Posted at 10.27.2018
By comparing and contrasting the marriage proposals of Mr Collins and Mr. Darcy, examine the attitudes to marriage explored by Jane Austen in Pride and Prejudice. You must:
During the eighteenth and nineteenth century marriage is a state to which every sweetheart was likely to aspire: 'it is a truth universally acknowledged, that a solo man in ownership of a good fortune, must maintain want of a wife'. The first phrase of the book presents two of the most crucial areas of life at the time; marriage and prosperity. Before Jane Austen, relationship was about money, electricity and appearance. These components were essential for what would be regarded, a 'good' marriage. Relationship was for reasons of increasing the couples, and their young families' interpersonal and financial position. The opening phrase will not provoke any images of love but and then have security of matrimony which aids both households both socially as well as for riches purposes.
Mr. Collins proposal to Elizabeth is strange to say the least. It's not only clear that he has his proposal 'speech' ready made, he refuses to take no for an answer. He has even prepared a rejection 'speech' to win her back. We can relate with Elizabeth from the beginning of the reserve, her rational thinking it what she may consider her greatest trait. She actually is described as having 'something of quickness than her sisters' which is completely true. This quickness is shown when she argues back to Mr Collins, and later in the book, someone of way higher ranking that was socially unheard of.
Mr. Collins proposal is humorous in the sense that he plainly does not know Elizabeth and her personality. Jane Austen use of irony looks often in Section 19 as she mocks him in a sort characteristics without insulting him too greatly. Mr. Collins is formal in his proposal and having 'no sense of diffidence' he is sure that he'll not be refused. His proposal is structured like a talk or a sermon in his case, and amuses us as the audience and Elizabeth herself as she confirms it difficult not to laugh. The use of rhetorical devices such as numbering his factors and punctuating his proposal with terms like 'thus' increases the hilarity of computer. Mr. Collins attempts to flatter her by chatting of her 'perfections', a use of hyperbole. He also identifies her as a 'natural delicacy'. Mr. Collins tells Elizabeth that he has been advised 'Mr Collins, you must marry' by his patroness, Girl Catherine de Bourgh. Female Catherine is convinced he 'owes it to himself also to all his family' to marry Elizabeth.
Mr Collins discussions of the fatality of Elizabeth's daddy, Mr. Bennet. An peculiar topic to bring up when proposing to a female. Elizabeth rejects his work but he quickly continues as though he will not leave until hear has got the 'yes' that he wants to listen to. Elizabeth argues again because he's not accepting the fact that he has been refused. Again he has a counter argument on her behalf rejection: 'it does not may actually me that my hand is unworthy your approval'. Elizabeth starts off to be rude to him to see if that will work. He insults her and her family by reminding her that she is not rich: 'your section is unhappily so small that it will in all probability undo the consequences of your lovingness', he also says that 'it is in no way certain that another offer of marriage may ever be made you'. Mr. Collins is sensible enough to appreciate that the Bennet sisters have little chance in the unforgiving marriage 'market' of the eighteenth and nineteenth hundreds of years.
Mr. Collins' helps it be clear that so far as he is worried, respectability is the most important attribute in a better half; he prices this more highly than wealth or beauty. This is a practical decision credited to his career; a clergyman must be reputed so he takes a respectable wife. Despite his proposal seeming definitely passionless and quite frigid hearted it builds up to become rude when he is refused but at the same time, amusing because of Mr. Collins being such a foolish man. Like Mrs. Bennet, Mr Collins is in the book for comical value.
Mr. Collins provides series of sensible and completely unromantic reasons to marry Elizabeth. During the time that Jane Austen published this novel, marriage was often organized for sensible reasons and Jane Austen includes in her books situations that might occur in everyday routine, she did not write about illusion worlds. Jane Austen was a realist publisher. Jane Austen is extremely effective in conveying how Elizabeth deals with this proposal as Jane Austen was said to have structured her book on close observances of real people and situations similar to the ones defined in the e book. She was familiar with these situations.
