
"My roses are red, " it replied, "as red as your feet of the dove, and redder than the great lovers of coral that wave and wave in the ocean-cavern. But the winter has chilled my blood vessels, and the frost has nipped my buds, and the storm has shattered my branches, and I shall have no roses at all this year. "
"One red rose is all I want, " cried the Nightingale, "only 1 red rose! Will there be no way where I can get it?"
"You can find away, " answered the Tree; "but it is so awful that I dare not inform it for you. "
"Give it if you ask me, " said the Nightingale, "I am not reluctant. "
"If you want a red rose, " said the Tree, "you must build it out of music by moonlight, and stain it with your own heart's-blood. You need to sing if you ask me with your breast against a thorn. All night long you must sing to me, and the thorn must pierce your heart and soul, and your life-blood must flow into my veins, and be mine. "
"Death is a superb price to pay for a red rose, " cried the Nightingale, "and Life is very dear to all or any. It is pleasurable to sit down in the green wood, and also to watch sunlight in his chariot of silver, and the Moon in her chariot of pearl. Special is the fragrance of the hawthorn, and sweet are the bluebells that cover in the valley, and the heather that blows on the hill. Yet Love is preferable to Life, and what's the heart of your bird compared to the heart of a man?"
So she disperse her brown wings for trip, and soared in to the air. She swept above the garden like a shadow, and like a shadow she sailed through the grove.
The young Student was still resting on the lawn, where she possessed still left him, and the tears weren't yet dried out in his beautiful eyes.
"Be happy, " cried the Nightingale, "be happy; you shall have your red rose. I'll build it out of music by moonlight, and stain it with my own heart's-blood. All the I ask of you in return is that
you will be a true fan, for Love is wiser than Beliefs, though she is wise, and mightier than Ability, though he's mighty. Flame-colored are his wings, and coloured like fire is his body. His lips are sugary as honey, and his breathing is like frankincense. "
The Student seemed up from the lawn, and listened, but he cannot know very well what the Nightingale was saying to him, for he only knew the things that are written down in catalogs.
But the Oak-tree recognized, and felt unhappy, for he was very keen on the tiny Nightingale who possessed built her nest in his branches.
"Sing me one previous song, " he whispered; "I shall feel very depressed if you are gone. "
So the Nightingale sang to the Oak-tree, and her words was like drinking water bubbling from a silver jar.
When she got finished her music the Student got up, and drawn a note-book and a lead-pencil out of his pocket.
"She has form, " he said to himself, as he walked away through the grove--"that can't be denied to her; but has she received sense? I am fearful not. Actually, she is like most artists; she is all
style, with no sincerity. She'd not sacrifice herself for others. She thinks simply of music, and everybody is aware that the arts are selfish. Still, it must be accepted that she's some beautiful notes in her voice. Just what a pity it is the fact that they do not indicate anything, or do any practical good. " And he travelled into his room, and lay down on his little pallet-bed, and commenced to think about his love; and, after a time, he fell asleep.
And when the Moon shone in the heavens the Nightingale flew to the Rose-tree, and arranged her breast contrary to the thorn. All night long she sang with her breasts from the thorn, and the frigid crystal
Moon leaned down and listened. All night long she sang, and the thorn gone deeper and deeper into her breasts, and her life-blood ebbed from her.
She sang first of the beginning of love in the heart of a guy and a woman. And on the top-most spray of the Rose-tree there blossomed a marvelous rose, petal pursuing petal, as music followed track. Pale was it, initially, as the mist that hangs within the river-pale as your feet of the morning, and metallic as the wings of the dawn. As the shadow of your rose in a mirror of silver precious metal, as the shadow of a
rose in a water-pool, so was the rose that blossomed on the topmost
spray of the Tree.
But the Tree cried to the Nightingale to press closer resistant to the thorn. "Press nearer, little Nightingale, " cried the Tree, "or the Day will come prior to the rose is completed. "
So the Nightingale pressed closer against the thorn, and louder and louder grew her songs, for she sang of the beginning of enthusiasm in the spirit of a man and a maid.
And a sensitive flush of red arrived to the leaves of the rose, like the get rid of in the face of the bridegroom when he kisses the lip area of the bride. But the thorn had not yet reached her heart and soul, so the
rose's heart remained white, for only a Nightingale's heart's-blood can crimson the heart of the rose.
And the Tree cried to the Nightingale to press closer up against the thorn. "Press closer, little Nightingale, " cried the Tree, "or the Day will come before the rose is finished. "
So the Nightingale pressed deeper up against the thorn, and the thorn touched her center, and a fierce pang of pain taken through her. Bitter, bitter was the pain, and wilder and wilder grew her tune, for she sang of the Love that is perfected by Death, of the Love that dies not in the tomb.
And the wonderful rose became crimson, like the rose of the eastern sky. Crimson was the girdle of petals, and crimson as a ruby was the heart and soul.
But the Nightingale's voice grew fainter, and her little wings started out to conquer, and a film came over her eye. Fainter and fainter grew her songs, and she felt something choking her in her neck.
Then she gave one last burst of music. The white Moon read it, and she forgot the dawn, and lingered on in the sky. The red increased heard it, and it trembled all over with ecstasy, and exposed its
petals to the chilly day air. Echo bore it to her crimson cavern in the hills, and woke the sleeping shepherds using their dreams. It floated through the reeds of the river, plus they carried its
message to the sea.
"Look, look!" cried the Tree, "the rose is finished now"; however the Nightingale made no answer, for she was resting dead in the long turf, with the thorn in her heart.
And at noon the Learner opened his windows and looked out.
"Why, what a wonderful little bit of fortune!" he cried; "here is a red rose! I've never seen any rose like it in all of the my life. It really is so beautiful that I am sure it has a long Latin name"; and he leaned
down and plucked it.
Then he put on his head wear, and ran up to the Professor's house with the rose in his hands.
The little girl of the Teacher was seated in the doorway winding blue silk on a reel, and her little dog was resting at her legs.
"You said that you would dance with me at night if I brought you a red rose, " cried the University student. "Here is the reddest rose in every the world. You might wear it to-night next your center, and since we dance jointly it will tell you how I love you. "
But the lady frowned.
"I am afraid you won't select my dress, " she replied; "and, besides, the Chamberlain's nephew has delivered me some real jewels, and everyone has learned that jewels cost far more than blossoms. "
"Well, after my phrase, you are incredibly ungrateful, " said the University student angrily; and he threw the rose into the neighborhood, where it dropped in to the gutter, and a cart-wheel gone over it.
"Ungrateful!" said the girl. "I tell you what, you are very rude; and, after all, who are you? Only a Student. Why, I don't imagine you have even got silver buckles to your shoes as the Chamberlain's
nephew has"; and she acquired up from her couch and went into the house.
"What I a foolish thing Love is, " said the Pupil as he strolled away. "It isn't half as useful as Logic, for it will not prove anything, which is always showing one of things that are not going to happen, and making one believe things that aren't true. In fact, it is quite unpractical, and, as with this age group to fit the bill is everything, I shall get back to Philosophy and analyze Metaphysics. "
So he returned to his room and drawn out a great dusty publication, and began to read.