Dwight D. Eisenhower, in full Dwight David Eisenhower (see Researcher's Note), (born October 14, 1890, Denison, Texas, U.S.--died March 28, 1969, Washington, D.C.), 34th president of the United States (1953-61), who had been supreme commander of the Allied forces in western Europe during World War II. (For a discussion of the history and nature of the presidency, see presidency of the United States of America.)Early careerEisenhower was the third of seven sons of David Jacob and Ida Elizabeth (Stover) Eisenhower. In the spring of 1891 the Eisenhowers left Denison, Texas, and returned to..
John F. Kennedy, in full John Fitzgerald Kennedy, byname JFK, (born May 29, 1917, Brookline, Massachusetts, U.S.--died November 22, 1963, Dallas, Texas), 35th president of the United States (1961-63), who faced a number of foreign crises, especially in Cuba and Berlin, but managed to secure such achievements as the Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty and the Alliance for Progress. He was assassinated while riding in a motorcade in Dallas. (For a discussion of the history and nature of the presidency, see presidency of the United States of America.)Early lifeThe second of nine children, Kennedy was reared..