Thomas Chatterton (November 20, 1752 - August 24, 1770)
Born: 20th November, 1752
Died: 24th August, 1770
Nationality: British poet
Region: Bristol, England, London
Notable works: theatrical production

Thomas Chatterton Facts

Biography

Thomas Chatterton, (born November 20, 1752, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England--died August 24, 1770, London), chief poet of the 18th-century "Gothic" literary revival, England's youngest writer of mature verse, and precursor of the Romantic Movement.

At first considered slow in learning, Chatterton had a tearful childhood, choosing the solitude of an attic and making no progress with his alphabet. One day, seeing his mother tear up as wastepaper one of his father's old French musical folios, the boy was entranced by its illuminated capital letters, and his intellect began to be engaged. He learned to read far in advance of his age but only from old materials, music folios, a black-letter Bible, and muniments taken by his father from a chest in the Church of St. Mary Redcliffe. At age seven Chatterton entered Colston's Hospital, but his learning was acquired independently.

Chatterton's first known poem was a scholarly Miltonic piece, "On the Last Epiphany," written when he was 10. About a year later an old parchment he had inscribed with a pastoral eclogue, "Elinoure and Juga," supposedly of the 15th century, deceived its readers, and thereafter what had begun merely as a childish deception became a poetic activity quite separate from Chatterton's acknowledged writings. These poems were supposedly written by a 15th-century monk of Bristol, Thomas Rowley, a fictitious character created by Chatterton. The name was taken from a civilian's monument brass at St. John's Church in Bristol. The poems had many shortcomings both as medieval writings and as poetry. Yet Chatterton threw all his powers into the poems, supposedly written by Rowley, in such a manner as to mark him a poet of genius and an early Romantic pioneer, both in metrics and in feeling.

In 1767 Chatterton was apprenticed to a Bristol attorney but spent most of his time on his own writing, which for a while he turned to slight profit in Felix Farley's Bristol Journal and Town and Country Magazine. The life was irksome to him, however, and pressures began to build up, compounded of a fight for a free press, contempt for Bristol and his dowdy family, a philandering attitude to local girls, and the "death" of Rowley.

Chatterton sent James Dodsley, the publisher, letters offering some of Rowley's manuscripts, but Dodsley ignored him. Horace Walpole received similar offers and at first was enchanted with the "old" poems; but, when advised by friends that the manuscripts were modern, he treated Chatterton with chilly contempt, advising him in a letter to stick to his calling. Chatterton rewarded him with bitter but noble lines. By a mock suicide threat ("The Last Will and Testament of me, Thomas Chatterton of Bristol"), he forced his employer, John Lambert, to release him from his contract and set out for London to storm the city with satires and pamphlets. A lively burletta (comic opera), The Revenge, brought some money, but the death of a prospective patron quenched Chatterton's hopes. At this time he wrote the most pathetic of his Rowley poems, "An Excelente Balade of Charitie." Though literally starving, Chatterton refused the food of friends and, on the night of August 24, 1770, took arsenic in his Holborn garret and died.

The aftermath was fame. The just tributes of many poets came after controversy between the "Rowleians" and those who rightly saw Chatterton as the sole author. Samuel Taylor Coleridge wrote a monody to him; William Wordsworth saw him as "the marvelous boy"; Percy Bysshe Shelley gave him a stanza in "Adonais"; John Keats dedicated Endymion: A Poetic Romance to him and was heavily influenced by him; and George Crabbe, Lord Byron, Sir Walter Scott, and Dante Gabriel Rossetti added their praise. In France the Romantics hailed his example, and Alfred de Vigny's historically inaccurate play Chatterton was the model for an opera by Ruggero Leoncavallo.

