A dysfunctional family system prevails when problems in one or more of the hierarchical, boundary or alignment elements of its structure have impaired its resources for dealing with and adapting effectively to contextual stressors (Goldenberg & Goldenberg, 2004). This typically centers on young families who are neglecting or without their shows and responsibilities of a family group, allowing mistreatment and neglect to run common, so that a child and other customers may feel deprived or/and guilty. Tis may lead to a reaction of overtly aggressive behavior. In such cases and situations, 'a family system can't deal successfully with each day stressors or adequately nurture the development of its specific customers (Colapinto, 1995), especially of children dependent on parents/people for support and guidance.
The dysfunctional family is an important matter of study in the field of sociology, and thus research completed on the topic must be serious, so that findings can be generalized and studies across demographically and geographically defined boundaries. For this purpose, an examination of differing research methodologies, in respect with the topic is presented, so the most suitable method for understanding the dynamics of a dysfunctional family may be comprehended. However, before details of each method are presented, it must be kept in mind that 'there are certain guidelines: the seeks of the study, and the particular research questions devised to meet those seeks, determine the methods of investigation, data collection and research. Picking preferred methods, and then installing the study questions around these, is definitely not good practice. The nature of the research question(s) to be pursued may require a sensible blend of methods across the continuum of qualitative and quantitative research techniques' (Butt, G. 2010)
The first approach to research to be detailed is that of qualitative research. This identifies research tactics that aim to understand and collect data on factors involved in their natural settings, and try to interpret the connections they have with the environment. That is research methods and data that may be anything that is not clustered into statistical and numerical form. In case of understanding and getting conclusions about the dysfunctional family sensation, qualitative research includes methods of observation, case studies and interviews (ranging from open concluded to targeted, but being exploratory in characteristics), focus groupings, audio and video tape analysis; which aim to give the researcher detailed information, abundant with context and explanation(s). During the process of collecting qualitative research, data collection will largely and commonly be done through primary methods mentioned earlier (case study, interviews and observation) or less generally, through secondary methods, such as a review of books and data of recently available data on this issue. Both methods, however, make an effort to uncover the individual side of the info and try to include and interpret from participant's experience and feelings.
This allows us to infer that the analytical tools for understanding qualitative data are essentially interpretative in nature, from inductive reasoning and techniques. This also brings about the structuring of meanings and meanings, pertinent to the study topic in question. More specifically, analytical strategies used to interpret are extensive, and beyond the scope of the paper. Several are being brought up for reader-benefit however. The first analytical strategy employed by qualitative research workers is that of 'constant comparative analysis', which 'will involve taking one little bit of data (one interview, one statement, one theme) and evaluating it with others that may be similar or different to be able to develop conceptualizations of the possible relationships between various pieces of data. (Thorne, S, 2000). For instance, by comparing the accounts of two differing people who had an identical nurturing experience in dysfunctional young families, possibly two siblings, a researcher might present analytical questions like: how come this not the same as that? And exactly how are both of these related?' This approach is often aimed towards finding commonalities and habits within the human experience of dysfunctional households. Another common methodology for examining qualitative data is through phenomenological solutions, which seek to discover the underlying structure and fact of dysfunctional family experiences, through intensive and in-depth analysis of individual situations. For example, alternatively than describing the phases and transitions that an individual goes through in a dysfunctional family, a phenomenological research will possibly attempt to find about and explain the essential characteristics of the changeover, presenting it so that a one who has not experienced the occurrence can appreciate the clearness and vividness of the explanation.
The qualitative research method offers extensive strengths with a good share of draw backs for the researcher. The durability includes the fact that the analysis reveals an in-depth, rich and vivid explanation of a possibly complicated and complex phenomenon. That is particularly helpful in growing theories and presenting conceptual bases, as well as proposing hypothesis to clarify a phenomenon regarding dysfunctional people.
However, because qualitative data are extensive and frustrating to carry out, they may be narrowed down geographically, which means sample being analyzed cannot be used as a true consultant and the conclusions of the study can therefore, not be generalized. For example, a researcher studying dysfunctional family and its own related issues in North America cannot generalize the findings and contain the same results true for a dysfunctional family in Japan, due to changed varying situational factors and context. In addition, small differences that could be important in regard with dysfunctional young families are often over looked by researcher while carrying out qualitative research. Also, as a result of subjective mother nature of the research along with high likelihood of researcher-bias, the results of qualitative research shortage stability and validity generally.
