Nayantara Sahgal, in full Nayantara Pandit Sahgal, (born May 10, 1927, Allahabad [now Prayagraj], India), Indian journalist and novelist whose fiction presents the personal crises of India's elite amid settings of political upheaval.
Sahgal was educated in the United States at Wellesley College (B.A., 1947). Well acquainted with Indian aristocracy--her uncle was Jawaharlal Nehru, her cousin Indira Gandhi, and her mother an ambassador to the United States--Sahgal first wrote Prison and Chocolate Cake (1954), an autobiographical memoir about her youth amid the Nehru family. She then turned to fiction, often setting her stories of personal conflict amid Indian political crises. In her fourth novel, The Day in Shadow (1971), for example, the heroine is an educated divorcee struggling in India's male-dominated society.
The contrast between the idealism at the beginning of India's independence and the moral decline of post-Nehru India that is particularly evident in A Situation in New Delhi (1977) recurs in such Sahgal novels as Rich like Us (1985), which confronts civil disorder, corruption, and oppression while detailing the internal conflicts in a businessman's family. Three of Sahgal's later novels--Plans for Departure (1985), Mistaken Identity (1988), and Lesser Breeds (2003)--are set in colonial India. When the Moon Shines by Day (2017) is a dystopian satire. Sahgal also wrote Day of Reckoning: Stories (2015).
Sahgal's works of nonfiction included Relationship, Extracts from a Correspondence (1994) and Point of View: A Personal Response to Life, Literature, and Politics (1997) as well as several works on Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi.