Posted at 10.11.2018
Carl Jung: A biography
"We are in an age group that is wanting to find its heart. "
Golden words by the person who resided exactly to do that - LOCATING THE Soul. He resided to find the soul of the individual, to get the collective spirit of the city and to spread his understanding of the same through more radiant generations.
He possessed arrive on-the-bloc when understanding your brain was a methodical Everest that every known and unknown psychoanalyst was attempting conquer, and brought along some ideas that revolutionized the way things were recognized.
So much so that the reigning king of psychiatry, Sigmund Freud called him his successor!
This is a brief overview of the life and times of the revered psychoanalyst Carl Gustav Jung, his bittersweet marriage with his mentor, his torrid extra-marital affairs and his humble, yet disturbed beginnings. It is a tale of how his theories changed the field of psychotherapy and gave us principles that can be applied and practical even in today's modern world of psychoanalysis. . .
Of 'Unstable' Origins. . .
Paul Achilles Jung, a poor pastor from Thurgau, Switzerland, was hitched to the little girl of his wealthy Hebrew teacher, Emilie Preiswerk. Paul and his better half Emilie had a complete of four children, but the first three did not survive. The fourth child, however, was born healthy and approved the test of time and survival. This young son, blessed on the 26th of July 1875, was Carl Gustav Jung.
Soon after his delivery, his father was shifted to a rather plush parish in the region of Laufen, Switzerland where Carl would come to invest most of his early years as a child.
His dad was a fairly towering influence on young Carl's psyche. As his mom was regarded as an extremely eccentric female who remained restricted to her bedroom the majority of the changing times and claimed to own spiritual presence around her, he finished up spending the majority of the time in the protecting eyes and supervision of his daddy. His mom would be stressed out and under self-imposed lock-up and would talk to these so-called 'spirits' during the nights.
As a result of her eccentricities, Carl's parents always had a strenuous and dysfunctional relationship. While his mother was generally under self-imposed confinement and sometimes at medical facilities for various undiscovered physical health conditions, his dad sometimes tried to move to stay closer to her and sometimes gave up on her behalf altogether.
One of the initial remembrances of himself that he could keep in mind was finding a luminous number with a detached head growing from his mother's bedroom during the night.
For a son of his age group, Carl was always very peculiar, in his mannerism and conduct. Even in school, he previously developed two particular personalities within his mind. He termed them 'Personality 1' - the normal school-going guy who resided in the same age, and 'Personality 2' - a menacing dictator owned by days gone by.
He presumed his mother, exactly like himself, also handled multiple personalities in her head, and thus spoke of the spirits that frequented her.
Another peculiar event from his childhood was the actual fact that he carved a mannequin in his real wood measure-scale and used to use secret information to it, in a vocabulary that he previously created himself (almost like a form of voodoo/idol worship).
An interesting anecdote from his childhood offers us a peek into his analytical and mental health aspect. In 1887, at age 12, Carl got into a school battle, and in doing so, got forced to the bottom with such a force that he fainted on the spot. This incident got a distinct mental health imprint on his mind and he assumed that he'd never have to visit college thenceforth, or he'd faint. He remained home for another 6 months under this assumption. But when he was made to go back to school for academic purposes, he began fainting whenever he strolled onto the campus!
Carl Jung confirmed a psychoanalytical inclination since an extremely early stage. In conjunction with his mother's personality and his father's overbearing impact, he acquired enough to latch to in his years as a child, for him to take it up as a profession as a grown-up.
Too 'Jung' For Mindset. . . ?
After finishing college, Carl was in somewhat of the dilemma as to what to pursue in college. He previously a strong spiritual upbringing on account of his pastor dad, and he was also equally considering biology.
He went to the University of Basel in 1895 (time 20), and wasn't so keen on pursuing Psychology or Psychiatry, as they were considered to be very prestigious things at that time, that not a lot of students considered.
Slowly, with moving time, he came to realize that principles of the psychoanalytical syllabus attractively put together the regimes and teachings of biology of our body with spirituality (interior operations) of the individuals head. This interested him no end and proved to be just the answer to his issue. He was learning drugs at the school for this time.
At the early age of 25 in the entire year 1900, Jung experienced successful graduated from the college or university and received a renowned job at the psychiatric clinic of Burgholzli in Zurich. It was during this time period, when he was dealing with another impressive psychiatrist, Eugen Bleuler (who coined terms like 'Schizophrenia' and 'Autism'), that Jung became acquainted with the widely revered Sigmund Freud and his focus on the 'Unconscious' head through his book, 'The Interpretation Of Dreams'.
