Pierre Bourdieu (August 01, 1930 - January 23, 2002)
Born: 1st August, 1930
Died: 23rd January, 2002
Nationality: French
Profession/Occupation: Sociologist
Region: France, Paris
Notable works: "Reproduction in Education, Society, and Culture", "La Distinction"

Pierre Bourdieu Facts

Biography

Pierre Bourdieu, (born August 1, 1930, Denguin, France--died January 23, 2002, Paris), French sociologist who was a public intellectual in the tradition of Emile Zola and Jean-Paul Sartre. Bourdieu's concept of habitus (socially acquired dispositions) was influential in recent postmodernist humanities and social sciences.

Bourdieu was born into a working-class family in southern France. He attended a secondary school in Pau before transferring to a more prestigious school in Paris. He was later admitted to the Ecole Normal Superieure, where he studied philosophy under Louis Althusser. He then taught at a lycee in Moulins (1954-55).

Bourdieu was drafted into the army, and in 1955 he was sent to Algeria, where he later worked as a lecturer and researcher at the University of Algiers (1958-60). While there he engaged in ethnographic research, particularly among the Berber-speaking Kabyle. Bourdieu's experience in Algeria resulted in Sociologie de l'Algerie (1958; The Algerians), which established his reputation. He returned to France and taught at the University of Paris (1960-61) and the University of Lille (1961-64) before taking a position at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes in 1964. At the latter school he established the Centre for the Sociology of Education and Culture. In 1981 he became the chair of sociology at the College de France.

In his best-known work, La Distinction (1979; Distinction), Bourdieu argued that those with high social and cultural capital (or status) are the arbiters of taste and thatone's own particular taste comes from the milieu and social class in which one lives--that is, one's field. An individual's almost innate knowledge of how to live in and navigate that field is what he termed habitus. His other important works included Esquisse d'une theorie de la pratique (1972; Outline of a Theory of Practice), Le Sens pratique (1980; The Logic of Practice), La Noblesse d'etat (1989; The State Nobility), and Sur la television (1996; On Television). From 1975 Bourdieu was editor of the journal Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales, and in 1989 he founded the review Liber.

Beginning in the 1980s, Bourdieu inserted himself into the public realm, supporting the rights of the unemployed, the homeless, and immigrants without papers. He spoke out against globalization and neoliberalism and often commented on political situations. A 2001 documentary film about Bourdieu, La Sociologie est un sport de combat ("Sociology Is a Combat Sport"), was a surprise hit in France.

Pierre Bourdieu essays

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A Problem
Limited scholarships and seats for admission in schools and colleges imply a rise in the competition level. Overcrowded schools lead to indiscipline and a lack of control. Teachers are unable to cater for the individual needs of children. This matter has been further discussed under the heading entitled School. According to Pearson (1983), intervention of social welfare services have a huge role in crime prevention. They detect and help abused and ill-treated children. However, in disorganized areas social welfare officers have many families to provide for. The cry for help of several..
Building Sociable Capital and Expanding Networks
In 2005 MySpace was typically the most popular website on the internet, even more than Yahoo. Samy Kamkar, a 19 yrs. old computer enthusiast in attempt to find an exploit on the social website inserted some code to permit him to be added as a pal if someone visited his profile account, furthermore the code would replicate on the visitor's account and those visiting the "infected" account would also add him as a friend. In only nine hours Samy come to 480 accounts. In thirteen hours he was up to 8800. And in only over eighteen hours he had spread to about a million accounts, which was almost 1/30 of the total..
Different Perspectives Of Individuality Construction Media Essay
What is identity? The web dictionary (http://dictionary. reference. com) discovered several meanings to this word. The best relevant meaning would be describing identity as the health of being one self applied rather than another or having a feeling of do it yourself. However, the definition of identity is a lot more technical than that. This newspaper seeks to interpret and explore the multitudinous meanings of identities as well as to show different perspectives of personality construction and its own relationships to interpersonal context. One may realize that identity can't ever..
Effects of education on societal change between generations
In what ways does education affect social change between one generation and the next? From 1891 every citizen in britain was given the to free education. Today, education sometimes appears to allow every specific to effectively take part in activities of contemporary society and make positive efforts to its improvement. Traditionally, before educational institutions trained its students a way of life through interpersonal control. It had been largely associated with religious beliefs and was characteristically quite static. Now, education sometimes appears as a means of preparing..
Health inequalities
HEALTH INEQUALITIES INTRODUCTION The goal of this essay is to compare and contrast different sociological perspectives of health insurance and illness. This is of health, rather than being complete is always relative and it differs from individual to individual. According to the WHO: "Health is a state of complete physical, public and mental well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The fun of the highest achievable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of each human being, without difference of race, faith, political values or economic and interpersonal..
Popular Culture Essays
Keywords: popular culture essay, pop culture essay "Popular culture is often defined, implicitly or explicitly, in contrast to other conceptual categories: folk culture, mass culture, prominent culture" John Storey, 2006, p. 1 Before we consider more depth about the word 'popular culture' we should first know what it actually means. Firstly to break the word down, Raymond Williams says culture is "one of the two or three most complicated words in the British language" (cited storey 2006). To comprehend what William means we will look into his meanings. William refers to culture in 3 ways,..
Structuration Theory Of Public Science Professors Sociology Essay
The theory of Structuration maintains that "all individuals action is performed within theframework of an existing social framework governed by a set of rules which are very not the same as other existing sociable strata. However as you African proverb says 'noting is everlasting in life, so will the human being action which is not everlasting and external but it is generally a subject of reflexive responses. The methodology does not rely on the individual or societal totality but a mixture of social practices described by both space and time. It endeavors to reconcile the theoretical opinions..
Symbolic Violence and Structural Violence
Keywords: symbolic assault example, inequality and violence This week's readings are composed of the matters of structural violence and symbolic violence. Galtung and Farmer's perspectives on personhood and conflict relationship are designed around the idea of the "structural assault". In general terms, structural violence means sociopolitical inequalities emerge out of the structures. Furthermore to them, Bourdieu and Bourgois & Schonberg bring new point of view by looking at the argument from different viewpoint with the term "symbolic violence" which means gender inequalities..
Pierre Bourdieu 's Ethnical Gap Between Population Of men and women Essay
Pierre Bourdieu was thinking about how elites reproduced themselves from one technology to the next. High-status culture highlights classical artwork, music, boogie, etc . Bourdieu defined substantial cultural relief of knowing that ultimately redounds to the cultural advantage. To make his terms strong enough, I did my own exploration in one of the time-honored examples that can prove the cultural distance between inhabitants of people in various society level. In my opinion despite the fact that there is no virtually any restrictions to of tuning in the music, in fact it is open to everybody..
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