Sri Aurobindo (August 15, 1872 - December 05, 1950)
Born: 15th August, 1872
Died: 5th December, 1950
Nationality: Indian
Profession/Occupation: Philosopher
Region: Kolkata, India, Puducherry
Notable works: Yoga, moksha, enlightenment

Sri Aurobindo Facts

Biography

Sri Aurobindo, original name Aurobindo Ghose, Aurobindo also spelled Aravinda, Sri also spelled Shri, (born August 15, 1872, Calcutta [now Kolkata], India--died December 5, 1950, Pondicherry [now Puducherry]), yogi, seer, philosopher, poet, and Indian nationalist who propounded a philosophy of divine life on earth through spiritual evolution.

Aurobindo's education began in a Christian convent school in Darjeeling (Darjiling). While still a boy, he was sent to England for further schooling. He entered the University of Cambridge, where he became proficient in two classical and several modern European languages. After returning to India in 1892, he held various administrative and professorial posts in Baroda (Vadodara) and Calcutta (Kolkata). Turning to his native culture, he began the serious study of Yoga and Indian languages, including classical Sanskrit.

From 1902 to 1910 Aurobindo partook in the struggle to free India from the British raj (rule). As a result of his political activities, he was imprisoned in 1908. Two years later he fled British India and found refuge in the French colony of Pondichery (Puducherry) in southeastern India, where he devoted himself for the rest of his life to the development of his "integral" yoga, which was characterized by its holistic approach and its aim of a fulfilled and spiritually transformed life on earth.

In Pondichery he founded a community of spiritual seekers, which took shape as the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1926. In that year he entrusted the work of guiding the seekers to his spiritual collaborator, Mirra Alfassa (1878-1973), who was called "the Mother" in the ashram. The ashram eventually attracted seekers from many countries throughout the world.

The evolutionary philosophy underlying Aurobindo's integral yoga is explored in his main prose work, The Life Divine (1939). Rejecting the traditional Indian approach of striving for moksha (liberation from the cyle of death and rebirth, or samsara) as a means of reaching happier, transcendental planes of existence, Aurobindo held that terrestrial life itself, in its higher evolutionary stages, is the real goal of creation. He believed that the basic principles of matter, life, and mind would be succeeded through terrestrial evolution by the principle of supermind as an intermediate power between the two spheres of the infinite and the finite. Such a future consciousness would help to create a joyful life in keeping with the highest goal of creation, expressing values such as love, harmony, unity and knowledge and successfully overcoming the age-old resistance of dark forces against efforts to manifest the divine on earth.

Aurobindo's voluminous literary output comprises philosophical speculation, many treatises on yoga and integral yoga, poetry, plays, and other writings. In addition to The Life Divine, his major works include Essays on the Gita (1922), Collected Poems and Plays (1942), The Synthesis of Yoga (1948), The Human Cycle (1949), The Ideal of Human Unity (1949), Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol (1950), and On the Veda (1956).