Another mean of collecting data and transporting our research is through quantitative actions, which seek to acquire data and count on strict numerical and statistical evaluation, following means of natural sciences to maintain objectivity. Common ways to carry out quantitative research is through studies and questionnaires of pre-designed questions. These questions are asked in a constant fashion to collect data of individuals. Characteristics of the participant sample for the research goal are carefully organised in order that they match those of the larger population being examined. For example, a researcher learning features of children in dysfunctional individuals may accumulate in his individuals a percentage of children, which in their amount and gender stand for the larger percentage of children in dysfunctional people. These children will then be asked questions that are pre-designed and purpose in mother nature, in a consistent and similar fashion to get rid of any kind of bias.
Data generated in this manner is generally inferred through deductive means i. e. the researcher starts with a hypothesis and holds out quantitative research methods to validate and disconfirm the original hypothesis. Organic and long statistical models are being used to analyze the data and reach conclusions. Results and finings are numerically guarded and explained. Statistical analysis for quantitative data can range between correlations to regularity models and beyond, all utilizing simple or complex statistical models and techniques.
Strengths for quantitative actions for carrying out research include the fact that the research problem is specifically explained, in set terms in addition to the dependent and independent variables being evidently and precisely given. Statistical inference allows the research to follow purely the place research goals and therefore arrive at more objective conclusions, as well as allowing the researcher to test the hypothesis and determine issues of causality. In improvements, because data is simple in characteristics and is straightforward to analyze and summarize comparisons across various cultures and societies regarding dysfunctional families can be drawn upon. The research methods are particularly exact through their removal and minimization of 'subjectivity of view' (Kealey & Protheroe, 1996).
However, at the same time, quantitative research fails to provide the researcher with details and framework of the problem. For example, the type of dysfunction in families may vary and can have come about using to different parameters and situational factors: quantitative research and subsequent data collection will neglect to take note of these elements. Also, because the surveys are carried out in an environment that's not natural to the individuals, behavioral distinctions might be viewed. Which means that the respondents may answer untruthfully and dishonestly, to win over the interviewer or appear in a good light. The shut end structure of the questionnaires and survey questions are also a draw back as they lead to limited final results, of these that are discussed in the original research question(s) only. Continuous investigation of your phenomenon is not encourages and aspect of the situational context neglected.
Given the mass research and manipulated observations, that generally represent the entire human population, quantitative research methods carry stability and validity in their findings and results. Also, because quantitative research methods generally try to answer the 'why' question regarding dysfunctional people, these results and data results can be generalized to larger population communities, often across nationally and culturally segregated boundaries. For instance, in explaining known reasons for hostility in children owned by dysfunctional families, research workers may generalize the studies across two or more culturally similar categories and neighborhoods.
The third and the final method of obtaining data regarding issues of dysfunctional family members are 'put together methods' i. e. a research strategy whereby methods from different paradigms (qualitative and quantitative) are helped bring together, to collect and analyze data. 'in basic, combined methods research signifies research that involves collecting, studying, and interpreting quantitative and qualitative data within a research or in some studies that check out the same underlying occurrence' (Leech & Onwuegbuzie, 2009). For example, a researcher may conduct some semi-structured interviews with a little number of children and also perform a large-scale survey to comprehend the impact of the 'dysfunctional variable' in households on child-aggression. This integration of qualitative steps with quantitative research methods are also referred to as multi-strategy research.
Data collection and evaluation processes for the methods used are similar in dynamics to those explained previously. It ought to be appreciated that "methodological congruence" (W & Bentley, 1986) should be present in the research being completed - that is, a regularity and compatibility between the methods used to accumulate research data and the ones used to investigate it. The merged method strategy of data collection is specially useful in studying topics like that of dysfunctional households, because they leave space for and allow triangulation to take place. This means that one information source is often supplemented by the other, so the research theme can be contacted and recognized using multiple viewpoints. Furthermore, by assuring a research topic regarding dysfunctional young families is researched through varying viewpoints, a researcher minimizes bias and subjectivity, thus making certain the findings of the study and results reached are objective and translucent in their character.
However, because the info collection method continues to be in its infancy periods, practical applicability of the methods is particularly perplexing. Also, the researcher is faced with the challenge of choosing the optimal research-method designs, offset of which may be devastating to research objectives.
The research results are reliable and valid in their standing up because the use of different solutions helps the researcher maintain concentrate on the important research question and so confirms its precision. Information and results are complemented form one kind of research to some other, thus not a single point of available data is neglected. Therefore, research studies in this manner can be generalized across different civilizations and societies.
Having studies at length the three ways of data collection and research on dysfunctional young families, checking and contrasting their strengths and weaknesses, I believe the mot suited and appropriate way of learning dysfunctional people will be by using blended methods, as they'll be extensive and appropriate in their findings, as well as generalize-able. They will allow a researcher to transport a compounded research, inclusive of all areas of the topic, rather than neglecting an individual point of importance. Instead of centering solely on any one method, they'll permit the researcher to focus on the study question t large, covering all things of consideration and thus allowing the researcher to present a complete summary of the topic in question.