Torquato Tasso (March 11, 1544 - April 25, 1595)
Born: 11th March, 1544
Died: 25th April, 1595
Nationality: Italian
Profession/Occupation: Poet
Region: Sorrento, Italy, Rome
Notable works: "Gerusalemme liberata", "Aminta", "Rinaldo", "Discorsi dell'arte poetica", "Discorsi del poema eroico"

Torquato Tasso Facts


Torquato Tasso, (born March 11, 1544, Sorrento, Kingdom of Naples [Italy]--died April 25, 1595, Rome), greatest Italian poet of the late Renaissance, celebrated for his heroic epic poem Gerusalemme liberata (1581; "Jerusalem Liberated"), dealing with the capture of Jerusalem during the First Crusade.

Early life and works.

Tasso was the son of Bernardo Tasso, a poet and courtier, and of Porzia de' Rossi. His childhood was overshadowed by family misfortunes: his father followed the prince of Salerno into exile in 1552; the family estates were confiscated; his mother died in 1556; and there was subsequent litigation about her dowry. Tasso joined his father in Rome in 1554 and two years later at the court of the Duke of Urbino, where he was educated with the duke's son. His imagination had already been fired by stories of the Crusades, and he was struck in 1558 by news of an attack by the Turks on Sorrento, where his sister Cornelia narrowly escaped the accompanying massacre.

While in Venice the following year, Tasso began to write an epic in ottava rima (an Italian stanza of eight 11-syllabled lines), Gerusalemme, about the First Crusade (which recovered Jerusalem from the Turks in 1099). He soon interrupted its composition, probably realizing that he was too inexperienced to write a historical epic, and turned to themes of chivalry. The resulting Rinaldo (1562) exhibited his technical ability but not as yet his poetic genius.

In 1560 he was sent to study law in Padua and there met the humanist and critic Sperone Speroni, under whose guidance he studied Aristotle's Poetics. It was probably then that he started writing his Discorsi dell'arte poetica (1587; "Treatise on the Art of Poetry"), explaining therein his qualified acceptance of the rules supposedly laid down by Aristotle in 4th-century-bc Greece. (For instance, Tasso maintained that unity of action should not exclude a variety of episodes.)

In 1565 Tasso entered the service of Luigi, cardinal d'Este, and frequented the court of Duke Alfonso II d'Este at Ferrara, where he enjoyed the patronage of the duke's sisters, Lucrezia and Leonora, for whom he wrote some of his finest lyrical poems. In 1569 his father died; the following year Lucrezia left Ferrara, and Tasso followed the cardinal to Paris, where he met a fellow poet, the Frenchman Pierre Ronsard. Back in Ferrara in 1571, he became one of the duke's courtiers and devoted himself to intense poetic activity. In 1573 he wrote the pastoral drama L'Aminta (performed 1573; published 1581), which transcends the convention of artificial rusticity with the sensuous, lyrical inspiration of its picture of Arcadia. The tone of L'Aminta is lyrical rather than dramatic; the play presents with great delicacy of feeling a series of vignettes that culminate in the shepherd Aminta's long-sought attainment of his beloved, Silvia. The play reflects in its idealization of court life the ephemeral period of happiness Tasso had enjoyed at Ferrara.

Composition of the Gerusalemme liberata.

In 1575 Tasso completed his masterpiece, the Gerusalemme liberata, on which he had been working since his stay in Ferrara. In this epic poem Tasso narrates the actions of the Christian army led by Godfrey of Bouillon during the last months of the First Crusade, culminating in the conquest of Jerusalem and the Battle of Ascalon. To the poem's principal historical action Tasso added a number of imaginary episodes in which his lyrical and hedonistic imagination could find free expression. The most prominent of these episodes is the story of the Italian hero Rinaldo, including his rebellion, his love for the Saracen girl Armida, and his repentance and decisive participation in the final battle. Tasso also added the story of the Italian hero Tancred and his love for the beautiful Saracen Clorinda, whom Tancred unwittingly kills in battle; the secret passion of Erminia, princess of Antioch, for Tancred; and the intervention of supernatural forces in favour of Aladino, the king of Jerusalem.