While working at the hospital, Jung published his own doctoral dissertation newspaper, entitled 'On The Mindset & Pathology ON THE So-Called Occult Sensation' in the year 1903 (Age 28).
He also committed Emma Rauschenbach in the same year (1903), and went on to get five children with her - Agatha, Gret, Franz, Marianne and Helene. The relationship lasted until Emma's death in the year 1955; but throughout the marriage, Carl is thought to have engaged in a number of extra-marital affairs.
In the year 1906 (age 31), Carl printed the booklet called 'Studies in Term Association', a copy which, was delivered by him to Sigmund Freud.
Freud and Jung: Friendship and Friction
By 1906, Freud was stepping down from his Psychoanalytical throne, and was so used by the ideas unveiled by Jung in his book, that he referred to him as his 'eldest kid, successor and crown prince'.
After reading Jung's 'Studies In Term Relationship', Freud organized for a meeting with him. It had been a discussion that would place the founding stones for a long-lasting companionship. It is assumed that Jung and Freud sat jointly for almost 13 time and talked about the principles of new-age mindset at-length.
There was simply any contact between the two of them for the next six months. Freud's theory of the 'Unconscious mind' had been subjected to commendation and condemnation at exactly the same time, and he needed a and appearing psychoanalyst to returning him up. This is when he delivered a bunch of his published documents and essays to Carl Jung, who was only too wanting to lap it up and support it.
His connection with Sigmund Freud helped Jung's profession as a psychologist a great deal! By 1908 (time 33) he became the Editor of the newly founded yearbook for psychoanalytical and psychopathological research.
Two years later, in 1910 (time 35), he was bestowed with the prestigious Chairmanship of the International Psychoanalytical Association, all instead of Freud's advice.
After a great a friendly relationship of 5-6 years, tensions started brewing between the two, mainly over the concept of 'unconscious' and its own contribution to a person's 'Personality'. While Freud credited the unconscious with the complete responsibility of forming ones personality, Jung wanted to believe it is definitely vastly dependable but can't be solely acknowledged.
Around the same time, 1911-1912, when Jung was working on his book, 'Mindset of the Unconscious', Freud frequented his friend and colleague, Ludwig Binswanger in Kreuzlingen (Switzerland), but completely averted meeting him in the neaby Zurich. He called this event the 'Kreuzlingen Gesture'.
The equation held souring over the period of time and the a friendly relationship had reached its unavoidable end. Jung and Freud met for the last time in September 1913 (age group 38), at the International Psychoanalytical Congress, where his lecture about the concepts of particular personality types - 'Introverts' and 'Extroverts', would establish him aside from Freud's works for the better area of the next century.
The split from Freud remaining a metaphoric scar on Jung. He was traumatized at having lost a close to and dear friend and supporter. He began experiencing a "horrible confrontation with the unconscious". He started out viewing things and hearing voices, and became so frantic with these new phenomena, that he started out documenting his hallucinations in a leather-bound red reserve.
Jung was to become public shape right at the onset of the First World War. Despite the fact that he was hurting a great deal after his break up from Freud, his contributions to psychoanalysis were to take the world by surprise. . .
Jung: Works, Views and Intelligence. . .
Like all masterminds and visionaries of the early 20th century, Carl Jung also confronted the entire world Wars and got his show of battleground experience. Right after his divide from Freud, at a psychologically vulnerable stage, he joined up with the Swiss Military in the capacity of a health care provider and dished up in World War I.
His distinctions with the fantastic Sigmund Freud acquired, in ways, obligated him into a shell, and he started out keeping a minimal profile throughout the 1920s (in his 40s), in support of made public appearances for one-off lectures in international lands. His works were made famous outside of Switzerland through colleague and translator Constance Long, who also encouraged him to provide lectures in USA, Britain and other foreign locales.
Contrary to his personal life, Jung's works were keeping not a 'low profile'. They had brought on a revolution-of-sorts and proved to be the same and other theory for Freud's archaic ways of psychoanalysis and psychiatry. . .
His concepts of 'Introversion' and 'Extroversion' spread like wildfire and gained acceptance. These concepts are accompanied by psychoanalysts till date.
The major reason for the variations in thoughts and opinions between him and Freud was the actual fact that he assumed Freud's classification of 'Unconscious' was insufficient and unnecessarily negative. While Freud believed that the unconscious is merely a repository of suppressed recollections and wants and needs, Jung argued that unconscious was actually divided in 2 parts - 'Personal Unconscious' and 'Collective Unconscious'. The non-public unconscious was responsible for suppressed needs of the individual, whereas the collective unconscious was a much deeper repository interacting with the suppressed thoughts of any community. He tried out to explain that folks, as a group, share a form of unconscious mind, and this it was the real reason for phenomena like Telepathy.
