William Drummond (December 13, 1585 - December 04, 1649)
Born: 13th December, 1585
Died: 4th December, 1649
Nationality: Scottish
Profession/Occupation: Poet
Region: Scotland
Notable works: "Polemo-Middinia inter Vitarvam et Nebernam"

William Drummond Facts

Biography

William Drummond, (born Dec. 13, 1585, Hawthornden, near Edinburgh, Scot.--died Dec. 4, 1649, Hawthornden), first notable poet in Scotland to write deliberately in English. He also was the first to use the canzone, a medieval Italian or Provencal metrical form, in English verse.

Drummond studied at Edinburgh and spent a few years in France, ostensibly studying law at Bourges and Paris. On the death of his father, first laird of Hawthornden, in 1610, he settled down on his Hawthornden estate, leaving law for literature and devoting himself to the life of a cultured and rather detached man of means. There was a certain natural reticence in Drummond's character, but he had many friends, including the poets Michael Drayton and Sir William Alexander and the playwright Ben Jonson.

Jonson visited Drummond in 1618, and Jonson's record of their conversations throws light on both personalities. Jonson said that Drummond's poems, though good, "smelled too much of the Schooles, and were not after the fancie of the tyme." Drummond adapted and translated poems from French, Italian, and Spanish, in addition to borrowing from such English poets as Sir Philip Sidney. Apart from his Poems (1614, 1616) and Flowres of Sion (1623), Drummond wrote Forth Feasting (1617), a poem celebrating James I's visit to Scotland in that year, and he was apparently the author of Polemo-Medinia inter Vitarvam et Nebernam (1645?), a macaronic piece intermingling Scots and Latin. His prose writings include a group of Royalist political pamphlets; The History of Scotland, from the year 1423 until the year 1542 (1655); and A Cypresse Grove (1623; earlier version, A Midnight's Trance, 1619), a meditation on death and mutability.

Top 9 William Drummond quotes

He who will not reason, is a bigot; he who cannot is a fool; and he who dares not is a slave.
Bigot
Cannot
Dares
Fool
He
Reason
Slave
Who
Will
I study myself more than any other subject; it is my metaphysic, and my physic.
Any
More
Myself
Other
Study
Subject
Than
Iron sharpens iron; scholar, the scholar.
Iron
Scholar
Sharpens
Study what thou art Whereof thou art a part What thou knowest of this art This is really what thou art. All that is without thee also is within.
Also
Art
Part
Really
Study
Thee
Thou
Thou art
Within
Without
There is a silence, the child of love, which expresses everything, and proclaims more loudly than the tongue is able to do.
Able
Child
Everything
Expresses
Loudly
Love
More
Silence
Than
Tongue
Which
Put a bridle on thy tongue; set a guard before thy lips, lest the words of thine own mouth destroy thy peace... on much speaking cometh repentance, but in silence is safety.
Before
Cometh
Destroy
Guard
Lest
Lips
Mouth
Much
Own
Peace
Put
Repentance
Safety
Set
He that will not reason is a bigot; he that cannot reason is a fool; and he that dares not reason is a slave.
Bigot
Cannot
Dares
Fool
He
Reason
Slave
Will
He who dares not reason, is a slave.
Dares
He
Reason
Slave
Who
As we had no part of our will on our entrance into this life, we should not presume to any on our leaving it, but soberly learn to will which He wills.
Any
Entrance
Had
He
Learn
Leaving
Life
Our
Part
Presume
Should
Which
Will
Wills

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