Kazys Binkis, (born Nov. 4, 1893, Gudeliai, Russian Lithuania--died April 27, 1942, Kaunas, Lithuanian S.S.R.), poet who led the "Four Winds" literary movement, which introduced Futurism into Lithuania.From 1920 to 1923 Binkis studied literature and philosophy in Berlin, where he became acquainted with the newest trends in western European literature. The poems he wrote during his connection with the "Four Winds" movement, published in Simtas pavasariu (1926; "One Hundred Springs"), caused a sensation because of their break with traditional forms. His best work, however, was done..
Vincas Kreve-Mickievicius, also called Vincas Kreve, (born Oct. 19, 1882, Subartonys, Russian Lithuania--died July 7, 1954, Broomall, Pa., U.S.), Lithuanian poet, philologist, and playwright whose mastery of style gave him a foremost place in Lithuanian literature.After serving as Lithuanian consul in Azerbaijan, Kreve became professor of Slavonic languages and literature in Kaunas (1922-39) and later in Vilnius. He went into exile in 1944, shortened his name to Vincas Kreve, and from 1947 was professor at the University of Pennsylvania.Kreve became internationally known by his..
Bernardas Brazdzionis, pseudonym Vyte Nemunelis, (born February 14, 1907, Stebeikeliai, Lithuania, Russian Empire--died July 11, 2002, Los Angeles, California, U.S.), leading Lithuanian poet, editor, critic, and--under his pseudonym--author of popular children's books.Brazdzionis studied Lithuanian language and literature at the University of Kaunas (1929-34) and showed originality with his third collection of verse, Amzinas zydas (1931; "The Eternal Jew"); his first two collections were written while he was still in high school. He taught Lithuanian, worked for a book publisher,..