Namik Kemal (December 02, 1840 - December 02, 1888)
Born: 2nd December, 1840
Died: 2nd December, 1888
Region: Tekirdag, Turkey
Notable works: "Vatan yahnut Silistre"

Namik Kemal Facts

Biography

Namik Kemal, in full Mehmed Namik Kemal, (born December 2, 1840, Tekirdag, Ottoman Empire [now in Turkey]--died December 2, 1888, Sakiz [now Chios, Greece]), Turkish prose writer and poet who greatly influenced the Young Turk and Turkish nationalist movements and contributed to the westernization of Turkish literature.

An aristocrat by birth, he was educated privately, learning Persian, Arabic, and French, which resulted in his working for the Ottoman government translation bureaus in 1857-58. Kemal became acquainted with the leading poets of the day and began to write poetry in the classical Ottoman style. Later he was influenced by the writer and editor of the newspaper Tasvir-i Efkar ("Description of Ideas"), Ibrahim Sinasi, who had spent much time in Europe and was greatly enamoured of Western ways and ideas. Kemal became editor of the Tasvir-i Efkar in 1865, when Sinasi fled to France. By 1867, however, the highly political nature of the publication caused trouble with the Ottoman government, and he, together with other Young Ottomans, as this group of reforming young writers came to be known, fled to London, and then to Paris and Vienna. Kemal spent his time studying and translating into Turkish selected works of such great French authors as Victor Hugo, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Charles-Louis Montesquieu. He also published the newspaper Hurriyet ("Freedom"). When the Young Ottomans returned to Constantinople (now Istanbul) in 1871, Kemal continued his revolutionary writings as editor of the newspaper Ibret ("Warning") and also wrote his most famous play, Vatan yahut Silistre ("Fatherland; or, Silistria"), a drama evolving around the siege of Silistria in 1854, in which he expounded on the ideas of patriotism and liberalism. The play was denounced by the Ottoman government and led to his imprisonment on Cyprus (1873-76). After his release and another period of virtual exile, he became governor of Sakiz (Chios) in 1888.

As a social reformer, Namik Kemal is best known as the propagator of two basic ideas: vatan ("fatherland") and hurriyet ("freedom"), ideas modeled after European concepts that he virtually introduced into the Turkish language. Although a liberal thinker, Kemal never rejected Islam in his plan of reform. He believed that the religion was compatible with a thoroughly modernized Turkey having a constitutional government modeled after that of the English. His best-known novels include Intibah yahut Ali Beyin serguzesiti (1874; "Awakening; or, Ali Bey's Experiences") and Cezmi (1887/88), a historical novel based on the life of a 16th-century khan of the Crimean Tatars. A widely read social work is Ruya ("The Dream"), expressing his desire for a Turkey free from oppression.