Thomas Chatterton essays

Explore Related Essays
Examining water provision methods in south africa environmental sciences essay
Water resources are essential for the growth of livings in arid areas of the globe. When there exists scarce of water for the cropping seasons then water shortage becomes more absolute and cause severe problems for the domestic and personal hygienic and health problems in those areas (Hoek et al. , 1999). Since the water resources are limited in a few developing countries and water scarcity is directly linked with the arid climate. The degradation of water resources is also created..
How to find the average
Random errors are inaccuracies, which change randomly at repetition of equally accurate measurements. Quite often, an experimenter obtains somewhat different results with no regard for how many repeated measurements there are; the size of the difference depends on the total sum of instrumental errors and errors of calculation. This situation is caused by the influence of random factors that cannot be eliminated during experiments or courses of natural phenomena (e.g.,..
Impact of immediate duty on consumer equilibrium
OBJECTIVE This term newspaper has been done to be able to check and determine the result of varied factors of the direct tax that contain a direct effect on the consumer equilibrium. The main objective of this term paper is really as under: To determine what is direct taxes and consumer equilibrium Analysis of articles Impact of direct duty and other factors on consumer equilibrium. INTRODUCTION In launch, we will start with the basic like- what is direct taxes and..
It was late one nighttime | essay
There was a distressing pause, I could hear the man respiration on the other end, and I recognized he could notice me too. "Just do itplease. " that was followed by him clinging up. I stood there for an instant, not knowing if I must do what he previously explained to. I finally laughed it off and walked online backup the stairs, when the telephone rang again. "Hi there?" "Did you lock your doors and windows?" It was him again. "Why?!"I asked, my tone of voice louder than it probably..
Strengths and weaknesses of two approaches to counselling
There are many varied methods to counselling in modern-day culture to which all have their advantages and limitations. The purpose of this task is to discuss the talents and restrictions of Transactional evaluation (TA) and Cognitive Behaviour Remedy (CBT). The first portion of this assignment provides a brief overview of TA, then moving on to go over and analyse its unique strengths and limits and the research data that can illustrate its functions. This dialogue is then further..
The creole language
The Creole language that'll be considered during this essay will be Mauritian Creole. Mauritius is available of the African continent, in the south west of the Indian ocean. This island was stopped at by the Portuguese in the first 16th Century, and by the Dutch in the 17th Century. They were those people whom first once and for all resolved there, however credited to certain conditions on the island, including the weather conditions which they could not adapt to, caused them to..
The importance and description of inclusion education essay
There are multiple reasons for the success of coaching process. Among these is addition. Addition is one of the most widely studied subject areas in the coaching and learning process in the educational domains. A lot of researches have been done about its importance, its effect and just how it is applied. The Chinese language proverb, (irc, 2006), says, "Tell me and I ignore, coach me and I remember, involve me and I learn. " The classroom is built after interaction, assistance,..
Christopher columbus
Columbus, Christopher (Italian Cristoforo Colombo, Spanish Cristóbal Colón) (1451-1506), Italian-Spanish navigator who traveled the world west throughout the Atlantic Marine in search of a route to Asia but obtained fame by making landfall, rather, in the Carribbean Sea. Columbus was born in Genoa, Italia. His father was a weaver, and it is presumed that Christopher entered this kind of trade as a young person. Information about the beginning of his seafaring career is..
The moynihan report dissertation
Moynihan perceives the specially problem between the black friends and family to be their structure. This is certainly a product of disintegration of nativism in the black community. The "racist virus" nonetheless flowing throughout the veins of yankee society hinders, in almost all aspects, the progression of the Negro family. Moynihan covers the normativity of the American family as a reason that folks overlook the issues that occur in Renegrido and nonwhite..
Dissertation on advertising plan for fast fashion goods
A failure to keep up with the fashion likes and style of shoppers is yet another challenge pertaining to the brand. Buyers complain stylish clothing is mirrored in the brands ads and websites yet fails to match in store offerings (White, 2014). Products getting advertised might appeal to a younger target audience M&S strives to focus on but they are certainly not easily accessible (Neville, 2014). A year ago the merchant was criticised for running out of clothing lines from their..