In composing the Liberata, Tasso tried to establish a balance between the moral aspirations of his times and his own sensuous inspiration, and between the requirements of the formal rules laid down for the epic by Renaissance scholars and the impulse of his own lyrical fantasy. He succeeded in reconciling invention with historical truth by adding the aforementioned romantic and idyllic episodes to the firm groundwork of the principal historical action. These episodes contribute much of the lyrical charm that the poem possesses.

Aware of his epic's poetic novelty, Tasso went to Rome in order to arrange its revision by a group of critics. Back in Ferrara in 1576, he started revising his work in a contradictory mood, in which he felt the urge both to accept the criticism he himself had sought and yet to rebel against this kind of authority. He developed a persecution mania, accompanied by unwarranted scruples about his own religious orthodoxy, and the following years were characterized by sudden departures from Ferrara and by violent crises, the latter culminating in his incarceration in the hospital of Santa Anna (1579-86) by order of the Duke of Ferrara. During his confinement Tasso wrote a number of philosophical and moral dialogues that, together with his numerous letters, are among the best examples of 16th-century Italian prose. In 1581 the first editions of the Gerusalemme liberata and portions of the Rime e prose were published. A long controversy started among Italian critics on the respective merits of his epic and of its immediate predecessor, Ludovico Ariosto's chivalric poem Orlando furioso, Tasso himself taking part in the controversy with an Apologia (1585).

In July 1586 Tasso was released from Santa Anna, thanks to the intervention of Vincenzo Gonzaga, prince of Mantua, who received him at his court. After a revival of creative inspiration--at Mantua he completed his tragedy Galealto, retitled Re Torrismondo (1587)--he relapsed into his usual inquietude and fled from Mantua, wandering mainly between Rome and Naples, where he composed his religious poems Monte oliveto (1605; "Mount of Olives") and Le sette giornate del mondo creato (1607; "The Seven Days of Creation"). In May 1592 he was given hospitality in Rome by Cardinal Cinzio Aldobrandini, a nephew of Pope Clement VIII. To this patron he dedicated a new version of his epic (Gerusalemme conquistata, published 1593), a poetic failure that reveals the extent of Tasso's final submission to the moral and literary prejudices of the times. He wrote two more religious poems (Lagrime di Maria Vergine and Lagrime di Gesu Cristo), and in June 1594 he went again to Naples, where his Discorsi del poema eroico (1594; "Treatise on Epic Poetry") was published. In the Discorsi he tried to justify the new version of his epic according to his modified conception of poetic art. On Tasso's return to Rome in November 1594, the pope granted him an annual pension and promised to make him poet laureate. But Tasso fell ill in the following March, was moved to the convent of San Onofrio, and died within a few weeks.

Reputation and influence.

It was not long before Gerusalemme liberata was translated and imitated in many European languages, but its mixed reception following publication aggravated Tasso's melancholic disposition. This melancholy was partly caused by a contrast between his hedonistic ideals--as displayed in his pastoral drama Aminta--and his religious aspirations in accordance with the rigid morality of the Counter-Reformation, the Roman Catholic church's movement of revival in answer to Protestantism. The restlessness of the poet's life, his mental illness, his supposed romantic loves, and his alleged persecutions all gave rise to a legend about the man. Tasso became a literary subject first in 17th-century Italy and then in 18th- and 19th-century Europe, being finally represented as the man of genius who is misunderstood and persecuted. Modern criticism refers the peculiarities of his life and character to the moral incertitude of the times.

Top 9 Torquato Tasso quotes

Grave was the man in years, in looks, in word, his locks were grey, yet was his courage green.
It is the fortunate who should extol fortune.
The day of fortune is like a harvest day, We must be busy when the corn is ripe.
Fortune rarely accompanies anyone to the door.
True love cannot be found where it does not exist, nor can it be denied where it does.
True love
Love is when he gives you a piece of your soul, that you never knew was missing.
Love is
Love is when you don't have to be with another person to touch their heart!
Love is
Any time not spent on love is wasted.
Love is
None merits the name of Creator but God and the poet.

Torquato Tasso essays

Explore Related Essays
Catcher inside the rye psychiatric evaluation english books essay
At the time of informing his history, Holden is an individual in a mental clinic. He is revealing his story to the unnamed listener. Pretend that you are a highly reputed psychiatrist who is listening to Holden's account. It is your responsibility to write a written report on the mental stability of patient to determine whether or not he is fit for release. Below this is actually the standard psychiatric survey sheet that you must fill out to examine Holden's state of mind. Your information..
Classification of brand expansion and brand endorsement marketing essay
For age ranges, the brand permits to tell apart a good of an producer from another. The word "Brand" originates from the old Norse (old Irish) brandr, and means lose. The sheep breeders designated their livestock so, and remains today (Keller 2008). The expression is anyways "to mark with a branding iron". We are able to use today this metaphor when the developer will try to "brand", or burn up, the image in to the consumer's brain, so draw a parallel between the image and the product's..
Dehumanization: a psychological process
Keywords: Dehumanization, mindset, Nazis, Primo Levi Dehumanization is thought as a subconscious process whereby customers of a group of individuals assert the inferiority of another group. Competitors view each other as significantly less than human and so not deserving of moral concern, and are cured as significantly less than humans through subtle or overt serves or claims. Experiencing dehumanization could lead to emotions of powerful hatred and alienation among..
Exploring inspector goole within an inspector calls english literature essay
'An Inspector Telephone calls' by J. B. Priestly is an extremely well written and funny play that explains to us of the suicide dedicated by a young girl named Eva Smith. Were launched to a policeman known as Inspector Goole going to a family group of high position, and forcing those to tell secrets that they have kept covered. We see how quickly the Inspector makes his symbol on the Birlings' secure environment. As soon as the Inspector gets into the play, he makes a large impact..
Heart of darkness essay
The heart of darkness essay is another one you will encounter in your history class in the colleges and high schools. This work centers on colonial life between the Europeans and the Africans. Now, there are many things to write about this book if you have an writing an opinion essay about it on your table. This is because it is a book of many sides. Now, the fact that we have said that you have a lot to write about the book in an essay does not mean that it is a simple task to undertake...
History of the spanish inquisition
Throughout the annals of the universe, and especially in the middle age groups, mankind hampered the introduction of their own progress, not giving people flexibility and covering with the faith and moral human being principles. As yet, we are confronted with this situation, speaking about the obstacles of new inventions in research and non-traditional views in society. In record, there are so many types of this braking, and all are characterized by their fact, decision,..
Marketing techniques to ascertain growth in the market
The Business community: They work hard all day long and often stay over night in a peculiar city. They need a capable establishment that helps impress clients and prospects. Afterward, they would like to relax and use the money they can be making (or are expensed by their company). They spend the most on drinks, food and tips. Margala Restaurant's cosmopolitan flair and comfortable atmosphere will be simply perfect for sophisticated business people, whether they stay in and..
Netflix case analysis
Background Netflix is an online company with corporate headquarters in Los Gatos, California. Netflix was founded by Hastings who's also the CEO of the company. Netflix's key business is online rentals services in the program industry. Netflix's software business services course various software products and services. Among they are DVD movies and several other software products. Despite unsatisfactory results on its performance at the beginning, the innovative..
Old and new marketing approaches
Keywords: old marketing techniques, new marketing strategies Nowadays, customer has more choice when decide on a product since new technology and new media have managed to get easier for consumers to find more information about goods and service (includes price) also to more easily and successfully, from the comfortable home to receive the answers they have to make more prepared decision. (Philip Kotler. 2010) Therefore, more than ever before, marketing has progressed..
Plant designs of development of isoamyl alcohol