Mr. Collins seems he should marry one of his cousins, because if he doesn't they'll be left homeless and penniless on the fatality of their daddy. He seems it is morally important to marry one of them. When Elizabeth hears of Charlotte's engagement to Mr. Collins she is rather disparaging of their engagement. This demonstrates despite Elizabeth's quickness of head and intelligence, she may be being too idealistic. We sympathise with Charlotte's position because she has taken an informed pragmatic decision and has accepted Mr. Collins offer of relationship. She has agreed to marry him for the 'pure and disinterested desire of an establishment'. This is a typical relationship because it is based on the grounds of practicality. This marriage is not charming or fuelled by love, most relationships of the upper class were just like this through the eighteenth century and may be the reason many gentlemen of the time had mistresses. Because of the fact that they were highly ranking participants of world, their reputation remained intact despite having two ladies in the house.
Mr. Darcy's first proposal to Elizabeth is a huge compare to Mr. Collins'. Darcy speaks with emotive language telling Elizabeth how his feeling can't be 'repressed' and that he ardently admires and loves her, despite her qualifications. The adverb 'ardently' implies he passionately loves her. 'Elizabeth's astonishment was beyond expression'; this is a perfect example of Jane Austen's current economic climate of expression exhibiting Elizabeth's delight. Despite showing her that he loves her, it is nearly ruined by his first comment which tells us that 'in vain have I struggled'. and therefore he has struggled not to love her but he can't help it. Elizabeth blushes as she could not be 'insensible to the go with of such a man's passion'. Her feelings towards Darcy are conflicted, which shows an early sign of possible love, she may be drawn to him without knowing it but she quickly looses 'all compassion in anger'. She had not been irritated with Mr. Collins proposal, she just found it amusing but Darcy's proposal differs. Mr. Darcy is over confident that she Elizabeth will love and accept him immediately. Elements of pride are located in this portion of the book. Mr. Darcy is one of the proudest people in the book. He is extremely rich and his manners are exemplary but there is a certain air about him which makes him seem to be snobby and this makes him slightly unlikeable. He creates a reputation for himself, when at the ball, he considers himself far too good to boogie with any of the local ladies. He is aware of his social position and superiority. Using this method he has insulted the whole neighbourhood and Elizabeth calls for the insult very individually because she overhears him declaring that she is not beautiful enough for him. Though she actually is not as quite as her sister Jane, she actually is still pretty by the neighbourhood's specifications. So in showing his self-pride he has broken Elizabeth's and she tries hard not to show it.
Mr. Darcy's proposal is comparable to Mr. Collins because of the fact that he implies to Elizabeth that she actually is "less in get ranking" than himself and this marrying her is 'a degradation'. It was socially daring at that time for someone of such a higher social list to marry below themselves despite Elizabeth being truly a gentlemen's little princess.
Elizabeth eloquently expressing her thoughts towards the unforeseen proposal and refuses his best attempts of protecting an proposal. Darcy is a man who is not used to denial of something so he is shocked at her refusal. There may be narrative tension as we wait for an answer from Darcy. They have a disagreement and Darcy storms out after hearing enough of Elizabeth's brilliant and well thought through replies. Elizabeth cries for '50 % an hour' as she explains what had happened in her brain. Jane Austen use of exclamation marks epitomises the agitated mind-set of Elizabeth. Jane Austen's use of free indirect conversation is effective in conveying individuals thoughts to us as the audience and is necessary in Section 11 (Level 2). it is neccesary to us during this chapter since it says us what thoughts are conflicting Elizabeth. It's the most effective way to mention he thought functions.
Lydia Bennet's elopement was seen by society very terribly. She had not been yet a female and after she eloped with Wickham she got very little chance to be seen as a lady in the future. Lydia working off and living with Wickham minus the benefit of marriage got ruined her reputation and broken the reputation of her whole family. She would be considered a loose woman, and no man of the good family would ever before consider marrying her. Wickham certainly got no motives of marrying her. This is what provoked the notice from Mr. Collins showing Mr. Bennet of his judgment on Lydia's elopement, societies view and Girl Catherine's view. Wickham required Lydia away with him to Scotland because he could and Lydia got fallen desperately deeply in love with him. He was self-indulgent and would never refuse himself any pleasure in his electricity. He knew that Lydia would be good company because he could easily persuade her to 'sleeping' with him. Lydia was very attracted to Wickham, he should have known better and acquired the self control and decency not to allow her to have sexual intercourse with him.
