Sadeq Hedayat (February 17, 1903 - April 04, 1951)
Born: 17th February, 1903
Died: 4th April, 1951
Nationality: Iranian author
Region: Tehran, Iran, Paris, France

Sadeq Hedayat Facts

Biography

Sadeq Hedayat, also spelled Sadeq-e Hedayat or Sadiq Hidayat, (born February 17, 1903, Tehran, Iran--died April 4, 1951, Paris, France), Iranian author who introduced modernist techniques into Persian fiction. He is considered one of the greatest Iranian writers of the 20th century.

Born into a prominent aristocratic family, Hedayat was educated first in Tehran and then studied dentistry and engineering in France and Belgium. After coming into contact with the leading intellectual figures of Europe, Hedayat abandoned his studies for literature.

He was intensely drawn to the works of Edgar Allan Poe, Guy de Maupassant, Rainer Maria Rilke, Franz Kafka, Anton Chekhov, and Fyodor Dostoyevsky. Hedayat translated into Persian many of Kafka's works, including In the Penal Colony, for which he wrote a revealing introduction called "Payam-e Kafka" ("Kafka's Message"). He returned to Iran in 1930 after four years and published his first book of short stories, Zendeh be gur (1930; "Buried Alive"), and the first of three plays, Parvin dokhtar-e Sasan ("Parvin, Daughter of Sasan"). These he followed with the prose works Sayeh-ye Moghol (1931; "Mongol Shadow") and Se qatreh-khun (1932; "Three Drops of Blood").

Hedayat was the central figure in Tehran intellectual circles and belonged to the antimonarchical, anti-Islamic literary group known as the Four (which also included Buzurg ?Alavi). He began to develop a strong interest in Iranian folklore and published Osaneh (1931), a collection of popular songs, and Nirangestan (1932). In these, Hedayat greatly enriched Persian prose and influenced younger writers through his use of folk expressions. He also wrote a number of critical articles and translated the works of leading European authors, Chekhov and Jean-Paul Sartre among them. He began to study history, beginning with the Sasanian period (224-651) and the Pahlavi, or Middle Persian, language, and he used this study in later fiction. In 1936-37 he went to Bombay (now Mumbai) to live in the Parsi Zoroastrian community there, in order to further his knowledge of the ancient Iranian religion.

One of Hedayat's most famous novels, Buf-e Kur (1937; The Blind Owl), is profoundly pessimistic and Kafkaesque. A deeply melancholy man, he lived with a vision of the absurdity of human existence and his inability to effect a change for the good in Iran. He withdrew from his friends and began to seek escape from his sense of futility in drugs and alcohol. In 1951, overwhelmed by despair, he left Tehran and went to Paris, where he took his own life.

Among Hedayat's books published in English are Haji Agha: Portrait of an Iranian Confidence Man (1979), Sadeq Hedayat: An Anthology (1979; short stories), and The Myth of Creation (1998; drama).

Sadeq Hedayat essays

Explore Related Essays
Assessment of cadburys corporate public responsibility marketing essay
History instructs us that ethics generate trust. But before anything else, ethics creates a reputation, which in turn develops the components of trust between people. The thrust of intense ethical attention in business is as a result of the growing electric power of consumers towards businesses. Gone are the days and nights when they would just buy products predicated on what it includes because now they would likely care about the brand's procedures. Consider the impact of..
Benefits of direct marketing on consumer behavior marketing essay
Direct marketing is a method where the company sells right to customers through the internet or mobiles or even through personal advertising. The study has an analysis about the direct marketing techniques and their benefits. The exploration is aimed at knowing the impact of the benefits on consumer manners through knowing their respond about the advantages of immediate marketing and email. The effect shows that many people don't send reviews because they are annoyed from..
Education essay topics
The variety of assessment types and strategies in our modern day universities is huge. Written assessment is the kind of assessment that is used throughout the year, and many university professors actually rely more on written assignments while placing your grade rather than on final tests, It is especially important and beneficial for education students, because, while being assessed, they also learn to assess themselves by following the specific criteria provided by..
Experiences in a cross curricular manner education essay
The following essay will focus on the Skills Framework introduced by the Welsh Set up Government into the nationwide curriculum. The essay will discuss the move into expanding pupil's skills over the curriculum alternatively than subject matter specific skills. The article will also discuss how to build up pupil's skills in the main subjects through a series of practical based mostly activities through energetic learning. The term 'skill' can be hard to establish. Resnick..
Green marketing adoption
INTRODUCTION The campaign of environmentally safe or beneficial products, renewable marketing started out in Europe in the first 1980s when specific products were determined as being harmful to the earth's atmosphere. Because of this, new "green" products were presented which were less damaging to the surroundings. The concept found on in the United States and has been gaining steadily since. Divergent areas of inexperienced marketing include ecologically safer..
Human protection under the law and legal position of eunuchs sociology essay
Eunuchs are attended to by many names: hijra, kinnar, transsexuals, the 3rd intimacy, or the other sex. The very first image that comes to our mind whenever we think of eunuchs is that of a man-body clad shabbily in a sari. The face caked in whitish natural powder and cheeks circled with cheap rouge, scarlet mouth, and dark kohl-eyed people - and the ludicrously unusual travesty of womanhood clapping clamorously in a occupied market hustling for five or ten rupees. Eunuchs in..
Sample essays for high school students
Are you a high school student? If the answer is yes, then you really need to know how to write great essays. High school students are taught about essays in preparation for their college education. However, since this is an ordinary level education, their essays may not carry the same weight like those of the colleges. Now, if you do not write a high school essay, you will not gain some of the essential skills that you need in order to succeed as a college student and also in the workplace...
Essay upon importance of language in shakespeare's the tempest
There are many different understanding and distinctions of opinion regarding the genre of The Tempest, a perform by Shakespeare. In the works "The In reverse Voice": Puns and the Amusing Subplot of The Tempest, by simply Maurice Hunt, and The Tempest as Romance and Anti-Romance, by Rich Hillman, the genre of the play is definitely discussed thorough.
Arctic electricity case study essay
Arctic Power Case StudyCURRENT CONDITIONIt is the summer season of 1987. Arctic Electricity laundry detergent has contracted with the talking to firm of Smith and Jones, LIMITED to assist Arctic Power in determining their particular strategic path and their merchandise positioning.BACKGROUND AND RECORDArctic Electrical power, a laundry detergent exclusively formulated to clean up in cold water, is usually part of Colgate-Palmolive Canada family of products. Colgate-Palmolive..
Essay for the dynamic reverend hale in the crucible by simply arthur miller
John Good is the minister of Beverly, which has been summoned to Salem to discover andextinguish intended witchcraft in the town of Salem, Mass. in the colonial time period. Bloomingovergoes a gradual change of personality and idea as the play originates. As a dynamiccharacter? Although a progressive change it can be, the transform drastically improvements his landscapes andideas of what is God's is going to and exactly where his focal points lie.	 The final of Action..
On the net course design essay
Online DesignThe next step of the new program and course advancement process should be to examine, exploration, and design the new recommended course because an online training course. Online course delivery options must be looked into. A variety of resources need to determined to effectively develop a fresh online study course. These assets may include a variety of publications, by using the oversight of a faculty mentor. Washington dc State University, Chico provides..
The effect of character development dissertation
Personalities have tendency to improve from beginning and throughout life. Every individual is unique and definitely will behave and think differently according alive experiences and connections with people they meet up with in their sociable environment. The child years is an important stage that individuals have searched due to the affects of family in their early on development. Individuals have also considered how inherited genes may effect personal attributes and..
Medical professional assisted suicide should be allowed essay
The field of medicine has come incredibly far, on the other hand sometimes there will come a point where there is nothing more a health care provider can carry out to save the patient. In that case, would it be ethical for a doctor to aid a patient end their lifestyle? When a doctor actively assists a patient end their live by giving them a lethal drug, it can be called lively euthanasia, or perhaps physician helped suicide. There are many illnesses wherever people would like to request..
Managing mergers and acquisitions composition
IntroductionMergers and purchases are becoming frequently practiced strategic options intended for organizations. Companies are arriving together one method or another to realize emerging commercial chances. Goals in this upcoming and popular technique converges around themes which include growth, variation and achieving financial systems of level.A merger is a debt consolidation of two organizations as one. On the other hand, acquisition is the purchase of an organization..
The second world war essay
Compare the ways in which the copy writers and the stories, and discuss how effective each of the endings is. A Sound of Thunder is usually from the science fiction, short story genre written after the Second World War. A Sound of Thunder is definitely an experience story.The futuristic tale is set in the us in the year 2055; the story begins with the main Character, Eccles, who is more than joyed together with the news which the Moderate Keith has won the usa president election. He's..
Dissertation on worldwide strategic managing
Worldwide Strategic SupervisionStrategy is normally related and often confused simply by people with organizing. But as period course displays in the examine of businesses, there are distinct approaches of how a company can develop its approach. Johnson, and Shcoles, within their book "Exploring Corporate Strategy" had researched the different ways that companies develop their strategy. The authors had created and organized three standard ways how companies..
The threats of virtual sizes essay example
The threats of virtual sizesThe ideas of protection in the modern day digital age happen to be remarkably distinctive from the classic Cold Battle landscape. Technology and the positive effect are among the major contributing factors to the emergence of the fresh realm in security studies. The innovation of virtual dimensions offers generated info technologies that offer people modern way to interact one another regardless the differences of place and period. People work..
Essay about the eighth amendment violates juvenile rights
So as to have a good knowledge of how the eighth amendment violates teen rights, we should first determine what is the eighth amendment. The eighth change as identified by the United states of america Constitution is "Excessive entente shall not be expected, nor abnormal fines imposed, nor cruel and strange punishments inflicted" (Amendment VIII). Congress approved this September 25, 1789. In addition , this kind of amendment could be divided into 3 portions: abnormal..
Why the church is not become a natural gesture for the young adults article
Since an American-born Chinese, I used to be raised in a traditional Oriental church wherever my parents possess attended simply because moved to Altlanta ga twenty-six years back. Many of the youth have been definitely serving inside the church ministry during their senior high school years as group frontrunners. However , a majority of them little by little disappear as they transition in to the local universities and profession lives. Most of them attend additional churches,..
Subscribe to our updates
79 345 subscribers already with us

