Simone Weil, (born February 3, 1909, Paris, France--died August 24, 1943, Ashford, Kent, England), French mystic, social philosopher, and activist in the French Resistance during World War II, whose posthumously published works had particular influence on French and English social thought.
Intellectually precocious, Weil also expressed social awareness at an early age. At five she refused sugar because the French soldiers at the front during World War I had none, and at six she was quoting the French dramatic poet Jean Racine (1639-99). In addition to studies in philosophy, classical philology, and science, Weil continued to embark on new learning projects as the need arose. She taught philosophy in several girls' schools from 1931 to 1938 and often became embroiled in conflicts with school boards as a result of her social activism, which entailed picketing, refusing to eat more than those on relief, and writing for leftist journals.
To learn the psychological effects of heavy industrial labour, she took a job in 1934-35 in an auto factory, where she observed the spiritually deadening effect of machines on her fellow workers. In 1936 she joined an anarchist unit near Zaragoza, Spain, training for action in the Spanish Civil War, but after an accident in which she was badly scalded by boiling oil, she went to Portugal to recuperate. Soon thereafter Weil had the first of several mystical experiences, and she subsequently came to view her social concerns as "ersatz Divinity." After the German occupation of Paris during World War II, Weil moved to the south of France, where she worked as a farm servant. She escaped with her parents to the United States in 1942 but then went to London to work with the French Resistance. To identify herself with her French compatriots under German occupation, Weil refused to eat more than the official ration in occupied France. Malnutrition and overwork led to a physical collapse, and during her hospitalization she was found to have tuberculosis. She died after a few months spent in a sanatorium.
Weil's writings, which were collected and published after her death, fill about 20 volumes. Her most important works are La Pesanteur et la grace (1947; Gravity and Grace), a collection of religious essays and aphorisms; L'Enracinement (1949; The Need for Roots), an essay upon the obligations of the individual and the state; Attente de Dieu (1950; Waiting for God), a spiritual autobiography; Oppression et Liberte (1955; Oppression and Liberty), a collection of political and philosophical essays on war, factory work, language, and other topics; and three volumes of Cahiers (1951-56; Notebooks). Though born of Jewish parents, Weil eventually adopted a mystical theology that came very close to Roman Catholicism. A moral idealist committed to a vision of social justice, Weil in her writings explored her own religious life while also analyzing the individual's relation with the state and God, the spiritual shortcomings of modern industrial society, and the horrors of totalitarianism.
Imagination is always the fabric of social life and the dynamic of history. The influence of real needs and compulsions, of real interests and materials, is indirect because the crowd is never conscious of it.
I am not a Catholic; but I consider the Christian idea, which has its roots in Greek thought and in the course of the centuries has nourished all of our European civilization, as something that one cannot renounce without becoming degraded.
If Germany, thanks to Hitler and his successors, were to enslave the European nations and destroy most of the treasures of their past, future historians would certainly pronounce that she had civilized Europe.
Two prisoners whose cells adjoin communicate with each other by knocking on the wall. The wall is the thing which separates them but is also their means of communication. It is the same with us and God. Every separation is a link.
If we are suffering illness, poverty, or misfortune, we think we shall be satisfied on the day it ceases. But there too, we know it is false; so soon as one has got used to not suffering one wants something else.
Dip your fingertips in chalk with the side on your strongest arm, then stand with you back flat up against the wall with your biceps and triceps extended of up to they can reach with them flat resistant to the wall then make out where your arms reach to/push the wall mounted reach panel up to the height your forearms will extend to, stand area on stronger arm closest to the wall/board, then crouch low then thrust straight of the floor and touch the wall structure/board, solution with..
First of all, the article is examined about the IMF and World Bank provide loan which contains horrifying loan interest that cause the particular country struggling to pay back the theory of the loan. Besides that, some country even cannot afford to protect the high interest rate charge by the IMF and World Bank. The loan that proposed by the IMF and World Lender to poor country is recognized as the debt capture because the majority of the countries made the IMF and World Bank loan..
Ting Cheuk Sze
Topic: How do you think ICT / Information System infrastructure and IT strategy at Cisco is encouraging the business? (1451words)
A) A short summary of Nolan's (1973) phases of development model
Nolan represents a learning curve in the development of data control in 1974 Harvard Business Review. Nolan believes that organizations need to understand the development characteristics associated with each stage of development. Understanding this curve..
A marketing strategy defines objectives and describes just how you are going to fulfill customers in your chosen markets. It generally does not have to be written down but it is much easier to connect to outsiders, like your standard bank manager or other traders, when it is.
A group of strategies found quite commonly in smaller companies are growth strategies. One of many ways to look at strategies to increase your business is through..
In a multiprogramming and time writing environment, several users show the system all together. This example can bring about various security problems.
What are two such problems?
Ans1. (a) In Multiprogramming and time writing environment multiple users discuss the data and system so these are pursuing two problems which can occur
There could possibly be the case of pilfering of data, which can bring about various problems. It means after gaining illegitimate access..
Nigeria, a country with thirty-six states located in the western part of Africa, rich in mineral and natural resources, creating a size of 3 hundred and fifty six thousand, 1000 and sixty nine square miles of land area, with ecological zones ranging from the dry savannas in the north, to the abundant Niger Delta (about nine hundred and twenty three thousand, seven-hundred and seventy three square kilometres) - She is over fifty percent the United States of American state of California,..
