Thomas Hughes, (born Oct. 20, 1822, Uffington, Berkshire, Eng.--died March 22, 1896, Brighton, Sussex), British jurist, reformer, and novelist best known for Tom Brown's School Days.Hughes attended Rugby School from 1834 to 1842. His love for the great Rugby headmaster Thomas Arnold and for games and boyish high spirits are admirably captured in the novel Tom Brown's School Days (1857). The book's success--it ran into nearly 50 editions by 1890--helped create an enduring image of the public-school product and popularize the doctrine of "muscular Christianity."From 1842 to 1845 Hughes..
Florence Ellinwood Allen, (born March 23, 1884, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.--died Sept. 12, 1966, Waite Hill, Ohio), American jurist who became the first woman to serve on the bench in a number of state courts and one federal jurisdiction.Allen was a descendant of American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen. She graduated from Western Reserve University's College for Women in 1904 and for two years studied music in Berlin. An injury prevented the development of a concert career, and from 1906 to 1909 she was a music critic for the Cleveland Plain Dealer. In 1908 she received a master's degree in..