Upton Sinclair (September 20, 1878 - November 25, 1968)
Born: 20th September, 1878
Died: 25th November, 1968
Nationality: American
Profession/Occupation: Author
Region: Baltimore, Maryland, Bound Brook, New Jersey
Notable works: "The Jungle", "Oil!"

Upton Sinclair Facts

Biography

Upton Sinclair, in full Upton Beall Sinclair, (born September 20, 1878, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.--died November 25, 1968, Bound Brook, New Jersey), prolific American novelist and polemicist for socialism, health, temperance, free speech, and worker rights, among other causes. His classic muckraking novel The Jungle (1906) is a landmark among naturalistic proletarian work, one praised by fellow socialist Jack London as "the Uncle Tom's Cabin of wage slavery."

Sinclair's parents were poor but his grandparents wealthy, and he long attributed his exposure to the two extremes as the cause of his socialist beliefs. He graduated from the College of the City of New York in 1897 and did graduate work at Columbia University, supporting himself by writing jokes for newspapers and cartoonists and adventure stories for pulp magazines. His first four books--King Midas (1901, first published the same year as Springtime and Harvest), Prince Hagen (1903), The Journal of Arthur Stirling (1903), and a Civil War novel Manassas (1904)--were well received by the critics but did not sell well.

His public stature changed dramatically in 1905, after the socialist weekly Appeal to Reason sent Sinclair undercover to investigate conditions in the Chicago stockyards. The result of his seven-week investigation was The Jungle, first published in serial form by Appeal to Reason in 1905 and then as a book in 1906. Though intended to create sympathy for the exploited and poorly treated immigrant workers in the meatpacking industry, the novel instead aroused widespread public indignation at the low quality of and impurities in processed meats and thus helped bring about the passage of federal food-inspection laws. As Sinclair commented at the time, "I aimed at the public's heart and by accident I hit it in the stomach."

The Jungle became a best seller, and Sinclair used the proceeds to open Helicon Hall, a cooperative-living venture in Englewood, New Jersey. This experiment was inspired by a model developed by feminist Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The building was destroyed by fire (possible arson, because of his socialist views) in 1907, whereupon the project was abandoned.

Sinclair and his second wife, Mary Craig Kimbrough, moved to Pasadena, California, in 1916. His muckraking novels continued with King Coal (1917), which is about the poor working conditions in the mining industry. With The Brass Check (1919), Sinclair tackled the financial interests and supposed "free press" principles of major newspapers and the "yellow journalism" they often engaged in to attract readers. His novel Oil! (1927) was based on the Teapot Dome Scandal (it loosely served as the basis of the Academy Award-winning film There Will Be Blood [2007]), and Boston (1928) was inspired by the Sacco-Vanzetti case. His searing novel The Wet Parade (1931; film 1932) is about the tragedy of alcoholism, and The Flivver King (1937) tells the story of Henry Ford and how "scientific management" replaced skilled workers in the automotive industry.

During the economic crisis of the 1930s, Sinclair organized the EPIC (End Poverty in California) socialist reform movement and registered as a Democrat. His 1934 bid for the governorship of California--he ran on the EPIC platform, which featured proposals for state-administered economic relief and reforms throughout a number of societal institutions--was his most successful political campaign. (He had run for the U.S. House of Representatives in 1906 and 1920, for the U.S. Senate in 1922, and for the governorship of California in 1926 and 1930, each time running as a Socialist, and each time he lost.) The campaign was surprisingly popular, helping to build and push to the left the Democratic Party in California and to inspire U.S. Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal programs, but once again he lost. He was defeated by a joint propaganda campaign, orchestrated by the conservative political and business establishment, newspaper moguls, and Hollywood studio bosses, who brazenly portrayed him as an American communist. Using admen, media consultants, and assorted "dirty tricks," the anti-Sinclair battle has been called one of the most well-orchestrated smear campaigns in American history; bogus interviews were staged and run as legitimate newsreels in movie theatres, a forerunner of "fake news" and the attack ads on television decades later. Sinclair recounted the campaign in I, Candidate for Governor: And How I Got Licked (1935) and said about his experience in politics, "The American People will take Socialism, but they won't take the label. I certainly proved it in the case of EPIC. Running on the Socialist ticket I got 60,000 votes, and running on the slogan to 'End Poverty in California' I got 879,000."

Inspired by a tour of the northern California redwoods in 1936, Sinclair wrote a children's story called The Gnomobile. It was one of the first books for children with an environmentalist message, and it was later adapted as a film by Walt Disney in 1967. Sinclair again reached a wide audience with his Lanny Budd series, 11 contemporary historical novels, beginning with World's End (1940), that were constructed around an antifascist hero who witnesses all the events surrounding World War II. For Dragon's Teeth (1942), the third novel in the series, about the Nazi takeover of Germany in the 1930s, Sinclair won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1943.

