Quintilian
Nationality: Roman
Profession/Occupation: Educator
Region: Spain, Rome, Italy
Notable works: "Institutio oratoria"

Quintilian Facts

Biography

Quintilian, Latin in full Marcus Fabius Quintilianus, (born ad 35, Calagurris Nassica, Hispania Tarraconensis--died after 96, Rome), Latin teacher and writer whose work on rhetoric, Institutio oratoria, is a major contribution to educational theory and literary criticism.

Quintilian was born in northern Spain, but he was probably educated in Rome, where he afterward received some practical training from the leading orator of the day, Domitius Afer. He then practiced for a time as an advocate in the law courts. He left for his native Spain sometime after 57 but returned to Rome in 68 and began to teach rhetoric, combining this with advocacy in the law courts. Under the emperor Vespasian (ruled 69-79) he became the first teacher to receive a state salary for teaching Latin rhetoric, and he also held his position as Rome's leading teacher under the emperors Titus and Domitian, retiring probably in 88. Toward the end of Domitian's reign (81-96) he was entrusted with the education of the Emperor's two heirs (his grandnephews), and through the good agency of the boys' father, Flavius Clemens, he was given the honorary title of consul (ornamenta consularia). His own death, which probably took place soon after Domitian's assassination, was preceded by that of his young wife and two sons.

Quintilian's great work, the Institutio oratoria, in 12 books, was published shortly before the end of his life. He believed that the entire educational process, from infancy onward, was relevant to his major theme of training an orator. In Book I he therefore dealt with the stages of education before a boy entered the school of rhetoric itself, to which he came in Book II. These first two books contain his general observations on educational principles and are notable for their good sense and insight into human nature. Books III to XI are basically concerned with the five traditional "departments" of rhetoric: invention, arrangement, style, memory, and delivery. He also deals with the nature, value, origin, and function of rhetoric and with the different types of oratory, giving far more attention to forensic oratory (that used in legal proceedings) than to other types. During his general discussion of invention he also considers the successive, formal parts of a speech, including a lively chapter on the art of arousing laughter. Book X contains a well-known and much-praised survey of Greek and Latin authors, recommended to the young orator for study. Sometimes Quintilian agrees with the generally held estimate of a writer, but he is often independent in his judgments, especially when discussing Latin authors. Book XII deals with the ideal orator in action, after his training is completed: his character, the rules that he must follow in pleading a case, the style of his eloquence, and when he should retire.

The Institutio was the fruit of Quintilian's wide practical experience as a teacher. His purpose, he wrote, was not to invent new theories of rhetoric but to judge between existing ones, and this he did with great thoroughness and discrimination, rejecting anything he considered absurd and always remaining conscious of the fact that theoretical knowledge alone is of little use without experience and good judgment. The Institutio is further distinguished by its emphasis on morality, for Quintilian's aim was to mold the student's character as well as to develop his mind. His central idea was that a good orator must first and foremost be a good citizen; eloquence serves the public good and must therefore be fused with virtuous living. At the same time, he wished to produce a thoroughly professional, competent, and successful public speaker. His own experience of the law courts gave him a practical outlook that many other teachers lacked, and indeed he found much to criticize in contemporary teaching, which encouraged a superficial cleverness of style (in this connection he particularly regretted the influence of the early 1st-century writer and statesman Seneca the Younger). While admitting that stylish tricks gave an immediate effect, he felt they were of no great help to the orator in the realities of public advocacy at law. He attacked the "corrupt style," as he called it, and advocated a return to the more severe standards and older traditions upheld by Cicero (106-43 bc). Although he praised Cicero highly, he did not recommend students to slavishly imitate his style, recognizing that the needs of his own day were quite different. He did, however, appear to see a bright future for oratory, oblivious to the fact that his ideal--the orator-statesman of old who had influenced for good the policies of states and cities--was no longer relevant with the demise of the old republican form of Roman government.

