Sir Stephen Spender (February 28, 1909 - July 16, 1995)
Born: 28th February, 1909
Died: 16th July, 1995
Nationality: English poet
Region: London, England

Sir Stephen Spender Facts

Biography

Sir Stephen Spender, in full Sir Stephen Harold Spender, (born February 28, 1909, London, England--died July 16, 1995, London), English poet and critic, who made his reputation in the 1930s with poems expressing the politically conscience-stricken, leftist "new writing" of that period.

A nephew of the Liberal journalist and biographer J.A. Spender, he was educated at University College School, London, and at University College, Oxford. While an undergraduate he met the poets W.H. Auden and C. Day-Lewis, and during 1930-33 he spent many months in Germany with the writer Christopher Isherwood. Among important influences shown in his early volumes--Poems (1933), Vienna (1934), Trial of a Judge, a verse play (1938), and The Still Centre (1939)--were the poetry of the German Rainer Maria Rilke and of the Spaniard Federico Garcia Lorca. Above all, his poems expressed a self-critical, compassionate personality. In the following decades Spender, in some ways a more personal poet than his early associates, became increasingly more autobiographical, turning his gaze from the external topical situation to the subjective experience. His reputation for humanism and honesty is fully vindicated in subsequent volumes--Ruins and Visions (1942), Poems of Dedication (1947), The Edge of Being (1949), Collected Poems (1955), Selected Poems (1965), The Generous Days (1971), and Dolphins (1994).

From the 1940s Spender was better known for his perceptive criticism and his editorial association with the influential reviews Horizon (1940-41) and Encounter (1953-67) than he was as a poet. Spender's prose works include short stories (The Burning Cactus, 1936), a novel (The Backward Son, 1940), literary criticism (The Destructive Element, 1935; The Creative Element, 1953; The Making of a Poem, 1955; The Struggle of the Modern, 1963), an autobiography (World Within World, 1951; reissued 1994), and uncollected essays with new commentary (The Thirties and After, 1978).

During World War II Spender was a member of the National Fire Service (1941-44). After the war he made several visits to the United States, teaching and lecturing at universities, and in 1965 he became the first non-American to serve as poetry consultant to the Library of Congress (now poet laureate consultant in poetry), a position he held for one year. In 1970 he was appointed professor of English at University College, London; he became professor emeritus in 1977. Spender was knighted in 1983, and he made headlines in 1994 and 1995 when he brought a highly publicized plagiarism suit against novelist David Leavitt; the latter was accused of having borrowed material from Spender's autobiography for his novel While England Sleeps. Leavitt ultimately revised his work, but not before a vitriolic airing of the controversy in the pages of the leading journals in London and New York.

