Jean-Antoine de Baif
Nationality: French poet
Region: Venice, Italy, Paris, France
Notable works: "Euvres en rime"

Jean-Antoine de Baif Facts

Biography

Jean-Antoine de Baif, (born 1532, Venice [Italy]--died October 1589, Paris, France), most learned of the seven French poets who constituted the group known as La Pleiade.

Baif received a classical education and in 1547 went with Pierre de Ronsard to study under Jean Dorat at the College de Coqueret, Paris, where they planned, with Joachim du Bellay, to transform French poetry by imitating the ancients and the Italians. To this program Baif contributed two collections of Petrarchan sonnets and Epicurean lyrics, Les Amours de Meline (1552) and L'Amour de Francine (1555). In 1567 Le Brave, ou Taillebras, Baif's lively adaptation of Plautus' Miles gloriosus, was played at court and published.

Baif--who was the natural son of Lazare de Baif, humanist and diplomat--enjoyed royal favour and received pensions and benefices from Charles IX and Henry III. His Euvres en rime (1573; "Works in Rhyme") reveal great erudition: Greek (especially Alexandrian), Latin, neo-Latin, and Italian models are imitated for mythological poems, eclogues, epigrams, and sonnets. His verse translations include Terence's Eunuchus and Sophocles' Antigone.

Baif was a versatile, inventive poet and experimenter who, for example, invented and made use of a system of phonetic spelling. With the musician Thibault de Courville, Baif founded a short-lived Academy of Poetry and of Music in order to promote certain Platonic theories on the union of poetry and music. His metrical inventions included a vers baifin, a verse of 15 syllables. His theories were exemplified in Etrenes de poezie fransoeze en vers mezures (1574; "Gifts of French Poetry in Quantitative Verse") and in his little songs, Chansonnettes mesurees (1586), with music written by Jacques Mauduit. His Mimes, enseignements et proverbes (1576; "Mimes, Lessons, and Proverbs") is considered to be his most original work.

Baif was a personal poet whose gifts were inferior to his genius for invention of form and language; but he had a talent for vivid, realistic description, particularly in scenes of country life and in satire.

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