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A Comprehensive Classification Of Counselling Psychology Essay

This essay gives a clear definition of counselling and present a discussion with regards to the counselling settings that make a customer feel safe. The essay will so discuss the characteristic that a powerful counsellor should possess and give the value of unconditional positive respect, empathy and congruence in the counselling process. Importance of self-care may also be mentioned in the article.


Counselling is a process that enables a person to sort out issues and reach decision affecting their life. Often counselling is searched for at times to change a crisis and help people at any time of their life. Counselling requires discussing with a person in a manner that helps that person to solve in a way that create conditions that may cause the person to comprehend and enhance their behaviour, character, principles or life's circumstances. Counselling is often performed face to face in confidential trainings between your counsellor and clients. Counselling can and could take a variety of format to bring a person to an improved understanding of themselves and more. It can be seen that counselling can be of great benefit to a person experiencing problems in finding, forming and maintaining relationships.

Counselling is an umbrella term that includes a variety of talking remedy. These are provided by trained experts who work with people over a brief or long period of time to help them produce effective change or enhance their wellbeing. Additionally it is a process when a person is helped to explore the situation and find solution or answers for a challenge. Counselling is a method of information of a person. It helps your client to grow to a larger maturity by allowing the individuals to take responsibilities and also to make their own decision ( John & Rita, 2004).


A counsellor can have a Person-centred counselling in which a therapeutic marriage between a counsellor and a customer is formed. Your client needs to be able to speak about whatever they have to, share their personal thoughts and explore sometimes difficult emotions. For this a client must feel able to completely trust the counsellor, feel safe, recognized and that they will never be judged. The counsellor should work on creating the right environment in which a client feels in a position to check out themselves and create a greater knowledge of their own thoughts, feelings and meanings. The counsellor is not there to analyse or give them advice, but instead to be alongside them supporting them and assisting to explore their own issues with the belief that the client will come to find their own answers (France, 1984). Matching to Sutton (1998:50-56) setting up a warm and protected climate can be an essential stepping-stone to building a strong therapeutic alliance. A counsellor should have a room that helps the client feel comfortable so that they can star posting their concerns. Counsellors should give examples of opening sentences to help break the ice, as well as talking about various other important topics, including building trust boundary issues such as contrasting and terminating trainings on time. There must have the classes in the same room like that the client will feel safe and comfortable and a counsellor should have chairs places about four feet apart and somewhat at an angle. A little clock must be positioned where in fact the counsellor can look into it and attention should be paid to the lighting and room temperatures.

A box of tissue should be located where the client can easily reach them, a vase of plants should be available to add some color to the setting so that the consumer can feel some friendliness and mirror something of your personality. Greeting the client and demonstrating them their sit can also make them feel safe. Responding to the client by the first name can also make them feel comfortable and accepted but you should inquire further how they want to be attended to and bringing out yourself with your first name can also mean breaking down the obstacles of inequality. The counsellors starting sentences should be empathic and their position should show the client they are ready to listen. Building trust is also important for folks who have been let down before so growing the skills of active hearing, accurate, very sensitive responding, reflecting emotions, and empathy demonstrating that you will be totally present for the client can help establish a sturdy foundation of trust ( Sutton, 1998).


First the counsellor should work on building a romance. A requirement for being an efficient counsellor has been in a position to practice and impart the skill of empathy in the client-counsellor conversation. The capability to convey a sense of self confidence give clients a sense of self-assurance in themselves and self confidence that the counsellor is directing people in the right path. The counsellor should always be open-minded. They shouldn't be judgemental but instead know how to give the best suggestions how to deal with different kinds of situations. They need to know how to put themselves in one's shoes. Counsellors also have to be friendly with everyone. They shouldn't allow person they are really counselling feel more down than they already are. The counsellor also needs to be considered a good listener (Gladding, 1988).

An effective counsellor should be able to relate to the individual these are counselling and screen a level of determination. A counsellor should be able to inspire their customer and help them see their probable. A highly effective counsellor should show their customer that opportunities multiply which life is a long type of opportunities. A counsellor should make their client understand that the choices they make presently will have an impact on them over time and collate what and how these options will and are playing a job in their lives.

According to Gladding (1988:100-105) a counsellor must have awareness and understanding of one's own home it means understanding one's thoughts, personal advantages and limitation. This might help counsellors to comprehend themselves sufficiently and know exactly what they can be doing, why they may be doing it. A counsellor should be in good health insurance and should not be sidetracked by one's own problems. A counsellor should be open minded meaning that they must be able to differentiate between their own values and values compared to that of their consumer and not power them to check out a particular value or idea system. Counsellors should have respect for his or her clients; they must view them as worthwhile people and treat them with ambiance and dignity.

The counsellor will need to have assertiveness. It may be verbal or non-verbal. Verbal attentiveness entails what is portrayed to your client and the way it is expressed. Allowing clients to complete their phrases is one way of verbal attentiveness. Using verbal encouragers such as "I see" are means of demonstrating verbal attentiveness. It is also important for a counsellor to learn to alter their words and change their quantity and speed depending on client's reactions and situations. Non-verbal attentiveness includes attention contact, head nods, facial expression, body posture and distance.


Unconditional positive respect, empathy and congruence are the counsellors conditions needed to facilitate change. Without these conditions being present a recovery romantic relationship cannot form.