Related authors

Coretta Scott King
Coretta Scott King
Coretta Scott King, nee Coretta Scott, (born April 27, 1927, Marion, Alabama, U.S.--died January..
Alvaro Mutis
Alvaro Mutis
Alvaro Mutis, (born August 25, 1923, Bogota, Colombia--died September 22, 2013, Mexico City, Mexico),..
Gloria Steinem
Gloria Steinem
Gloria Steinem, in full Gloria Marie Steinem, (born March 25, 1934, Toledo, Ohio, U.S.), American..
Mark Van Doren
Mark Van Doren
Mark Van Doren, (born June 13, 1894, Hope, Illinois, U.S.--died December 10, 1972, Torrington,..
William Wharton
William Wharton
William Wharton, pseudonym of Albert William du Aime, (born Nov. 7, 1925, Philadelphia, Pa.--died..
Titus Pomponius Atticus
Titus Pomponius Atticus
Titus Pomponius Atticus, (born 110 bc, Rome--died 32 bc), wealthy but nonpolitical Roman, famous..
Alan Garner
Alan Garner
Alan Garner, (born October 17, 1934, Congleton, Cheshire, England), English writer whose works,..
Luis de Gongora
Luis de Gongora
Luis de Gongora, in full Luis de Gongora y Argote, (born July 11, 1561, Cordoba, Spain--died May 23,..
Lillian Hellman
Lillian Hellman
Lillian Hellman, (born June 20, 1905, New Orleans, La., U.S.--died June 30, 1984, Vineyard Haven,..
Christopher Isherwood
Christopher Isherwood
Christopher Isherwood, byname of Christopher William Bradshaw-Isherwood, (born August 26, 1904,..
Mira Bai
Mira Bai
Mira Bai, (born c. 1498, Kudaki, India--died 1547?, Dwarka, Gujarat), Hindu mystic and poet whose..
Murasaki Shikibu
Murasaki Shikibu
Murasaki Shikibu, (born c. 978, Kyoto, Japan--died c. 1014, Kyoto), Japanese writer and lady-in-waiting..
Viktor Rydberg
Viktor Rydberg
Viktor Rydberg, in full Abraham Viktor Rydberg, (born Dec. 18, 1828, Jonkoping, Swed.--died Sept...
Arthur Adamov
Arthur Adamov
Arthur Adamov, (born Aug. 23, 1908, Kislovodsk, Russia--died March 16, 1970, Paris, Fr.), avant-garde..
Ferdinand Christian Baur
Ferdinand Christian Baur
Ferdinand Christian Baur, (born June 21, 1792, Schmiden, near Stuttgart, Wurttemberg [Germany]--died..
Judah ha-Nasi
Judah ha-Nasi
Judah ha-Nasi, (born ad 135--died c. 220), one of the last of the tannaim, the small group of Palestinian..
Sir Herbert Read
Sir Herbert Read
Sir Herbert Read, in full Sir Herbert Edward Read, (born December 4, 1893, Muscoates Grange, Kirbymoorside,..
Aline Frankau Bernstein
Aline Frankau Bernstein
Aline Frankau Bernstein, nee Hazel Frankau, (born Dec. 22, 1882, New York, N.Y., U.S.--died Sept...
Helen Gurley Brown
Helen Gurley Brown
Helen Gurley Brown, nee Helen Gurley, (born February 18, 1922, Green Forest, Arkansas, U.S.--died..
Saint Ephraem Syrus
Saint Ephraem Syrus
Saint Ephraem Syrus, Syrian Aphrem, also called Ephraim the Syrian, Ephraem also spelled Ephrem,..