Two collections of declamations attributed to Quintilian have also survived: the Declamationes majores (longer declamations) are generally considered to be spurious; the Declamationes minores (shorter declamations) may possibly be a version of Quintilian's oral teaching, recorded by one of his pupils. The text of his Institutio was rediscovered by a Florentine, Poggio Bracciolini, who, in 1416, came across a filthy but complete copy of it in an old tower at St. Gall, Switz., while he was on a diplomatic mission there. Its emphasis on the dual importance of moral and intellectual training was very appealing to the 15th and 16th centuries' humanist conception of education. Although its direct influence diminished after the 17th century, along with a general decline in respect for the authority of classical antiquity, the modern view of education as all-around character training to equip a student for life follows in a direct line from the theories of this 1st-century Roman.

Quintilian advises the teacher to apply different teaching methods according to the different characters and abilities of his pupils; he believes that the young should enjoy their studies and knows the value of play and recreation; he warns against the danger of discouraging a pupil by undue severity; he makes an effective criticism of the practice of corporal punishment; he depicts the schoolmaster as taking the place of a parent. "Pupils," he writes, "if rightly instructed regard their teacher with affection and respect. And it is scarcely possible to say how much more willingly we imitate those we like."

Quintilian essays

Explore Related Essays
Assignment on company behaviour course business essays
Introduction: Management is procedure for organise ideas, activities and people. Without organise activities individuals and groups are not involved in successful performance of work organisations. All the managers in company perform certain functions to get things done by groups and people. Organising is the process of allocating work, planning team and teams, allocating ability and recourses among the members of company to achieve goals and goals of the organisation. Stephen..
Hosting a global sporting event management essay
Introduction The pursuit of hosting major activities events is becoming increasingly popular among governments, corporations, and civic 'boosters' worldwide. Economist argues that major monetary, developmental, politics, and socio-cultural benefits will move from them, easily justifying the expenses and risks engaged. Numerous studies fuel the popular idea that sport is a generator of national as well as local financial and sociable development. Economically..
How american civil warfare was inevitable background essay
The American civil conflict was the major ever armed discord to occur on America's land and it happened among the years of 1861 to 1865. It was deadly and probably the main event in the nation's history. Portions entrenched in the constitution of the united sates Catapulted stress between the north and the southern state governments leading to a brutal conflict. Slavery was a real cause of the turmoil. This battle increased America's financial dominance until it overtook the..
Love isn't just kissing english books essay
Love is thought as an overwhelmingly keen, tender devotion for another person. It is an absolute devotion and never-ending adoration. For others, it is a momentary feeling that will fade with time. For many people, this is a fairytale, for others, it is a dream come true. Some people declare that love happens once in a lifetime while others feel that after one love ends, a different one comes. The more one tries to discover a common classification of love, the greater one gets baffled..
Operation management service location design marketing essay
Q2. Visit the websites of three major organizations in your region. Find out where their facilities are located. Explain some factors which should be considered while analyzing location options for a service because globalization has made consumers expect the best products at the cheapest prices irrespective of where they may be produced. Companies are under competitive pressure to activate in global development and service businesses because of the rapid expansion of..
Strategic evaluation of global operations of resource chains
The main aim of this research is to execute a strategic evaluation of the global functions of supply chain within Mattel Playthings Inc. Here its source chain will be evaluated along with the risks/ security risks it confronted and a platform will be presented to control these hazards. With growing product/service complexity, source networks are also becoming increasingly intricate in the wake of outsourcing and globalization. It has influenced risk, changing it continuously...
Study of the many types of xenotransplantation
Xenotransplantation is the procedure where live skin cells, tissue or organs from an creature are implanted, or infused into human patient.
Successful human source management
In today's competitive business environment, real human reference management has made significant stride in the past decade. Together with the internationalization of markets, having a competent workforce is a key to maintain competitive. Contributing to an organization's proper goal is an integral area where HR can make a difference (Private, 2009). Increased competitive stresses lead organizations to revise their strategy. Organizations spend money on new systems..
The positive reinforcement application
This current paper mainly focused on the application of positive reinforcement in educational, clinical and community settings by reviewing previous studies on related fields. In educational setting, a three-year schoolwide positive behaviour supports (PBS) was introduced to 438, 500 students from Chicago Public Schools in the United States using AB design that involved both qualitative and quantitative data to improve the positive behaviors at school. The results..
