Richard Cumberland (February 19, 1732 - May 07, 1811)
Born: 19th February, 1732
Died: 7th May, 1811
Nationality: British dramatist
Region: Cambridge, England, London
Notable works: "The Brothers", "The West Indian"

Richard Cumberland Facts

Biography

Richard Cumberland, (born Feb. 19, 1732, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng.--died May 7, 1811, London), English dramatist whose plays were in tune with the sentimental spirit that became an important literary force during the latter half of the 18th century. He was a master of stagecraft, a good observer of men and manners, but today perhaps is chiefly famous as the model for the character of Sir Fretful Plagiary in Richard Brinsley Sheridan's play The Critic; or a Tragedy Rehearsed.

After leaving Trinity College, Cambridge, Cumberland in 1761 became private secretary to the Earl of Halifax in the Duke of Newcastle's ministry and later held other government positions. His first success as a dramatist came with The Brothers (1769), a sentimental comedy whose plot is reminiscent of Henry Fielding's novel Tom Jones, and he continued to write prolifically. The West Indian (1771) was first produced by the great actor-manager David Garrick and held the stage throughout the 18th century. Despite its fantastic plot and crude psychology, a great deal of feeling is extracted from the situations. The Fashionable Lover, another sentimental comedy, achieved success in 1772.

Cumberland, however, hankered after the grand style. He regarded an early tragedy, Tiberius in Capreae, as his masterpiece but could persuade no management to produce it. His serious works (which included an adaptation of William Shakespeare's Timon of Athens) were not successful, with the exception of The Jew (1794) and The Wheel of Fortune (1795). Cumberland was querulous in the face of criticism and quarreled with many famous contemporaries, notably Sheridan and Oliver Goldsmith, both of whom were opposed to sentimentalism in the drama.

The Memoirs of Richard Cumberland Written by Himself (1806-07) is notable for Cumberland's reminiscences of Garrick and of the theatrical manager Samuel Foote.

Richard Cumberland essays

Read more informative topics on our blog
Comparison Of Utilitarianism And Rationalism Beliefs Essay
The result of the applied concept of knowledge is definitely a debate between the utilitarian and the rationalist. Both are to achieve the maximum gains of individuals knowledge however when the logical ethics and act utilitarianism are used to analyse the result on human being then comes the extensive range of variances. AFTER I was using these two approaches to my research" the factors effecting the unveiling of a fresh product''. I got oscilating between the two private pools of corporate cultural responsibility, community response and the organization targets. Utilitarianism is the..
Important Ethical Theories Is Utilitarianism Beliefs Essay
One of the most important ethical ideas is Utilitarianism. For utilitarianism, moral duty is usually to be determined via an assessment of the results associated with an action. Quite simply, utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory of ethics. More specifically, utilitarianism finds moral price in those actions which take full advantage of overall contentment - the delight of the greatest number of people. The premise of the theory is a naturalistic view of ethics: ethics is said to be associated not only with outcomes of actins but, more specifically, with pleasure-maximizing implications...
Subscribe to our updates
79 345 subscribers already with us

Related authors

Neil Miller Gunn
Neil Miller Gunn
Neil Miller Gunn, (born Nov. 8, 1891, Dunbeath, Caithness, Scot.--died Jan. 15, 1973, Inverness),..
Kateb Yacine
Kateb Yacine
Kateb Yacine, (born Aug. 6, 1929, Constantine, Algeria--died Oct. 28, 1989, Grenoble, France),..
Ezequiel Martinez Estrada
Ezequiel Martinez Estrada
Ezequiel Martinez Estrada, (born September 14, 1895, San Jose de la Esquina, Argentina--died November..
Timothy Mo
Timothy Mo
Timothy Mo, in full Timothy Peter Mo, (born December 30, 1950, Hong Kong), Anglo-Chinese writer..
Mary Norton
Mary Norton
Mary Norton, nee Mary Pearson, (born Dec. 10, 1903, London, Eng.--died Aug. 29, 1992, Hartland,..
John Oldham
John Oldham
John Oldham, (born Aug. 9, 1653, Shipton Moyne, Gloucestershire, Eng.--died Dec. 9, 1683, Holm..
Andrey Donatovich Sinyavsky
Andrey Donatovich Sinyavsky
Andrey Donatovich Sinyavsky, Sinyavsky also spelled Siniavski, pseudonym Abram Terts, orTertz,..
Theobald I
Theobald I
Theobald I, also called Theobald the Troubadour or the Posthumous, French Thibaud le Chansonnier..
Ken Kesey
Ken Kesey
Ken Kesey, in full Ken Elton Kesey, (born September 17, 1935, La Junta, Colorado, U.S.--died November..
E. Lynn Harris
E. Lynn Harris
E. Lynn Harris, in full Everette Lynn Harris, (born June 20, 1955, Flint, Mich., U.S.--died July..
Vicente Blasco Ibanez
Vicente Blasco Ibanez
Vicente Blasco Ibanez, (born Jan. 29, 1867, Valencia, Spain--died Jan. 28, 1928, Menton, Fr.),..
Alfred Domett
Alfred Domett
Alfred Domett, (born May 20, 1811, Camberwell, Surrey, Eng.--died Nov. 2, 1887, London), writer,..
Alice Morse Earle
Alice Morse Earle
Alice Morse Earle, nee Mary Alice Morse, (born April 27, 1851, Worcester, Mass., U.S.--died Feb...
Antoine Furetiere
Antoine Furetiere
Antoine Furetiere, (born Dec. 28, 1619, Paris--died March 14, 1688, Paris), French novelist, satirist,..
Natalia Ginzburg
Natalia Ginzburg
Natalia Ginzburg, nee Levi, (born July 14, 1916, Palermo, Italy--died Oct. 7, 1991, Rome), Italian..
Randall Jarrell
Randall Jarrell
Randall Jarrell, (born May 6, 1914, Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.--died October 14, 1965, Chapel..
Liang Qichao
Liang Qichao
Liang Qichao, Wade-Giles romanization Liang Ch'i-ch'ao, (born Feb. 23, 1873, Xinhui, Guangdong..
Charles MacArthur
Charles MacArthur
Charles MacArthur, (born Nov. 5, 1895, Scranton, Pa., U.S.--died April 21, 1956, New York, N.Y.),..
Sharon Olds
Sharon Olds
Sharon Olds, (born November 19, 1942, San Francisco, California, U.S.), American poet best known..
Hester Lynch Piozzi
Hester Lynch Piozzi
Hester Lynch Piozzi, nee Salusbury, also called (1763-84) Harriet Lynch Thrale, byname Mrs. Thrale,..