Zhang Ailing (September 09, 1920 - September 08, 1995)
Born: 9th September, 1920
Died: 8th September, 1995
Nationality: Chinese writer
Region: Shanghai, China, California
Notable works: "Half a Lifelong Romance"

Zhang Ailing Facts

Biography

Zhang Ailing, Wade-Giles romanization Chang Ai-ling, also called Eileen Chang, (born September 9, 1920, Shanghai, China--found dead September 8, 1995, Los Angeles, California, U.S.), Chinese writer whose sad, bitter love stories gained her a large devoted audience as well as critical acclaim.

A descendant of the famous late Qing statesman Li Hongzhang, Zhang attended a traditional private school in her early childhood. Her mother arranged a Western-style education for her at age nine; she learned English, oil painting, and piano. She became familiar with traditional Chinese novels such as Hongloumeng (Dream of the Red Chamber) and Hai shang hua lie zhuan ("A Biography of Flower from the Sea"), and she tried her hand at writing.

In 1939 Zhang enrolled at the University of Hong Kong. However, when her education there was halted two years later by the Japanese invasion, she returned to Shanghai. She pursued a writing career, beginning with film scripts and romantic works. In 1943 she came to prominence with the publication in journals of the novella Jinsuoji ("The Golden Cangue") and the stories Chenxiangxie--diyilu xiang ("Scraps of Agalloch Eaglewood [a precious medicinal herb]--The First Charge in the Incense Burner") and Qingcheng zhi lian (Love in a Fallen City; film 1984). Using the "trifling matters between the sexes" as the theme of her stories, she accurately described the desires, imaginations, and personalities of urban residents. The story "Hong mei gui bai mei gui" (1944; "Red Rose, White Rose"; film 1994) chronicles a young Chinese man's sexual evolution. Her short-story collection Chuanqi (1944; "The Legend") and her prose anthology Liuyan (1944; "The Gossip") not only sold well but also successfully combined elegance and accessibility. When the Sino-Japanese War ended in 1945, however, Zhang's reputation was damaged because she was the best-known writer in Shanghai during the Japanese occupation and her husband, Hu Lanchen, had collaborated with the Japanese. Nonetheless, her novel Ban sheng yuan (1950; "Eighteen Springs"), a tale of thwarted love, proved popular. It was later republished as Half a Lifelong Romance (1966) and served as the basis for a film (1997) and a television series (2003).

Zhang moved to Hong Kong in 1952 and to the United States three years later. Two of her best-known novels were published during that period: Yangge (1954; The Rice Sprout Song; written in English but first published in Chinese), the work that won Zhang an audience in the West, and Chidi zhi lian (1954; Naked Earth). Both were critical of communist society. Zhang married Ferdinand Reyher, an American writer, in 1956 and became a U.S. citizen in 1960. In 1961 she traveled to Hong Kong via Taiwan. After writing several film scripts, she returned to the United States in 1962. Though Zhang held visiting positions at several American universities over the years, she became increasingly reclusive, revising her works and studying Dream of the Red Chamber. She wrote a novel, Yuannu (1966; The Rouge of the North), based on her earlier novella Jinsuoji; it was adapted as a motion picture in 1988. The novella Se, jie (1979; Lust, Caution), about a plan to assassinate a Japanese official in occupied Hong Kong, was filmed (2007) by director Ang Lee.

With the reprinting of a large number of her older works, there emerged in Taiwan and Hong Kong a revival of interest in Zhang. Starting in the mid-1980s, her popularity gradually spread to mainland China. Her works were collected in Zhang Ailing quanji, 16 vol. (1991-94; "The Complete Works of Zhang Ailing").