PLANT FACILITIES LAYOUT The economic structure and efficient procedure of a process unit will depend on how well the seed and equipment specified on the process stream sheet is organized. A facility is undoubtedly a building or a precinct. The procedure products and ancillary structures should be organized to give the most inexpensive movement of materials and personnel around the website. Hazardous procedures must be located at a safe distance from other structures...
Religion and international relations
Introduction Religion (noun): the idea in and worship of your superhuman controlling vitality, especially a personal God or gods. In modern times, religion is not only the perception and worship of a supernatural entity. It really is a way of life. Since delivery, children are indoctrinated into their parent's religion. Customs, practices and prices, both positive and negative are taught till they become common reality. Religion permeates into the lives of individuals..
Successful job management
Here we conclude the research by deriving the best possible practice for an effective project management. For just about any project to reach your goals we have to know very well what the project is meant to achieve. Deciding what the real objectives are will determine how you start planning and handling the task. The project supervisor also needs to define the scope of the job. Deciding which activities are within the range or out of scope of the task has a major impact on the quantity..
The teenage being pregnant problem in indonesia beliefs essay
One of the biggest issue in Indonesia is abortion. Why it is become one of the biggest problem in this country? Associated with it is against the law of mankind. Fetus in mother's womb has right to stay alive, they have got right to start to see the world. But if it is unplanned pregnancy in teenage era or in very young age what should we do? We are not discussing taking sides, we all have been talking about the best way out for the teen to continue their live to save lots of their future without..
Composition the episode of intervention is about jeanna
This episode of Involvement is about Jeanna. Jeanna is known as a twenty-five year-old, homeless, and jobless female living in Echarpe, Oregon. Throughout the episode she was living in a trailer on her good friend Josh's real estate, but was evicted due to medicine use. Jeanna is dependent on crystal meth and she injects through an IV 3 x a day for the past four years. She has not been able to hold employment since her use started to be so recurrent. She mentioned that when she's..
Essay about entrepreneurship within the medical industry
Health care market has grown during the last 20 years. With technology improving and healthcare growing entrepreneurships have prospered independently and corporate wide. This kind of paper is going to touch within the affects of entrepreneurship in health care, describe the positive and negative ways in which entrepreneurship offers affected the care discipline, give one of a current entrepreneurial business, and just how it has affected the way people receive service.The..
Our privateness is in threat
Protecting your own personal information, when playing your personal laptop and in other areas such as the bank or your job, is now more difficult with all the massive growth of the internet as well as the expertise of some unsavory characters named hackers, crackers or phreakers. Whatever they choose to phone themselves, they may be theives, that's the truth. Some people still question if hacking needs to be illegal. I do think it's obvious that what hackers perform..
Proper care of patients with multiple sclerosis essay
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a great acquired demyelinating disease from the central nervous system (CNS) that typically is diagnosed in the second or third decade of life. Normally, nerves are enclosed in myelin sheaths that support facilitate tranny of neural impulses in the CNS plus the peripheral stressed system over the body. In patients with MS, the myelin sheath is ruined and eventually degenerates, causing areas of scar tissue called plaques or lesions to occur anywhere..
Solutions-focused therapy debate essay
Solutions-focused therapy is a relatively new and welcomed remedy developed by Steve de Shazer and his partner Insoo Kim Berg, more than three decades ago at their particular institute, the " Brief Family Therapy Center in Milwaukee, Wisconsin" (Guterman, 2010, p. 350). Shazer was interested in tips on how to "influence change" (Nichols, 2008, p. 346). Solution-focused therapy deals in solutions rather than dwelling on problems. Increasingly stringent..
Themes in shakespeare's othello essay
Othello was written by Jacobean playwright William Shakespeare in 1603. That proved a massive success when first performed in 1604, in front of a huge audience. The storyplot is among Shakespeare's superb tragedy inspired plays. Othello is the black protagonist and highly esteemed Venetian basic. Iago is a ambitious although scheming bad guy of the play. When Othello promotes a person called Jordan Cassio over Iago, he could be furious and launches a malicious marketing..
Symptoms of add/adhd essay
You know that person; the one that can't stay on subject, the one that will be speaking then instantly the chat goes off in a totally different direction, like a squirrel searching for nuts that keeps shedding the one it truly is carrying mainly because something else caught its eyesight. Chaotic, frazzled, impulsive, unorganized, daydreamer, procrastinator, inattentive, mistake off and lazy are just a few explanations of an adult that has Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention..
Subscribe to our updates
79 345 subscribers already with us

