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A Study On HARD DRIVE Computer Technology Essay

Every desktop computer, laptop and netbook contains a hard-disk drive. The hard-disk drive, better known as the hard drive, is one of the most essential components in your personal computer. The hard drive stores information for the computer in a non-volatile way, meaning that when an individual shuts off of the computer, all the information he saved will still be there when he converts the computer back on. Today, hard disks can store a massive amount of information. We will look into what sort of hard drive operates and saves information. Number 1 is an image of a typical hard drive (Hallock).

Figure 1: Enclosed hard drive (Hallock)

Six basic elements constitute the composition of a difficult drive: The enclosure, spindle motor, hard drive platters, actuator arm, interface and logic plank. The enclosure is merely the external shell that protects and holds everything mutually. The four most significant & most important properties that will be outlined here are the interface, logic plank, hard drive platters, spindle motor, and the read/write to drive. The actuator arm will be described and explained within these layed out sections (Hallock).


A hard drive attaches to your computer through a specific type of user interface (Bleeping Computer). The hard drive dock and the interface on the computer where they connect should be the same; otherwise they'll not have the ability to sync up mutually.

Logic Board

The logic plank performs several significant procedures. The logic table is the "brain" of the hard drive. It says the computer the actual drive is, how big it is, what cable television its connected to, and exactly how to gain access to the drive in your operating-system. Shape 2 below is a picture of a logic board (Hallock).

Another key function of the logic mother board is the read/write cache process, without this the hard drive would be sluggish in saving and retrieving data files. Whenever a computer is informed to open up 1, 000 megabytes of information, the hard drive passes the information to you as quickly as it is able through the cache process. While the hard drive is loading the first 16MB of the record, the next chunk of data is prepared to roll and it is waiting around in the cache; when you open the cached chunk of data, another is fed into the cache, and so forth until all the information is opened. This is the read portion of the cache process, the change of the process occurs to create information (Hallock). This cache process can be an integral area of the read/write to disk function that is referred to in a section below.

Hard Drive Platters

Platters are the round plates in the Figure 4 below (Bleeping Computer). Platters contain all the information stored on the hard drive. The platters themselves are the most important and complicated aspect included in a difficult drive. Today's platters are thin disks (thus the "hard disk" name) of glass or aluminum, covered with an ultra-thin part of any cobalt alloy, which is normally magnetic. Data is written to industries which are planned into concentric rings outwards from the spindle called tracks, and all of those are managed into clusters by the file system you've chosen. To create the data, the actuator arm aligns the magnetization of the platter in a pattern recognizable to the hard drive's logic board (Hallock). In other words, the actuator arm swings across the platter to find information that the user desires.

The Spindle Motor

The spindle motor unit is the standard moving aspect in a hard drive. The spindle motor unit is manipulated by the reasoning board which is accountable for turning the hard disk drive platters, allowing the hard drive to operate. The faster the spindle spins the faster the read/write functions the hard drive has. Below in Amount 3 is a spindle engine stripped of its platters and all the components (Laptop or computer Guide).

Figure 3: Spindle Motor unit (Computer Guide)

Read/Write to Disk

The read process is when the user demands data from the hard drive which is sent to the computer. The write process is when the user saves information on the hard drive for later use. Listed below are the steps in the read/write process:

  • The user demands information on the hard drive.


  • The operating-system accesses the documents and locations via the motherboard's hard drive controller.



  • The operating system tells the hard drive's logic board so it wants a data file.



  • The reasoning board spins the platters on the spindle.



  • The actuator arm is relocated into position.



  • The logic plank reads and amplifies the very weakened, isolated magnetic areas that comprise your computer data.



  • The logic board begins using the actuator to read information from the sectors in the requested cluster.



  • Information is streamed in to the hard drive cache.



  • The information is given from the cache, to the hard drive controller, to you and Ram memory.


The write process is almost the exact opposing, except rather than accessing the platters to discover a file's location; it's accessing the file stand to find free clusters for write space (Hallock).


Hard drives are the key element in many computer-driven technology today. You can find seven basic parts to a hard drive; the enclosure, spindle, platter, electric motor, actuator arm, user interface and logic panel. A hard drive in where everything is stored on the computer. Hard drives have been a key progressive technology in saving and storing data that has become such an essential part of our own society.

Works Cited

Hallock, Robert. "How HARD DISKS Work. "Icrontic. N. p. , 5 June 2007. Web.

10 Mar. 2010.

"Hard Disk Spindle Motor. "The Computer Guide. N. p. , 17 April 2001. Web.

12 Mar. 2010.

"How HARD DISKS Work. "Bleeping Computer. Bleeping Computer,

12 Nov. 2005. Web. 10 Mar. , 2010.

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