Kawatake Mokuami, original name Yoshimura Yoshisaburo, also called Kawatake Shinshichi II or Furukawa Mokuami, (born March 1, 1816, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan--died Jan. 22, 1893, Tokyo), versatile and prolific Japanese dramatist, the last great Kabuki playwright of the Tokugawa period (1603-1867).Growing up in Edo, Kawatake became a pupil of the Kabuki playwright Tsuruya Namboku V and wrote many kinds of plays during a long apprenticeship. He became the chief playwright for the Kawarasaki Theatre in 1843. During his 40s, Kawatake established his reputation writing sewamono, domestic..
Sakurada Jisuke I, pseudonym Sato, (born 1734, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan--died 1806, Edo), kabuki dramatist who created more than 120 plays and at least 100 dance dramas.After completing his studies with Horikoshi Nisoji in 1762, Sakurada moved to Kyoto to write plays for a theatre there. On his return to Edo three years later he became chief playwright at the Morita-za (Morita Theatre). For the rest of the century he was a leading playwright at Edo, becoming the chief writer for the actors Ichikawa Danjuro III and V and Matsumoto Koshiro V. Among his most popular plays were Oshiegusa Yoshiwara suzume..
Tsuruya Namboku IV, original name Ebiya Genzo, also called Dai Namboku, (born 1755, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan--died Dec. 23, 1829, Edo), Japanese Kabuki playwright of the late Tokugawa period (1603-1867), known for his plays with supernatural themes and macabre and grotesque characters.Little is known of his early years, but in 1755 he became an apprentice of the dramatist Sakurada Jisuke I. About 1780 he married the daughter of Tsuruya Namboku III, a well-known Kabuki actor of the time. After a long apprenticeship he finally became the chief playwright for the Kawarazaki Theatre in Edo about..
Chikamatsu Monzaemon, original name Sugimori Nobumori, (born 1653, Echizen [now in Fukui prefecture], Japan--died Jan. 6, 1725, Amagasaki, Settsu province?), Japanese playwright, widely regarded as among the greatest dramatists of that country. He is credited with more than 100 plays, most of which were written as joruri dramas, performed by puppets. He was the first author of joruri to write works that not only gave the puppet operator the opportunity to display his skill but also were of considerable literary merit.Chikamatsu was born into a samurai family, but his father apparently..