Zhang Ailing essays

Explore Related Essays
Class discrimination in pakistan education essay
The expectations of education in Pakistan are extremely low. The training sector has altered to an industry where people are making an investment money to earn rewarding profits. Nobody can be involved about the quality of education provided to the students. There are two parallel systems of education operating in Pakistan i. e. private universities systems and authorities schools system. Way too many Government schools have been ravaged by ongoing financial troubles which..
Data mining techniques in airline industry
Purpose and Scope All around the world, the airline industry could be referred to in few words, which is "intensely competitive and dynamic". The airline industry generates vast amounts of dollars yearly but nonetheless has a cumulative profit margin of significantly less than 1%1. Many Airlines want to recover from profound debt. The reason why for these are multifold- fuel costs, high cyclicality and seasonality, fierce competition, high resolved costs and many other..
Energy policy of russia
Introduction Russia is a naturally powerless nation, encompassed by other extraordinary powers and having no effectively faultless fringes. Furthermore, Russia is an enormous, cold domain populated by assorted ethnic gatherings that generally have been at chances with Moscow's brought together power. This leaves Russia with a reasonable arrangement of objectives to hold together as a nation and secure itself as a provincial force. To begin with, Russia must solidify..
Imperialism
Keywords: political, public, imperialism, war DBQ 15 Essay Whether for political, social, or economic reasons, imperialism is a controversy. First world countries have always been intervening with the government authorities of third world countries. These first world countries, which include theUnited Claims, Britain, and many European countries, have before exploited less fortunatesfor resources, capital, and knowledge. Yet in exchange countries found in..
Management information system in aircraft airlines
Data analysis plays essential role in determining which resources to work with in order to attain the mission of a business. The entire world is developing an extremely global market and economy. The basic management information system actions inputs and/or outputs, allowing professionals to analyse the relationship between them and make decisions based on the outcomes they really want. Daily example can be a speedometer, a speed-measuring system Types of Management..
The home management competencies
INTRODUCTION Competencies are root characteristics that lead to superior performance within an specific. They include qualities, skills, features and features that help visitors to be successful. Competencies are capable of being developed in people somewhat than being set. This competency development is mostly developed through Personal & Professional Skills. Personal & Professional Development is essentially an avenue of instructing professionals..
Types of misuse: local, financial and technological
Abuse occurs when people mistreat or misuse other people. Abusive behaviors are being used to manipulate others. However the uncommon types of misuse are just as important as the normal ones. They include monetary, academic, and mental abuse. Economic maltreatment is a form of abuse when one close spouse has control over the other partner's usage of economic resources, which diminishes the victim's capacity to support him/herself and forces him/her to depend on the perpetrator..
What makes a movie great?
With thousands of motion pictures released each and every year therefore few succeeding either commercially or fiscally, you have to cause the question: what is it, exactly, which makes a film great? From an audience's point of view, people watch videos to be entertained: they are looking, most of all, to listen to a good report that allows them to talk about encounters with the characters and with their friends; to see spectacles; to go to other worlds to that they could never otherwise..
Brent hayes edward's the application of diasporal and african diasporal essay example
In Brent Hayes Edwards essay, " The Use of Diaspora", the term "African Diaspora" can be critically investigated for its mental history of the word. Edward's reason behind investigating the "intellectual great the term" rather than a standard history is because the term "is taken up at a particular rumours in black scholarly discourse to do a particular kind of epistemological work" (Edwards 9). At the beginning of his dissertation..
Dissimilarities between christianity and islam essay
In previously lessons, it absolutely was seen that religions sided towards worshiping many gods which is generally known as polytheistic, nevertheless , Judaism started to rise which will believed in one mighty Our god and via it Christianity and Islam originated. As a result of these 3 religions getting monotheistic and developed coming from Judaism, they possess many similarities, but since they are distinct religions you can also get major variations between them. For..
Dissertation about turmoil between canada and the first nations
Conflict between Canada and the First Nations around the world has been taking place since the Europeans first arrived. After their particular arrival the First International locations way of life was hindered significantly; The Europeans brought various diseases that the Aboriginal individuals were unfamiliar with and had no resistance to, or remedy for. "By the 16th century about 80% of Canada's Local population acquired died in the various conditions (Renneboog,..
Article about the segregation of faculty in america
The Segregation of School in the usIn history you will discover two significant turning items in the guard equalprivileges. The 1st was "Homer Plessey vs . The train road company" of1986. Homer Plessey was asked to stay in a dark only carriage andrefused; he was kicked off the coach. He decided to take his case tothe best court and so they ruled in favour of segregation, expressing"separate yet equal". Segregation had been happening for many yearsalready..
Essay about the valley by mary macleod
Over the play, "The Valley" written by Joan MacLeod, there is a distinct denialand prevention theme going on within each of the relationships, but mostly there is a lack ofacceptance so that is really taking place in every of their lives. In the theatre, by CharlieKaufman, "Eternal Sun of the Clean mind", additionally there is a similar concept of theunacceptance among the key characters Joel and Clementine, although it simply seems thatthey absence..
Tumor
1 . Prostatic Cancer1 . 1 Comprehending the prostateThe prostate is known as a gland part of the male reproductive : system; it truly is located below the bladder and above the anal area surrounding completely around the 1st portion of the urethra below the bladder. It can help in the production of the seminal fluid in order to carry the ejaculate during ejaculation. One of the most prevalent prostate issue is benign prostate growth that, over time, may compress the urethra and cause..
Amogu bruthirs muthir's puont uf voiw
It wes electronic noci end sanny dey I wes on my beck yerd whin I affix my sun Antunou juggong elung thi rovir woth hos bist froind Filox. I no ano de Antunou's muthir end We lovi el thi luwir iest sodi uf Menhetten on sobre epertmint baoldong. Filox elsu lovis upon thi partial baoldong sera mi end Antunou. Evir sonci Antunou wes lottli buy hello there wentid su bi e loghtwioght buxong chempoun end su dod Filox whoch os uni riesun so why thiy eri sach guud froinds thiy ivin hevi fuar..
Ranking of humand hard drives and actions essay
Exactly where we run across a values we find an assessment and ranking of human hard drives and activities. These assessments and ranks always express the requirements of a community and crowd: whatever profits it in the first place-and in the second and third-is also the supreme measure of the value of most individuals. By using morality, folks are led to be functions of the herd also to attribute benefit to themselves as only functionsmorality is definitely herd intuition in..
Socrates notion from the duty of any philosopher
Socrates leads me to believe in the speaking the fact that duty of any philosopher is the actions that the philosopher is suppose to accomplish as a thinker. Socrates thinks that the obligation of the philosophers is to talk about his/her concepts on everything in order that people could start to open their mind and look for ideas or perhaps laws via a different point of view, a perspective not influenced by the govt. The government desires people to adhere to their feels on religion,..
Composition on dark-colored men, and public space
In the 1970s it had been a time of revolutionary audio speakers and influential groups that fought to create a unified land despite the problems they experienced. Since the 1971s racism provides gotten more serious. Racial discrimination is still a significant problem we deal with today and recent years there are many issues with discrimination which includes, hate criminal offenses, the felony justice system, job income, and police brutality.at they see, and not by what..
Teenagers should not smoking essay
Young people today encounter a wide range of dubious substances at relatively easy get. Fake IDENTIFICATION, getting somebody older to buy it for you, buying this off the streets, there are so many ways to possess illicit materials. But one, which in turn affects teenagers in a very permanent and poisonous way, can be smoking.Characteristics: Before you can delve into what effect smoking/cigarettes, have figure you must know what a cigarette contains. One particular cigarette..
Erikson 's theory and thoughts essay
Erikson's theory has a total of 8 different phases. I believe Erikson had a good idea and was correct in the theory and thoughts. His stages and repercussions of each and every stage can be evident around me as well as others in my life. Erikson's first stage is about trust and mistrust in the first year of life. Within my first yr of existence my family was very present. There would not go per week where my family does not recount about that 1st year and different silly or perhaps..
Subscribe to our updates
79 345 subscribers already with us

