Constantine P. Cavafy, English in full Constantine Petrou Cavafy, pseudonym of Konstantinos Petrou Kavafis, (born April 29, 1863, Alexandria, Egypt--died April 29, 1933, Alexandria), Greek poet who developed his own consciously individual style and thus became one of the most important figures not only in Greek poetry but in Western poetry as well. He lived most of his life in Alexandria, Egypt, loved English and French literature, and generally spoke English; even his Greek had a British accent.Cavafy's parents were both from the Greek community in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey)...
Alexis, (born c. 375 bc, Thurii, Lucania [Italy]--died c. 275), one of the foremost writers of Middle and New Comedy at Athens, a low form of comedy that succeeded the Old Comedy of Aristophanes.Alexis came from Thurii but apparently lived most of his long life in Athens; he was said to have been Menander's uncle. According to Plutarch, he lived to the age of 106 and died on the stage while being crowned. Alexis is said to have written 245 plays, of which only 1,000 lines survive.
Andreas Karkavitsas, (born 1866, Lekhaina, Greece--died Oct. 10, 1922, Amarousion), Greek novelist and short-story writer whose subject was village life.Karkavitsas studied medicine at Athens and became an army doctor. In this capacity he traveled to many villages in the provinces. His short stories tell of the life, traditions, and legends of the villages. He belonged to the National Language Society, which worked for the acceptance of the Demotic, or spoken, language in literature. His short stories are powerful, but his greatest achievement is thought to be his realistic novel O zitianos..
Yannis Ritsos, (born May 1, 1909, Monemvasia, Greece--died Nov. 11, 1990, Athens), popular Greek poet whose work was periodically banned for its left-wing content.Ritsos was born into a wealthy but unfortunate family. His father died insane; his mother and a brother died of tuberculosis when he was 12. Reared by relatives, Ritsos attended Athens Law School briefly (1925), was confined to a tuberculosis sanitarium (1927-31), and in the 1930s was an actor and dancer. He joined the Greek Communist Party in 1934, the year his first collection of poems, Trakter ("Tractors"), appeared. Both it..
George Seferis, pseudonym of Giorgios Stylianou Seferiades, also spelled Yeoryios Stilianou Sepheriades, (born March 13, 1900, Smyrna, Anatolia, Ottoman Empire [now Izmir, Tur.]--died Sept. 20, 1971, Athens, Greece), Greek poet, essayist, and diplomat who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1963.After studying law in Paris, Seferis joined the Greek diplomatic service and served in London and Albania prior to World War II, during which time he was in exile with the free Greek government. Following the war he held posts in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and Iraq and served as Greek ambassador..
Lucian, Greek Lucianos, Latin Lucianus, (born ad 120, Samosata, Commagene, Syria [now Samsat, Tur.]--died after 180, Athens [Greece]), ancient Greek rhetorician, pamphleteer, and satirist.One is entirely dependent on Lucian's writings for information about his life, but he says little about himself--and not all that he says is to be taken seriously. Moreover, since the chronology of his works is very obscure, the events of his life can be reconstructed only in broad outline, and the order and dating of these events are matters of mere probability.As a boy Lucian showed a talent for making..