Lorenzo Da Ponte (March 10, 1749 - August 17, 1838)
Born: 10th March, 1749
Died: 17th August, 1838
Nationality: Italian writer
Region: Italy, New York City, New York

Lorenzo Da Ponte Facts

Biography

Lorenzo Da Ponte, original name Emmanuele Conegliano, (born March 10, 1749, Ceneda, near Treviso, Veneto [Italy]--died Aug. 17, 1838, New York, N.Y., U.S.), Italian poet and librettist best known for his collaboration with Mozart.

Jewish by birth, Da Ponte was baptized in 1763 and later became a priest; freethinking (expressing doubts about religious doctrine) and his pursuit of an adulterous relationship, however, eventually led, in 1779, to his expulsion from the Venetian state. Taking up residence in Vienna (probably in 1780), he became official poet to the court of Emperor Joseph II and in that capacity wrote successful librettos for numerous musicians. It was there in 1783 that Da Ponte made the acquaintance of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and entered upon the finest period of his literary career. Three masterpieces appeared in rapid succession--Le nozze di Figaro (1786), Don Giovanni (1787), and Cosi fan tutte (1790). During the same period he achieved his greatest popular success with the libretto to Martin y Soler's Una cosa rara (1787). Da Ponte's enduring merit derived from his ability to infuse borrowed themes with new life and to interweave tragic and comic elements. His version of the Don Juan legend, in particular, exercised a lasting literary influence.

Left without support after Joseph II's death in 1790, Da Ponte resumed his wanderings. After a period in London (1792-1805), he emigrated to the United States to escape his creditors, settling finally in New York, where he devoted himself to teaching Italian language and literature at Columbia College and promoting Italian cultural activities. His four-volume Memorie (1823-27; Memoirs of Lorenzo Da Ponte), although mainly concerned with portraying the author as a victim of fate and enemies, is valuable for its portrait of early 19th-century America.

Lorenzo Da Ponte essays

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ITALIAN OPERA is both the artwork of opera in Italy and opera in the Italian language. Opera was born in Italy around the entire year 1600 and Italian opera has sustained to experience a dominant role in the annals of the proper execution until the current. Many famous operas in Italian were compiled by international composers, including Handel, Gluck and Mozart. Works by indigenous Italian composers of the 19th and early 20th decades, such as Rossini, Bellini, Donizetti, Verdi and Puccini, are between the most well-known operas ever written and today are performed in opera homes across the world. "Dafne"..
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