Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos
Nationality: Byzantine historian
Notable works: "Ecclesiasticae historiae"

Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos Facts

Biography

Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos, also spelled Nikephoros Kallistos Xanthopoulos, (born c. 1256--died c. 1335), Byzantine historian and litterateur whose stylistic prose and poetry exemplify the developing Byzantine humanism of the 13th and 14th centuries and whose 23-volume Ecclesiasticae historiae ("Church History"), of which only the first 18 volumes survive, constitutes a significant documentary source for material on primitive Christianity, its doctrinal controversies and Christological heresies, and for hagiographical, liturgical, and legendary texts from Byzantine culture.

One of the clerics attached to Constantinople's basilica of Hagia Sophia (Greek: Holy Wisdom), Nicephorus was trained in the florid, rhetorical style of Renaissance Byzantine historiography; he taught rhetoric and theology and in his later years became a monk. Using the basilica's manuscript library, he compiled his major work, the 18-volume Ecclesiasticae historiae, on the period from the origins of Christianity to the execution of the emperor-tyrant Phocas in 610; a lost appendix of five volumes continued the chronicle, summarizing events until the death in 912 of Emperor Leo VI (the Wise). Taking as a point of departure several celebrated ecclesiastical histories, including those of the 6th-century Byzantine Evagrius Scholasticus and the 4th-century Eusebius of Caesarea, integrated with accounts of an anonymous 10th-century text, Nicephorus produced a chronicle, the value of which must be determined by the quality of the individual sources used. In the manner of Byzantine humanism, the Ecclesiasticae historiae, written in an affected style that often impedes textual clarity, was dedicated to the emperor Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) and contributed to that monarch's nationalist movement exalting Greek culture and Orthodoxy above Latin Christianity. The 16th-century Latin translation, however, served to support the argument for the use of religious images in controversies involving certain Protestant iconoclasts.

Among Nicephorus's other works are commentaries on the writings of the outstanding patristic Greek theologian Gregory of Nazianzus and of the Byzantine monk John Climacus; treatises on the annual cycle of Byzantine worship, with annotations on Lenten and Easter hymnody; original liturgical orations in prose and poetry; rigid Byzantine verse forms cataloging emperors, patriarchs, and other dignitaries; and, as an exception, secular themes in verse and rhetorical forms.

Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos essays

Explore Related Essays
An benefits to freudian psychoanalytic therapy english books essay
Introduction The reason for this article is to look at and examine Freud's declare that his theories are backed by his case histories. Introduction to Psychoanalytic Therapy Prior to Psychoanalysis it was presumed that subconscious disturbances and even behavior were simply 'just just how we were', and that there was little, if anything that could be achieved about it. Freud's concepts were that there are unconscious factors that impact our thought operations and..
Borderline personality disorder is a chronic psychiatric disorder
instability of feelings and interpersonal relationships, and suicidal behavior that can complicate health care" (Canadian Medical Relationship, 2005). Borderline personality disorder (PBD) is one of the disorders that nurses may encounter frequently. The DSM-IV divides personality disorders into three different clusters depending on their similarity of the symptoms that they could present, BPD comes into cluster B. Cluster B "includes antisocial, histrionic,..
Cultures and principles in people society
Culture is the essential part of the humans society. Every person is spending his or her life in a certain social community. It frequently identifies what kinds of person a man or woman is and what values will they have. Does the social environment have a direct impact on the ideals in a community for anthropology, mindset and sociology? Let us discuss this topic detail by detail. To understand it better, we can initially define the particular ethnic environment is and what effect..
Effective communication for enhancing leadership
Main Title of Article Review : Role of Effective Communication for Enhancing Control and Entrepreneurial Introduction Effective communication plays a essential role nowadays in influencing someone's life whether in his working life or daily lifestyle. A person needs to learn the effective communication skills so that he could succeed in his job or romantic relationship with others. Effective communication helps us better understand a person or situation, so that..
How do biometrics have an impact on privacy?
Introduction The research question for this essay is going to be how Biometrics influences Privacy. This specific question is chosen because in the increasing range of biometrics systems that are emerging, which includes increased the risk of invading privateness. The issue that is going to be mentioned in this paper is the fact how increasing biometrics technology has brought up concerns with regards to the protection of individual privateness and gets the government..
Human source planning and development t2
Q) It could be said that international recruitment is the most crucial HR function within LVMH. What debate would you utilize to support this view? Ans. ) 1) Recruitment is the process of looking and appealing to potential candidates to a company. All companies, at one time or another, take part in recruiting activity, though the magnitude to which it is carried out, vary. The increasing globalisation of industry combined with a growing shortage of skilled personnel and..
The better half of bath english literature essay
Writer Geoffrey Chaucer was born in 1342, when he was created is still mysterious. Chaucer became a knight and a member of the king's home. Chaucer ran many errands all around European countries. With increased understanding of contemporary society, it paved the way for The Canterbury Stories. Chaucer perished in October 1400 and buried in Westminster Abbey. Chaucer was one of the first to have gathered in what's now known as the Poet's Place in Westminster Abbey. The Canterbury..
Solution to the foreclosure crisis essay
The solution for the foreclosure problems requires co-operation among the customer, the mortgage lender, and the government. Current plans by Leader Obama's operations call for government intervention through interest rate financial assistance for re-financing stressed mortgage loans, guarantees of mortgage-backed securities buyouts, and funding to fill breaks in decreased monthly payments because an incentive for lenders to do business with borrowers in..
Essay exec summary
Executive SummaryEiteman ou al (2003) contend that Hedging is definitely undertaken by firms available in the market to cover their very own exposure to varying in exchange costs. Stulz (1996) assert which the prime reason for a firm spending a ton hedging is that it would like to ensure reduction in such events that may bring about financial distress to the organization. Due to this sort of financial problems, a firm may possibly incur failures due to exchange rate fluctuations...
Shakespeare's use of deceptiveness in very much ado about nothing dissertation
Shakespeare's Use of Deceptiveness in Much Ado Regarding NothingIn the Play ‘Much Ado Regarding Nothing' the role of deceit is usually animportant one that can be played to its maximum. The perform is based afterdeliberate deceptions and numerous plans that are used to controlthe thoughts of just about any character and the characters deceivethemselves simply by putting on another type of public act instead of displayingtheir true feelings and personalities...
Forms of examination
Forms of AnalysisIf one particular was to attract a continuum on a piece of paper to story out the different methods of terminology education the transactional technique would be near the center of the line, with the transmissional method and organic/Romantic method around the opposing ends. The transmissional method of training stresses immediate instruction, generally with drill and practice type of exercises. The lessons are skills based with a stress on "part..
Environmental factors the affect the marketing procedures of coca cola international essay
Coca Cola is definitely an international business company that needs international advertising and marketing as well. Businesses spend immeasureable advertising dollars every year mainly because they know that viewers are influenced by what that they see and hear. They don't use that money because they think advertising might work; that they know it performs.It markets their products. In 2004, The Coca-Cola Company spent 2 . 2 billion dollars advertising its products..
The impact of various other countries on the passing of apartheid laws and regulations and its later appeal
Today, domestic concerns are rarely disjoint coming from international kinds. Domestic coverage often forms international, and vice versa. Apartheid South Africa was no different. To get my research, I hope to research the impact of other countries on the passing of separation laws and their eventual charm. Apartheid, having originated in 1948, was founded in when racism was common, so worldwide outcry up against the atrocities in South Africa was uncommon. While time proceeded..
Advertising plans article
Marketing ProgramsIn a marketplace, there are buyers, and these buyers are different in a singleway or another in most cases. These types of buyers may vary in needs, wantssite, buying patterns, and assets. To make the best marketingprogram a internet marketer can come program he must first find his niche or perhaps histarget audience. In order to market your product or service efficientlyit can be imperative that you tailor the marketing and revenue efforts tospecifically..
Dissertation on benefits associated with minimum wage jobs
All those working minimal wage jobs would love an increase in minimum wage. The majority of minimum wageworkers barely help to make enough for a living good results . an increase in lowest wage they might be able to have got extra money within their pockets. In the event that minimum wageworkers have more money left over that means they would convey more money to invest, which could help stimulant the economy.Some might disagree with increasing the minimum income because layoffs..
Perception is a different among speaking and writing composition example
Understanding is the several between speaking and composing in English language. It differs from context which is reliant on context. The moment language can be spoken, it is just a form of actions made up of several dialects and morality. The context which English is spoken or perhaps written includes a dramatic influence, language is usually changed simply by different situations that a person is confronted with, Formal and informal, social events, professional events..
Health care organizations essay
The value of healthcare organizations, in Mike Moran's hands is definitely nothing less than to deliver top quality care. Relating to Robert, health care organizations require substantive resources to execute day-to-day businesses, and achieve long-term, strategic goals. Since the administrator of New jersey Park and Recreational Department, Mike is liable for using his / her power selectively. He believes that comprehending the risks, costs, and advantages..
George meade
George MeadeDid you know who was the typical for the Second Battle of Bull Work? Everyone knowsthe actual Second Fight of Bull Run can be but who had been the general? A lot of people even find outthat the North won that battle. Most people do not know that General George Meadeconquered General Shelter at that challenge. General George Mead completed much duringwartime.General George Meade had various accomplishments during wartime. To begin with, heconquered General Lee at..
Mary shelley's frankenstein article
Jane Shelley's FrankensteinMary Shelley is a writer who wrote the novel of Frankenstein. MaryShelley herself in her life, experienced a large number of deaths of close friendsand family. Once she was initially born her mother passed away, furthermore Maryhad a baby, who perished 12 days later and her husband Percy Shellydrowned. Probably it was these experiences, which will led Martha Shelley towrite this sort of a novel of great scary published in 1818. Frankensteinitself..
The reign of joseph stalin essay
Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili was born Dec 21stwas your fourth child to his parents following the first three died of bad medical issues. His mother wasan in home washing machine, taking in other folks clothing wonderful father was a boot maker. These careersdid not make Iosifs' parents immensely wealthy. They'd to live in poverty like the rest of thetypical Russians were required to endure on the end of the 19thgained a place for him to learn on the local cathedral..
Subscribe to our updates
79 345 subscribers already with us

