Posted at 12.16.2018
Those events occurred long time in the past are difficult to separate myth from the fact. So, there continually be some concerns about the truthfulness of old history, and the story of Alexander the fantastic, the ruler of Macedonia, is no different. Historians, writers, strategists and philosophers present people different types of Alexander, Some deem him as a saint, a hero or ever before a god, while some other consider him as a tyrant, a alcoholic and a thief. But, what's without doubt that Alexander the Great is one of the biggest leaders in human history and the creator of 1 of the greatest empires in traditional history, although admittedly somewhat shorter lived.
"The glory and the memory of men will usually belong to the ones who implemented their great visions"
-------- J. G. Droysen(German historian)
Alexander is the most remarkable character in history, and his experience and personality has always been the source of power. What made--and still makes--him so exceptional is the sheer precocity of his venture: the conquest of the majority of the known world in a solid 12-yr whirlwind. At his 20, Alexander succeeded his father to the throne and become the king of Hellene world at the east of Adriatic Sea. At his 26, Alexander had conquered and become the new ruler of the entirety of the Persian Empire which ever was incomparably formidable. At his 30, his invincible navy reached the finish of oecumene. At his 33, the planet sighed for his young fatality. Therefore, he previously been a legend while he was alive. And after his loss of life in 323 BC, his legend was eulogized all around the world.
World conquerors don't come much grander than Alexander the Great. Together with Genghis Khan and Tamerlane, the Ruler of Macedon rests at the top desk of history's most significant empire-builders. (Cartledge, 2004) Alexander the fantastic remains the best example of control, unmatched after more than 2000 years. He was not only a military services genius, but also he was in the position that involved politics, religious and even business. I write this paper for inspecting the control of Alexander the fantastic. The structure of this paper is the following: The quick intro of Alexander the fantastic and his accomplishments accompanied by the examination of the leadership qualities of Alexander the Great, the analysis of the authority tendencies of Alexander the fantastic, and the assumption of Alexander's leadership in the hospitality industry.
Alexandros III Philippou Macedon, Ruler of Macedonia was created in the administrative centre of Macedon, Pella, in 356BC, as a prince. His daddy, Philip II of Macedon, was the king of Macedonia and his mom was Olympias, girl of king Neoptolemus I of Epirus (Albania). Olympia was excited, headstrong, mystical but immodest and unpopular among Philip's Macedonian courtiers. She was superstitious and participated in orgiastic rites of the cult of Dionysus. And she always firmly presumed that Zeus, the Greek god, sired Alexander.
Education and early life
His first professor is the severe Leonidas, a relative of Olympias. It made Alexander's diligency and continency. When he was 13 yeas old his father invited the great Hellenic philosopher Aristotle as his tutor for his higher education. The training made him a great ruler. Besides, he learned all about the art of struggle, this made him a heroic warrior. And Alexander showed the ability in music and horsemanship in his childhood.
It was said that Alexander's character in firmly influenced and inspired by a God (Dionysus), a demigod (Hercules), a hero (Achilles), and a sovereign (Cyrus the Great, the Persian emperor). He was presented by his mother to the cult mysteries of the Dionysius as a son. Through Dionysius, Alexander had taken extreme flexibility and had a center of trip. He wanted to be the ones like Hercules and Achilles in Iliad, and he always said himself as Achilles. And he respected Cyrus about personality and he confirmed the actions like the Cyrus in his conquest later.
When he was 16 yrs. old, 340 B. C. , Philip II started to overcome Byzantium, and he left his Macedon to young Alexander for taking charge of. In such a position, he shown himself a armed service genius and smashed many insurgences. But Alexander and his daddy didn't have a good romance until Philip's fatality of assassination.
Philip's heir, King of Macedon
Because Philip got brought most of city-states in mainland Greece under Macedonian hegemony before being assassinated, Alexander inherited a major kingdom. He received the support of Macedonian citizens and army by decreasing the tax, correctly completing Philip's last honours, and executing many people that imperiled his throne. Than he began some wars to cope with the abruption and rebelled force. And in 2 yrs, Alexander experienced consolidated his status in Hellene.
In Alexander 12-years' conquest, his footprint protected from Macedonia, Hellene in the western to the Indus in the east; from Egypt in the south to the north of Adriatic Sea. He and his Macedonian army defeated armies four or five times his size from Persia and India and other tribes and kingdoms. They arrived through near 100 campaigns and didn't lose any of them. This paper will not present the depth information about those promotions.
In 323 B. C. Alexander came back to Babylon and planed a invasion of Arabiaa, But before he could put his plan into to action, he acquired a fever and turned into a serious disease which finally needed his life at his 32. Also, there is another expressing that he was poisoned by his generals. After his loss of life, his empire was segregated by his generals. But, Alexander acquired founded over 70 new cities. The affect of Hellene was also strong and the colonization process was continued by his successors.
Alexander's idea and values
He believed that whenever a man has the ideal exploit (like Achilles) that no-one else can reach, he can become a God. Ever sold, there was a man who was simply esteemed as a god by people after his fatality; this man was Julius Caesar, the emperor of Rome Empire. Actually, Alexander was worshipped as a god even though he was alive. It seemed that he deserved to be a god by all appearances. To be a warrior and an over-all, he revealed extremely brave and incomparable intelligence. Inside the 11 many years of conquest, he didn't lose the promotions. Besides, he was tutored by the great Hellenic philosopher Aristotle , and he was one of Aristotle's most favorite students. He liked Homer, and his activities were guided by the sprit of Homer. He became aware that non-Hellenes aren't barbarians; in this aspect, he was much wiser than most Hellene ideologist in those days. But in other aspects, he was extremely short-vision. Although he always subjected himself often to the extreme threat during fight, he didn't set up his inheritor, this might be the key reason that the Macedonia Empire collapsed in that short time after he was deceased. But his ambition pass on Hellene culture way into central Asia, which continued to be present through the Hellenistic era for a long time after his loss of life.
Well educated and intelligence
In order to teach the future ruler into an educated monarch, his father, King Philip III, request the great Hellenic philosopher Aristotle to tutor Alexander specially. In the following 3 years, Alexander studied with his tutor day and night, like peas and carrots. These were discussing viewpoint, politics, ethics, and many other aspects of knowledge. Aristotle also compiled a particular version of the Iliad (a part of Homer) which always inspired Alexander. Alexander cherished this books; he put it under his pillow with a dagger. And the Iliad became Alexander's manual of conflict. Alexander highly revered his teacher for educating him how to be always a noble man. Under the Aristotle's attempts, Alexander became a unusual experienced monarch at that period. Later in his conquest across the Eurasia, he didn't ignore to learn and study from Hellenic books and data. Profound knowledge gives Alexander extraordinary attraction and unique authority. " Once, the Persian envoys came to Macedon, as the Persia is the strong empire that Alexander wanted to conquer most; he hided his ambitions rationally and make these envoys adored by his genial frame of mind and abstemious questions. At last, one of the Persian envoys sigh that: this child is a superb king, while our king is just abundant. In his succeeding conquest, his cleverness not only displayed in his invincibility, but also the growing of many places by him while his conquest, and he made these cities be the centers of military, politics and economy. For example the Alexandria in Egypt was one of them. Those cities played out important functions in the annals of human civilization. What's more, Alexander could get gone the parochialism for the reason that era, and produce the ethnic equality. His deep knowledge made his greatness and made his immortal popularity eulogized by people as Alexander the Great.
Always have a Vision and Concentrate the picture as a whole.
Great leaders will have a big eye-sight which may be shared, valued and resonated along with his enthusiasts' hearts and feelings; and can encourage them to think big, create the emotions of belonging to something greater than self. Alexander possessed great visions. Inside the Anabasis which wrote by way of a Hellenic historian known as Arrian there was a explanation about Alexander's perspective: I couldn't know exactly what kind of visions and strategies have there been in Alexander's brain. But there is no uncertainty that, they are not some little or small ideas. Even after the Europe is an integral part of Asia, the United kingdom Isles were elements of European countries; he still wouldn't normally stop his pace of conquest. Actually, conquest was the superficial one; Alexander's eye-sight was a lot more than that. His inspiring goal was to unite Europe and Asia under "The Brotherhood of Man" which would bring different civilizations into one collaborating device governed by the pass on of Hellenism, able to produce synergy through trade, regulations, inclusion and political union. Followed his great perspective, Alexander conquered most the known world in those days and built an empire that had not been exceeded by posterity. Besides possessing a great eyesight, Alexander always looked at the big picture as the most important item. He previously never lost eyesight of his vision and the situational characteristics during his short reign. For instance, Alexander crushed many revolts (including the devastation of Thebes) after his accession to the throne from his daddy. It was a step in his eyesight where he hoped to drive all Greek opposition into submission before aiming to invade Persia. Another example is that during his conquest, in order to make colonies secure, he accepted their culture, used their manner and even married with their princess, and he urged his men to follow his steps.
