Polish writer

Wladyslaw Orkan (November 27, 1875 - May 14, 1930)
Wladyslaw Orkan (November 27, 1875 - May 14, 1930)
Wladyslaw Orkan, pseudonym of Franciszek Smreczynski, (born November 27, 1875, Poreba Wielka, Austria-Hungary [now in Poland]--died May 14, 1930, Krakow, Poland), Polish poet and writer who eloquently portrayed the people of the Tatra Mountains.Born into a family of poor highlanders, Orkan received an incomplete education. During World War I he volunteered in the Polish legions. Most of his works are set in the region of his birth and depict the poverty-stricken lives of the highlanders set against a natural landscape of great beauty. In his first volume, Nowele (1898; "Short Stories"),..
Boleslaw Prus (August 20, 1847 - May 19, 1912)
Boleslaw Prus (August 20, 1847 - May 19, 1912)
Boleslaw Prus, pseudonym of Aleksander Glowacki, (born August 20, 1847, Hrubieszow, Poland--died May 19, 1912, Warsaw), Polish journalist, short-story writer, and novelist who was one of the leading figures of the Positivist period in Polish literature following the 1863 January Insurrection against Russian rule.Born to an impoverished gentry family, Prus was orphaned early in life and struggled unsuccessfully to complete his education. As a young man, he took an active part in the January Insurrection. Throughout much of his life he contributed articles called "chronicles" to daily..
Eliza Orzeszkowa (June 06, 1841 - May 18, 1910)
Eliza Orzeszkowa (June 06, 1841 - May 18, 1910)
Eliza Orzeszkowa, nee Eliza Pawlowska, (born June 6, 1841, Milkowszczyzna, Poland--died May 18, 1910, Grodno, Poland [now Hrodno, Belarus]), Polish novelist and a leading writer of the Positivist period (the Polish Positivists took their name from Auguste Comte's philosophy but were themselves mainly utilitarians). Questions of education, independence, and marriage in Orzeszkowa's works were eventually overshadowed by issues such as women's work, illegitimate children, and prostitution, the recognition of which was quite bold and innovative for the 19th-century Polish novel.Born..
Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski (July 28, 1812 - March 19, 1887)
Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski (July 28, 1812 - March 19, 1887)
Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski, pseudonym Bogdan Boleslawita, (born July 28, 1812, Warsaw, duchy of Warsaw [now in Poland]--died March 19, 1887, Geneva, Switzerland), Polish novelist, poet, literary critic, dramatist, historian, and journalist who was the dominant prose writer of Poland's Romantic period.Kraszewski attended the University of Wilno (now V. Kapsukas State University), was imprisoned in 1830 on a charge of conspiracy against the Russian government, and was released in 1832. From 1834 to 1859 he lived in Volhynia (now in Ukraine), where he wrote, farmed, and did social work. He..
Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz (February 06, 1757 - May 21, 1841)
Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz (February 06, 1757 - May 21, 1841)
Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, (born February 6, 1757 or 1758, Skoki, Poland--died May 21, 1841, Paris, France), Polish playwright, poet, novelist, and translator whose writings, inspired by patriotism and concern for social and governmental reform, reflect the turbulent political events of his day. He was the first Polish writer to know English literature thoroughly, and he translated works of such authors as John Dryden, John Milton, Alexander Pope, and Samuel Johnson during a period of imprisonment in 1794-96. Further, he introduced the historical novel to Poland with his three-volume..
Adolf Dygasinski (March 07, 1839 - June 03, 1902)
Adolf Dygasinski (March 07, 1839 - June 03, 1902)
Adolf Dygasinski, (born March 7, 1839, Niegoslawice, Poland--died June 3, 1902, Grodzisk Mazowiecki), Polish short-story author and poet who is considered one of the outstanding Polish Naturalist writers.Dygasinski was a teacher by profession and a worshiper of science. He published about 50 volumes of short stories of uneven literary quality, the best pieces of which deal with the lives of domestic and wild animals. His masterpiece is Gody zycia (1902; "Feast of Life"), an allegorical prose poem about the struggle between a small bird and a powerful eagle owl. Dygasinski consistently..
Krzysztof Opalinski (.. - December 07, 1655)
Krzysztof Opalinski (.. - December 07, 1655)
Krzysztof Opalinski, (born 1609, Sierakow, Poland--died December 7, 1655, Wloszakowice), Polish statesman and writer who was a noted satirist.A highly educated and well-traveled man, and governor (wojewoda) of the province of Poznan, Opalinski figured in the history of Polish literature as the author of Satyry albo przestrogi do naprawy rzadu i obyczajow w Polszcze nalezace (1650; "Satires or Warnings on the Reform of the Government and Customs in Poland"). In this work, which was widely read in Poland during the 17th century, Opalinski attacked the injustice and abuses of contemporary..
Tadeusz Micinski (November 09, 1873 - ..)
Tadeusz Micinski (November 09, 1873 - ..)
Tadeusz Micinski, (born November 9, 1873, Lodz, Poland, Russian Empire [now in Poland]--died February 1918, near Cherikova, Russia [now Cherikov, Belarus), Polish poet and playwright, a forerunner of Expressionism and Surrealism who was noted for his mysticism and apocalyptic vision.Micinski studied philosophy at the University of Krakow, traveled in Germany and Spain, and was influenced by Polish messianism and by Friedrich Nietzsche and Fyodor Dostoyevsky. Micinski's passionate metaphysical concerns led him to an obsessive concentration on the problem of good and evil. His major..
Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski (February 24, 1885 - August 08, 1944)
Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski (February 24, 1885 - August 08, 1944)
Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski, (born February 24, 1885, Rzeszow, Galicia [now in Poland]--died August 8, 1944, Warsaw, Poland), Polish sociopolitical novelist and lyrical short-story writer whose experimental works savagely satirized Polish society after World War I.After working as a foreign correspondent and studying music in Brussels, Kaden-Bandrowski joined the military in 1914 in order to serve under Jozef Pilsudski, the organizer of a new Polish army. Between 1918 and 1920 he served as chief of the Polish army's press service. Active in the Polish underground during the German occupation,..
Jan Kasprowicz (December 12, 1860 - August 01, 1926)
Jan Kasprowicz (December 12, 1860 - August 01, 1926)
Jan Kasprowicz, (born December 12, 1860, Szymborze, Prussia [now in Poland]--died August 1, 1926, Poronin, Poland), Polish poet and translator who made an enormous range of classical and modern European literature available to Polish readers.Kasprowicz was born to an illiterate peasant's family, but through his hard work, perseverance, and ambition he was able to study at universities, first in Leipzig and then in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland). Eventually he moved to Lwow (now Lviv, Ukraine) to escape Prussian persecution for his radical activities. He attended the university there..
Adam Zagajewski (June 21, 1945 - ..)
Adam Zagajewski (June 21, 1945 - ..)
Adam Zagajewski, (born June 21, 1945, Lwow, Pol. {now Lviv, Ukr.), Polish poet, novelist, and essayist whose works were grounded in the turbulent history of his homeland and concerned with the quandary of the modern intellectual.Zagajewski's family had resided in Lwow for many centuries. Shortly after Adam's birth, Lwow was incorporated into the Soviet Union, and his family was forcibly repatriated to Poland. They moved to Silesia and then later to Krakow, where Zagajewski graduated from the Jagiellonian University.His first collections of poetry, Komunikat (1972; "Communique") and..
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