Related authors

Guo Moruo
Guo Moruo
Guo Moruo, Wade-Giles romanization Kuo Mo-jo, original name Guo Kaizhen, (born November 1892,..
Joseph Liouville
Joseph Liouville
Joseph Liouville, (born March 24, 1809, Saint-Omer, France--died September 8, 1882, Paris), French..
Thomas Wolfe
Thomas Wolfe
Thomas Wolfe, in full Thomas Clayton Wolfe, (born Oct. 3, 1900, Asheville, N.C., U.S.--died Sept...
Yevgeny Zamyatin
Yevgeny Zamyatin
Yevgeny Zamyatin, in full Yevgeny Ivanovich Zamyatin, Zamyatin also spelled Zamiatin, (born February..
Charles Burney
Charles Burney
Charles Burney, (born April 7, 1726, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Eng.--died April 12, 1814, Chelsea,..
Lawrence Ferlinghetti
Lawrence Ferlinghetti
Lawrence Ferlinghetti, in full Lawrence Monsanto Ferlinghetti, (born March 24, 1919, Yonkers,..
Jean Giraudoux
Jean Giraudoux
Jean Giraudoux, in full Hyppolyte-Jean Giraudoux, (born October 29, 1882, Bellac, France--died..
Peter Matthiessen
Peter Matthiessen
Peter Matthiessen, (born May 22, 1927, New York, New York, U.S.--died April 5, 2014, Sagaponack),..
Martin Rees
Martin Rees
Martin Rees, in full Martin John Rees, Baron Rees of Ludlow, (born June 23, 1942, York, England),..
Nick Hornby
Nick Hornby
Nick Hornby, in full Nicholas Hornby, (born April 17, 1957, Redhill, Surrey, England), British..
Henning Mankell
Henning Mankell
Henning Mankell, (born February 3, 1948, Stockholm, Sweden--died October 5, 2015, Gothenburg),..
John Ford
John Ford
John Ford, (baptized April 17, 1586, Ilsington, Devon, Eng.--died 1639?), English dramatist of..
Pierre Marivaux
Pierre Marivaux
Pierre Marivaux, in full Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de Marivaux, (born February 4, 1688, Paris,..
Christina Rossetti
Christina Rossetti
Christina Rossetti, in full Christina Georgina Rossetti, pseudonym Ellen Alleyne, (born Dec...
John Cheever
John Cheever
John Cheever, (born May 27, 1912, Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S.--died June 18, 1982, Ossining, New..
Phillis Wheatley
Phillis Wheatley
Phillis Wheatley, (born c. 1753, present-day Senegal?, West Africa--died December 5, 1784, Boston,..
Milan Kundera
Milan Kundera
Milan Kundera, (born April 1, 1929, Brno, Czechoslovakia [now in Czech Republic]), Czech novelist,..
Arthur Young
Arthur Young
Arthur Young, (born Sept. 11, 1741, London, Eng.--died April 20, 1820, London), prolific English..
Harper Lee
Harper Lee
Harper Lee, in full Nelle Harper Lee, (born April 28, 1926, Monroeville, Alabama, U.S.--died February..
Jose Lezama Lima
Jose Lezama Lima
Jose Lezama Lima, (born December 19, 1910, near Havana, Cuba--died August 9, 1976, Havana), Cuban..