Girish Karnad (May 19, 1938 - June 10, 2019)
Born: 19th May, 1938
Died: 10th June, 2019
Region: Matheran, India, Bengaluru
Notable works: "24", "Nagamandala", "Tughlaq", "Iqbal", "Yayati"

Girish Karnad Facts

Biography

Girish Karnad, (born May 19, 1938, Matheran, Bombay Presidency [now in Maharashtra], India--died June 10, 2019, Bengaluru, Karnataka), Indian playwright, author, actor, and film director whose movies and plays, written largely in Kannada, explore the present by way of the past.

After graduating from Karnataka University in 1958, Karnad studied philosophy, politics, and economics as a Rhodes scholar at the University of Oxford (1960-63). He wrote his first play, the critically acclaimed Yayati (1961), while still at Oxford. Centred on the story of a mythological king, the play established Karnad's use of the themes of history and mythology that would inform his work over the following decades. Karnad's next play, Tughlaq (1964), tells the story of the 14th-century sultan Muhammad ibn Tughluq and remains among the best known of his works.

Samskara (1970) marked Karnad's entry into filmmaking. He wrote the screenplay and played the lead role in the film, an adaptation of an anticaste novel of the same name by U.R. Ananthamurthy. Karnad followed with Vamsha Vriksha (1971), codirected by B.V. Karanth. During this period Karnad continued to produce work as a playwright, including Hayavadana (1971), widely recognized as among the most important plays of postindependence India. For his contributions to theatre, he was awarded the Padma Shri, one of India's top civilian honours, in 1974.

Karnad's other well-known films in Kannada included Tabbaliyu Neenade Magane (1977; Godhuli) and Ondanondu Kaaladalli (1978). He also worked in Hindi, directing the critically acclaimed Utsav (1984), an adaptation of Shudraka's 4th-century Sanskrit play Mrichchakatika. With the play Nagamandala (1988), Karnad framed an unhappy contemporary marriage in imagery drawn from Kannada folk tales.

In 1992 the Indian government awarded Karnad another of its highest honours, the Padma Bhushan, in recognition of his contributions to the arts. He was the recipient of the Jnanpith Award, India's highest literary prize, in 1999 for his contributions to literature and theatre. He continued to work in film, directing such movies as Kanooru Heggadithi (1999) and acting in Iqbal (2005), Life Goes On (2009), and 24 (2016), among others.

Girish Karnad essays

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Patriarchal Code as Expressed in Mahesh Dattanis
"Finally we've a playwright who offers sixty million English-speaking Indians an individuality. Thank you, Mahesh Dattani!" remarks Alyque Padamsee, a director who has directed many of Dattani's plays. Mahesh Dattani was the first Indian playwright who received the most renowned literary award, the Sahitya Academy Prize in 1998 for the assortment of his plays, Last Solutions and also other Takes on. The citation described his work as "an excellent contribution to Indian drama in British. " The postcolonial subject in India and in other places is oscillating between two varieties of rationality-one..
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