He also created the concept of 'Individuation' in which, personal and collective unconscious were brought into existence through dreams, lively imaginations or free associations. He believed a person who has advanced on the 'Individuation' process is older, harmonious and in charge.
Jung's concept of 'Persona' was also popular among the psychoanalysts of that time period. He defined 'Persona' to be always a mask of sorts; a consciously put-on personality, created from the collective psyche through socialization, social influences and experience. He thought a psychoanalyst should try to initiate the 'Individuation' process by liberating the patient from the deceptive cover of this 'Persona'.
Carl Jung's political views were caught in crossfire more than once. Throughout the 1930s (when he is at his 50s), and specifically during the second World War, he previously famously maintained connection with a few of his Jewish acquaintances, and, at exactly the same time voiced his sympathies for some German psychoanalyst who have been Nazi-supporters.
Jung was sorely disappointed when, Zentralblatt Fur Psychotherapie, under his editorship, posted some pro-Nazi claims, and he was held individually liable and in charge of these sentiments. He made various attempts to clear his stand on the Anti-Semitism movement, but his teachings and writing were more and more misconstrued to be pro-Nazi. Finally, to battle these allegations, he released a declaration against Hitler, saying: "Germany is infested by one man who is clearly possessed. "
Carl Jung was of an extremely individualistic view when it emerged to politics. He presumed that an specific should be permitted to make his own choices, and a 'State' had used the place of God, and was suitably run only by the folks who realized how to manipulate it.
Towards the end of his life, Jung experienced become an extremely religious man, and his values and theories possessed also begun to be cast in a religious mould. He travelled to Kenya to find the 'primitive mindset' of tribes that had been culturally isolated.
Later, in the year 1937 (years 62), he shipped the famous Terry lectures in USA and Great britain on the topic, 'Psychology and Religion'. Inside the same year, he travelled to India to comprehend the ideas of religious beliefs and spirituality as they were seen in these parts. He accepted that his Indian expedition was a lot more successful than his tribal excursions to Kenya, as terms barrier wasn't a difficulty in India. Although, he accepted that the principles of 'Atmaa' or 'Home' and inner insights into we were holding lost on him.
It was in this spiritual stage, that Jung contributed to the formation of the 'Alcoholics Anonymous'. Despite the fact that the contribution wasn't direct, he is credit with some applaud to acquire established the ball moving. He previously once advised one of is own American patients who was simply suffering from incurable alcoholism, to seek a spiritual experience to get rid of his problem. The perfect solution is worked and the American came back home and advised about this to his fellow alcoholics. Expression spread and Charge Wilson, the creator of 'AA' adopted this theory for his 12-step program. . .
Jung: The Man, The Mind as well as the Mystery. . .
As he grew in to the revered psychoanalyst and psychiatrist that people know of today, Jung began looking back again and self-assessing his life and developed some remarkable explanations for the romantic relationships he had got.
He described that his parents' romance experienced a great influence on his mind, and it was during this time period, that he started out to see women as 'unreliable' and 'unstable', given his mother's condition. He admitted that it was probably for this amount of time in his life that he became a patriarch and that it was the 'handicap he started out with'. . .
It was probably because of this 'handicap' that he never really had a smooth romantic relationship with his wife. He was famously associated with Sabina Spielrein and Toni Wolff, two of the earliest girl psychoanalysts. He, however, never desired a divorce and found his matrimony through, until his partner expired in 1955 when he was 80. Very little is known about his 5 children either.
His better half, his affairs, his children and Sigmund Freud were inseparable elements of his existence, and mostly contributed to the overall shaping of his personality. The leather-bound red book that he recorded his post-Freud hallucinations in was lately published for general public usage. Another source for understanding his marriage with Freud is the critically acclaimed 2011 Hollywood film 'A Dangerous Method', which is generally based on Freud, Jung and Sabina Speilrein.
It is presumed that towards the end of his life, Jung got a series of visions, or dreams so-to-say, where he envisioned himself advancing towards a tower of light shining at the end of a lake! Surprisingly, immediately after these strange premonitions, he endured a short illness and passed on on Jun 6, 1961, at the age of 86.
Jung was a guy of science and spirituality, and in his doings throughout his life, he attempted to construct an explanation for the real meaning of life.
Much to his success and the transferring down of his principles, we now follow a sizable part of his teachings, theories and discoveries and he is still revered as the get good at of modern psychology over Freud. . .