Things to know about lao culture british language essay
Laos has its own traditional greeting called 'Nob'. Where hands are placed along as if in prayer and kept before the torso or face. The individual who is socially poor or younger ought to be the first to bow, but it is known as polite for the old/socially superior person to reply quickly. There are numerous levels for showing respect to the individual in greeting with 'Nob'. The higher the hands are placed and the lower the bow, the higher the degree of admiration. During 'Nob', one..
What is the concept of nationalism
Nationalism is a concept that is not easily defined. You'll find so many definitions and kinds of what is nationalism, and many of these explanations even overlap. However, there exists no one definition that is more satisfactory than another. Remember that these meanings are constantly growing, with thorough research and the juxtaposition of arguments lay out by eight prominent scholars, a clearer classification of nationalism can be accomplished. To start with, the..
The positioning of women in religious scripture essay
The position that women include in faith based scripture has given these people a lesser location in society. When The almighty created a man it built sense to develop his partner, the female. Because the man is done first then the women via his ribs, the female male or female in spiritual scripture has been discriminated about. This is displayed in the various books with the Old and New Testaments, teachings of Jesus Christ, as well as the Qur'an. Initially, the Old Testament..
The lack of the concept of transferred malice in irish atteinte law
The Absence of the Concept of Transmitted Malice in Irish Atteinte LawLaunchThe title of the assignment, which i propose that i shall berevisiting for the purposes of this tort job is that: "the conceptof transferred plaisanterie is not really accepted in Irish tort law"In dealing with this theme I will without doubt be looking at what abattery can be, what is transmitted malice, circumstances in other jurisdictionswhich have acknowledged the concept of transferred..
Effects of exhaustion on domestic air carriers dissertation
Fatigue because defined inside the Medical Dictionary is a "physical and/or mental exhaustion that can be triggered simply by stress, medicine , overwork, or perhaps mental and physical health issues or disease. Fatigue and sleepiness are usually used compatible, however they will be distinct encounters. Sleepiness identifies a temperament to drift off, while tiredness describes a tough feeling of fatigue, tiredness connected with a destabilized physical and..
Changeover from christianity essay
Various religious enthusiasts today would classify themselves of "Christian" theology and adherence. If there was a phenomenon that diminished Christian teachings to inaccuracy and abolished the presence coming from civilization there would be several alternative religions to consider. Of the other four major religions that we have covered this semester it would be a close competition to decide which usually belief system would be the greatest substitute..
The importance of freedom in chopin's "the account of an hour" essay
Kate Chopin's "The History of an Hour" grabs its readers from the start and creates an unexpected twist at the end in the short history. Louise Mallard is given this news that her husband offers died in a terrible coach accident. To her surprise, he arrives home and "did not even understand there was one" (Chopin, 607). Upon the loss of life of Louise who when believes your woman was a widow only to find that her hubby is still in, the distress begins. The..
Infanticide essay case in point
In spite of the clear prohibitions against child-murder by key religions, girl infanticide continues to be for centuries a prominent and socially satisfactory event, remarkably in one of the most populous countries in this world, India. Even today, the extent from the problem is assessed in alarming proportions throughout the globe: "at least sixty million females in Asia are lacking and dreaded dead, patients of nothing more than their love-making. Worldwide, analysis..
Business plan for a subway operation essay
Presented $500, 500, I would choose to invest in a Subway franchise. Aside from being a personal fan of Subway, the franchise presents attractive benefits and support for franchisees, with astonishingly low new venture costs for the largest cafe chain on the globe. Considering that Subway has been franchising since 1974, it the natural way has a well-researched system of support for dispenses. There are over 21, 1000 Subway franchisees already who also took the leap to make..
Social media and its influence on business success essay
With the progression in technology, everyone and everywhere can be using social websites or social networking sites to connect to other people. Through this technological world, communication has exploded very fast because of this social media. Today, there is no concern of very long distance; they will communicate with persons across the world. There are many social networking sites which can be used like Twitter, Facebook or myspace, WhatsApp, Instagram, Skype etc .,..
Conformity may be the jailer of freedom and the enemy of growth composition example
"Conformity is definitely the jailer of freedom and the enemy of growth" David F. Kennedy. This estimate is important since conformity can easily kill everyone's creativity. It will eventually trap people in other's people's thoughts and actions. Media, Sociable Groups, as well as the Government can easily all snare people in and make people conform to lots of things that we may well not believe in because of society.People adjust better when folks..
Subscribe to our updates
79 345 subscribers already with us