Related authors

Francois Hollande
Francois Hollande
Francois Hollande, in full Francois Gerard Georges Hollande, (born August 12, 1954, Rouen, France),..
Margaret Mitchell
Margaret Mitchell
Margaret Mitchell, in full Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell Marsh, (born November 8, 1900, Atlanta,..
Lucian, Greek Lucianos, Latin Lucianus, (born ad 120, Samosata, Commagene, Syria [now Samsat,..
Martial, Latin in full Marcus Valerius Martialis, (born Mar. 1, ad 38-41, Bilbilis, Hispania [Spain]--died..
Cornelius Otto Jansen
Cornelius Otto Jansen
Cornelius Otto Jansen, (born October 28, 1585, Acquoi, near Leerdam, Holland--died May 6, 1638,..
Ibn Gabirol
Ibn Gabirol
Ibn Gabirol, in full Solomon ben Yehuda Ibn Gabirol, Arabic Abu Ayyub Sulayman ibn Yahya ibn Gabirut,..
Juvenal, Latin in full Decimus Junius Juvenalis, (born 55-60? ce, Aquinum, Italy--died probably..
Edmond Halley
Edmond Halley
Edmond Halley, Edmond also spelled Edmund, (born Nov. 8, 1656, Haggerston, Shoreditch, near London--died..
Gaius Petronius Arbiter
Gaius Petronius Arbiter
Gaius Petronius Arbiter, original name Titus Petronius Niger, (died ad 66), reputed author of the..
Michael Harrington
Michael Harrington
Michael Harrington, (born February 24, 1928, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.--died July 31, 1989, Larchmont,..
Terence, Latin in full Publius Terentius Afer, (born c. 195 bc, Carthage, North Africa [now in Tunisia]--died..
Seneca, in full Lucius Annaeus Seneca, byname Seneca the Younger, (born c. 4 bce, Corduba (now Cordoba),..
Arthur C. Clarke
Arthur C. Clarke
Arthur C. Clarke, in full Sir Arthur Charles Clarke, (born December 16, 1917, Minehead, Somerset,..
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn, (born Dec. 11, 1918, Kislovodsk, Russia--died Aug. 3, 2008,..
Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas, in full Dylan Marlais Thomas, (born October 27, 1914, Swansea, Glamorgan [now in Swansea],..
Paul Valery
Paul Valery
Paul Valery, in full Ambroise-Paul-Toussaint-Jules Valery, (born Oct. 30, 1871, Sete, Fr.--died..
Alphonse Daudet
Alphonse Daudet
Alphonse Daudet, (born May 13, 1840, Nimes, France--died Dec. 16, 1897, Paris?), French short-story..
Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov
Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov
Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov, in full Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov, (born March 6 [March 18,..
George Santayana
George Santayana
George Santayana, original name Jorge Augustin Nicolas Ruiz De Santayana, (born December 16, 1863,..
Ouyang Xiu
Ouyang Xiu
Ouyang Xiu, Wade-Giles romanization Ou-yang Hsiu, courtesy name (zi) Yongshu, literary name (hao)..