Julian Przybos (March 05, 1901 - October 06, 1970)
Born: 5th March, 1901
Died: 6th October, 1970
Nationality: Polish poet
Region: Austria-Hungary, Warsaw, Poland
Notable works: Awangarda Krakowska

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Biography

Julian Przybos, (born March 5, 1901, Gwoznica, Rzeszow, Austrian Empire [now in Poland]--died Oct. 6, 1970, Warsaw, Pol.), Polish poet, a leading figure of the Awangarda Krakowska, an avant-garde literary movement that began in Krakow in 1922.

By the time Przybos graduated from Jagiellonian University, Krakow, in 1924, he had already begun to publish poetry and prose for the little magazine Zwrotnica ("The Switch"), one of the primary vehicles of the Awangarda Krakowska. In his early works, Sruby (1925; "Screws") and Oburacz (1926; "Twin Grasp"), he introduced his theory of poetry as a new language system characterized by concise but intricate metaphors. In the 1930s he turned to themes of social protest in such collections as W glab las (1932; "Into the Deep Forest") and Rownanie serca (1938; "Equation of the Heart"). He also wrote for the journal Linia ("Line") from 1931 to 1933 and was a member of a group called a.r. ("revolutionary artists") in Lodz from 1930 to 1935.

During World War II, Przybos lived in Soviet-controlled Lwow (now Lviv, Ukraine) and Nazi-occupied Gwoznica and wrote poems for the Resistance movement. After the war he served the Polish government as a diplomat and as an emissary to Switzerland (1947-51) and as chairman of the Writers' Union. His postwar verse was published in Rzut pionowy (1952; "Vertical Movement"), Najmniej slow (1955; "The Minimum of Words"), Naredzie ze swiatla (1958; "Tools of Light"), and Proba calosci (1961; "A Try for Completeness"). He was also noted for his critical essays on literature and art.

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