5. 1 The importance of unconditional positive regard

According to Rogers (1951:55-60) unconditional positive regard is when one individual is completely recognizing towards another person. This is not only showing approval but can be an attitude that is confirmed through behaviour. Unconditional positive respect is the essential attitude of the person-centred counsellor towards your client: Some element of unconditional positive respect include

Respect: respecting a person in the dignity and brokenness as a person

Non-judgemental: being neither judgemental against people of different competition and sex

Acceptance: taking people in all their fullness, missing out including that they treat the partnership along.

Valuing: embracing the person you encounter, and valuing them as a distinctive person.

Caring: having to worry for the person and looking the best them

Nurturing: wanting to help the individual to expand in whatever ways are open for their expansion as a person

Love: experiencing the full richness of non-possessive love for the individual in this relationship

5. 2 The need for empathy and in the counselling process

According to Rogers (1942:60-65) Empathy can be an essential changing for engendering constructive personality change in the therapeutic process. Empathy in addition to congruence and unconditional positive regard, has achieved a consensus ranking in the professional books as a central condition in facilitating the treatment romance in counselling and psychotherapy. Empathy is the capability to recognize and share emotions such as sadness and happiness that are experienced by someone else and it will involve level of sensitivity to the client's problems and being able to see things what sort of client will. It involves perceiving and communicating. Perceiving is an intense procedure for active listening by the counsellor. On the other hand in connecting the counsellor says something that says your client that their meanings and emotions are understood. Ethnic sensitivity and understanding of cultures different from the counsellor own are important to the effective use of the empathy. Empathy is recognized as a prominent adjustable in the introduction of a positive romance. With an augmentation of empathy understanding, clients generally increase their degree of therapy satisfaction, odds of compliance, and engagement in the procedure process. Being empathetic ensures you are hearing and dealing with the clients concerns as they present them. You are not judging them. Empathy can help counselors when dealing with challenging clients through

Intensity - responding to the feelings expressed at the appropriate level of level for example if you are working with a customer. They are extremely agitated, about to be evicted and their mom is sick. Your response is "You are a bit upset". The client becomes faraway you havent reflected their degree of emotion accurately.

Context - take all aspects into consideration not just phrase and non-verbal behaviour. A lot of individuals we touch have multiple problems in their lives. They could behave with techniques we find improper but used context of their experience are understandable.

Selective responding - sometimes it can be appropriate to respond only to emotions or behavior. Some clients do not act in response well to speaking about their emotions and in such cases it is useful to concentrate on more concrete elements such as experience and behavior.

When your empathic reactions have prevailed it is visible from the client's response, a nod of the head, or an optimistic verbal response. When a counsellor's empathic response is not accurate the client will point out this non-verbally by preventing, fumbling or becoming frustrated. Being aware of these signs will help a counsellor in associated with the challenging consumer (Rogers: 1951).

5. 3 The need for congruence in the counselling process

According to Rogers (1942:66-70) Congruence means genuineness. Folks are congruent when they aren't trying to seem to be anything apart from what they are. Congruence can be involved with a person's attempt to achieve harmony in their way of being. Congruent is strongly related to lots of conditions such as credibility, transparency yet its meaning does not coincide with these.

In providing the three counselling steps the counsellor creates a healing environment which permits a client to psychologically self-heal. Congruency can help a counsellor to recognize a client incidentally your client will be portraying themselves. In counselling process this would help a counsellor to be able to work with a person who has learned their true personal so it will not be difficult to help see your face to defeat the obstacles they face in life.


Self attention is a means of living that incorporates behaviours that enable you to be refreshed, replenish your individual motivation, and develop as a person. It's the equivalent of keeping your car filled up with gas so that you are ready to go everywhere you want without having to be concerned if the gas will do to move a distance. As school counsellors one of the major expectations is developing protection and intervention approaches for students. However this cannot discount the necessity to develop own reduction and intervention ideas for self-care. Protection for burnout might include such things as asking for supervision, promoting your own personal health and fitness plan including a method to fill up your own mental bucket. Develop your own professional and personal support system with not only those who support you but those who will task you if you are exhibiting signals of burnout. Regular self-assessments and evaluation of life stressors is an important elimination strategy. Personal counselling, nurturing your own mental self, evaluating personal relationships, participating in stress management and positive recreational activities offers value in burnout protection as well ( Gladding, 1988).

Counsellors should build a strong base for themselves this implies hanging out to bolster themselves physically, emotionally, psychologically and spiritually for example daily clearing is to check and identify how you feel and what you are planning. Gather quality support such as locating a community like-minded people so that they can give you support. If you are with supportive people you will feel positive and empowered. Get rid of commitments that consider you down and use enough time to do stuff that give pleasure. Self-care is actually taking care of yourself after an extended day at work so that you can work on your interior thoughts and be able to help people with a free mind rather than experiencing burnout. Giving yourself a chance to do all the things that mean too much to your life and keep you happy will keep you revived and strong enough to face your client confidently ( Gladding, 1988).


This essay identified counselling and talked about the setting a counsellor should be at to make a consumer feel safe with specific reference point made looking at the attribute that an effective counsellor should maintain. The essay talked about the value of unconditional positive respect, empathy, congruence and self-care in counselling process and in a counsellors own life

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