Related authors

Vasco Pratolini
Vasco Pratolini
Vasco Pratolini, (born Oct. 19, 1913, Florence, Italy--died Jan. 12, 1991, Rome), Italian short-story..
Aleksey Mikhaylovich Remizov
Aleksey Mikhaylovich Remizov
Aleksey Mikhaylovich Remizov, (born July 6 [June 24, Old Style], 1877, Moscow--died Nov. 26, 1957,..
Carl Spitteler
Carl Spitteler
Carl Spitteler, (born April 24, 1845, Liestal, Switz.--died Dec. 29, 1924, Lucerne), Swiss poet..
Yi Munyol
Yi Munyol
Yi Munyol, (born May 18, 1948, Yongyang, North Kyongsang, Korea), South Korean author, regarded..
Chen Shizeng
Chen Shizeng
Chen Shizeng, Wade-Giles romanization Ch'en Shih-tseng, original name Chen Hengke, courtesy..
Abby Morton Diaz
Abby Morton Diaz
Abby Morton Diaz, nee Abigail Morton, (born Nov. 22, 1821, Plymouth, Mass., U.S.--died April 1,..
Jorge Edwards
Jorge Edwards
Jorge Edwards, (born July 29, 1931, Santiago, Chile), Chilean writer, literary critic, and diplomat..
Joseph Hall
Joseph Hall
Joseph Hall, (born July 1, 1574, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire, Eng.--died Sept. 8, 1656,..
Charles James Mathews
Charles James Mathews
Charles James Mathews, (born Dec. 26, 1803, Liverpool, Eng.--died June 24, 1878, Manchester),..
Konstantin von Tischendorf
Konstantin von Tischendorf
Konstantin von Tischendorf, in full Lobegott Friedrich Konstantin Von Tischendorf, (born January..
Patrick White
Patrick White
Patrick White, in full Patrick Victor Martindale White, (born May 28, 1912, London, England--died..
Gao Xingjian
Gao Xingjian
Gao Xingjian, Wade-Giles romanization Kao Hsing-chien, (born January 4, 1940, Ganzhou, Jiangxi..
David Halberstam
David Halberstam
David Halberstam, (born April 10, 1934, New York, New York, U.S.--died April 23, 2007, Menlo Park,..
Breyten Breytenbach
Breyten Breytenbach
Breyten Breytenbach, pseudonym Jan Blom, (born September 16, 1939, Bonnievale, South Africa),..
Richard Crashaw
Richard Crashaw
Richard Crashaw, (born c. 1613, London, Eng.--died Aug. 21, 1649, Loreto, Papal States [Italy]),..
Empedocles
Empedocles
Empedocles, (born c. 490 bc, Acragas, Sicily--died 430, the Peloponnese, Greece), Greek philosopher,..
Jacob Glatstein
Jacob Glatstein
Jacob Glatstein, also called Yankev Glatshteyn, (born Aug. 20, 1896, Lublin, Pol.--died Nov. 19,..
A.A. Milne
A.A. Milne
A.A. Milne, in full Alan Alexander Milne, (born January 18, 1882, London, England--died January..
Lisel Mueller
Lisel Mueller
Lisel Mueller, nee Lisel Neumann, (born February 8, 1924, Hamburg, Germany), German-born American..
Carl Sandburg
Carl Sandburg
Carl Sandburg, (born Jan. 6, 1878, Galesburg, Ill., U.S.--died July 22, 1967, Flat Rock, N.C.),..