Umberto Eco (January 05, 1932 - February 19, 2016)
Born: 5th January, 1932
Died: 19th February, 2016
Nationality: Italian
Profession/Occupation: Novelist
Region: Alessandria, Italy, Milan
Notable works: "The Name of the Rose", "Numero Zero", "The Infinity of Lists", "The Open Work"

Umberto Eco Facts

Biography

Umberto Eco, (born January 5, 1932, Alessandria, Italy--died February 19, 2016, Milan), Italian literary critic, novelist, and semiotician (student of signs and symbols) best known for his novel Il nome della rosa (1980; The Name of the Rose).

After receiving a Ph.D. from the University of Turin (1954), Eco worked as a cultural editor for Italian Radio-Television and lectured at the University of Turin (1956-64). He then taught in Florence and Milan and finally, in 1971, assumed a professorial post at the University of Bologna. His initial studies and researches were in aesthetics, his principal work in that area being Opera aperta (1962; rev. ed. 1972, 1976; The Open Work), which suggests that in much modern music, Symbolist verse, and literature of controlled disorder (Franz Kafka, James Joyce) the messages are fundamentally ambiguous and invite the audience to participate more actively in the interpretive and creative process. From that work he went on to explore other areas of communication and semiotics in such volumes as A Theory of Semiotics (1976) and Semiotics and the Philosophy of Language (1984), both written in English. He also published Come si fa una tesi di laurea (1977; How to Write a Thesis), a practical guide to writing and research.

Many of his prolific writings in Italian on criticism, history, and communication have been translated, including La ricerca della lingua perfetta nella cultura europea (1993; The Search for the Perfect Language) and Kant e l'ornitorinco (1997; Kant and the Platypus). He edited the illustrated companion volumes Storia della bellezza (2004; History of Beauty) and Storia della bruttezza (2007; On Ugliness), and he wrote another pictorial book, Vertigine della lista (2009; The Infinity of Lists), produced in conjunction with an exhibition he organized at the Louvre Museum, in which he investigated the Western passion for list making and accumulation. Costruire il nemico e altri scritti occasionali (2011; Inventing the Enemy, and Other Occasional Writings) collected pieces--some initially presented as lectures--on a wide range of subjects, from fascist reactions to Joyce's Ulysses (1922) to the implications of WikiLeaks. Storia delle terre e dei luoghi leggendari (2013; The Book of Legendary Lands) investigates a variety of mythological and apocryphal settings.

The Name of the Rose--in story, a murder mystery set in a 14th-century Italian monastery but, in essence, a questioning of "truth" from theological, philosophical, scholarly, and historical perspectives--became an international best seller. A film version, directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud, appeared in 1986. Eco continued to explore the connections between fantasy and reality in another best-selling novel, Il pendolo di Foucault (1988; Foucault's Pendulum).

L'isola del giorno prima (1995; The Island of the Day Before) uses fictional epistolary fragments--pieced together with narration by Eco himself--to trace the peregrinations of a 17th-century Italian nobleman who is drawn into the search for a means of measuring longitude. The illustrated novel La misteriosa fiamma della regina Loana (2004; The Mysterious Flame of Queen Loana) traces the efforts of a book dealer to reconstruct his life--having suffered amnesia following a coma--through reviewing literature and periodicals from his youth. Il cimitero di Praga (2010; The Prague Cemetery) fictionalizes the creation of the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion, a fraudulent document that was purported to be a plan for Jewish world domination and was used to countenance anti-Semitism. Numero Zero (2015) concerns a journalist hired to work for a mysterious propaganda publication. Pape Satan aleppe, a collection of Eco's columns for an Italian magazine, was published posthumously in 2016; its title is taken from a cryptic line in Dante's The Divine Comedy.

