Sheikh Hamidou Kane, Sheikh also spelled Cheikh, (born April 3, 1928, Matam, River Region, Senegal), Senegalese writer best known for his autobiographical novel L'Aventure ambigue (1961; Ambiguous Adventure), which won the Grand Prix Litteraire d'Afrique Noire in 1962.Kane received a traditional Muslim education as a youth before leaving Senegal for Paris to study law at the Sorbonne. He received degrees in law and philosophy from the Ecole Nationale de la France d'Outre-Mer. After his return to his homeland in 1959, he served as commissioner of planning in the government, governor of..
Abdoulaye Sadji, (born 1910, Rufisque, Senegal--died Dec. 25, 1961, Dakar), Senegalese writer and teacher who was one of the founders of African prose fiction in French. Sadji was the son of a marabout (Muslim holy man) and attended Qur?anic school before entering the colonial school system. He was graduated from the William Ponty teacher training college in 1929 and took a bachelor's degree three years later.His early writings appeared locally in the 1940s. The story "Tounka," which dealt with the original migrations that had brought Sadji's people to the sea, later became the title story..
David Diop, (born July 9, 1927, Bordeaux, Fr.--died 1960, Dakar, Senegal), one of the most talented of the younger French West African poets of the 1950s, whose tragic death in an airplane crash cut short a promising career.Diop's works in Coups de pilon (1956; "Pounding"), his only surviving collection, are angry poems of protest against European cultural values, enumerating the sufferings of his people first under the slave trade and then under the domination of colonial rule and calling for revolution to lead to a glorious future for Africa. That he was the most extreme of the Negritude writers..
Birago Diop, (born December 11, 1906, Dakar, French West Africa [now in Senegal]--died November 25, 1989, Dakar), Senegalese poet and recorder of traditional folktales and legends of the Wolof people.Diop received his education in Dakar and Saint-Louis, Senegal, and then studied veterinary medicine at the University of Toulouse until 1933. This was followed by a series of tours as government veterinary surgeon in the French Sudan (now Mali), Cote d'Ivoire, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), and Mauritania. From 1961 to 1965 he served as newly independent Senegal's ambassador to Tunisia.He..