Do not give attention to negative things
A Great innovator should avoid focusing on negative aspects of things and look for the positive or good aspects in the bad or negative things, and take benefit of it. For Alexander, because of his optimism or his self confidence about his good tactical sense or even his arrogance of invincibility, he always thought things in positive way. Because of this, he didn't lose any battles against Persian Empire and later in India. For instance, before Alexander began to invade Persian Empire, the majority of Macedonian thought it was impossible to overcome Persian because the king of Persia acquired a strong army and countless prosperity. In 331B. C. Macedonian and Persian had a decisive fight in Gaugamela. Persian military was five times size of Macedonian, most generals of Alexander suggested him to retreat to the seaside to assemble more military. But Alexander said that, in Persian army, almost all of the troops are slaves of Darius's, they didn't want to deal with for Darius who was simply a tyrant and a coward; as the Macedonian army engaged the elites of footmen and knights; the Macedonian can defeat the Persian military with his command word. The result proved that Alexander won the decisive struggle in Gaugamela and the Darius III was totally defeated by the advertising campaign. In Alexander's life no subject how bad the problem was, he always flipped it into advantages.
Great leaders will have penetrating information; they always will get the smallest things that have an effect on the overall situation. Alexander had very sharp information, he always will get the weakness of his opponent, and also he is able to regard the smallest need of his followers. When Alexander was 10 years old, a horses investor from Thessaly send Philip a horses named Bucephalus. But nobody can mount the bold dark-colored stallion even Philip himself, so Philip ordered to take it away and every determined the horses was too crazy to drive. While Alexander, astute in his observations and insights, detected that the equine was just fear of its shadow. So he asked an issue to tame the horses and he successfully mounted the equine when it was facing the sun, keeping away from its shadow. Relating to Plutarch, Philip, overjoyed at this screen of courage and ambition, kissed him tearfully, declaring: "My youngster, you must find a kingdom big enough for your ambitions. Macedon is too small for you", and bought the equine for him. In 331 B. C. , Alexander experienced two hundred and fifty thousand Persian military in Gaugamela, while he only acquired fifty thousand Macedonian. It's a hard battle. It is the warmer summer months; Alexander used his distinct insights to discover that the quick movements of large masses of army might lead to big dirt in the desert. So he led his knights to go to right fast and bring a strong dust; Included in the dust particles, the knights does a coup de main to the back of Persian army and Macedonian acquired a big victory.
Leadership tendencies of Alexander the Great
As most military services and political market leaders, Alexander the Great showed an average directive control. And in some situation, it was even very good beyond the immediate leadership. He was well educated and had a splendid military talent. He had a strong self confidence of his decision-making. Actually, he never learned to pay attention and agree to his inferior officials' opinions although almost all of them had much more experience than him. Many historical materials exhibited that Alexander's inferior generals always had divarications with him, specially when Alexander brought out some extremely dangerous programs what may bring Macedonian army into bad situation to them. But, Alexander never paid attention to them; he insisted his decisions and the results proved his decisions were right. Some individuals presumed that it was only because his always acquired all the best. But, it was more reasonable that he had abilities somewhat than lucks. Before each battle, Alexander got a particular intend to reach his goals: win. Alexander knew effectively what the tasks were and allocated responsibility to the supporters. He always knew the strength and weakness of his military and also his foes. According the power and weakness he designated every part of his army into specific jobs. He had demanding enforcement of purchases and bans, and he expected the quick response from his followers, it appeared especially important when he use coup de main in fights. It was the directive leadership made him and his army win all conquers in his conquest. But this type command style partly considered be egomania later. In a bender, he wiped out one of his best inferiors, friend and his saviour: Cleitus due to divarication. Also, it could cause the loss of life of Alexander (there is a stating that Alexander was poisoned to dead by his substandard).