Related authors

Stephane Mallarme
Stephane Mallarme
Stephane Mallarme, (born March 18, 1842, Paris--died Sept. 9, 1898, Valvins, near Fontainebleau,..
Henry Darger
Henry Darger
Henry Darger, (born April 12, 1892, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.--died April 13, 1973, Chicago), American..
Lee Ufan
Lee Ufan
Lee Ufan, Korean Lee Woo-Hwan, (born June 24, 1936, Haman, South Kyongsang [Gyeongsang] province,..
John Lithgow
John Lithgow
John Lithgow, in full John Arthur Lithgow, (born October 19, 1945, Rochester, New York, U.S.), American..
Stephen Crane
Stephen Crane
Stephen Crane, (born Nov. 1, 1871, Newark, N.J., U.S.--died June 5, 1900, Badenweiler, Baden, Ger.),..
Lu Xun
Lu Xun
Lu Xun, Wade-Giles romanization Lu Hsun, pen name (biming) of Zhou Shuren, (born September 25, 1881,..
Gerard Manley Hopkins
Gerard Manley Hopkins
Gerard Manley Hopkins, (born July 28, 1844, Stratford, Essex, Eng.--died June 8, 1889, Dublin),..
Gil Vicente
Gil Vicente
Gil Vicente, (born c. 1465, Portugal--died 1536/37), chief dramatist of Portugal, sometimes called..
Stephen Fry
Stephen Fry
Stephen Fry, in full Stephen John Fry, (born August 24, 1957, London, England), British actor, comedian,..
Clement Greenberg
Clement Greenberg
Clement Greenberg, (born Jan. 16, 1909, Bronx, N.Y., U.S.--died May 7, 1994, New York, N.Y.), American..
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, (born February 27, 1807, Portland, Massachusetts [now in Maine],..
Roger Corman
Roger Corman
Roger Corman, in full Roger William Corman, (born April 5, 1926, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.), American..
Richard Brooks
Richard Brooks
Richard Brooks, (born May 18, 1912, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.--died March 11, 1992, Beverly..
P.L. Travers
P.L. Travers
P.L. Travers, in full Pamela Lyndon Travers, original name Helen Lyndon Goff, (born August 9, 1899,..
Jorge Luis Borges
Jorge Luis Borges
Jorge Luis Borges, (born August 24, 1899, Buenos Aires, Argentina--died June 14, 1986, Geneva,..
Edmund White
Edmund White
Edmund White, in full Edmund Valentine White III, (born January 13, 1940, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.),..
Gerhart Hauptmann
Gerhart Hauptmann
Gerhart Hauptmann, in full Gerhart Johann Robert Hauptmann, (born November 15, 1862, Bad Salzbrunn,..
Leopold Senghor
Leopold Senghor
Leopold Senghor, in full Leopold Sedar Senghor, (born Oct. 9, 1906, Joal, Senegal, French West Africa..
Upton Sinclair
Upton Sinclair
Upton Sinclair, in full Upton Beall Sinclair, (born September 20, 1878, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.--died..
John Coltrane
John Coltrane
John Coltrane, in full John William Coltrane, byname Trane, (born September 23, 1926, Hamlet, North..