Mr. Collins' tone in his notice is an extremely serious one showing Mr. Bennet that it's his previous chance to protect his family members reputation. He is caution that Lydia is compromising the other Bennet women chances, and that he should 'throw off' his passion on her behalf and 'leave her to reap the fruits of her own heinous offence'. That is a very severe thing to do. Mr. Collins is informing Mr. Bennet that if he desires to keep his reputation intact, he must stop adoring his princess. This view that Mr Collins has, demonstrates the views that eighteenth hundred years society would have had.
The Bennet's do not have a ready way to obtain money, they are relatively rich in land and resources but not in money so Wickham has no motives of marrying Lydia. Therefore, Darcy paid Wickham to marry Lydia. Mr. Darcy planning for Wickham to marry Lydia preserved not only her reputation but also her sisters' reputations. He removed the disgrace from the Bennet name.
In Volume level 3 Section 14, Elizabeth realises she herself was wrong in her judgement of Mr. Darcy. She travelles to Pemberley to save her sisters reputation and consult with Mr Darcy. She actually is confronted by Lady Catherine who instructs of Mr Darcy's expected proposal to her daughter. Girl Catherine de Bourgh makes clear her judgment on Elizabeth marrying Darcy and warns her off. She perceives the marriage between Elizabeth and Darcy as socially abnormal as it's the joining of two different people from different social classes and financial qualifications. Lady Catherine is displeased to state the least that her nephew Mr. Darcy is not intending on marrying Lady Catherines child. If Darcy and Lady Catherine's daughter did marry, then two very large fortunes would be became a member of, increasing the financial position of both family members. But there may be one person entering the way of Female Catherine's ideal marriage, and that is Elizabeth. Girl Catherine makes very clear she would like Darcy to marry her daughter. I believe Mr. Darcy is unwilling to marry Neglect de Bourgh as he's deeply in love with Elizabeth.
Elizabeth dares to stand her surface in her discussion with Girl Catherine. Once more Lady Catherine gives a menace: 'I am never to be trifled with'. Elizabeth stacks up to the snobbery of Sweetheart Catherine. As Elizabeth is a match on her behalf, she resorts to insults by declaring Elizabeth is 'a women of substandard birth, of no importance in the world'. Lady Catherine is part of a slowly diminishing era where old viewpoints were dying with the technology. Girl Catherine's views on marriage were traditional and world was changing.
Despite the endeavors, warnings and insults of Lady Catherine, Elizabeth and Mr. Darcy get employed in Volume level 3 Chapter 16. Their engagement has been long expected by the audience and it finally comes by the end to complete with a happy stopping just like Jane Austen's other novels. Darcy identifies Elizabeth as 'dearest, loveliest Elizabeth'. Jane Austen makes clear that Elizabeth Bennet and Mr. Darcy are the perfect love match. That is affectionate language used by Mr. Darcy.
There a wide range of different behaviour towards marriage indicated in Jane Austens' Delight and Prejudice. Mr. Collins and Charlotte could be observed as a good few, despite the lack of love, as they both have the belief that marriage is made for practical reasons. Female Catherine believes marriage is for riches and ability; and Elizabeth acquired her wish of marrying a person who is fond of her. Elizabeth's relationship to Darcy was to set a pattern over another centuries, more people married for love and today in the 21st century nothing's altered. Jane Austen's smart book still has readers gripped two decades since it was written.
The matrimony we hear about which isn't entirely predicated on this rule is the signing up for of Elizabeth Bennet and Mr Darcy. Elizabeth undergoes the majority of the novel disliking Mr. Darcy but this is mainly as she's not seen his full figure and this is odd for Elizabeth as she actually is usually good with judging identity. She likes to watch people and how they react. Elizabeth learns that she has been mislead by Darcy's identity and got she known the truth, she would love him equally he adores her. Darcy leaves the countryside and then return to some other Elizabeth. They work out their misunderstandings and consent to marry.
All this is after Mr. Collins well prepared proposal to Elizabeth in section 19 where she declines his proposal. Charlotte Lucas who's Elizabeth's best friend agrees to marry him as she concerns she may well not get another offer. Elizabeth remains close friends with her, despite the fact that she is committed to the dreadful Mr. Collins. Charlotte is relatively happy as she's security economically and socially as Mr. Collins is a pastor. He is high in social rank however, not up to Mr. Bennet or Woman Catherine De Bourgh who's his patroness.