Simone de Beauvoir (January 09, 1908 - April 14, 1986)
Born: 9th January, 1908
Died: 14th April, 1986
Nationality: French
Profession/Occupation: Writer
Region: Paris, France
Notable works: "The Mandarins", "Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter", "The Prime of Life", "The Second Sex", "She Came to Stay"

Simone de Beauvoir Facts

Biography

Simone de Beauvoir, in full Simone Lucie-Ernestine-Marie-Bertrand de Beauvoir, (born Jan. 9, 1908, Paris, France--died April 14, 1986, Paris), French writer and feminist, a member of the intellectual fellowship of philosopher-writers who have given a literary transcription to the themes of Existentialism. She is known primarily for her treatise Le Deuxieme Sexe, 2 vol. (1949; The Second Sex), a scholarly and passionate plea for the abolition of what she called the myth of the "eternal feminine." This seminal work became a classic of feminist literature.

Schooled in private institutions, de Beauvoir attended the Sorbonne, where, in 1929, she passed her agregation in philosophy and met Jean-Paul Sartre, beginning a lifelong association with him. She taught at a number of schools (1931-43) before turning to writing for her livelihood. In 1945 she and Sartre founded and began editing Le Temps modernes, a monthly review.

Her novels expound the major Existential themes, demonstrating her conception of the writer's commitment to the times. L'Invitee (1943; She Came To Stay) describes the subtle destruction of a couple's relationship brought about by a young girl's prolonged stay in their home; it also treats the difficult problem of the relationship of a conscience to "the other," each individual conscience being fundamentally a predator to another. Of her other works of fiction, perhaps the best known is Les Mandarins (1954; The Mandarins), for which she won the Prix Goncourt. It is a chronicle of the attempts of post-World War II intellectuals to leave their "mandarin" (educated elite) status and engage in political activism. She also wrote four books of philosophy, including Pour une Morale de l'ambiguite (1947; The Ethics of Ambiguity); travel books on China (La Longue Marche: essai sur la Chine [1957]; The Long March) and the United States (L'Amerique au jour de jour [1948]; America Day by Day); and a number of essays, some of them book-length, the best known of which is The Second Sex. In 2009 a new English-language translation of The Second Sex was published, making the entire original text available to English-speaking readers for the first time; the earlier translation (1953) had been severely edited.

Several volumes of her work are devoted to autobiography. These include Memoires d'une jeune fille rangee (1958; Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter), La Force de l'age (1960; The Prime of Life), La Force des choses (1963; Force of Circumstance), and Tout compte fait (1972; All Said and Done). This body of work, beyond its personal interest, constitutes a clear and telling portrait of French intellectual life from the 1930s to the 1970s.

In addition to treating feminist issues, de Beauvoir was concerned with the issue of aging, which she addressed in Une Mort tres douce (1964; A Very Easy Death), on her mother's death in a hospital, and in La Vieillesse (1970; Old Age), a bitter reflection on society's indifference to the elderly. In 1981 she wrote La Ceremonie des adieux (Adieux: A Farewell to Sartre), a painful account of Sartre's last years. Simone de Beauvoir: A Biography, by Deirdre Bair, appeared in 1990. Carole Seymour-Jones's A Dangerous Liaison (2008), a double biography of de Beauvoir and Sartre, explores the unorthodox long-term relationship between the two.

Simone de Beauvoir revealed herself as a woman of formidable courage and integrity, whose life supported her thesis: the basic options of an individual must be made on the premises of an equal vocation for man and woman founded on a common structure of their being, independent of their sexuality.

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Top 34 Simone de Beauvoir quotes