Umberto Eco essays

Read more informative topics on our blog
A Job On Language Teaching Methodology English Dialect Essay
Learning is something that has been focused in many different ways, in particular when it involves spanish learning. Of course, a great deal of techniques have been advised throughout history to start this issue. It has always worried linguists and other experts in general. Some may say that, nowadays, we know more about the process of learning because we know more about our brain and how it works. This is partially true, however, from a strictly linguistic viewpoint there are other implications. A learning method or procedure is proved useful so long as one can put into action it successfully...
Humour in Don Quixote
Keywords: don quixote laughter, don quixote cervantes Don Quixote's preliminary reception in the Seventeenth Century was as a work of humour; Cervantes' ability to reveal and imitate certainty through the ironic juxtaposition of his two main individuals enjoyed a focal role in both driving the story and attracting the interest of his viewers in the Golden Years. The existence of humour is undeniable throughout the novel, and Henry Fielding's attempts to attract readers to his comic romance Joseph Andrews by linking it to Don Quixote, claiming that he had 'written it in imitation of the manner..
Subscribe to our updates
79 345 subscribers already with us

Related authors

Okwui Enwezor
Okwui Enwezor
Okwui Enwezor, in full Okwuchukwu Emmanuel Enwezor, (born October 23, 1963, Calabar, Nigeria--died..
August Wilhelm von Schlegel
August Wilhelm von Schlegel
August Wilhelm von Schlegel, (born Sept. 8, 1767, Hannover, Hanover [Germany]--died May 12, 1845,..
Arnold Bennett
Arnold Bennett
Arnold Bennett, in full Enoch Arnold Bennett, (born May 27, 1867, Hanley, Staffordshire, England--died..
Giacomo Leopardi
Giacomo Leopardi
Giacomo Leopardi, (born June 29, 1798, Recanati, Papal States--died June 14, 1837, Naples), Italian..
Eugene Ionesco
Eugene Ionesco
Eugene Ionesco, Romanian Eugen Ionescu, (born Nov. 26, 1909, Slatina, Rom.--died March 28, 1994,..
Elie Wiesel
Elie Wiesel
Elie Wiesel, byname of Eliezer Wiesel, (born September 30, 1928, Sighet, Romania--died July 2,..
Tina Brown
Tina Brown
Tina Brown, byname of Christina Hambley Brown, (born November 21, 1953, Maidenhead, England),..
Ramon Llull
Ramon Llull
Ramon Llull, also called Raymond Lully, (born 1232/33, Ciutat de Majorca [now Palma]?, Majorca..
Alessandro Manzoni
Alessandro Manzoni
Alessandro Manzoni, (born March 7, 1785, Milan--died May 22, 1873, Milan), Italian poet and novelist..
James Blish
James Blish
James Blish, in full James Benjamin Blish, pseudonym William Atheling, Jr., (born May 23, 1921,..
Jill Abramson
Jill Abramson
Jill Abramson, in full Jill Ellen Abramson, (born March 19, 1954, New York City, New York, U.S.),..
Janet Evanovich
Janet Evanovich
Janet Evanovich, nee Janet Schneider, (born April 22, 1943, South River, New Jersey, U.S.), American..
Louisa May Alcott
Louisa May Alcott
Louisa May Alcott, (born November 29, 1832, Germantown, Pennsylvania, U.S.--died March 6, 1888,..
Steve Reich
Steve Reich
Steve Reich, byname of Stephen Michael Reich, (born October 3, 1936, New York, New York, U.S.), American..
Malcolm Gladwell
Malcolm Gladwell
Malcolm Gladwell, (born September 3, 1963, London, England), Canadian journalist and writer best..
David Davidovich Burlyuk
David Davidovich Burlyuk
David Davidovich Burlyuk, Burlyuk also spelled Burliuk, (born July 9 [July 21, New Style], 1882,..
Ivan Bunin
Ivan Bunin
Ivan Bunin, in full Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin, (born October 10 [October 22, New Style], 1870, Voronezh,..
Rashi
Rashi
Rashi, acronym of Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaqi, (born 1040, Troyes, Champagne--died July 13, 1105, Troyes),..
Charlotte Forten Grimke
Charlotte Forten Grimke
Charlotte Forten Grimke, nee Charlotte Louise Bridges Forten, (born August 17, 1837, Philadelphia,..
Michael Moore
Michael Moore
Michael Moore, in full Michael Francis Moore, (born April 23, 1954, Flint, Michigan, U.S.), American..