Namik Kemal essays

Explore Related Essays
Linear function
In Mathematics, the term linear function refers to two separate but interconnected concepts In calculus and associated areas, a linear function is a polynomial function of degree 0 or 1, or is the 0 polynomial It can also be called a linear map in linear algebra and functional analysis. You will have to learn many basic mathematical functions over the course of your math study. The most basic and the foremost is the linear function. It is used to explain the relation in a straight..
Market plan for dudu natural fruity cleaning soap product
AFRICAN BEAUTY can be an African herbal cleaning soap which is made up of camwood, honey and palm kernel extracts both known because of its superior dermatologic properties. It's very popular in the African region. It is essentially produced few chemical procedures and is easily accessible in the African sub-region. The UK marketing environment In order to analyse the UK's marketing environment, the next factors have been considered Socio-cultural factors Health..
Report of cyclone efficiency method
Abstract: This record is concerned about cyclone efficiency. The technique cyclone is employed to remove debris from gaseous waste materials streams in the test. Based on the literature search, more knowledge has been known about particle collecting and particle sizing. Qualitative method is employed to describe the particle size syndication using the ELPI device. The cyclone efficiency email address details are examined with graphs and conversation. Comments on..
The role of teaching grammar in school
In the past, in a traditional school room, grammatical competence and explicit understanding of language rules were emphasized. Grammar teaching held this essential part in terminology coaching that other aspects became either ignored or downplayed. People assumed that if the grammatical rules of a terms were mastered, the success of communication for the reason that dialect was ensured (Richards and Renandya, 2002, p. 145). Therefore, in those days this assumption required..
Software requirements specification essay
The customer is able to operate throughout the program after properly authenticated. He is able to create a trolley and add products to it or erase them too. Then he decides whether he might have the checkout operation and the purchase. Once the user decided after the plan to use: basic or business, he's given the alternatives to pay through the previously mentioned strategies accordingly.Once the purchase is usually confirmed by the customer and admitted by simply shop..
Ethics of end of life care essay
Integrity often enjoy a big function in end of lifestyle care in terminally unwell people, including the case of Hassan Rasouli, a man who had been left with mind damage following surgery. Doctors determined the fact that man got no quality lifestyle and that they had intended to take away him via life support measures that were necessary to retain him with your life. His friends and family quickly objected stating that they wanted him to remain on life support as in presently there..
Autonomous jumping-microrobots essay
1 . 1 Background with the study Inspite of their relative simplicity, current day mobile automated programs capture the imagination by providing mobility in robust and controllable plans. Each of these robots is relatively significant and performs alone or requires a man operator. Scientific research fiction novels have long imagined tiny robots working by themselves or perhaps in organizations to do a similar tasks of the larger software, or even achieving jobs much bigger..
Graphical user interface essay
Graphical user interface (GUI) may very well be one of the most significant features of technology. According to (Arora ain al 2006; Marcus, 97; Barker & Lamont 1994), GUI is symbols, formats, images, game titles, labels and menus display on screens which tend to be used to reduce the program errors, increase its overall performance to be appropriate for users, avoid the complex procedures and accomplish their particular aims of applications effectively. GUI also means how..
The american panorama of materials essay
The authors T. D Salinger and Frederick Heller have formulated novels that depict the American surroundings based on heart, culture, id and ideals. American heart is described through rebellion in the two novels. M. D Salinger captures rebellion through Holden's refusal to select the flow of world, and Paul Heller displays rebellion employing Yossarian for capturing rebellion by his beliefs that it is better to survive then simply fight in a war while most Americans..
The value of a college education composition
Hailey MacGregorMr. PalmerENC1101Precisely what is the value of a college education? College or university education doesn't ensure employment right away of college, but learning and gaining general knowledge will only drive your path to success in a forward way. People may possibly consider, will four years in college make you even more equipped to handle work conditions rather then a person who spent period working in that field? Students complain regarding the..
High school and different political changes essay
In chapter 9 of Strike on Paradisepoker Kottak discusses the different personal changes that Arembepe went through as well as how it affected the villager's everyday life, and exactly how it could possibly change the way Arembepeiros live in the future and result their long term generations. Through the entire chapter Kottak discusses lots of things, but he hits upon about some main topics, Welfare and Education, Public well-being, Marriage and the State, as well as the..
The purpose of english 102 composition
The objective of English 102 is to teach students to compose multiple genres of writing and also to consider just how diverse electronic digital environments and digital tools facilitate the numerous rhetorical scenarios of personal, cultural, civic, educational, and specialist discourses. Throughout this course I used to be able to be a little more knowledgeable of rhetoric and exactly how it affects our lives each day. Before acquiring this course, I used to be not aware..
The mechanism and regulation of breathing
The Mechanism and Regulation of InhalingBreathing is an involuntary movement that is controlled by themedulla, which is portion of the hind head. Air is usually sucked into the lungsby simply an active method called ideas. The exterior intercostalsmuscle mass contract plus the internal intercostals muscle loosen up this triggersthe ribs to be drawn upwards and outwards. While this is happening thediaphragm muscles deals and promotes down on the abdomen. Thelungs are created..
Evolution of paradigm christianity and the discovery of the individual dissertation
Evolution of Paradigm Christianity plus the Discovery individuals"I cannot forgive Descartes. In all his philosophy he'd have been quite willing to obtain with Our god. But he had to make Him give a fillip to set the earth in movement; beyond this, he is without further want of Our god. "~ Blaise Pascal, Pensees, quantity 77"Cosmology itself addresses to us of the beginnings of the galaxy and its cosmetic, not in order to provide us which has a scientific..
Evaluation and information of mcdonalds' dollar menu essay
This content of this doc begin by presenting McDonalds' and also explains the company's money menu. The document also contains a description of my personal selected product; ‘the dollars menu' regarding the several utilities of customer benefit, mainly possession, time, place and type. The doc also identifies the product's target market in the US as well as in Chinese suppliers, the competition with the product category in the two home and foreign market..
Adolf hitler and the soviet union works
Upon June twenty two, 1941, the Adolf Hitler launched a callous attack on his so-called ally, the Soviet Union. In December 1941, after a short five weeks, Operation Barbarossa, induced by Nazi's, failed. The Nazi Party eventually fell to its demise, through the are unsuccessful of Operation Barbarossa, by a combination of Hitler's arrogance for the Soviets in addition to the Soviet response, but most of all, Hitler's best mistake: distributing his troops..
Find the hidden truth in the superb gatsby article
"There is not a logical approach to the breakthrough discovery of these much needed laws. There exists only the method of intuition, which can be helped with a feeling for the order laying behind presence. " Said Albert Einstein about the relationship between overall look and actuality. Einstein is telling readers that people have discovered new things that were hidden in back of illusions of what got appeared. Human beings have to work with hat feeling to see put those..
Risk and quality management essay
Business Summary The subsequent paper will be addressing the chance and Quality management of one of the leading health care agencies in the world today and an organization whose benefits a lot of us have had the pleasure of experiencing: Chef Permanente, which can be one of the most famous and flourishing organizations within the health care discipline. Kaiser Recurrente provides and offers leading health care technologies, excellent doctors, emergency services, lab needs,..
Dissertation on a a comparison of capitalism and marxism
An evaluation of Capitalism and MarxismThis article will assess the financial principles of capitalism and communism by providing brief historic background about both and describing the 2. I will start out with the father of economy, Hersker Smith, and complete with the ideas of Karl Marx.Mandsperson Smith believed that in the event everyone reacts selfishly we could doing what is best for the economy of our culture. This is what is recognized as "enlightened selfishness...
Internet technology: growing countries article
Internet TechnologyThe developed countries managed to develop their economy by technology. The rich countries have sought a connection to the internet for use in the development of the economy mainly because they know the dimensions of the use of the web will develop countries. Most of the created countries used the Internet very well in the development of the state in most respects, not simply on the economic system. However , the developing countries did not utilize technology..
Subscribe to our updates
79 345 subscribers already with us

