Tristan Tzara
Nationality: French
Profession/Occupation: Artist
Region: Romania, Paris, France
Notable works: "Astrea"

Tristan Tzara Facts

Biography

Tristan Tzara, original name Samuel Rosenstock, (born 1896, Moinesti, Rom.--died December 1963, Paris), Romanian-born French poet and essayist known mainly as the founder of Dada, a nihilistic revolutionary movement in the arts, the purpose of which was the demolition of all the values of modern civilization.

The Dadaist movement originated in Zurich during World War I, with the participation of the artists Jean Arp, Francis Picabia, and Marcel Duchamp. Tzara wrote the first Dada texts--La Premiere Aventure celeste de Monsieur Antipyrine (1916; "The First Heavenly Adventure of Mr. Antipyrine") and Vingtcinq poemes (1918; "Twenty-Five Poems")--and the movement's manifestos, Sept Manifestes Dada (1924; "Seven Dada Manifestos"). In Paris he engaged in tumultuous activities with Andre Breton, Philippe Soupault, and Louis Aragon to shock the public and to disintegrate the structures of language. In about 1930, weary of nihilism and destruction, he joined his friends in the more constructive activities of Surrealism. He devoted much time to the reconciliation of Surrealism and Marxism and joined the Communist Party in 1936 and the French Resistance movement during World War II. These political commitments brought him closer to his fellowmen, and he gradually matured into a lyrical poet. His poems revealed the anguish of his soul, caught between revolt and wonderment at the daily tragedy of the human condition. His mature works started with L'Homme approximatif (1931; "The Approximate Man") and continued with Parler seul (1950; "Speaking Alone") and La Face interieure (1953; "The Inner Face"). In these, the anarchically scrambled words of Dada were replaced with a difficult but humanized language.

Top 3 Tristan Tzara quotes

The rest, called literature, is a dossier of human imbecility for the guidance of future professors.
Future
Guidance
Human
Literature
Professors
Rest
Thought is made in the mouth.
Made
Mouth
Thought
Any work of art that can be understood is the product of journalism.
Any
Art
Journalism
Product
Understood
Work

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