Claudian, Latin in full Claudius Claudianus, (born c. 370, Alexandria--died c. 404, Rome), last important poet of the classical tradition. Coming to Italy and abandoning Greek, he showed his mastery of Latin in a poem celebrating the consulship (395) of Probinus and Olybrius. An epigram on his superior, the Greek Hadrianus, Deprecatio ad Hadrianum, jeopardized his civil post; but, by assiduously praising Stilicho, minister of the Western emperor Flavius Honorius, and denouncing his rivals at the court of Flavius Arcadius, he gained the position of tribunus et notarius, the rank of vir clarissimus,..
Lucius Livius Andronicus, (born c. 284 bc, Tarentum, Magna Graecia [now Taranto, Italy]--died c. 204 bc, Rome?), founder of Roman epic poetry and drama.He was a Greek slave, freed by a member of the Livian family; he may have been captured as a boy when Tarentum surrendered to Rome in 272 bc. A freedman, he earned his living teaching Latin and Greek in Rome.His main work, the Odyssia, a translation of Homer's Odyssey, was possibly done for use as a schoolbook. Written in rude Italian Saturnian metre, it had little poetic merit, to judge from the less than 50 surviving lines and from the comments of Cicero..
Titus Pomponius Atticus, (born 110 bc, Rome--died 32 bc), wealthy but nonpolitical Roman, famous for his correspondence with the important Roman statesman and writer Cicero.Atticus was born into a family of the equestrian order, wealthy Romans who did not run for political office. He inherited the fortune of an uncle, Quintus Caecilius. He was the boyhood friend of Marcus Cicero, and his sister married Cicero's brother. In 85 he sold his holdings in Italy and moved to Athens because he feared that violence would erupt when Sulla and his army returned from fighting the Parthian king Mithradates..
Suetonius, in full Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, (born 69 CE, probably Rome [Italy]--died after 122), Roman biographer and antiquarian whose writings include De viris illustribus ("Concerning Illustrious Men"), a collection of short biographies of celebrated Roman literary figures, and De vita Caesarum (Lives of the Caesars). The latter book, seasoned with bits of gossip and scandal relating to the lives of Julius Caesar and the first 11 Roman emperors, secured him lasting fame.Suetonius' family was of the knightly class, or equites. A friend and protege of the government official and..
Gaius Petronius Arbiter, original name Titus Petronius Niger, (died ad 66), reputed author of the Satyricon, a literary portrait of Roman society of the 1st century ad.Life.The most complete and the most authentic account of Petronius' life appears in Tacitus' Annals, an account that may be supplemented, with caution, from other sources. It is probable that Petronius' correct name was Titus Petronius Niger. From his high position in Roman society, it may be assumed that he was wealthy; he belonged to a noble family and was therefore, by Roman standards, a man from whom solid achievements might..