Sir Stephen Spender essays

Explore Related Essays
Cinema brand management and research marketing essay
Executive summary In present highly competitive business cases companies across the globe strive really hard to create business impact and draw in international market segments. Swift change in technical and business transformations happening around the world have drastically evolved the inner and exterior business operations of the organizations. Today companies are keener about their image and acknowledgement in the marketplaces as brighter image makes them..
Fetal alcohol syndrome (fas): triggers, symptoms and treatment
Introduction Fetal alcohol symptoms is a set of birth defects induced by maternal alcohol intake during pregnancy. The incident of FAS varies from 0. 5 to 3. 0 per 1, 000 live births. However, it can be much higher with regards to the community; low socioeconomic position and race appear to be a contributing element in those who are most at risk. (play remedy) The prevalence of FAS is regarded as underestimated for many reasons. This consists of the physical features are often..
Information systems strategy
International Accounting Benchmarks Committee (IASC) was developed in 1973 in outcome of an agreement between accountancy bodies in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, the uk and Ireland as well as america for placing International Accounting Requirements. Since 2001, the IFRS Basis has been executing the standards-setting work for the International Accounting Specifications Plank (IASB). (http://archive. iasb. org. uk/about/history...
The eastern roman empire in the fifth century history essay
This article will explore the reason why behind the Eastern Roman Empire's survival and appearance at the quarrels to why it didn't come to an end through the fifth Century. When studying the history books it's difficult to acquire many that matter the east, most books are compiled by western historians and focus on the demise of the Western Roman Empire. A German scholar had written that there were 210 explanations why the West dropped! Therefore backwards there are 210 explanations..
Vida do bem e do mal
O bem e o mal são os conceitos centrais da consciência moral. É através do prisma desses conceitos que o comportamento humano e todas as atividades estão sendo avaliadas. Esses conceitos são desenvolvidos pela consciência moral há muito tempo e até os primeiros sistemas éticos os usavam em suas construções. Bom é o conceito mais geral de moralidade que une a totalidade de..
The girl and pop store open every day at 9 essay
Mother and Take shop wide open every day for 9: 00 am, as well as the Pop is never late opening the doors, it is this way to get 45 years. A long time, the shop remains open until 9: 00 pm every single day, except on Sundays and Holidays. Both equally Mom and Pop have worked the 12 hour alterations for forty five years, they may have raised their particular family, they are really loved by the community, it is, and has been the authentic American dream. However , one day Pop is definitely working..
All for liquor at 18 essay
When a person transforms 18, they are really entitled to receiving the rights and responsibilities of a grownup. They can election, purchase cigarettes, buy a lottery admission, go zipline, lease an apartment or property, join the military, adopt a child, marry, and even legitimately own a gun. It is sad to say that 18 year olds can't legally drink alcohol, but are mature enough to decide who have to spend the remainder of their lifestyle with, choose their govt, defend the..
The numerous languages of hedda gabler
The Many Languages of Hedda GablerThrough Hedda Gabler my understanding of Hedda was influenced by many in the theatre dialects. From the attires she used, the stage sets she used, and the lamps that lighted the stage, all of the different languages had an enormous effect on my own perception of Hedda. The first terminology that influenced my understanding of her character was her attires.The theatre dialect that caught my vision first was the use of Hedda's costumes. Because..
The opportunities and challenges of marketing services essay
Summary. This newspaper gives the readers the background to comprehend how intangibility of services affects customers' evaluation of service top quality. The newspaper begins together with the various opinions regarding intangibility of services from college students.Some watch intangibility while important qualities in unique products from services. Other folks look at intangibility as too little condition to divide products and services. Then, the two..
Differentiation in the classroom essay
That students fluctuate may be inconvenient, but it can be inescapable. Changing to that range is the unavoidable price of productivity, high standards, and fairness towards the students. (Sizer, 1984) The academic system in the United States is going through significant improvements. Higher standards along with student variety are the concentrate of the most schools. Even in a cluster room like mine, wherever all students are students learning english as a second language,..
Outline current legislation affecting the safeguarding of children and young people essay
"Safeguarding and endorsing the welfare of children is defined as: •protecting kids from maltreatment •preventing impairment of children's health or development •ensuring children are developing up in situations consistent with the dotacion of effective and safe care. " (Dept for Education www.education.gov.uk) There are numerous laws and suggestions in place which will aim to shield children from harm, and promote all their health and wellbeing...
The regle of parliamentary supremacy composition
SUMMATIVE COURSEWORK - TERM ITHEME QUESTION:It used to be thought that the regle of parliamentary supremacy ensures thatParliament cannot hole its heir. Is this nonetheless an accurate description of the locationof Parliament underneath the UK Constitution?'The real stage is whether a government may, in rules, make it difficult for a future Parliament to amend or repeal the legislation it includes passed; in [the Committee 's] notice it cannot. Each of our conclusion..
School model essay
I chose to carry out my study on the open public school contrasting and contrasting to home training. I selected these two types of schools to analyses because We felt they are out to achieve the same goals from completely different atmospheres. From this paper Let me discuss the different goals with the two diverse school types, as well as subjects, standardized assessment, and how come parents select the type of university they do for his or her child.I actually conducted a job..
Kinesthesis in scientific research
Kinesthesis in ScienceEspecially to the uninitiated, learning science can be daunting. , the burkha contribution for this problem is the fact that too generally science classes are extremely formal, and so they employ a notation-namely the language of math-which ostensibly is translucent to only an elite few. The idea behind my remedy to this difficulty is that any physical problem, along with all of the linked formalism, could be rendered not merely intelligible yet even..
Othello, by simply william shakespeare essay
There may be more than what meets the attention. Iago is a manipulative personality in the perform, Othello. He manipulates all the characters in his master want to become the lieutenant. In Othello, Iago can be upset mainly because Othello, the military head of Venice, gave Cassio, an arithmetician who was inexperienced at battle, the position to be his lieutenant. Iago started to devise a great infallible strategy. This plan was going to manipulate Othello into thinking Cassio..
Dissertation on pablo picasso
Pablo PicassoA Brief BiographyPablo Ruiz Y Picasso was the most famous artist with the 20th century. He was delivered on August 25, 1881 in Malaga, Spain. Picasso showed wonderful talent at an early age. He liked to paint pictures of city existence and was fascinated by the circus. This individual also liked painting photographs of the day-to-day life of poor people in his neighbourhood and was very poor him self. His daddy, Jose Ruiz Blasco, was a Castilian fine art teacher in..
Obesity: a healthy lifestyle, and being easier academically dissertation
Ingesting healthy in University can be difficult nevertheless is critical to maintaining a wholesome lifestyle, and being easier academically.Unhealthy weight in Australia have been recognized as an important health issue in public areas health and there are more than fifty percent of adults and 25% of children happen to be overweight or perhaps obesity, particular high prevalence in Exito (1). The regular BMI craze is still progressively increased seeing that 2001 nationwide..
Free yellow picture essays: oppression of women
The Oppression of Women in The Discolored WallpaperThe Yellow Wallpaper can be described as story, by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Even though the work can be short, it is one of the most interesting works around. Gilman uses literary techniques very well. The symbolism of The Yellow Picture, can be seen and employed after some believed and appear sensible immediately. The views and ideals of society are often found in literary works. Whether the author is intending to show the..
The government's integrity
The Government's HonestyAccording to Webster's dictionary a militia is "all able-bodied man citizens among 18 and 45years of age who are certainly not already people of regular armed forces. " If perhaps it was that easy.Person fear of federal government corruption features lead to an extensive spread militia movement. Thismovement has become going on from the time the early 80's and is growing stronger today.In the beginning there were simply..
Marcus brutus: praetor, senator, and tragic leading man essay
Marcus Brutus: Praetor, Senator, and Tragic Leading manThe famous perform The Disaster of Julius Caesar, authored by the esteemed playwright William Shakespeare, details the plight of Marcus Brutus and the other Roman conspirators up against the dictator Julius Caesar. There are several tragic heroes in this play who suffer intense downfalls. A tragic leading man is a personality who was when in excessive regard or perhaps standing although encounters a number of terrible..
Subscribe to our updates
79 345 subscribers already with us