Charismatic leadership habit:
Undoubtedly, Alexander was a great charismatic head. The basis of Alexander's success as a leader was his potential to motivate his men to think great things and then accomplish them with interest, enthusiasm, and determination. (Trek, 2005) During his conquest, he always paid attention to the morale of Macedonian military and he was good at inspiring and influencing his troops. Before every challenge, he always did a speech in front of his army to encourage his soldiers to have a high morale and be ready to deal with by using his oratory. And Alexander experienced empathy, which is the foundational habit that under girds great leadership and enables the leader to sense how others feel also to understand their perspective. There was a example, in the summer of 327 B C the Iran and perimeter was strongly in control by Alexander. The majority of his inferiors thought that it was not necessary to overcome new areas including outside of Hindu Kush where had been left behind by Persian Empire. The Macedonian military was tired and in low morale, they wished to go back home instead of heading farther. In this situation, Alexander announced that of his soldiers' debt would be paid by royal treasury; this action of Alexander motivated his army greatly. By this way and oratory, he actually encouraged, hoodwinked and compelled his army to get into Pakistan and India. Alexander got some kind of charisma that made him be treasured by his people. He always offered mercy to the opponents that had been conquered by him. Because of this type of control, Alexander was adored by people as a godlike man.
TheoreticallyјAlexander's leadership is mostly suited to hospitality industry.
He was a man who got a divine charisma, so his great eyesight and strong ambitions can easily influence his fans. He always viewed the picture as a whole and he never concentrated the negative things. What's more, he previously a sharp understanding and always be proficient at inspire his enthusiasts. He desired to overcome, if he was in the current hospitality industry, they can perfectly be skilled for the high director position in a hotel company, and the Merger and Acquisitions Director may be the most appropriate position for him. As the top director of company, M&A director is needed to have a distinct insight to find out the strengths and weaknesses of his organization; the opportunities, risks and competition situation on the market. Also he needs to be clear about the strategy of his enterprise, do research and analysis about the major products in hospitality industry, the major suppliers and the administrative centre market. If the business got enough capital and a good prospect, the capital market can offer capital furthermore; the M&A director can make his company a growth by mergers and acquisitions, and significantly boost its competitiveness in the hospitality industry. Speaking from the military, if a army which is made up with footmen and archers conquers another strength-comparable military while which contains knights crossbowmen and warship, the union of new biceps and triceps and original infantries and archers would greatly enhance the army's overall challenge effectiveness. Alexander got two traits which were necessary to a M&A director: the ability of exceeding and conquering other companies, and the tender vitality of promoting the uniting acquirer and acquiree.
But on the other side, Alexander's ambition appear to be too large so that he didn't realize and deal with Useful problems well. If he was a head in hospitality industry, his company might broaden fast but blind. There are plenty of examples that a lot of business decision-makers become delight and arrogant after success. They acknowledge the utmost of the marketplace share as the only real goal, merge and find continually. But, they don't really do the effective manage in integrating the subsidiary companies following the mergers and acquisitions. As a result, these companies begin to maintain a loss, even go bankrupt or be merged. Steve Ross, who ran a funeral business at early years, attained Warner Brothers and Time Inc. later years and create a empire of mass media and communication. After he left his position as health reasons, Gerald Levis continued to really have the Alexander-type expansion. His company received AOL with massive amount debt in 1999. But there was no assistance among subsidiary companies, on the other hand, there were full of competition with enmity. Later, Levin was dismissed, his successor Richard Patons experienced to get the portions, sold the belongings to cover your debt. In today's hospitality industry, big hotels, management companies and restaurants extend very fast by using franchise, extension of physical facilities, management contract and also mergers and acquisitions. These companies also face the problems that Alexander and a lot of business market leaders has faced. How exactly to control the "huge empire" after "conquest"? Obviously, Alexander didn't operate well in this part.