Top 13 Sri Aurobindo quotes

Life is life - whether in a cat, or dog or man. There is no difference there between a cat or a man. The idea of difference is a human conception for man's own advantage.
Advantage
Between
Cat
Conception
Difference
Dog
Human
Idea
Life
Man
No difference
Own
Whether
To listen to some devout people, one would imagine that God never laughs.
Devout
God
Imagine
Laughs
Listen
Never
People
Some
Would
The Gita is the greatest gospel of spiritual works ever yet given to the race.
Ever
Given
Gospel
Greatest
Race
Spiritual
Works
That which we call the Hindu religion is really the Eternal religion because it embraces all others.
Because
Call
Embraces
Eternal
Hindu
Others
Really
Religion
Which
Spirituality is indeed the master key of the Indian mind; the sense of the infinitive is native to it.
Indeed
Indian
Key
Master
Mind
Native
Sense
Spirituality
She saw too that man has the power of exceeding himself, of becoming himself more entirely and profoundly than he is, truths which have only recently begun to be seen in Europe and seem even now too great for its common intelligence.
Becoming
Begun
Common
Entirely
Europe
Even
Even now
Exceeding
Great
He
Himself
Intelligence
Man
More
She saw the myriad gods, and beyond God his own ineffable eternity; she saw that there were ranges of life beyond our present life, ranges of mind beyond our present mind and above these she saw the splendors of the spirit.
Above
Beyond
Eternity
God
Gods
His
Life
Mind
Myriad
Our
Own
Present
Present life
Saw
Metaphysical thinking will always no doubt be a strong element in her mentality, and it is to be hoped that she will never lose her great, her sovereign powers in that direction.
Always
Direction
Doubt
Element
Great
Her
Hoped
Lose
Mentality
Metaphysical
Never
No doubt
Powers
She
Indian religion has always felt that since the minds, the temperaments and the intellectual affinities of men are unlimited in their variety, a perfect liberty of thought and of worship must be allowed to the individual in his approach to the Infinite.
Allowed
Always
Approach
Felt
His
Indian
Individual
Infinite
Intellectual
Liberty
Men
Minds
Must
Perfect
India saw from the beginning, and, even in her ages of reason and her age of increasing ignorance, she never lost hold of the insight, that life cannot be rightly seen in the sole light, cannot be perfectly lived in the sole power of its externalities.
Age
Ages
Beginning
Cannot
Even
Her
Hold
Ignorance
Increasing
India
Insight
Life
Light
Lived
India of the ages is not dead nor has she spoken her last creative word; she lives and has still something to do for herself and the human peoples.
Ages
Creative
Dead
Her
Herself
Human
India
Last
Lives
Nor
People
She
Something
Spoken
India is the meeting place of the religions and among these Hinduism alone is by itself a vast and complex thing, not so much a religion as a great diversified and yet subtly unified mass of spiritual thought, realization and aspiration.
Alone
Among
Aspiration
Complex
Diversified
Great
Hinduism
India
Itself
Mass
Meeting
Much
Place
Realization
Hidden nature is secret God.
God
Hidden
Nature
Secret

Sri Aurobindo essays

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Mahatma Gandhi A Extraordinary Human Being History Essay
Mahatma Gandhi was indeed a great spirit, an extraordinary human being, a guy with a tremendous charm to the people. But, alas, he was a misfit in India. Karma or destiny, or God, or whatever you want to call it, made a mistake when they dispatched him right down to the land of Bharat. For in mind, Gandhi was a European, his ideals were a mixture of Christianity raised to an exalted moral standard and a dosage of liberalism "à la Tolstoy". The patterns and goals he submit for India, not only arrived to naught, but sometimes performed great harm to a country, which undoubtedly he loved immensely...
The North And South Indians Binary In Singapore History Essay
Being an enormous country with a large people, it is unsurprising that India has a rich diversity of folks scattered across the country. This heterogeneity stems from numerous factors such as historical, physical and cultural activities of the different sets of people. However, for classification, administrative and analysis purposes, the united states was seemingly categorized into two wide groups, particularly the North and South Indians. This eventually led to the formation of a binary consisting of North and South Indians. As these Indians migrated to Singapore, they helped bring..
The Spirituality And Architecture Theology Religious beliefs Essay
Spirituality is an ultimate or an alleged immaterial reality. The substance of spirituality is the search to know our true selves, to discover the real aspect of consciousness. In other words, this is a constant finding of the incredible, our real self, and a search of the true being, why we could, who our company is and where we belong. It has been an integral part of the eternal pursuit of man from times immemorial. These questions have been solved differently by many but are subject to one's own opinion interpretation and perception. Sri Aurobindo in "Indian Spirituality and Life (1919)"says..
Educational ideas of Aurobindo Essay
Sri Aurobindo developed an education program which is popularly known as crucial education. Integral Education aims at bringing about alter not merely in the society nevertheless primarily in the human actions or character itself. In respect to him, the importance of education is the identification of a child as a soul and developing its different faculties. He could be of the watch that the education must commence with as well as build on sound theoretical understanding of your child.Aurobindo's concept of education is holistic in this all the five aspects of child's activities..
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