The ethics in manufactured intelligence devices
The Ethics in Artificial Intelligence SystemsIntroductionNot too long in history were computers created. In fact , computer systems were initial invented in this particular very 100 years. Today you observe that pcs are extremely helpful in our daily lives. The field in technology has better so much in only the last few years. We can see this by reviewing the technical advancements in computers themselves-such as having more capacities, storing even more memories, performing..
Unrequited love essay
Although Hendrix provides in depth depth of the three theories, I actually do not acknowledge in those theories and so believe in Hendrix' own theory. The initial theory that Hendrix details is that of the biological theory, which means that ladies select males who will be that of "alpha" qualities. They will choose males who will give their upcoming family or supply themselves with nourishment.Society makes men believe that they have all of the weight issues..
More deeply meaning of shakespeare's because you like it
The Deeper Which means of Whenever you Like ItShakespeare's As You Love it is a good play for anyone to learn or find. Some viewers would get pleasure from one aspect of computer, some would enjoy another. But most would, in general, enjoy the play. Albert Gilman says that Shakespeare designed to imply that everything people need to have together in harmony is usually "good perception, love, laughter, and a generous temperament. " (Gilman lxvii) This kind of play..
Composition on dr . jekyll like a victim of his occasions
Dr . Jekyll as a Patient of His TimesFrom this book Stevenson contemplates selected ideas about man's characteristicsincluding the double-sided personality, which usually all human beings seem to have.Charles Darwin had posted his publication "The Origin of Species by Meansof All-natural Selection" in 1859. Darwin's theories were highlydebatable at the time and the idea that guys were descended fromapes was particularly opposed by church and..
Response essay: ' alignment '
Response Essay for the "Orientation"Daniel Orozco surprises his audience together with his exceptional brief story, the "Orientation. " The story is approximately a job positioning for a fresh employee leaded by the narrator, who is one more worker. Even though the new employee is the main figure, he is not really important to the storyline, not even the task he is starting. Orozco hardly ever states the identity of the narrator or the main persona, but..
Crash by jerry spinelli
Crash simply by Jerry SpinelliSetting: This book starts out with this kids property his name is crash. They go to the arcade. That is exactly where they spend most of the tale. Then near the end they go to the riverside.Main Figure: Crash he is the only one stated in this whole book. He is the main main character. He can tall features blonde hair, brown eyes, and features glasses. This individual has a funny personality. This individual just would like to have fun. On the outside he is..
Does milk do your body great? essay
Since a child you were most likely swamped with people reminding you to beverage your milk; your parents harping that dairy makes you bigger and more powerful or the American Dairy Farmers ever present slogan from the 1980's, "Milk it does a body good" or the newest "Got milk? " (Rosenburg). Contrary to the preaching about the key benefits of milk and what you might have seen or heard in billboards and television commercials, the reality is that milk..
A series of unfortunate events: the bad beginning essay
Every parent wants their children ornamented with the best of everything this world can offer and grow about be learned and intuitively knowing the basic moral rights and wrongs. But at times sheltering associated with the many advantages of this globe can perform them even more harm than good. Daniel Handler seems to think that children are not terribly fragile and they will manage an unhappy finishing. He did just that in the novel, Unhealthy Beginning, the first new in The Series..
Essay regarding narrative with the life of frederick douglas an american servant
Lifestyle lessons will be learned daily. Therefore , the theme of my personal dinner party will probably revolve around existence lessons. My spouse and i am welcoming William Wordsworth, Frederick Douglas, Henrik Ibsen, and Master Tennyson. Bill Wordsworth writes on what non-e of us need to hear. Many of us have imperfections in our faith based walks, nevertheless they so often go ignored. "He turned the readers' attention away from traditional models and Gothic..
Essay on the factors behind canada's great depression of 1929-1939
"On the morning of March 29, 1929, panicked voices shouted over one another. Here and there, men bent against the wall surfaces, hands over their faces as if trying to shut out the field. In the street outside, a crowd acquired gathered, trying to learn the news. A male staggered out the door, clutching his hat in both hands. This individual looked as if he might leak. "It's removed, " this individual whispered, therefore quietly only the few nearest to him..
Subscribe to our updates
79 345 subscribers already with us

