Cesar Vallejo, in full Cesar Abraham Vallejo, (born March 16, 1892, Santiago de Chuco, Peru--died April 15, 1938, Paris, France), Peruvian poet who in exile became a major voice of social change in Spanish American literature.Born the 11th child to parents who were both of mixed Spanish and Quechua Indian origins, Vallejo as a child witnessed at first hand hunger and poverty and the injustices done to the Indians of the region. He attended the University of Trujillo (1913-17), where he studied both law and literature, writing a thesis entitled El romanticismo en la poesia castellana ("Romanticism..
Jose Santos Chocano, (born May 14, 1875, Lima, Peru--died Dec. 13, 1934, Santiago, Chile), Peruvian poet famous for his attempt to synthesize in poetry the history and culture of Latin America.Imprisoned for his political beliefs before he was 20, an experience for which he bitterly attacked his opponents in his volume Iras santas (1895; "Holy Wrath"), Chocano joined the forces of the Mexican insurgent Pancho Villa. He remained an active revolutionary throughout his life, both his diplomatic missions and his intrigues taking him to most South and Central American countries. While living..
Jose Maria Eguren, (born July 7, 1874, Lima, Peru--died April 19, 1942, Lima), poet considered one of the leading post-Modernist poets of Peru.His first book of poetry, Simbolicas (1911; "Symbolisms"), signaled a break with the Modernismo tradition, while still maintaining contacts with the Romantic and early French Symbolist poets who had influenced the Modernist movement. Eguren's often fantastic creations reflect his desire to escape to an imagined medieval world of adventure peopled with knights and princesses. The language of these poems is musical and highly pictorial. His second..