Today there's a popular concern or debate that technological advancement may replace a lot of the industrialized and other employees, creating widespread unemployment. For instance, in "1983 the Upjohn Institute for Employment Research predicted the existence of 50, 000 to 100, 000 industrial robots in the United States by 1990, producing a net loss of some 100, 000 jobs" (Distress Inevitable as Robots Replace Low End of Workforce, 1983), meaning the amount of advancing..
The early childhood educator must have necessary skills in developing curriculum expectations that derive from appropriate developmental aspects in a child. It is also vital to have lesson ideas that meet and are led by specific standards of kindergarten in every state. It is because in america, learning in early childhood will range and are unique from one condition to the other. However, there are common themes that can be found among the list of varying early childhood learning..
The main aim of the assessment is much centered on the critiques and the strategies of the Nestle marketing practices in Africa in the past. The marketing strategies pursued by Nestle in markets in the developing Global Market are also analysed. The discussion to the ethical concerns raised by these Marketing strategies. The Incorporative Study of the international ban and the data on compliance predicated on Nestle is been performed on a wide range of research with the influence..
Keywords: wuthering levels, thrushcross grange, good vs evil, literature
Good vs. Evil is among the most central theme for hundreds of different reports throughout history and for this; its interpretation is becoming one of the most controversial themes in literature. The interpretation of Good vs. Evil is definitely debated between a literal interpretation of a battle between individuals or their ideologies or an internal fight between oneself and their ideologies...
Network Secureness: Inside and OutThe web and laptop networks have already been around for a long time. During the a long time there have been extensive updates and new technology that have allowed millions around the globe to speak. Networking has brought upon the "dot. com" revolution, and helped provide many small enterprises to the on the web world. Even though networking has brought many new and exciting solutions, it has also ledto a very dark side. Viruses,..
Quantitative easing is usually an unusual form of policy applied when rates of interest are around 0%. Banking institutions rouse the nationwide financial system when normal monetary procedures have become unproductive. In recent years the government Central bank has argued these are the government's most important financial company.Throughout their power to change interest rates and get massive numbers of financial property, the Federal government Reserve..
A child miseducated is a kid lost. As evolved into a mostly effective country, we still have road blocks regarding education. According to Lucy Hart, students of decrease economic statuses often deal with additional just like learning assets, learning circumstances, and poor motivation that negatively influences their academic performance. People with reduce incomes struggle with providing academic support because of their children. They have limited some financial..
With recently found study, researchers realize that emotion is definitely connected with knowledge, memory, and so forth Even 2000 years ago, Escenario discovered that learning has psychological ties collectively (Hinton, 2008). For teachers, this concept should be number one in the back of their minds because one must touch for the child's psychological processing before the child may and will find out. The human mind has posts that connect and touch on many different..
Gilgamesh is known as a demigod which has no genuine companion of his very own. It seems in the beginning of Tablet 1, the arrogant california king believes he can top virtually any man and get virtually any woman that he would like. But even a demi the almighty needs a friend. The first sign of a genuine alteration in The Impressive of Gilgamesh ascends because of the birth of Enkidu which was made by simply clay. Initially, a powerful connection developed among mother and son. The..
Fibers optic communication has become important have to almost all of the big international companies and government agencies. Heavy investments took place in ok bye to this particular form of communication. Make up the developed countries to the growing countries fibers optic interaction has become the recommended means of data transmission. This report can look at Fibers optics and fiber optic communications seriously. The history in the fiber optics will be loved into..
An abundance of fresh individuals have already been sent to imprisonment which often ultimately ends up with all of them being tried as adults. These youngsters are being stripped from their children and incarcerated with grown individuals. If the minor is to be convicted because an adult deeper investigation and undeniable proof must be provided before allowing for a traumatic experience to proceed. We should perform a emotional evaluation for the minor that may be being..
The photographs of stress and pressure are effectively captured inside the description from the women ‘hunched' over the washtub and her ‘shrivelled hands'. The word ‘hunched' suggests her strenuous regimen which has physically harmed her posture. The comparison of her hands towards the shrivelled burned skin of granadilla evokes the harmful efforts of hard labour on her physical body.The reference to the mother's ‘blue-ringed gaze' shows..
Located within the continent of Asia, Korea was arguably one of the oldest countries in the world thought to have been founded as early as 3000 B. C. In 108 B. C., the Oriental Han Dynasty brought elements of its traditions to the location. Going forward into the modern era, Japan began to pressure Korea to move out of Chinese suppliers 's sphere of effect into its own in the late 1870's and in 1910 was annexed by Japan. At the end of World War II 66 years ago with the Japanese..
Kubla KhanIf a man could pass thro' Paradise within a Dream, & have a flower presentedto him as a give your word that his Soul got really already been through it, & found that blossomin his side when he awoke - Aye! and what then?(CN, iii 4287)Kubla Khan is a interesting and exasperating poem authored by Samuel The singer Coleridge (. Almost everyone that has read it, has been charmed by it is magic. It should surely be authentic that no poem of comparable duration in English or..