Related authors

Edith Wharton
Edith Wharton
Edith Wharton, nee Edith Newbold Jones, (born January 24, 1862, New York, New York, U.S.--died August..
Witi Ihimaera
Witi Ihimaera
Witi Ihimaera, in full Witi Tame Ihimaera-Smiler, (born February 7, 1944, Waituhi, near Gisborne,..
Sergey Aleksandrovich Yesenin
Sergey Aleksandrovich Yesenin
Sergey Aleksandrovich Yesenin, Yesenin also spelled Esenin, (born Oct. 3 [Sept. 21, Old Style],..
Ameen Rihani
Ameen Rihani
Ameen Rihani, in full Ameen Fares Rihani, also called Amin al-Rihani, (born Nov. 24, 1876, Freike,..
Cristina Saralegui
Cristina Saralegui
Cristina Saralegui, (born January 29, 1948, Havana, Cuba), Cuban American media personality,..
Terry Pratchett
Terry Pratchett
Terry Pratchett, in full Sir Terence David John Pratchett, (born April 28, 1948, Beaconsfield,..
Hjalmar Fredrik Elgerus Bergman
Hjalmar Fredrik Elgerus Bergman
Hjalmar Fredrik Elgerus Bergman, (born Nov. 19, 1883, Orebro, Swed.--died Jan. 1, 1931, Berlin),..
John Galsworthy
John Galsworthy
John Galsworthy, (born Aug. 14, 1867, Kingston Hill, Surrey, Eng.--died Jan. 31, 1933, Grove Lodge,..
Frederic Mistral
Frederic Mistral
Frederic Mistral, (born Sept. 8, 1830, Maillane, France--died March 25, 1914, Maillane), poet..
Hilary Mantel
Hilary Mantel
Hilary Mantel, in full Dame Hilary Mary Mantel, original name Hilary Mary Thompson, (born July 6,..
Patricia Grace
Patricia Grace
Patricia Grace, original name Patricia Frances Gunson, (born Aug. 17, 1937, Wellington, N.Z.),..
Norman Mailer
Norman Mailer
Norman Mailer, in full Norman Kingsley Mailer, (born Jan. 31, 1923, Long Branch, N.J., U.S.--died..
Aldo Rossi
Aldo Rossi
Aldo Rossi, (born May 3, 1931, Milan, Italy--died September 4, 1997, Milan), Italian architect..
Harold Rosenberg
Harold Rosenberg
Harold Rosenberg, (born Feb. 2, 1906, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.--died July 11, 1978, The Springs, N.Y.),..
Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard, original name Tomas Straussler, in full Sir Tom Stoppard, (born July 3, 1937, Zlin,..
Andrey Bely
Andrey Bely
Andrey Bely, pseudonym of Boris Nikolayevich Bugayev, Bugayev also spelled Bugaev, (born October..
Ernest F. Fenollosa
Ernest F. Fenollosa
Ernest F. Fenollosa, in full Ernest Francisco Fenollosa, (born Feb. 18, 1853, Salem, Mass., U.S.--died..
Ding Ling
Ding Ling
Ding Ling, Wade-Giles romanization Ting Ling, pseudonym of Jiang Wei, courtesy name (zi) Bingzhi,..
Vasily Vasilyevich Rozanov
Vasily Vasilyevich Rozanov
Vasily Vasilyevich Rozanov, Rozanov also spelled Rosanov, (born May 2 [April 20, Old Style], 1856,..
John Updike
John Updike
John Updike, in full John Hoyer Updike, (born March 18, 1932, Reading, Pennsylvania, U.S.--died..