To catch a husband is an art; to hold him is a job.
Art
Catch
Him
Hold
Husband
Job
Why one man rather than another? It was odd. You find yourself involved with a fellow for life just because he was the one that you met when you were nineteen.
Another
Because
Fellow
Find
He
Involved
Just
Just because
Life
Man
Met
Nineteen
Odd
One-man
One is not born a woman, but becomes one.
Becomes
Born
Woman
One's life has value so long as one attributes value to the life of others, by means of love, friendship, indignation and compassion.
Attributes
Compassion
Friendship
Indignation
Life
Long
Love
Means
Others
Value
I wish that every human life might be pure transparent freedom.
Every
Freedom
Human
Human life
I wish
Life
Might
Pure
Transparent
Wish
To make oneself an object, to make oneself passive, is a very different thing from being a passive object.
Being
Different
Different thing
Make
Object
Oneself
Passive
Thing
Very
Change your life today. Don't gamble on the future, act now, without delay.
Act
Change
Delay
Future
Gamble
Life
Now
Today
Without
Your
It is old age, rather than death, that is to be contrasted with life. Old age is life's parody, whereas death transforms life into a destiny: in a way it preserves it by giving it the absolute dimension. Death does away with time.
Absolute
Age
Away
Death
Destiny
Dimension
Does
Giving
Life
Old
Old age
Parody
Preserves
Rather
When an individual is kept in a situation of inferiority, the fact is that he does become inferior.
Become
Does
Fact
He
Individual
Inferior
Inferiority
Kept
Situation
Defending the truth is not something one does out of a sense of duty or to allay guilt complexes, but is a reward in itself.
Complexes
Defending
Does
Duty
Guilt
Itself
Out
Reward
Sense
Something
Truth
Truth is
Buying is a profound pleasure.
Buying
Pleasure
Profound
All oppression creates a state of war.
Creates
Oppression
State
War
Sex pleasure in woman is a kind of magic spell; it demands complete abandon; if words or movements oppose the magic of caresses, the spell is broken.
Abandon
Broken
Complete
Demands
Kind
Magic
Movements
Oppose
Pleasure
Sex
Spell
Woman
Words
Retirement may be looked upon either as a prolonged holiday or as a rejection, a being thrown on to the scrap-heap.
Being
Either
Holiday
Looked
May
Prolonged
Rejection
Retirement
Thrown
Society cares for the individual only so far as he is profitable.
Cares
Far
He
Individual
Only
Profitable
Society
What is an adult? A child blown up by age.
Adult
Age
Blown
Child
Up
I tore myself away from the safe comfort of certainties through my love for truth - and truth rewarded me.
Away
Certainties
Comfort
Love
Me
Myself
Rewarded
Safe
Through
Truth
In itself, homosexuality is as limiting as heterosexuality: the ideal should be to be capable of loving a woman or a man; either, a human being, without feeling fear, restraint, or obligation.
Being
Capable
Either
Fear
Feeling
Homosexuality
Human
Human being
Ideal
Itself
Limiting
Loving
Man
Obligation
I am incapable of conceiving infinity, and yet I do not accept finity.
Accept
Am
Conceiving
I am
Incapable
Infinity
The most mediocre of males feels himself a demigod as compared with women.
Compared
Feels
Himself
Males
Mediocre
Most
Women
If you live long enough, you'll see that every victory turns into a defeat.
Defeat
Enough
Every
Live
Long
See
Turns
Victory
You
Art is an attempt to integrate evil.
Art
Attempt
Evil
Integrate
In the face of an obstacle which is impossible to overcome, stubbornness is stupid.
Face
Impossible
Obstacle
Overcome
Stubbornness
Stupid
Which
The writer of originality, unless dead, is always shocking, scandalous; novelty disturbs and repels.
Always
Dead
Novelty
Originality
Scandalous
Shocking
Unless
Writer
Man is defined as a human being and a woman as a female - whenever she behaves as a human being she is said to imitate the male.
Behaves
Being
Defined
Female
Human
Human being
Imitate
Male
Man
Said
She
Whenever
Woman
No one is more arrogant toward women, more aggressive or scornful, than the man who is anxious about his virility.
About
Aggressive
Anxious
Arrogant
His
Man
More
No-one
Scornful
Than
Toward
Who
Women
This has always been a man's world, and none of the reasons that have been offered in explanation have seemed adequate.
Adequate
Always
Been
Explanation
Man
None
Offered
Reasons
Seemed
World
Society, being codified by man, decrees that woman is inferior; she can do away with this inferiority only by destroying the male's superiority.
Away
Being
Destroying
Inferior
Inferiority
Male
Man
Only
She
Society
Superiority
Woman
Life is occupied in both perpetuating itself and in surpassing itself; if all it does is maintain itself, then living is only not dying.
Both
Does
Dying
Itself
Life
Living
Maintain
Occupied
Only
Then
The word love has by no means the same sense for both sexes, and this is one cause of the serious misunderstandings that divide them.
Both
Cause
Divide
Love
Means
Same
Sense
Serious
Sexes
Them
Word
All the idols made by man, however terrifying they may be, are in point of fact subordinate to him, and that is why he will always have it in his power to destroy them.
Always
Destroy
Fact
He
Him
His
However
Idols
Made
Man
May
Point
Power
Subordinate
It is not in giving life but in risking life that man is raised above the animal; that is why superiority has been accorded in humanity not to the sex that brings forth but to that which kills.
Above
Animal
Been
Brings
Forth
Giving
Has-been
Humanity
Life
Man
Raised
Risking
Sex
Superiority
Representation of the world, like the world itself, is the work of men; they describe it from their own point of view, which they confuse with the absolute truth.
Absolute
Absolute truth
Confuse
Describe
Itself
Like
Men
Own
Point
Representation
Truth
View
Which
Work
One is not born, but rather becomes, a woman.
Becomes
Born
Rather
Woman

Simone de Beauvoir essays

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Women's Placement in the Patriarchal Society Essay
You will discover only two genders in the whole world, one is male as well as the other can be female. There are numerous advocates and sociologist who may have spoken for the equal rights between women and men but right up until now the objective of equality is actually not achieved yet. Women have invariably been dominated by men inside the Patriarchal contemporary society where men are the brain of the household and the guideline makers. Males are the supreme authority and females are the enthusiasts. When we listen to these things, possibly in the twenty one century it is not the new or surprising..
The Oppression of Women at your home and in the Workplace Due to Sexuality Stratification
Feminist Hypotheses: The Oppression of Women at your home and in businesses Due to Male or female Stratification"One is certainly not born a female, but instead one turns into a woman, " claims sociologist Simone de Beauvoir (as cited in Zaretsky). Similarly, sociologist Judith Butler states that "gender is less a biological reality than a social fiction" (Zaretsky). Another sociologist, Berk, the similar assert, arguing which the family is to first discover ways to do male or female in conformity with societal norms; the creation and functioning of your family perpetuates..
Merleau-Ponty upon Beauvoir's Literary-Philosophical Method
Merleau-Ponty on Beauvoir's Literary-Philosophical MethodABSTRACT: Modern philosophy from the mid-nineteenth century on, has been specifically interested in choosing, adapting, and in some cases inventing fictional forms to slip the particular philosophical subject beneath investigation. Simone de Beauvoir, with her explicit rejection of any formalist department between materials and beliefs, is one of the many interesting contributors to the contemporary development of philosophical writing. The waters encircling de Beauvoir's contribution to philosophical..
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