Related authors

France Preseren
France Preseren
France Preseren, (born December 3, 1800, Vrba, Holy Roman Empire [now in Slovenia]--died February..
Marina Ivanovna Tsvetayeva
Marina Ivanovna Tsvetayeva
Marina Ivanovna Tsvetayeva, married name Marina Ivanovna Efron, (born Sept. 26 [Oct. 8, New Style],..
Vidyapati
Vidyapati
Vidyapati, in full Vidyapati Thakur, (born c. 1352, Bisapi, Madhubani, Bihar province [now in north-central..
Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl, (born September 13, 1916, Llandaff, Wales--died November 23, 1990, Oxford, England),..
Margaret Drabble
Margaret Drabble
Margaret Drabble, in full Dame Margaret Drabble, (born June 5, 1939, Sheffield, Yorkshire, England),..
Michael Drayton
Michael Drayton
Michael Drayton, (born 1563, Hartshill, Warwickshire, Eng.--died 1631, London), English poet,..
Harishchandra
Harishchandra
Harishchandra, also called Bhartendu, (born Sept. 9, 1850, Varanasi, India--died Jan. 6, 1885,..
P.D. James
P.D. James
P.D. James, byname of Phyllis Dorothy James White, Baroness James of Holland Park, (born August..
Abdelkebir Khatibi
Abdelkebir Khatibi
Abdelkebir Khatibi, (born 1938, El Jadida, Morocco--died March 16, 2009, Rabat), Moroccan educator,..
John McPhee
John McPhee
John McPhee, in full John Angus McPhee, (born March 8, 1931, Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.), American..
Camille Paglia
Camille Paglia
Camille Paglia, (born April 2, 1947, Endicott, New York, U.S.), American academic, aesthete, and..
Carlos P. Romulo
Carlos P. Romulo
Carlos P. Romulo, in full Carlos Pena Romulo, (born January 14, 1899, Camiling, Philippines--died..
Eudora Welty
Eudora Welty
Eudora Welty, (born April 13, 1909, Jackson, Mississippi, U.S.--died July 23, 2001, Jackson),..
Mo Yan
Mo Yan
Mo Yan, Wade-Giles romanization Mo Yen, pseudonym of Guan Moye, (born March 5, 1955, Gaomi, Shandong..
Marva Collins
Marva Collins
Marva Collins, nee Marva Delores Knight, (born August 31, 1936, Monroeville, Alabama, U.S.--died..
Fanny Crosby
Fanny Crosby
Fanny Crosby, byname of Frances Jane Crosby, married name Fanny Van Alstyne, (born March 24, 1820,..
E.E. Cummings
E.E. Cummings
E.E. Cummings, in full Edward Estlin Cummings, (born October 14, 1894, Cambridge, Massachusetts,..
Phineas Fletcher
Phineas Fletcher
Phineas Fletcher, (baptized April 8, 1582, Cranbrook, Kent, England--died 1650, Hilgay, Norfolk),..
Charles-Marie-Rene Leconte de Lisle
Charles-Marie-Rene Leconte de Lisle
Charles-Marie-Rene Leconte de Lisle, (born Oct. 22, 1818, Saint-Paul, Reunion--died July 17,..
Leopoldo Lugones
Leopoldo Lugones
Leopoldo Lugones, (born June 13, 1874, Villa Maria del Rio Seco, Arg.--died Feb. 19, 1938, Buenos..