Of his autobiographical writings, American Outpost: A Book of Reminiscences (1932; also published as Candid Reminiscences: My First Thirty Years) was reworked and extended in The Autobiography of Upton Sinclair (1962). My Lifetime in Letters (1960) is a collection of letters written to Sinclair.

Upton Sinclair essays

Read more informative topics on our blog
Buyer Behaviour Analysis Changing Image Of JUNK FOOD Marketing Essay
The decision to purchase, use or consume the merchandise of a particular brand is not only a utilitarian decision that focuses on what goods a consumer wants, additionally it is a matter of the consumer's self image. The client asks himself, perhaps subconsciously, is he "the sort of person" who eats at McDonald's, or uses Bayer aspirin? After that, the client makes a decision to use, or not use, the merchandise. However, the answers to these questions are less than simple. They are simply intricately and intrinsically connected to brand image and perception. Consumers are willing to put more..
Elements Of Autobiography In Martin Eden
In London's literary ingenuity, Tag Eden is staged so that it's widely considered a full time income autobiography for Jack London himself from the resemblance of the many styles and postulates in the reserve with the author's own perspectives during his life; in simple fact, so near London's perspectives in life will be the issues mentioned in the booklet that even the tragic end of Symbol Eden taking his own life has been justifiably been surmised to be a foreshadow Jack London's own death. The Components of autobiography in 'Martin Eden' by Jack London Martin Eden is a 1909 novel by the once..
Sinclairs Purpose The Objective Of The Jungle English Books Essay
Few books which were ever published carried with them the affect necessary to lead to extreme reform in countrywide public policy. The Jungle by Upton Sinclair, however, was one particular book which do. The Jungle is generally regarded as the book whose eye-opening explanation nauseated america to a point where Chief executive Theodore Roosevelt applied the first legislation on the American food industry. What most visitors fail to take into account, however, is that was definately not Sinclair's true intent. Sinclair, today regarded as a groundbreaking "muckraker", was in reality a devoted..
Unrestricted Capitalism INSIDE THE Gilded Age History Essay
At the convert of the century, tales of the North american Aspiration and the unflawed system of capitalism were multiply throughout the, sketching immigrants in large numbers to america (Dubofsky & McCartin 94). These testimonies, however, were often the handpicked, sugar-coated activities of the go for group of men who received blessed breaks and circumvented the horrors and hardships of making it through the unrestrained capitalist machine of America. The truth is, many working people in the United States through the Gilded Age encountered starvation, health issues, deplorable..
The Jungle Fast Food Nation Essay
In 1961, two former Swift & Co. professionals, Currier Holman and A. D. Anderson, started Iowa Beef Packers better known as IBP. Throughout twenty years, these two lead the meatpacking industry back to the days of Upton Sinclair¹s "The Jungle". IBP created ³a mass development system that employed a de-skilled workforce,... put the new slaughterhouses in rural areas... far from the downtown strongholds from the nation¹s labor unions² (p 154). In the 1970s, the IBP broke the labor assemblage with the help of La Cosa Nostra, and the level was set for sweatshop heaven. By a ConAgra slaughterhouse..
Upton Sinclair 's The Jungle Essay
Ethics, the moral rules that govern a person's or group 's habit, are one of the important lessons to be discovered in content high school education. Ethics are what people and companies worldwide are taught to practice to be able to create a fair and just contemporary society for both the customer and the organization or corporation. However , since companies expand and gain more power, the question of what is ethical slowly begins to diminish as it is defeat by the issue of what is more convenient, more affordable, and will make most earnings. Thus, creating an advantage to large businesses..
Upton Sinclair's The Jungle plus the Pure Foodstuff and Drug Act Essay
Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle" and the Pure Food and Drug WorkUpton Sinclair's "The Jungle, " offered the most specific description of the horrid truths about the way America's food companies, "the only way to obtain food for individuals living in metropolis, " happen to be preparing the foodstuff they sell. "The Jungle" explains the badconditions of your Lithuanian family members that moved to the US, and had to work, live, and die intended for the food businesses in Chicago. "The Jungle" spurred a movement inside the..
Composition about Zugezogener Worker Values
INTROThe purpose of this kind of report should be to discuss my estimation on the problem "Do Certainly with the tips of the Human Rights View (HRW) when it comes to work protection particularly when it comes to immigrant staff? " Let me provide information on earlier and current safety related issues as they apply to the meat providing industry and immigrant employees. I will go over the advice of the HRW. I will provide my opinion and consider some of the utilitarian and deontological things to consider, and consider this report with a short summary in the entire research, highlighting..
Essay about The Jungle By Upton Sinclair
The book, The Jungle, written by Upton Sinclair, has portrayed how circumstances and social norms in the early 1900's helped form society through social reform. Sexism, racism, and school, shaped any potential problems and choices of the foreign nationals in The Jungle throughout the publication. The huge big difference between the classes was the most significant of the 3. Sinclair employed the story of 1 immigrant and his family to help show the fact that was going on in society during that time, to raise awareness, and to enhance socialism.Sexism enjoyed a big function in society at..
The New world by Upton Sinclaire
The Jungle by Upton SinclaireWe can only understand things with an experience on their behalf by some means or perhaps other. You know what we do, and do not know what will happen. Our informed guesses screwing up at times and being glorified for justification's sake afterwards. The family members in Upton Sinclair's The Jungle describes just this kind of by just about every fiber of their hard doing work being.The features above present a perfected formula intended for real freedom. The attaining of knowledge as well as the failing or success that will happen to us. We can plan all we want,..
The New world
This bookwas fact. Upton Sinclair visited Chicago in November 1904 to doresearch for the book. Sinclair lived in a neighborhood known asPackingtown for seven weeks. While in Packingtown, Sinclairinterviewed personnel, lawyers, doctors, saloonkeepers, and social workers.The book deals with the avarice and serious competition that turnedAmerica into a raw country, which in turn Sinclair referred to as a "jungle. "The Jungle also tells how individuals at the bottom in the economic ladder, whowere wage-earners and the families, have reached a great disadvantage in thecapitalist..
Essay about What's At the rear of The Drape?
Throughout history, there have been complications in culture where almost all of society is totally oblivious to. However , these complications have captured the knowing of a few people who have an understanding of what is really occurring lurking behind the curtain. In the book The Jungle, Upton Sinclair reveals the issue of the immoral desired goals of capitalistic society throughout the late 1800's and early 1900's. In the same way, in the movie Food Incorporation, the manufacturers of the film reveal real truth modern capitalism through the use of personal accounts and facts,..
Subscribe to our updates
79 345 subscribers already with us

Related authors

John Coltrane
John Coltrane
John Coltrane, in full John William Coltrane, byname Trane, (born September 23, 1926, Hamlet, North..
Wang Anshi
Wang Anshi
Wang Anshi, Wade-Giles romanization Wang An-shih, courtesy name (zi) Jiefu, literary name (hao)..
Edward Snowden
Edward Snowden
Edward Snowden, in full Edward Joseph Snowden, (born June 21, 1983, Elizabeth City, North Carolina,..
Mario Vargas Llosa
Mario Vargas Llosa
Mario Vargas Llosa, in full Jorge Mario Pedro Vargas Llosa, (born March 28, 1936, Arequipa, Peru),..
Emily Bronte
Emily Bronte
Emily Bronte, in full Emily Jane Bronte, pseudonym Ellis Bell, (born July 30, 1818, Thornton, Yorkshire,..
Robert Southey
Robert Southey
Robert Southey, (born Aug. 12, 1774, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng.--died March 21, 1843, Keswick,..
Ferdowsi
Ferdowsi
Ferdowsi, also spelled Firdawsi, Firdusi, or Firdousi, pseudonym of Abu al-Qasem Mansur, (born..
Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau, (born July 5, 1889, Maisons-Laffitte, near Paris, France--died October 11, 1963,..
Stanislaw Lem
Stanislaw Lem
Stanislaw Lem, (born September 12, 1921, Lwow, Poland [now Lviv, Ukraine]--died March 27, 2006,..
Michael Ignatieff
Michael Ignatieff
Michael Ignatieff, in full Michael Grant Ignatieff, (born May 12, 1947, Toronto, Ont., Can.), Canadian..
Kurt Vonnegut
Kurt Vonnegut
Kurt Vonnegut, in full Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., (born November 11, 1922, Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.--died..
Poliziano
Poliziano
Poliziano, byname of Angelo Ambrogini, (born July 14, 1454, Montepulciano, Tuscany [Italy]--died..
Joshua Logan
Joshua Logan
Joshua Logan, in full Joshua Lockwood Logan III, (born October 5, 1908, Texarkana, Texas, U.S.--died..
Ethan Hawke
Ethan Hawke
Ethan Hawke, in full Ethan Green Hawke, (born November 6, 1970, Austin, Texas, U.S.), American actor,..
Johann Winckelmann
Johann Winckelmann
Johann Winckelmann, (born Dec. 9, 1717, Stendal, Prussia--died June 8, 1768, Trieste), German..
Max Muller
Max Muller
Max Muller, in full Friedrich Max Muller, (born Dec. 6, 1823, Dessau, duchy of Anhalt [Germany]--died..
John Adams
John Adams
John Adams, in full John Coolidge Adams, (born Feb. 15, 1947, Worcester, Mass., U.S.), American..
Bette Midler
Bette Midler
Bette Midler, in full Bette Davis Midler, byname The Divine Miss M, (born December 1, 1945, Honolulu,..
J.P. Morgan
J.P. Morgan
J.P. Morgan, in full John Pierpont Morgan, (born April 17, 1837, Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.--died..
Arthur Conan Doyle
Arthur Conan Doyle
Arthur Conan Doyle, in full Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle, (born May 22, 1859, Edinburgh, Scotland--died..