Related authors

Giuseppe Ungaretti
Giuseppe Ungaretti
Giuseppe Ungaretti, (born Feb. 10, 1888, Alexandria--died June 1, 1970, Milan), Italian poet,..
Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes, in full Julian Alexander Kitchener-Fellowes, Baron Fellowes of West Stafford,..
Amiri Baraka
Amiri Baraka
Amiri Baraka, also called Imamu Amiri Baraka, original name Everett Leroy Jones, called Leroy Jones,..
Ina Donna Coolbrith
Ina Donna Coolbrith
Ina Donna Coolbrith, original name Josephine Donna Smith, (born March 10, 1841, Nauvoo, Ill., U.S.--died..
William Dunbar
William Dunbar
William Dunbar, (born 1460/65, Scotland--died before 1530), Middle Scots poet attached to the..
Kakinomoto Hitomaro
Kakinomoto Hitomaro
Kakinomoto Hitomaro, also called Kakinomoto no Hitomaro, (died 708, Japan), poet venerated by..
Viktor Pelevin
Viktor Pelevin
Viktor Pelevin, full name Viktor Olegovich Pelevin, (born November 22, 1962, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.),..
Anita Loos
Anita Loos
Anita Loos, (born April 26, 1893?, Sissons [now Mount Shasta], Calif., U.S.--died Aug. 18, 1981,..
Adah Isaacs Menken
Adah Isaacs Menken
Adah Isaacs Menken, original name Ada McCord, (born June 15, 1835, Memphis, Tenn., U.S.--died Aug...
Alice Duer Miller
Alice Duer Miller
Alice Duer Miller, nee Alice Maude Duer, (born July 28, 1874, Staten Island, N.Y., U.S.--died Aug...
Jaime Torres Bodet
Jaime Torres Bodet
Jaime Torres Bodet, (born April 17, 1902, Mexico City, Mex.--died May 13, 1974, Mexico City), Mexican..
Dong Qichang
Dong Qichang
Dong Qichang, Wade-Giles romanization Tung Ch'i-ch'ang, (born 1555, Huating [now in Shanghai],..
John Banville
John Banville
John Banville, pseudonym Benjamin Black, (born December 8, 1945, Wexford, Ireland), Irish novelist..
Baren
Baren
Baren, Wade-Giles romanization Pa Jen, pseudonym of Wang Renshu, (born Oct. 19, 1901, Fenghua,..
Agnes de Mille
Agnes de Mille
Agnes de Mille, in full Agnes George de Mille, de Mille also spelled DeMille, (born Sept. 18, 1905,..
Assia Djebar
Assia Djebar
Assia Djebar, original name Fatma-Zohra Imalhayene, (born June 30, 1936, Cherchell, French Algeria--died..
Juan Ramon Jimenez
Juan Ramon Jimenez
Juan Ramon Jimenez, (born Dec. 24, 1881, Moguer, Spain--died May 29, 1958, San Juan, P.R.), Spanish..
Sir Thomas Overbury
Sir Thomas Overbury
Sir Thomas Overbury, (baptized June 18, 1581, Compton Scorpion, Warwickshire, England--died..
Samuel R. Delany
Samuel R. Delany
Samuel R. Delany, in full Samuel Ray Delany, Jr., (born April 1, 1942, New York, New York, U.S.), American..
Manuel Puig
Manuel Puig
Manuel Puig, (born December 28, 1932, General Villegas, Argentina--died July 22, 1990, Cuernavaca,..